Revelations printed in Evening and Morning Star, January 1835–June 1836
Revelations printed in Evening and Morning Star, January 1835–June 1836
Revelations published in Evening and Morning Star (Evening and Morning Star, an edited reprint of The Evening and the Morning Star, presents revelations throughout its first thirteen issues, except for the April 1833 issue, which was printed in June 1836. When printing Evening and Morning Star, the editors revised the revelations found in The Evening and the Morning Star, changing wording and sometimes order and position on the page. One revelation printed in the earlier newspaper was not reprinted in this edition of the paper.1The page size of Evening and Morning Star was smaller than that of its predecessor. Each issue has eight leaves (sixteen pages), with two columns on each page, each page measuring 9¼ × 5¾ inches (23 × 15 cm). Because Evening and Morning Star was a reprint, its issues maintained the dating of the original issues; thus, the first issue of Evening and Morning Star is dated June 1832, though it was printed in January 1835, as indicated by a publisher’s notice on the last page of the issue.
The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.The original owner of the volume used for this transcription is unknown. The upper right corner of the second free endsheet is cut away, and based on a residual ink flourish on the recto near the cut, it appears that a signature was removed from the book at some point. This volume is held at the Church History Library, but its provenance is unknown.
In December 1833, six months after theprinting officein
JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....More Infodestroyedand publication efforts there were permanently halted, printing commenced on a newly acquired press in
20 Jul. 1833
Vigilantes, demanding removal of Latter-day Saints from Jackson County, Missouri, destroyed printing office and tarred and feathered Edward Partridge and Charles Allen, Independence, Jackson County, Missouri; a few dozen copies of unfinished Book of Commandments...F. G. Williams & Co., continued printing The Evening and the Morning Star, the newspaper begun in
A firm established by the United Firm on 11 September 1833 to print newspapers in Kirtland, Ohio. In December 1833, F. G. Williams & Co. resumed the interrupted printing of the church newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star. After the United Firm was reorganized...View Glossary1The first issue of the reprinted newspaper, which appeared under the slightly modified title Evening and Morning Star, was published in January 1835.3Evening and Morning Star actually contained significant changes to the revelation texts. In the first issue, editorOn the revelations we merely say, that we were not a little surprised to find the previous print so different from the original. We have given them a careful comparison, assisted by individuals whose known integrity and ability is uncensurable. Thus saying we cast no reflections upon those who were entrusted with the responsibility of publishing them in4Despite the implications ofCowdery’s statement, very few of the changes in the reprint represent a restoration back to the earliest text, though Cowdery consulted early manuscript sources when reprinting some of the revelations.5Because the revelations were meant to be used as a guide for the current operations of the church, they were edited in 1835 to reflect current organization, doctrine, and practice, which had continued to develop since the revelations were first dictated. For example, the version of a 9 February 1831 revelation printed in Evening and Morning Star includes discussion of the duties of elders, priests, teachers, bishops, high priests, and the high council.
Whitney, Newel K. Papers, 1825–1906. BYU.6Early versions of the revelation, however, make no mention of the office of high priest, which did not exist until June 1831,7or of the high council, a body that was not organized until February 1834.8The revelation was revised in 1835 to reflect these additional roles. Most of the changes made to revelations in the early issues of Evening and Morning Star are also reflected in the same revelations as published in the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants (1835), and the editing work on that volume, in turn, influenced the presentation of revelations in later issues of Evening and Morning Star.
