This pedigree chart provides genealogical information for JS and his grandparents; parents, aunts, and uncles; siblings; and children. The month, day, and place of births, deaths, and marriages are identified when known. The plural wives of JS and his brothers and are not listed here. Further information about many of the people listed here can be found on the People of the Time section of this website.
Family of Asael Smith and Mary Duty (Paternal Grandparents)
Asael Smith
Birth:7 Mar. 1743/4, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:31 Oct. 1830, , St. Lawrence County, New York
Spouse:
Mary Duty
Birth:11 Oct. 1743, Rowley, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:27 May 1836, , Geauga County, Ohio
Marriage:12 Feb. 1767, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Children:
Jesse Smith
Birth:20 Apr. 1768, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:16 Mar. 1853, , New York
Marriage:Hannah Peabody, 20 Jan. 1793, Middleton, Essex County, Massachusetts
Priscilla Smith
Birth:21 Oct. 1769, Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts
Death:17 Apr. 1860, , New York County, New York
Marriage:John Curtis Waller, 24 Aug. 1796, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Birth:12 July 1771, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:14 Sept. 1840, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:, 24 Jan. 1796, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Birth:21 May 1773, Windham, Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Death:21 July 1848, Iowaville, Van Buren County, Iowa
Marriage:Elizabeth Schellenger, 21 Mar. 1802, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Mary Smith
Birth:4 June 1775, Windham, Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Death:ca. 1844
Marriage:Isaac Pierce, 22 Dec. 1796
Samuel Smith
Birth:15 Sept. 1777, Dunbarton or Derryfield, Hillborough County, New Hampshire
Death:1 Apr. 1830, Potsdam, St. Lawrence County, New York
Marriage:Frances or Fanny Wilcox, Feb. 1816
Birth:1 Oct. 1779, Derryfield, Hillborough County, New Hampshire
Death:13 Sept. 1839, Pittsfield, Pike County, Illinois
Marriages:Ruth Stevens, 29 Jan. 1806
Mary Aikens, 4 Mar. 1828
Birth:16 July 1781, Derryfield, Hillborough County, New Hampshire
Death:23 May 1854, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
Marriage:Clarissa Lyman, 11 Sept. 1815
Susanna Smith
Birth:18 May 1783, Derryfield, Hillborough County, New Hampshire
Death:22 Mar. 1849, Potsdam, St. Lawrence County, New York
Stephen Smith
Birth:23 Apr. 1785, Derryfield, Hillborough County, New Hampshire
Death:25 July 1802, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Sarah Smith
Birth:16 May 1789, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:27 May 1824, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Marriage:Joseph Sanford, 15 Oct. 1809
Family of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates (Maternal Grandparents)
Solomon Mack Sr.
Birth:15 Sept. 1732, Lyme, New London County, Connecticut
Death:23 Aug. 1820, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Spouse:
Lydia Gates
Birth:3 Sept. 1732, Hartford County, Connecticut
Death:ca. 1818, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Marriage:4 Jan. 1759, Hartford County, Connecticut
Children:
Jason Mack
Birth:ca. 1760, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:1841,
Marriage:unknown wife
Lovisa Mack
Birth:ca. 1761, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:1794, Montague, Hampshire County New Hampshire
Marriage:Joseph Tuttle, 31 Jan. 1780, Montague, Hampshire County, Massachusetts
Lovina Mack
Birth: ca. 1762, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:ca. 1794, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Marriage:unknown status
Lydia Mack
Birth:ca. 1763, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:8 Jan. 1826, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Marriage:Samuel Bill, 26 Jan. 1786, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Stephen Mack
Birth:15 June 1766, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:11 Nov. 1826, Pontiac, Oakland County, Michigan Territory
Marriage:, 1788
Daniel Gates Mack
Birth:ca. 1770, Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:by 1841, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Marriage:Sally Ball, 27 Jan. 1799, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Solomon Mack Jr.
Birth:28 Jan. 1773, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:12 Oct. 1851, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Marriages:Esther Hayward, 29 Aug. 1797
Huldah Hayward Whipple, after Apr. 1844
Betsy Way Alexander, 4 June 1845
Birth:8 July 1775, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:14 May 1856, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:, 24 Jan. 1796, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Family of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack (Parents)
