Revelation, 30 April 1832 [D&C 83]
Revelation, “Zion” [
JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...More InfoOne leaf, measuring 5 × 7⅞ inches (13 × 20 cm). The top and the right side of the recto have the square cut of manufactured paper. The left side is unevenly cut, suggesting the leaf was excised from a book. The bottom of the leaf is unevenly torn off from what was originally a larger leaf. The document was later folded for filing and docketed byNewel K. Whitneyin graphite: “as to Women & children; | Inheretance at Zion | 30 apl. 1832”.
3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...View Full BioThis document and several other revelations, along with many other personal and institutional documents kept byWhitney, were inherited by his daughter Mary Jane Whitney, who married Isaac Groo. This collection was passed down in the Groo family and donated by members of the family to the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University during the period 1969–1974.
3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...View Full Bio1
Andrus, Hyrum L., Chris Fuller, and Elizabeth E. McKenzie. “Register of the Newel Kimball Whitney Papers, 1825–1906,” Sept. 1998. BYU.
- 1 Andrus et al., “Register of the Newel Kimball Whitney Papers, 1825–1906,” 5–6.
According to a later JS history, JS “sat in council with the brethren” on 30 April 1832 inAn earlier revelation on the laws of the church outlined principles of consecration, stating that consecration was a means for church members to take care of the poor among them. That revelation instructed members to consecrate their properties to the church andbishopsto convey back
An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...View Glossarystewardshipsthat were sufficient for their needs and those of their families. The “residue” of the consecrated property was then kept in the “
One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...View Glossarystore houseto administer to the poor and needy.”
Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...View GlossaryZionin July 1831, the practice of consecration was instituted there.
A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...View Glossary5The doctrine of consecration, as established in the “Laws of the Church of Christ” and subsequent revelations, did not address what claims a widow had on property her husband had consecrated to the church or what would happen to children who lost their fathers.
The Revised Statutes of the State of Missouri, Revised and Digested by the Eighth General Assembly, During the Years One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-Four, and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-Five. Together with the Constitutions of Missouri and of the United States. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1841.
Shammas, Carole, Marylynn Salmon, and Michel Dahlin. Inheritance in America: From Colonial Time to the Present. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.JS apparently became concerned about such questions while inColesville, New York, who had settled about twelve miles west of
Area settled, beginning 1785. Formed from Windsor Township, Apr. 1821. Population in 1830 about 2,400. Villages within township included Harpursville, Nineveh, and Colesville. Susquehanna River ran through eastern portion of township. JS worked for Joseph...More InfoKaw Township, Missouri. JS had good friends in this settlement, including the Knight family. He later reported that he “received a welcome only known by brethren and sisters united as one in the same faith.”
Settlement by whites commenced after treaty with Osage Indians, 1825. One of three original townships organized in Jackson Co., 22 May 1827. Bordered by Missouri River on north side and Big Blue River on east and south sides; western boundary was state line...More Info8These women’s husbands died in 1829 before the revelation on the “Laws of the Church of Christ” was dictated, but JS’s association with them may have prompted him to wonder about a widow’s claim to consecrated property, which may in turn have led to this 30 April revelation.
Willes, Ira J. Statement, 20 May 1862. CHL. MS 4050.
Hartley, William G. Stand by My Servant Joseph: The Story of the Joseph Knight Family and the Restoration. Provo, UT: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2003.9
Hartley, William G. Stand by My Servant Joseph: The Story of the Joseph Knight Family and the Restoration. Provo, UT: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2003.
U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.Newel K. Whitney. Whitney corrected this error in an endorsement that labeled and characterized the revelation: “as to Women & children; Inheretance atZion30 apl. 1832.” Sometime after April 1832,
JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...More Info
- 1 JS History, vol. A-1, 213.
- 2 Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–34].
- 3 See, for example, Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51].
- 4 Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58].
- 5 An Act concerning Dower [Mar. 20 1835], Revised Statutes of the State of Missouri , p. 228, secs. 1–2; Shammas et al., Inheritance in America, 67–68.
- 6 Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–38]; Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:7]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:35–36].
- 7 JS History, vol. A-1, 213.
- 8 Ira J. Willes, Statement, 20 May 1862, CHL. Ira Willes, who moved to Missouri with the Colesville Saints in the summer of 1831 and later prepared a list of the Colesville members that migrated at that time, listed Molly Slade as a widow as well, but she was apparently separated from her husband, who chose to remain in New York when the Colesville Saints migrated to Ohio in 1831. (See Hartley, Stand By My Servant Joseph, 112.)
- 9 Hartley, Stand By My Servant Joseph, 146, 177; “Rogers, Mr. Henry R.,” in Inscriptions on the Headstones in the Cemetery at Afton, Chenango Co., N.Y. (formerly part of Brimfield), microfilm 973,007, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.