History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
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<October 28> Cathedral was again destroyed by fire, which also involved the greater part of the  Metropolis in ruin<s>. It was — — — — — — rebuilt in 1099 — — — — — — — — —  — — — — and — — — partly burned 1132 and — — — in 1135–6 it sustained considerable  injury. It was fired by lightning in 1444 and repaired in 1462. In June  1561 the spire was again set on fire which destroyed spire and roof. Repairs  were commenced by Queen Elizabeth and finished by Laud and King Charles  the first, who expended £104,330 — — — — but immediately dissensions arose between  the King and Parliament, the revenues of the Church were confiscated, the  money and materials seized by the Parliament, and the whole body of the  building was converted into stables and barracks for dragoons. It was again  repaired in the reign of Charles the second, but it was not finished before  it became a prey to the flames in the great fire of London 1666. — — — —  — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —  — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — The — — — present — — — — — — — Cathedral  was built under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren, the first stone was  laid on the 21st. of June, 1674 and the highest stone of the pile was laid at  the top of the lantern by Mr. Christopher Wren the son of the Architect in the  year 1710, and the last finishing and adorning the Church was — — — — in  1715 by George the first; the whole expense of erecting this magnificent  structure, was about £736,000 — — — — — — — — The — — — dimensions of  the Cathedral — — — — — — — — — — — — — <are> from east to west  500 feet, the breadth — — — — — — — 285 feet, the height from the pavement  in the street to the top of the cross over the dome 404 feet, two — — — —  towers at the west end, are each 222 feet in height, the general height of the  wall is about 90 feet; it was 40 years in building, and covers about two acres  of ground. It contains 47 monuments of fine marble erected over the tombs  of certain <Dukes, Earls,> Lords, Bishops, Generals, and others — — — , who had distinguished  themselves in the — — — — — service of Great Britain and otherwise, Lord Nelson  being the most noted— We walked through this church from the base to the ball,  being about 400 feet high, from <the upper gallery we> — — — also had a view of the City,  we passed through the whispering gallery, — — — — — — and though it was — — — —  large yet a whisper could be distinctly heard and understood from the most  remote part of it, and when the door shut <the sound> — — — penetrates the ear like  peals of thunder. This is one of the largest Cathedral<s> in the world — — — — —   — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — On the 5th. of September  we visited Westminster Abbey, which is composed of 11 Chapels, — — — — — —  — — — — — — — viz. St. Benedicts, St. Edmund, St. Nicholas, Henry the Seventh,  St. Paul, St. Edward the Confessor, St. Erasmus, Abbot Islip, St. John, St. Andrew,  and St. Michael. These Chapels contain the bodies tombs and monuments of 13 kings,  viz. Edward 1st., 3rd., 5th., 6th., Charles 2nd., Henry 3rd., 5th., 7th., James 1st., George 2nd.,  Richard 2nd., William 3rd., and Sebert King of the East Saxons, who first built  this Church, and died <near> 616. Also 13 Queens, viz, Athelgoda Queen of Sebert  who died — — — — — 615 and Phillippa, Matilda, Mary 1. and 2. — — — — —  — — — — Mary <Queen of Scots>, Elizabeth, Catherine, — — — — Anne, Editha, Eleanor [p. 1121]
October 28 Cathedral was again destroyed by fire, which also involved the greater part of the Metropolis in ruins. It was — — — — — — rebuilt in 1099 — — — — — — — — — — — — — and — — — partly burned 1132 and — — — in 1135–6 it sustained considerable injury. It was fired by lightning in 1444 and repaired in 1462. In June 1561 the spire was again set on fire which destroyed spire and roof. Repairs were commenced by Queen Elizabeth and finished by Laud and King Charles the first, who expended £104,330 — — — — but immediately dissensions arose between the King and Parliament, the revenues of the Church were confiscated, the money and materials seized by the Parliament, and the whole body of the building was converted into stables and barracks for dragoons. It was again repaired in the reign of Charles the second, but it was not finished before it became a prey to the flames in the great fire of London 1666. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — The — — — present — — — — — — — Cathedral was built under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren, the first stone was laid on the 21st. of June, 1674 and the highest stone of the pile was laid at the top of the lantern by Mr. Christopher Wren the son of the Architect in the year 1710, and the last finishing and adorning the Church was — — — — in 1715 by George the first; the whole expense of erecting this magnificent structure, was about £736,000 — — — — — — — — The — — — dimensions of the Cathedral — — — — — — — — — — — — — are from east to west 500 feet, the breadth — — — — — — — 285 feet, the height from the pavement in the street to the top of the cross over the dome 404 feet, two — — — — towers at the west end, are each 222 feet in height, the general height of the wall is about 90 feet; it was 40 years in building, and covers about two acres of ground. It contains 47 monuments of fine marble erected over the tombs of certain Dukes, Earls, Lords, Bishops, Generals, and others — — — , who had distinguished themselves in the — — — — — service of Great Britain and otherwise, Lord Nelson being the most noted— We walked through this church from the base to the ball, being about 400 feet high, from the upper gallery we — — — also had a view of the City, we passed through the whispering gallery, — — — — — — and though it was — — — — large yet a whisper could be distinctly heard and understood from the most remote part of it, and when the door shut the sound — — — penetrates the ear like peals of thunder. This is one of the largest Cathedrals in the world — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — On the 5th. of September we visited Westminster Abbey, which is composed of 11 Chapels, — — — — — — — — — — — — — viz. St. Benedicts, St. Edmund, St. Nicholas, Henry the Seventh, St. Paul, St. Edward the Confessor, St. Erasmus, Abbot Islip, St. John, St. Andrew, and St. Michael. These Chapels contain the bodies tombs and monuments of 13 kings, viz. Edward 1st., 3rd., 5th., 6th., Charles 2nd., Henry 3rd., 5th., 7th., James 1st., George 2nd., Richard 2nd., William 3rd., and Sebert King of the East Saxons, who first built this Church, and died near 616. Also 13 Queens, viz, Athelgoda Queen of Sebert who died — — — — — 615 and Phillippa, Matilda, Mary 1. and 2. — — — — — — — — — Mary Queen of Scots, Elizabeth, Catherine, — — — — Anne, Editha, Eleanor [p. 1121]
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