Birth:12 July 1771, Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts
Death:14 Sept. 1840, , Hancock County, Illinois
Spouse:
Birth:8 July 1775, Gilsum, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Death:14 May 1856, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:24 Jan. 1796, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Children:
unnamed son
Birth:ca. 1796, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Death:ca. 1796, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Birth:11 Feb. 1798, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Death:19 Nov. 1823, , Wayne County, New York
Birth:9 Feb. 1800, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Death:27 June 1844, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriages:, 2 Nov. 1826
Mary Fielding, 24 Dec. 1837, , Geauga County, Ohio
Birth:16 May 1803, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Death:22 July 1876, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriages:, 30 Dec. 1827, , Wayne County, New York
, 11 Feb. 1838, , Geauga County, Ohio
Joseph Smith Jr.
Birth:23 Dec. 1805, Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont
Death: 27 June 1844, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:, 18 Jan. 1827, South Bainbridge, Chenango County, New York
Birth:13 Mar. 1808, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
Death:30 July 1844, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriages:, 13 Aug. 1834, , Geauga County, Ohio
Levira Clark, 30 May 1841, Scott County, Illinois
Birth:13 Mar. 1810, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Death:24 Mar. 1810, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Birth:13 Mar. 1811, Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont
Death:13 Nov. 1893, Osterdock, Clayton County, Iowa
Marriages:Caroline Amanda Grant, 14 Feb. 1833, , Geauga County, Ohio
Mary Jane Rollins, 22 June 1845, , Hancock County, Illinois
Roxey Ann Grant, 19 May 1847, Knox County, Illinois
Eliza Elsie Sanborn, 12 Nov. 1857, Lake County, Ohio
Rosanna Jewitt Surprise, 21 Dec. 1889, Clinton, Clinton County, Iowa
Birth:28 July 1813, Lebanon, Grafton County, New Hampshire
Death:2 Feb. 1900, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriages:, 8 June 1831, , Geauga County, Illinois
Joseph Younger, 3 May 1857, , Illinois
Birth:25 Mar. 1816, Norwich, Windsor County, Vermont
Death:7 Aug. 1841, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:, 30 July 1835, , Geauga County, Ohio
Birth:18 July 1821, , Ontario County, New York
Death:9 Dec. 1882, Colchester, McDonough County, Illinois
Marriage:, 4 June 1840, , Hancock County, Illinois
Family of Joseph Smith Jr. and Emma Hale
Joseph Smith Jr.
Birth:23 Dec. 1805, Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont
Death:27 June 1844, , Hancock County, Illinois
Spouse:
Birth:10 July 1804, , Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
Death:30 Apr. 1879, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:18 Jan. 1827, South Bainbridge, Chenango County, New York
Children:
Birth:15 June 1828, , Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
Death:15 June 1828, , Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
Birth:30 Apr. 1831, , Geauga County, Ohio
Death:30 Apr. 1831, , Geauga County, Ohio
Birth:30 Apr. 1831, , Geauga County, Ohio
Death:30 Apr. 1831, , Geauga County, Ohio
(adopted 1831)
Birth:30 Apr. 1831, Warrensville, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Death:12 Sept. 1880, Sonora, Hancock County, Illinois
Marriages:Elisha Dixon, ca. 1850
John Jackson Middleton, 19 Nov. 1856, , Illinois
(adopted 1831)
Birth:30 Apr. 1831, Warrensville, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Death:29 Mar. 1832, , Portage County, Ohio
Birth:6 Nov. 1832, , Geauga County, Ohio
Death:10 Dec. 1914, , Jackson County, Missouri
Marriages:Emmeline Griswold, 22 Oct. 1856, , Hancock County, Illinois
Bertha Madison, 12 Nov. 1869, Sandwich, Kendall County, Illinois
Ada Rachel Clark, 12 Jan. 1898, Amaranth, Dufferin County, Ontario, Canada
Birth:20 June 1836, , Geauga County, Ohio
Death:13 Apr. 1862, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:Anna Marie Jones, 13 Sept. 1857, , Illinois
Birth:2 June 1838, , Caldwell County, Missouri
Death:12 Aug. 1909, , Hancock County, Illinois
Marriage:Elizabeth Agnes Kendall, 23 June 1861, , Hancock County, Illinois
Birth:13 June 1840, , Hancock County, Illinois
Death:15 Aug. 1841, , Hancock County, Illinois
unnamed son
Birth:6 Feb. 1842, , Hancock County, Illinois
Death:6 Feb. 1842, , Hancock County, Illinois
Birth:17 Nov. 1844, , Hancock County, Illinois
Death:29 Aug. 1904, Elgin, Kane County, Illinois
Marriage:Clara Charlotte Hartshorn, 10 May 1870, Sandwich, De Kalb County, Illinois
  1. 1

