“A History, of the Persecution, of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter Day Saints in Missouri,” December 1839–October 1840

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
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; and said that it was abso lutely necessary, that there should be  a strong guard kept at , to  defend the place. In accordance with  his representation, the authorities of  the county, had the militia regularly  called out, and a number went to as he had reccommended,  to await the movements and operations  of the mob; and to act accordingly.
The troops that had been ordered  out by , went only about a  mile and a half, from , and  there encamped until he should arrive.  After his arrival and giving the instruc tions he did, he went and ordered his  troops home, instead of sending them to  .
Immediately after his departure,   of , arrived,  and reported that he had sent on a  number of troops to , from , for the express purpose of  stopping the operations of the mob;  “part of them,” he said “were to be  relied on, and part of them were not.”  All the officers said that and  his company, which in all their expe ditions, had formed a part of their ar my, were not to be depended on, for  he was as lawless, if not more so, and  as mabocratic, as the worst of the  mob.
, on his arrival, expressed some  disappointment, at not finding  there, as he expected, and also at his  having ordered his troops home. It  commenced snowing and storming, ve hemently; after which, also sent  his troops home, and they returned;  but himself, went on to . The mob, by this time, felt  themselves sufficiently strong, and de claring themselves four hundred in  number, and knowing that the troops  had returned; they felt all-sufficient to  commence their operations; and accor dingly, the very night of arrival  in , the mob commenced  their operations. The first attack, was  made on the house of a man by the  name of , who had gone on busi ness to . His , was there  alone with two little children, neither  of them able to walk, and withal, , a very delicate woman. They  drove her out of her house; there was  a heavy snow on the ground—it was  about the last of October or the first  of November. She took her two chil dren in her arms, and walked three  miles through the snow, and waded  , to . During the  night, they burnt out seven families,  and took all their goods and carried  them off. They swore vengeance  against the Mormons, as they called  them, that they should leave or they would sacrifice them all,  and that they would make no terms of  peace, but at the cannon’s mouth,
The next morning after this driving  out and burning, Mr. ,  who was an officer in the militia,  asked , what they should  do, he now saw the designs and purpo ses of the mob; and he wanted to  know how to proceed.
Here let us just remark, that the  saints had borne the abuse of the peo ple of , without cause or provo cation on their part, except their reli gion, from the summer of 1831, until  this time, which was the first of Nov ember 1838, during which time, their  crops had been destroyed, their goods  and chattels plundered, their houses  burned, and they, driven off their farms,  in the face of the goverment, and ap peal after apeal, made to the authorities  for redress; but none could be had, and  they had never, in one instance retali ated; and now they were not disposed  to move, until the authorities of the  country, said so: and seeing  was there, they appealed to him.—   replied, with an oath, “go and  give them a complete dressing, for you  will never have any peace with them,  until you do it; and I will stand be tween you and all difficulty.”
Having the orders of their General, a  man by the name of ,  took one hundred men, and went to  give them battle, though they reported  themselves four hundred strong, and  had a cannon. As gave  chase, the mob fled before him. The  pursuit lasted for two or three days,  during which time, a general destruc tion of property took place, burning  houses &c. The saints fled into with what they could carry with  them, and the rest of their property  was all destroyed. They drove in,  such of their cattle, horses, hogs, and  sheep as they could get in. Their  houses were soon wrapped in flames, [p. 98]
; and said that it was absolutely necessary, that there should be a strong guard kept at , to defend the place. In accordance with his representation, the authorities of the county, had the militia regularly called out, and a number went to as he had reccommended, to await the movements and operations of the mob; and to act accordingly.
The troops that had been ordered out by , went only about a mile and a half, from , and there encamped until he should arrive. After his arrival and giving the instructions he did, he went and ordered his troops home, instead of sending them to .
Immediately after his departure, of , arrived, and reported that he had sent on a number of troops to , from , for the express purpose of stopping the operations of the mob; “part of them,” he said “were to be relied on, and part of them were not.” All the officers said that and his company, which in all their expeditions, had formed a part of their army, were not to be depended on, for he was as lawless, if not more so, and as mabocratic, as the worst of the mob.
, on his arrival, expressed some disappointment, at not finding there, as he expected, and also at his having ordered his troops home. It commenced snowing and storming, vehemently; after which, also sent his troops home, and they returned; but himself, went on to . The mob, by this time, felt themselves sufficiently strong, and declaring themselves four hundred in number, and knowing that the troops had returned; they felt all-sufficient to commence their operations; and accordingly, the very night of arrival in , the mob commenced their operations. The first attack, was made on the house of a man by the name of , who had gone on business to . His , was there alone with two little children, neither of them able to walk, and withal, , a very delicate woman. They drove her out of her house; there was a heavy snow on the ground—it was about the last of October or the first of November. She took her two children in her arms, and walked three miles through the snow, and waded , to . During the night, they burnt out seven families, and took all their goods and carried them off. They swore vengeance against the Mormons, as they called them, that they should leave or they would sacrifice them all, and that they would make no terms of peace, but at the cannon’s mouth,
The next morning after this driving out and burning, Mr. , who was an officer in the militia, asked , what they should do, he now saw the designs and purposes of the mob; and he wanted to know how to proceed.
Here let us just remark, that the saints had borne the abuse of the people of , without cause or provocation on their part, except their religion, from the summer of 1831, until this time, which was the first of November 1838, during which time, their crops had been destroyed, their goods and chattels plundered, their houses burned, and they, driven off their farms, in the face of the goverment, and appeal after apeal, made to the authorities for redress; but none could be had, and they had never, in one instance retaliated; and now they were not disposed to move, until the authorities of the country, said so: and seeing was there, they appealed to him.— replied, with an oath, “go and give them a complete dressing, for you will never have any peace with them, until you do it; and I will stand between you and all difficulty.”
Having the orders of their General, a man by the name of , took one hundred men, and went to give them battle, though they reported themselves four hundred strong, and had a cannon. As gave chase, the mob fled before him. The pursuit lasted for two or three days, during which time, a general destruction of property took place, burning houses &c. The saints fled into with what they could carry with them, and the rest of their property was all destroyed. They drove in, such of their cattle, horses, hogs, and sheep as they could get in. Their houses were soon wrapped in flames, [p. 98]
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