Minute Book 1 / “Conference A,” 1832–1837. CHL. Also available at josephsmithpapers.org.9The table that follows lists each of the revelatory items printed in the Star and its reprint, along with its bibliographic information. See Revelations Printed in The Evening and the Morning Star for a side-by-side comparison of the revelations printed in the Star and its reprint.Key to column titles
Vol: Issue: Volume and issue number Star Print Date: Month in which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star Star Pages: Pages on which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star Reprint Print Date: Month in which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star Reprint Pages: Pages on which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star Date: Date of item, followed by section number in Doctrine and Covenants, 1981 edition, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Vol: Issue Star Print Date Star Pages Reprint Print Date Reprint Pages Date 1:1 June 1832  Jan. 1835 2–4 10 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20] 1:1 June 1832 – 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22] 1:1 June 1832  Jan. 1835 5–6 ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:1–67, 71] 1:2 July 1832  Feb. 1835 30–31 9 and 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11–77] 1:2 July 1832  Feb. 1835 26–27 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59] 1:2 July 1832 – Feb. 1835 27–30 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76] 1:3 Aug. 1832  Mar. 1835 42–43 ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46] 1:3 Aug. 1832  Mar. 1835 43–44 9 May 1831 [D&C 50] 1:4 Sept. 1832  Apr. 1835 60–62 Sept. 1830–A [D&C 29] 1:4 Sept. 1832  Apr. 1835 62 30 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65] 1:5 Oct. 1832  June 1835 74 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:78-93] 1:5 Oct. 1832 – June 1835 74 Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:15–35] 1:5 Oct. 1832  June 1835 73–74 1 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 68] 1:6 Nov. 1832  Sept. 1835 93–94 7 May 1831 [D&C 49] 1:7 Dec. 1832  Apr. 1836 105–106 12 Aug. 1831 [D&C 61] 1:7 Dec. 1832 – Apr. 1836 106–107 4 Dec. 1831 [D&C 72] 1:8 Jan. 1833 – Apr. 1836 125–126 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38] 1:8 Jan. 1833  Apr. 1836 126 30 Apr. 1832 [D&C 83] 1:9 Feb. 1833  May 1836 138 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:117–126] 1:9 Feb. 1833 – May 1836 140–141 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:1–64] 1:10 Mar. 1833  May 1836 155 ca. Aug. 1830 [D&C 27] 1:10 Mar. 1833  May 1836 155–156 1 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1] 1:10 Mar. 1833  May 1836 156–157 3 Jan. 1833 [D&C 88:127–137] 1:12 May 1833 – June 1836 177–179 3 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133] 2:13 June 1833 97–98 June 1836 193–196 10 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]
- 1 “Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.
- 2 The title that appears in the newspaper’s nameplate was likely shortened because of a reduction in the newspaper’s size. The longer original title, The Evening and the Morning Star, is printed at the middle and end of each issue with other publication information. For the sake of clarity, the reprinted paper is referred to by its shortened title for all references in The Joseph Smith Papers.
- 3 “Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.
- 4 Notice, Evening and Morning Star, June 1832 (Jan. 1835), 16. The prospectus to Evening and Morning Star also states “that in the first 14 numbers, in the Revelations, are many errors, typographical, and others, occasioned by transcribing manuscript; but as we shall have access to originals, we shall endeavor to make proper corrections.” (“Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.)
- 5 On 4 February 1835, Cowdery wrote to Newel K. Whitney requesting that the latter send “the original copy of the Revelation given to 12 elders Feb. 1831 called ‘The Law of the Church.’” Cowdery explained, “We are preparing the old Star for re-printing, and have no copy from which to correct, and kno[w] of no other beside yours.” (Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to Newel K. Whitney, 4 Feb. 1835, Newel K. Whitney, Papers, BYU.)
- 6 Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in “Extract of Covenants for the Church of the Latter Day Saints,” Evening and Morning Star, July 1832 (Feb. 1835), 30–31 [D&C 42].
- 7 See Minute Book 2, 3 June 1831.
- 8 Minute Book 1, 17 Feb. 1834; see also Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 5, 1835 ed. [D&C 102].
- 9 For example, the updates made in Revelation, 9 February 1831, for publication in Evening and Morning Star were then introduced into Doctrine and Covenants 13:8, 10, 19, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:31, 34, 71].
A binding agreement between two parties, particularly between God and man. The term covenant was often associated with “commandments,” referring to revelation texts. The gospel as preached by JS—including the need for faith, repentance, baptism, and reception...View Glossary
An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...View Glossary
Being who acts as a minister and messenger between heaven and earth. JS taught that angels were individuals who “belonged to this earth”; those who had already lived on earth were often resurrected beings. In addition to giving instruction, direction, and...View Glossary
A fallen angel, or son of God, known by many names, including Lucifer, the devil, the father of lies, the prince of darkness, perdition, and the adversary. In the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s Bible revisions, Satan was described as a tempter of men...View Glossary