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 4, 6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [4]; Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 15, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  2. 2

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 4; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [24]; 1830 U.S. Census, Stockholm, St. Lawrence Co., NY, 42; West Stockholm, New York, Cemeteries, Buckton Cemetery, “Smith,” microfilm 1,451,081, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  3. 3

    Rowley, Essex Co., MA, Records of Births, Marriages, Intentions of Marriage, and Deaths, 1715–1860, vol. 2, p. 4, microfilm 761,321, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Vital Records of Rowley Massachusetts, 72.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Vital Records of Rowley Massachusetts to the End of the Year 1849. Vol. 1. Salem, MA: Essex Institute, 1928.

  4. 4

    Obituary for Mary Smith, LDS Messenger and Advocate, June 1836, 2:336; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [24].  

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  5. 5

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 5–6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [5]; Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  6. 6

    Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

  7. 7

    West Stockholm, New York, Cemeteries, Buckton Cemetery, “Smith,” microfilm 1,451,081, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  8. 8

    Middleton, Essex Co., MA, Town Records, 1728–1884, Middleton Town Records, 1751–1801, “Intentions of Marriage,” 7 Jan. 1793, microfilm 876,102, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Evangelical Congregational Church, Middleton, Essex Co., MA, Church Records, 1729–1854, 20 Jan. 1793, microfilm 876,104, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, [64]; Vital Records of Middleton Massachusetts, 99, 109.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Vital Records of Middleton Massachusetts to the End of the Year 1849. Topsfield, MA: Topsfield Historical Society, 1904.

  9. 9

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63]; Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  10. 10

    New York, NY, Department of Health, Manhattan Death Registers, 1795–1865, vol. 32, “Waller,” 17 Apr. 1860, microfilm 447,563, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  11. 11

    Royalton, Windsor Co., VT, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1762–1997, vol. 1, p. 64, microfilm 28,748, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 8.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

  12. 12

    Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  13. 13

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 12; JS Family Bible; Eliza R. Snow, “Elegy,” Times and Seasons,Oct 1840, 1:190–191.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  14. 14

    Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 129, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 8; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  15. 15

    Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  16. 16

    Elias Smith, Journal, 21 July 1848; Iowa Van Buren County: Iowaville Cemetery, 8; Hartley, “Latter-day Saints at Iowaville, Iowa: 1846–1847,” 41, 43.  

    Smith, Elias. Journals, 1836–1888. CHL. MS 1319.

    Iowa Van Buren County: Iowaville Cemetery and Passmore Cemetery Inscriptions. Keosauqua, IA: Van Buren County Genealogical Society, 2002.

    Hartley, William G. “Latter-day Saints at Iowaville, Iowa: 1846–1851.” Nauvoo Journal 7, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 38–43.

  17. 17

    Royalton, Windsor Co., VT, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1762–1997, vol. 9, p. 4, microfilm 28,748, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 9–10; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [17].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  18. 18

    Topsfield, Essex Co., MA, Records of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Intentions of Marriage, 1677–1833, vol. B, p. 59, microfilm 887,762, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

  19. 19

    1840 U.S. Census, Lebanon, Grafton Co., NH, 194; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, St. George Temple, St. George, Washington Co., UT, Endowments for the Dead, 1877–1970, vol. D, p. 406, entry no. 9098, microfilm 170,543, U.S. and Canada Record Collection FHL.  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  20. 20

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [15].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  21. 21

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7]; Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 118, 120.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

  22. 22

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 11; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [21]; St. Lawrence Co., NY, Surrogate’s Court, Probate Records, 1830–1919, vol. 1, pp. 77–78, microfilm 890,065, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  23. 23

    St. Lawrence Co., NY, Surrogate’s Court, Probate Records, 1830–1919, vol. 1, pp. 77–78, microfilm 890,065, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 66.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  24. 24

    Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [2], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  25. 25

    Obituary for Silas Smith, Times and Seasons, Dec. 1839, 1:32; Asael Smith Family Bible, 12.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

  26. 26

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 10, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [19]; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 39.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  27. 27

    Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 39.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  28. 28

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 6; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  29. 29

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 13; obituary for John Smith, Deseret News, 25 May 1854, [2]  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Deseret News. Salt Lake City. 1850–.

