Revelation, 24 February 1834 [D&C 103]
Revelation,Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 24 Feb. 1834. Featured version copied [possibly ca. late Apr. 1834 but before 18 Aug. 1834] inThis notebook measures 5⅞ × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm) and contains fifty-six leaves. The paper is horizontally ruled with eighteen faint or no longer visible blue lines. The notebook does not have a cover but is bound with thread. It contains copies of four 1834 revelations and was kept byHydeandPrattinOhio. Two later redactions were made on the leaves containing the 24 February 1834 revelation. At the top of page seven is inscribed “Sec. 103” in pencil in an unidentified hand. Following the text of this revelation, Orson Hyde inscribed in ink, “Copied by O Hyde 18 augt. 1834.” This notation indicates when Hyde copied this revelation into Revelation Book 2. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, this record was associated with items that were received by the Church Historian’s Office from descendants of James Henry Rollins. It is unclear, however, if this notebook follows that same chain of custody.
French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...More Info
JS dictated a revelation on 24 February 1834 that instructed thechurchhow to restore
The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...View GlossaryJackson Countylands, from which they had been driven in the fall of 1833.
Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...More InfoParley P. Prattand
12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....View Full BioLyman Wight, who had traveled from Missouri to
9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...View Full BioKirtland, Ohio, reported to the Kirtlandhigh councilon the condition of the Missouri members, most of whom had taken refuge in
A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the church, or the bishop...View Glossary2Pratt and Wight also asked the high council “how and by what meansZionwas to be redeemed from our enemies.” JS then volunteered to lead an expedition to Missouri to assist in Zion’s redemption, and thirty or forty others stated they would go with him. Before adjourning, the council appointed JS as “Commander in Chief of the Armies of Israel and the leader of those who volunteered to go.”
A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...View GlossaryExtant records do not state whether this revelation was dictated before, during, or after the high council meeting. The revelation is addressed to the Lord’s “Friends,” a term other revelations used to refer tohigh priests, suggesting that it may have been dictated in a gathering such as the high council. A September 1832 revelation, for example, explained that “Gods High priests” were the “friends” of Jesus Christ.
An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...View GlossaryThe revelation also reiterated promises made in a 16–17 December 1833 revelation that the Lord would allow church members to return toZionand the lands of their inheritance if they hearkened to his counsel. It also reemphasized the December revelation’s message that Zion would be redeemed when the Lord’s servant—designated in this February 1834 revelation as JS—led “the strength of mine house,” which was the Lord’s “wariors my young men and they that are of middle age,” toJS and others quickly acted on the revelation’s directions. Just two days later, he and6Sidney Rigdon, also appointed in the revelation as recruiters, apparently left
19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...View Full BioHyrum Smithand
9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...View Full BioFrederick G. Williams, the other pair assigned in the revelation to recruit members for the expedition, departed, but
28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...View Full BioJohn Murdockreported that Hyrum Smith was at
15 July 1792–23 Dec. 1871. Farmer. Born at Kortright, Delaware Co., New York. Son of John Murdock Sr. and Eleanor Riggs. Joined Lutheran Dutch Church, ca. 1817, then Presbyterian Seceder Church shortly after. Moved to Orange, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ca. 1819....View Full BioEdmund Bosley’s home in
25 June 1776–15 Dec. 1846. Miller. Born at Northumberland, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania. Son of John P. Bosley and Hannah Bull. Married Ann Kelly of Northumberland Co. Lived at Livonia, Livingston Co., New York, 1792–1834. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co...View Full Bio7For the next several weeks, these eight men held meetings in which they preached, recruited volunteers, and raised funds to help restore the refugees to their homes in
The History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 8 vols. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1896–1976.
Murdock, John. Journal, ca. 1830–1859. John Murdock, Journal and Autobiography, ca. 1830–1867. CHL. MS 1194, fd. 2.8These activities ultimately resulted in the formation of the
Pratt, Parley P. The Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Embracing His Life, Ministry and Travels, with Extracts, in Prose and Verse, from His Miscellaneous Writings. Edited by Parley P. Pratt Jr. New York: Russell Brothers, 1874.
Pratt, Orson. Diaries, 1833–1837. Orson Pratt, Autobiography and Journals, 1833–1847. CHL. MS 587, fds. 2–4.Camp of Israel, an expedition of more than two hundred individuals that marched to
A group of approximately 205 men and about 20 women and children led by JS to Missouri, May–July 1834, to redeem Zion by helping the Saints who had been driven from Jackson County, Missouri, regain their lands; later referred to as “Zion’s Camp.” A 24 February...View Glossary9
Backman, Milton V., Jr., comp. A Profile of Latter-day Saints of Kirtland, Ohio, and Members of Zion’s Camp, 1830–1839: Vital Statistics and Sources. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Department of Church History and Doctrine and Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1983.By May 1834, the 24 February revelation was apparently known among those outside of theChurch of Christas well. For example, a Norwalk, Ohio, newspaper article stated that “in obedience to a revelation communicated to their great Prophet, Joseph Smith, three hundred young men are to ‘go well armed and equipped to defend the promised land in10
Huron Reflector. Norwalk, OH. 1830–1853.Three early manuscript copies of the revelation exist. One—the text featured here—was inscribed byNew York.
Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...More Info11John Whitmeralso made a copy of the revelation in Revelation Book 1, possibly sometime in the summer of 1834 after JS and the Camp of Israel had reached
27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...View Full Bio
- 1 For additional information on the historical context of this revelation, see Minutes, 24 Feb. 1834.
- 2 Parley P. Pratt et al., “‘The Mormons’ So Called,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Extra, Feb. 1834, –.
- 3 Minutes, 24 Feb. 1834.
- 4 Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:63, 77]. Several other revelations dictated in late 1832 and throughout 1833 also referred to the high priests to whom the revelations were directed as “friends.” (See, for example, Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:3, 62]; Revelation, 6 May 1833 [D&C 93:45]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:1].)
- 5 Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:55–57].
- 6 JS, Journal, 26–28 Feb. 1834; Pratt, Diary, 26–27 Feb. 1834.
- 7 Wight, Journal, in History of the Reorganized Church, 1:402; Murdock, Journal, 15 Mar. 1834.
- 8 See, for example, Pratt, Autobiography, 116–122; Pratt, Diary, 26 Feb.–20 Apr. 1834; JS, Journal, 4–7 Mar. 1834; and Minutes, 17 Mar. 1834.
- 9 See Backman, Profile, appendix E; Account with the Church of Christ, ca. 11–29 Aug. 1834.
- 10 “Mormonism,” Huron Reflector (Norwalk, OH), 20 May 1834, , italics in original.
- 11 Pratt, Diary, 26 Feb. 1834.
- 12 Revelation Book 2, pp. 108–111 [D&C 103].
- 13 Revelation Book 1, pp. 189–192 [D&C 103].
28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...View Full Bio
Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...View Glossary