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Letter, 30 October 1833

Extract of a lettter dated, “Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, October 30, 1833.
Dear brethren,—Through the mercy and aid of our heavenly Father we are yet alive; and we are very thankful for such a blessing. Since I last wrote we have been through a scene.1

It is not known who wrote this letter or when it was sent. For the last known letter written from Missouri to church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, see Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.  


We declared publicly a week a go last Sunday2

20 October 1833.  


that we as a people should defend our lands and houses. On Monday3

21 October 1833.  


the mob, or at least some of the leaders began to move; strict orders were given with us not to be the aggressors—4

Who ordered the Mormons “not to be the aggressors” is unknown.  


but to warn them not to come upon us, &c. and as court was to set on Monday,5

28 October 1833.  


it was noised abroad that the leaders of the mob would be called upon to bind themselves to keep the peace.6

In his response to the church leaders’ petition for protection and legal redress, Governor Daniel Dunklin advised church members to seek the aid of the local judge if they felt their lives were threatened. “It would be his duty,” wrote Dunklin, “to have the offenders apprehended and bind them to keep the peace.” If such attempts failed to mitigate the situation, then the persecuted Mormons were to report back to Dunklin, and he promised that he would then “take such steps as will enforce a faithful execution of [the laws].” Edward Partridge later wrote that church leaders made several attempts to acquire a warrant for peace from at least three different justices between 1 and 6 November 1833. (“To His Excellency, Daniel Dunklin,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 115; Letter from Edward Partridge, between 14 and 19 Nov. 1833.)  


It was a solemn looking time. The mob had lost no time in sending rumors, and counselling; above fifty of them met on Saturday7

26 October 1833.  


and voted to a hand to move the “mormons:”—They counselled and rode all day of Sunday.8

27 October 1833.  


The great Monday9

28 October 1833.  


came, but fewer people were seldom seen at a Circuit Court—No mob, but great threats. A number of families arrived last week from Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, Indianna, and Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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; some of whom were attacked by the leaders of the mob, but I believe they received no injury. Yours &c.” [p. 119]
Extract of a lettter dated, “Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, October 30, 1833.
Dear brethren,—Through the mercy and aid of our heavenly Father we  are yet alive; and we are very thankful for such a blessing. Since I last  wrote we have been through a scene.1

It is not known who wrote this letter or when it was sent. For the last known letter written from Missouri to church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, see Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.  


We declared publicly a week a go  last Sunday2

20 October 1833.  


that we as a people should defend our lands and houses. On  Monday3

21 October 1833.  


the mob, or at least some of the leaders began to move; strict or ders were given with us not to be the aggressors—4

Who ordered the Mormons “not to be the aggressors” is unknown.  


but to warn them not to  come upon us, &c. and as court was to set on Monday,5

28 October 1833.  


it was noised abroad  that the leaders of the mob would be called upon to bind themselves to keep  the peace.6

In his response to the church leaders’ petition for protection and legal redress, Governor Daniel Dunklin advised church members to seek the aid of the local judge if they felt their lives were threatened. “It would be his duty,” wrote Dunklin, “to have the offenders apprehended and bind them to keep the peace.” If such attempts failed to mitigate the situation, then the persecuted Mormons were to report back to Dunklin, and he promised that he would then “take such steps as will enforce a faithful execution of [the laws].” Edward Partridge later wrote that church leaders made several attempts to acquire a warrant for peace from at least three different justices between 1 and 6 November 1833. (“To His Excellency, Daniel Dunklin,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 115; Letter from Edward Partridge, between 14 and 19 Nov. 1833.)  


It was a solemn looking time. The mob had lost no time in  sending rumors, and counselling; above fifty of them met on Saturday7

26 October 1833.  


and  voted to a hand to move the “mormons:”—They counselled and rode all  day of Sunday.8

27 October 1833.  


The great Monday9

28 October 1833.  


came, but fewer people were seldom  seen at a Circuit Court—No mob, but great threats. A number of fami lies arrived last week from Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
, Indianna, and Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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; some of whom  were attacked by the leaders of the mob, but I believe they received no in jury. Yours &c.” [p. 119]
Unidentified author, Letter, Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson Co., MO, to “Dear brethren” (including JS), [Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Geauga Co., OH], 30 Oct. 1833. Extract published in “The Outrage in Jackson County, Missouri,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 119.
The Evening and the Morning Star (Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson Co., MO, and Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Geauga Co., OH), vol. 2, nos. 13–24, June 1833–Sept. 1834; nos. 13–14 edited by William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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(in Independence) and nos. 15–24 edited by Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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(in Kirtland). The copy used for transcription is currently part of a bound volume held at CHL; includes marginalia, archival marking, stamps, and bookplates.
Each issue comprises four leaves (eight pages) that measure 12½ × 9⅞ inches (32 × 25 cm). Each page is set in two columns. The copy used for this volume was donated to the Salt Lake Temple by Lycurgus A. Wilson on 8 September 1894, according to a bookplate on the inside front cover of the volume. The volume was transferred to the library of the Church Historian’s Office sometime before 1923.1

“Library Record,” book no. 1239.  


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