  30. 30

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 11; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [20].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  31. 31

    Manchester, Hillsborough Co., NH, Town Records, vol. 1, p. [1], microfilm 15,362, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  32. 32

    St. Lawrence Co., NY, Surrogate’s Court, Probate Records, 1830–1919, vol. 3, p. 63, microfilm 890,065, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  33. 33

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 6, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  34. 34

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 7; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [7]; obituary for Stephen Smith, Weekly Wanderer, 14 Aug. 1802, [3].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

    Weekly Wanderer. Randolph, VT. 1801–1810.

  35. 35

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 6; Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 66.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  36. 36

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 11, [63]; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [21].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  37. 37

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 7; Asael Smith Family Genealogy Record, [8].  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Asael Smith Family Genealogical Record, ca. 1817–1846. CHL. MS 8605.

  38. 38

    Lyme, New London Co., CT, Registrar of Vital Statistics, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1700–1921, p. 35, microfilm 1,311,111, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  39. 39

    Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum, 64; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 630–631, 90.  

    Hayward, Silvanus. History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, from 1752 to 1879. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1881.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 630–631, 90

  40. 40

    Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 160; Fuller, Genealogy of Edward Fuller, 43; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 44.  

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

    Fuller, William Hyslop, comp. Genealogy of Some Descendants of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower. Vol. 3. Palmer, MA: C. B. Fiske, 1908.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  41. 41

    Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 236n91.  

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

  42. 42

    Second Congregational Church and Ecclesiastical Society, East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT, Church Records, vol. 1, p. 47, 4 Jan. 1759, microfilm 4,115, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Lyme, New London Co., CT, Registrar of Vital Statistics, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1700–1921, p. 92, microfilm 1,311,111, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  43. 43

    Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum, 257; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Hayward, Silvanus. History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, from 1752 to 1879. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1881.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  44. 44

    Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 1, 8–[9]; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 110; Spilman, Semi-Centenarians of Butler Grove Township, 77.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1844–1845. 18 books. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 110

    Spilman, Thomas E. Semi-Centenarians of Butler Grove Township, Montgomery Co., Ill.: Also a Brief History of the Village of Butler. No publisher, 1878.

  45. 45

    Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 54; Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 224n67.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

  46. 46

    Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 82; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  47. 47

    Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 28–29; Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 84; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 35.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 35

  48. 48

    Montague, Franklin Co., MA, Town Records, 1719–1859, vol. 1, p. 201, microfilm 886,883, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  49. 49

    Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 80, 82; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  50. 50

    Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 84; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 1, [12–14].  

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1844–1845. 18 books. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

  51. 51

    Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 82; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  52. 52

    Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum, 73.  

    Hayward, Silvanus. History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, from 1752 to 1879. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1881.

  53. 53

    Gilsum, Cheshire Co., NH, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1754–1915, item 2, p. 439, microfilm 2,208,912, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  54. 54

    Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 30; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  55. 55

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 246; obituary for Stephen Mack, Daily National Journal, 30 Nov. 1826, [3]; Seeley, History of Oakland County Michigan, 76.  

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 246

    Daily National Journal. Washington DC. 1824–1832.

    Seeley, Thaddeus D. History of Oakland County, Michigan: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People, and Its Principal Interests. Vol. 1. Chicago: Lewis, 1912.

  56. 56

    Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 162.  

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  57. 57

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714.  

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 714

  58. 58

    Spilman, Semi-Centenarians of Butler Grove Township, 77; Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 110. It is possible that Daniel Gates Mack died as early as 1830. (Anderson, Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage, 227n74.)  

    Spilman, Thomas E. Semi-Centenarians of Butler Grove Township, Montgomery Co., Ill.: Also a Brief History of the Village of Butler. No publisher, 1878.

    Bennett, “Solomon Mack and His Family,” 110

    Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

  59. 59

    Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 131, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  60. 60

    Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 166.  

