License for Frederick G. Williams, 20 March 1833
License,Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, for
Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...More InfoFrederick G. Williams, 20 Mar. 1833; handwriting of
28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...View Full BioFrederick G. Williams; signatures of JS and
28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...View Full BioOne leaf, measuring 4⅝–5½ × 7¾ inches (12–14 × 20 cm). The document was folded, possibly for travel, andThe Church Historian’s Office may have received the license as early as 1864 whenWilliams’s son Ezra Granger Williams gave some of his father’s documents and materials to the office. The
28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...View Full Bio
TheChurch of Christ’s foundational “Articles and Covenants” instructed leaders to issue
The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...View Glossarylicensesto men
A document certifying an individual’s office in the church and authorizing him “to perform the duty of his calling.” The “Articles and Covenants” of the church implied that only elders could issue licenses; individuals ordained by a priest to an office in...View Glossaryordainedto the office of
The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...View Glossarypriestor
An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...View Glossaryteacher.revelation required that no one “go forth to preach my gospel or to build up my church except they be ordained by some one that hath authority & it is known to the church that he hath authority & have been regularly ordained by the leaders of the church.”
Generally, one who instructs, but also an ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The Book of Mormon explained that teachers were to be ordained “to preach repentance and remission of sins through Jesus Christ, by the endurance of faith on his name to the end...View Glossary3
Ratio Disciplinae, or the Constitution of the Congregational Churches. Portland, ME: Shirley and Hyde, 1829.
Minutes of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America: With an Appendix. A. D. 1831. Philadelphia: Stated Clerk of the Assembly, 1831.
Smith, James. History of the Christian Church, from Its Origin to the Present Times; Compiled from Various Authors. Including a History of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Drawn from Authentic Documents. Nashville, TN: Cumberland Presbyterian Office, 1835.
Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church. Baltimore: John J. Harrod, 1830.
The Baptist Encyclopedia. A Dictionary of the Doctrines, Ordinances, Usages, Confessions of Faith, Sufferings, Labors, and Successes, and of the General History of the Baptist Denomination in All Lands. With Numerous Biographical Sketches of Distinguished American and Foreign Baptists, and a Supplement. Edited by William Cathcart. Vol. 2. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts, 1881.Two days after he had been ordained to thepresidency of the high priesthood,
Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...View GlossaryFrederick G. Williamsreceived a license from JS andSidney Rigdon. Williams had worked as JS’s scribe for the previous year and as his counselor since January 1833. He and Rigdon were each called to be a president of the high priesthood in a revelation dictated on 8 March 1833.
19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...View Full Biohigh priestsin
An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...View GlossaryKirtland, Ohio, JS ordained Rigdon and Williams “by the
Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...More InfoLaying on of the handsto be equal with him in holding the
A practice in which individuals place their hands upon a person to bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost, ordain to an office or calling, or confer other power, authority, or blessings, often as part of an ordinance. The Book of Mormon explained that ecclesiastical...View GlossaryKeysof the Kingdom and also to the Presidency of the high Priest hood.”
Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...View Glossary
- 1 Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:64].
- 2 Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11]; see also Minutes, 2 May 1833.
- 3 Preachers and ministers in other religious denominations likewise held and carried licenses. Some licenses clarified a person’s standing within a church, while others attested to bearers’ “good moral and religious character” and occasionally to their literary, educational, and theological qualifications. (Ratio Disciplinae, 158; see also, for example, Minutes of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, 52, 455; Smith, History of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 607–610; Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church, 19; and “License, A Form of,” in Baptist Encyclopedia, 701.)
- 4 See Revelation, 5 Jan. 1833.
- 5 Minutes, 18 Mar. 1833; see also Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:6].
- 6 By 1834 church licenses were more standardized, providing proof of church membership, certification of ordination to an office or calling, authorization to perform a specific church duty, evidence of moral character and worthiness, and permission to travel and preach. For examples of earlier licenses, see License for John Whitmer, 9 June 1830; License for Christian Whitmer, 9 June 1830; and License for Joseph Smith Sr., 9 June 1830; see also License for Edward Partridge, ca. 4 Aug. 1831–ca. 5 Jan. 1832; License for William Smith, 5 Oct. 1831; License for Frederick G. Williams, 25 Feb. 1834; License for John P. Greene, 25 Feb. 1834; and Elders’ Certificates for JS and Oliver Cowdery, 21 Mar. 1836, Kirtland Elders’ Certificates, 1.