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  61. 61

    Gilsum, Cheshire Co., NH, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1754–1915, item 4, p. 34, microfilm 2,208,912, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum, 64.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Hayward, Silvanus. History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, from 1752 to 1879. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1881.

  62. 62

    Gilsum, Cheshire Co., NH, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1754–1915, item 1, p. 275, microfilm 2,208,912, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Surry, Cheshire Co., NH, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1759–1915, p. [80], 29 Aug. 1797, microfilm 2,231,706, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Hayward, History of the Town of Gilsum, 357.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Hayward, Silvanus. History of the Town of Gilsum New Hampshire, from 1752 to 1879. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1881.

  63. 63

    Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 166.  

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  64. 64

    Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 166.  

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  65. 65

    Gilsum, Cheshire Co., NH, Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1754–1915, item 1, p. 293, microfilm 2,208,912, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; JS Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 36; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  66. 66

    Joseph Smith III, Nauvoo, IL, to Emma Knight, Fulton, IL, 16 May 1856, Miscellaneous Letters and Papers, CCLA.; “Death of Mother Lucy Smith,” The Mormon, 28 June 1856, 2; JS Family Bible.  

    Smith, Joseph, III. Letter, Nauvoo, IL, to Emma Knight, Fulton, IL, 16 May 1856. Miscellaneous Letters and Papers. CCLA.

    The Mormon. New York. 1856–1857.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

  67. 67

    Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 129, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Asael Smith Family Bible, 8; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  68. 68

    See preceding entry for Joseph Smith Sr. under “Family of Asael Smith and Mary Duty (Paternal Grandparents).”  

  69. 69

    See preceding entry for Lucy Mack under “Family of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates (Maternal Grandparents),”  

  70. 70

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 8; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:1.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

  71. 71

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; JS Family Bible; Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 130, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  72. 72

    JS History, 1834–1836, 10; Morgan, Cemetery Records, 2; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:1; Joseph Smith Sr., “To the Public,” Wayne Sentinel, 29 Sept. 1824, [3].  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Morgan, Sara, comp. Cemetery Records, Palmyra, Wayne, New York. Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society, 1945. Copy at FHL.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    Wayne Sentinel. Palmyra, NY. 1823–1852, 1860–1861.

  73. 73

    Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 402, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Hyrum Smith Family Bible; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:1; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Hyrum Smith Family Bible, 1834. In Hyrum Smith, Papers, ca. 1832–1844. BYU.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  74. 74

    “Awful Assassination of Joseph and Hyrum Smith,” Times and Seasons, 1 July 1844, 5:560–561; JS Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1845, 311–312.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1845. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

  75. 75

    Hyrum Smith Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 40.  

    Hyrum Smith Family Bible, 1834. In Hyrum Smith, Papers, ca. 1832–1844. BYU.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  76. 76

    Hyrum Smith Family Bible; Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. C, p. 262, microfilm 873,461, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Hyrum Smith Family Bible, 1834. In Hyrum Smith, Papers, ca. 1832–1844. BYU.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  77. 77

    Stoddard Family Bible; Tunbridge, Orange Co., VT, Town and Vital Records, 1785–1878, vol. A, p. 402, microfilm 28,990, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:3; JS History, 1834–1836, 10; Asael Smith Family Bible, 9.  

    Stoddard Family Bible, ca. 1826–1836. Copy of genealogical information under “Sophronia Smith Family Bible,” in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

  78. 78

    Obituary for Sophronia Smith McCleary, Saints’ Herald, 1 Oct. 1876, 607.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  79. 79

    Stoddard Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 40.  

    Stoddard Family Bible, ca. 1826–1836. Copy of genealogical information under “Sophronia Smith Family Bible,” in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  80. 80

    Stoddard Family Bible; Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. C, p. 262, microfilm 873,461, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Marriage License for William McCleary and Sophronia Stoddard, 6 Feb. 1838, in Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, Licenses, 1833–1841, microfilm 873,464, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Stoddard Family Bible, ca. 1826–1836. Copy of genealogical information under “Sophronia Smith Family Bible,” in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  81. 81

    JS Family Bible; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:3; JS History, 1834–1836, 9; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 56.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  82. 82

    “Awful Assassination of Joseph and Hyrum Smith,” Times and Seasons, 1 July 1844, 5:560–561; JS Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1845, 311–312.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1845. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

  83. 83

    JS History, ca. summer 1832, 5; JS Family Bible; JS History, 1834–1836, 9; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, Miscellany; Joseph Smith III, “Last Testimony of Sister Emma,” Saints’ Herald, 1 Oct. 1879, 289.  

    JS History, ca. Summer 1832 / Smith, Joseph. “A History of the Life of Joseph Smith Jr,” ca. Summer 1832. In Joseph Smith, “Letter Book A,” 1832–1835, 1–[6] (earliest numbering). Joseph Smith Collection. CHL. MS 155, box 2, fd. 1.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1844–1845. 18 books. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  84. 84

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; JS Family Bible; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:5; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  85. 85

    Obituary for Samuel H. Smith, Times and Seasons, 1 Aug. 1844, 5:606; “Deaths,” Nauvoo Neighbor, 7 Aug. 1844, [3].  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

  86. 86

    Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. C, p. 60, microfilm 873,461, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  87. 87

    Scott Co., IL, County Court, Vital Records, vol. A, p. 44, microfilm 1,311,774, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  88. 88

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; JS Family Bible; JS History, 1834–1836, 10; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:1; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 56.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  89. 89

    JS Family Bible; JS History, 1834–1836, 10; Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:6.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

  90. 90

    Obituary for William Smith, Saints’ Herald, 9 Dec. 1893, 787; Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Osterdock Branch, Osterdock, Clayton Co., IA, Church Records, Membership Records, 1880–1910, p. [1], microfilm 1,927,790, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  91. 91

    Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 41.  

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  92. 92

    Hancock Co., IL, Marriage Register, 1829–1915, vol. A-2, p. 86, microfilm 954,177, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; “Married,” Nauvoo Neighbor, 2 July 1845, [3].  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

  93. 93

    Knox Co., IL, County Court, Marriage Certificates, 1830–1922, vol. 1, p. 84, microfilm 1,404,969, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Marriage license for William B. Smith and Roxey Ann Grant, 19 May 1847, in Knox Co., IL, County Court, Marriage Certificates, 1830–1922, microfilm 1,411,909, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  94. 94

    Lake Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. C, p. 170, microfilm 974,916, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  95. 95

    Clinton Co., IA, District Court, Marriage Records, 1840–1933, vol. 2, p. 389 entry no. 12066, microfilm 1,005,210, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  96. 96

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1:7; obituary for Katharine Smith Younger, Saints’ Herald, 14 Feb. 1900, 112; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  97. 97

    Obituary for Katharine Smith Younger, Saints’ Herald, 14 Feb. 1900, 112.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  98. 98

    Marriage License for Wilkins Jenkins Salisbury and Katharine Smith, 8 June 1831, in Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, Licenses 1829–1833, microfilm 873,464, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. B, p. 196, microfilm 873,461, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  99. 99

    Hancock Co., IL, Marriage Register, 1829–1915, vol. A-2, p. 44, microfilm 954,177, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  100. 100

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:7; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  101. 101

    “Death of General Don Carlos Smith,” Times and Seasons, 16 Aug. 1841, 2:503–504.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  102. 102

    Geauga Co., OH, Probate Court, Marriage Records, vol. C, p. 108, microfilm 873,461, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  103. 103

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1:8; Asael Smith Family Bible, 9; JS History, 1834–1836, 10.  

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    Asael Smith Family Bible, 1795–1950. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information at CHL. MS 19012.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  104. 104

    Obituary for Lucy Smith Millikin, Saints’Herald, 13 Jan. 1883, 23.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  105. 105

    Hancock Co., IL, Marriages, 1829–1849, p. 32, entry no. 376, microfilm 229,486, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches, 41.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

  106. 106

    See preceding entry for Joseph Smith Jr. under “Family of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack (Parents).”  

  107. 107

    JS Family Bible; Patriarchal Blessings, 1:4; JS History, 1834–1836, 9.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Patriarchal Blessings, 1833–. CHL. CR 500 2.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

  108. 108

    “Editorial Items,” Saints’ Herald, 15 May 1879, 152.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  109. 109

    JS History, ca. summer 1832, 5; JS Family Bible; JS History, 1834–1836, 9; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, Miscellany; Joseph Smith III, “Last Testimony of Sister Emma,” Saints’ Herald, 1 Oct. 1879, 289. After JS’s death, Emma Hale Smith married Lewis C. Bidamon on 27 December 1847 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. (Obituary for Emma Bidamon, Saints’ Herald, 1 June 1879, 171.)  

    JS History, ca. Summer 1832 / Smith, Joseph. “A History of the Life of Joseph Smith Jr,” ca. Summer 1832. In Joseph Smith, “Letter Book A,” 1832–1835, 1–[6] (earliest numbering). Joseph Smith Collection. CHL. MS 155, box 2, fd. 1.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1844–1845. 18 books. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  110. 110

    JS History, 1834–1836, 9; Joseph Smith III, “Last Testimony of Sister Emma,” Saints’ Herald, 1 Oct. 1879, 289. Although the birth and death of this child is recorded in JS’s family Bible under the name of “Alvin Smith,” this information was recorded in the Bible decades after the event by someone other than JS or Emma Smith. The child’s gravestone does not give the child a name. (JS Family Bible; photograph of tombstone, 1907, George Edward Anderson, Glass Plate Negative Collection, 1897–1927, CHL.)  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Anderson, George Edward. Glass Plate Negative Collection, 1897–1927. CHL. PH 725. A selection of photographs from this collection are available in Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, T. Jeffery Cottle, and Ted D. Stoddard, ed., Church History in Black and White: George Edward Anderson’s Photographic Mission to Latter-day Saint Historical Sites; 1907 Diary, 1907–8 Photographs (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1995).

  111. 111

    JS History, 1834–1836, 9. Although these twins are given the names of “Thadeus” and “Louisa” in JS’s family Bible, neither JS nor Emma Smith recorded the names. In 1879 Emma Smith stated that the twins had not been named. (JS Family Bible; Joseph Smith III, “Last Testimony of Sister Emma,” Saints’ Herald, 1 Oct. 1879, 289.)  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  112. 112

    Julia M. Smith and her brother Joseph Murdock Smith, children of John Murdock and Julia Clapp Murdock (who died shortly after her twins were born), were adopted by Joseph and Emma Smith. (JS History, 1834–1836, 9; John Murdock, Autobiography, 9, 19.)  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    Murdock, John. Autobiography, ca. 1859–1867. John Murdock, Journal and Autobiography, ca. 1830–1867. CHL. MS 1194, fd. 4.

  113. 113

    Murdock, John Murdock: His Life and His Legacy, 301.  

    Murdock, S. Reed. John Murdock: His Life and His Legacy. Layton, UT: Summerwood Publishers, 2000.

  114. 114

    1850 U.S. Census, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL, 395[A].  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

  115. 115

    Hancock Co., IL, Birth Certificates, Death Records, Marriage Records, Applications for Marriage Licenses, 1829–1947, record no. 2813, microfilm 1,533,000, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  116. 116

    Murdock, Autobiography, 9, 19.  

    Murdock, John. Autobiography, ca. 1859–1867. John Murdock, Journal and Autobiography, ca. 1830–1867. CHL. MS 1194, fd. 4.

  117. 117

    JS History, 1834–1836, 9; JS History, vol. A-1, 205, 209.  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  118. 118

    JS History, 1834–1836, 9; JS Family Bible.  

    JS History, 1834–1836 / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1834–1836. In Joseph Smith et al., History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, back of book (earliest numbering), 9–20, 46–187. Historian's Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, box 1, vol. 1.

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

  119. 119

    Elbert A. Smith, “Death of President Joseph Smith,” Saints’ Herald, 16 Dec. 1914, 1185–1186; Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Independence Branch, Independence, Jackson Co., MO, Church Records, 1873–1918, Membership Records, 1873–1918, entry no. 2413, microfilm 1,955,452, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Missouri State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death, no. 38758, Birth and Death Records, MSA; see also Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 567–578.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Missouri State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics. Certificate of Death, no. 38758. Birth and Death Records. MSA.

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  120. 120

    Hancock Co., IL, Birth Certificates, Death Records, Marriage Records, Applications for Marriage Licenses, 1829–1947, record no. 2789, microfilm 1,533,000, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  121. 121

    Kendall Co., IL, Registers of Marriages, p. 141, microfilm 1,403,534, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  122. 122

    Ontario, Canada, Marriages, Registrations, 1869–1927, vol. C, pp. 1–2, microfilm, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  123. 123

    JS Family Bible; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, Miscellany.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Smith, Lucy Mack. History, 1844–1845. 18 books. CHL. MS 2049. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.

  124. 124

    Hancock Co., IL, Probate Records, ca. 1831–1942, item 2, no. 52, microfilm, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  125. 125

    Hancock Co., IL, Marriage Register, 1829–1915, vol. A-2, p. 42, microfilm 954, 177, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Anderson, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith, 578.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith. Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale: With Little Sketches of Their Immigrant Ancestors All of Whom Came to America between the Years 1620 and 1685, and Settled in the States of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1929.

  126. 126

    JS Family Bible; Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Stewartsville Branch, Stewartsville, DeKalb Co., MO, Church Records, Membership Records, 1871–1920, pp. 26–27, microfilm 1,976,416, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  127. 127

    Hancock Co., IL, Register of Births and Deaths, 1877–1947, vol. E, p. 8, microfilm 955,145, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Rose Hill Cemetery, Lamoni, Decatur Co., IA, Funeral Records, 1901–1955, records no. 305, microfilm 1,887,643, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; editorial, Saints’ Herald,18 Aug. 1909, 771-774.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

  128. 128

    Hancock Co., IL, Marriage Register, 1829–1915, vol. A-3, p. 453, microfilm 954,178, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  129. 129

    JS Family Bible; obituary for Don Carlos Smith, Times and Seasons, 1 Sept. 1841, 2:533; General Church Minutes, 16 Aug. 1841; Richards, Journal, 16 Aug. 1841.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    General Church Minutes, 1839–1877. CHL. CR 100 318.

    Richards, Willard. Journals, 1836–1853. Willard Richards, Papers, 1821–1854. CHL. MS 1490, boxes 1–2.

  130. 130

    JS Family Bible; Woods, “Cemetery Record,” 136; Almira Mack Covey, Nauvoo, IL, to Harriet Mack Whittemore, Pontiac, MI, 24 Feb. 1842, Whittemore Family, Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Jacob Scott, Appanoose Township, IL, to Mary Scott Warnock, Springfield, IL, 24 Mar. 1842, CCLA; see also Newell and Avery, Mormon Engima, 103. Although the Nauvoo sexton’s record appears to group the entries listed on its first page under the heading “1839,” many of these individuals died well after 1839; the entry for this unnamed infant gives no date or age at time of death.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

    Woods, Fred E. “Cemetery Record of William D. Huntington, Nauvoo Sexton.” Mormon Historical Studies, 3 (Spring 2002): 131–163.Chew’s Camden Directory for the Year 1876–7. Containing the Names of the Inhabitants, the Places of Business and Dwelling Houses, with a List of Officers and Public Institutions. Camden, NJ: Sinnickson Chew, 1876.

    Whittemore Family, Papers, 1817–1978. Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

    Scott, Jacob. Letter, Appanoose Township, IL, to Mary Scott Warnock, Springfield, IL, 24 Mar. 1842. CCLA.

    Newell, Linda King and Valeen Tippetts Avery. Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith, Prophet’s Wife, “Elect Lady,” Polygamy’s Foe, 1804–1879. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984.

  131. 131

    JS Family Bible.  

    JS Family Bible / Joseph Smith Family Bible, ca. 1831–1866. Private possession. Copy of genealogical information in Joseph Smith Sr. Family Reunions Files, 1972–2003. CHL.

  132. 132

    Editorial, Saints’ Herald, 7 Sept. 1904, 825–826; Kane Co., IL, Death Certificates and Indexes, 1877–1919, record no. 16493, microfilm 1,481,350, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  133. 133

    De Kalb Co., IL, Marriage License for David H. Smith and Clara C. Hartshorn, 10 May 1870, De Kalb Co. Clerk and Recorder’s Office, Sycamore, IL; “Married,” Saints’ Herald, 15 May 1870, 319.  

    De Kalb Co., IL. Marriage License for David H. Smith and Clara C. Hartshorn, 10 May 1870. De Kalb Co. Clerk and Recorder’s Office, Sycamore, IL.

    Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.