30484

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 10 August 1833

will be saved, & Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
will be the joy of all saints & they will possess her forever & ever; & though the atmosphere looks dark yet the Son of righteousness will soon appear with healing in his wings,17

See Malachi 4:2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 505 [3 Nephi 25:2].  


& he will spare his people as a man spareth his own Son who serveth him.18

See Malachi 3:17; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 504 [3 Nephi 24:17].  


Our brethren here have sent you three revelations concerning Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
two of them dated the second of Aug. & the other the sixth.19

The three revelations—Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98]—were the primary contents of a letter sent to Missouri just three days prior to Cowdery’s arrival. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


Read them carefully & keep them from false brethren & tatlers,20

Two of the three revelations—Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98]—had content that would have been inflammatory to already alienated Missourians. The first revelation urged the construction of a House of the Lord in Jackson County and portrayed a potentially glorious future for Zion and destruction for the ungodly. The 6 August revelation directed the church members to sue for peace at the hands of their enemies but also authorized them to take up arms in self-defense should repeated attempts at peaceful negotiations fail. (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98].)  


& all things concerning Zion will come to pass in the due time of the Lord.— They also sent you a draft for the house of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

More Info
, & a plan of the city. I mention this that you may know that such things have been sent should any accident happen that you do not obtain them,21
I want br. Wm

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
to write a circular for an “Extra Star” & send the manuscript immediately to me that I may go to some one of the printing offices here & publish it. Set forth the circumstances why the star is stopped &c. & I will assist all I can when your manuscript arrives, write close on a large sheet, you will have to write me the names of our former subscribers, their places of residence &c. so that I can mail them each an “extra” This you can do in a fine plain hand. Although it will be troublesome yet it looks to be necessary. I expect you have written me as many as two letters ere this. & when I receive the first I shall write again, Don’t fail to write once a week for you know my anxiety,23

Cowdery had earlier expressed eagerness to receive regular correspondence from his associates when he was part of a party proselytizing to Indians in Missouri in early 1831. (Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 8 Apr. 1831; Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 7 May 1831.)  


tell me who apostatizes when you write,24

In a letter then en route, John Whitmer reported that “there are but very few that have denied the faith in consequence of this transaction.” (Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.)  


The brethren here are lifting up their voices in your behalf continually. Don’t be discouraged but be patient.— you may be under the necessity to sell some of our lands, but be wise, hold on to the sacred places.25

A week later, JS revised this instruction to forbid the sale of Jackson County land to anyone outside the church: “it is the will of the Lord that . . . not one foot of land perchased should be given to the enimies of God or sold to them but if any is sold let it be sold to the chirch.” The following summer in an appeal to “the people and constituted authorities of this nation,” church leaders declared that to sell their land in Jackson County “would amount to a denial of our faith, as that land is the place where the Zion of God shall stand, according to our faith and belief in the revelations of God.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; “An Appeal,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Aug. 1834, 183.)  


I am in great haste to get this into the mail to day therefore must be short: I shall write again as I said, I am truly your br. in the New covenant

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
O— C— Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
PS Brethren if I were with you I should take an active part in your sufferings & although nature shrinks yet my spirit would not let me forsake you unto death God helping me Oh be of good cheer27

See John 16:33.  


for our redemption draweth near28

See Luke 21:28; and Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:26].  


Oh God save my Brethren in Zion Oh brethren give up all to God forsake all for Christ sake29

For examples of similar sentiments, see Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.  


J— S— [p. [2]]
will be saved, & Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
will be the joy of all saints & they will  possess her forever & ever; & though the atmosphere looks dark  yet the Son of righteousness will soon appear with healing in  his wings,17

See Malachi 4:2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 505 [3 Nephi 25:2].  


& he will spare his people as a man spareth his  own Son who serveth him.18

See Malachi 3:17; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 504 [3 Nephi 24:17].  


Our brethren here have sent you  three revelations concerning Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
two of them dated the second of  Aug. & the other the sixth.19

The three revelations—Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98]—were the primary contents of a letter sent to Missouri just three days prior to Cowdery’s arrival. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


Read them carefully & keep them  from false brethren & tatlers,20

Two of the three revelations—Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98]—had content that would have been inflammatory to already alienated Missourians. The first revelation urged the construction of a House of the Lord in Jackson County and portrayed a potentially glorious future for Zion and destruction for the ungodly. The 6 August revelation directed the church members to sue for peace at the hands of their enemies but also authorized them to take up arms in self-defense should repeated attempts at peaceful negotiations fail. (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98].)  


& all things concerning Zion will  come to pass in the due time of the Lord.— They also sent you a  draft for the house of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

More Info
, & a plan of the city. I mention this  that you may know that such things have been sent should any  accident happen that you do not obtain them,21
22

TEXT: Two vertical lines, possibly meant to be a pilcrow, indicate a paragraph break here, though this and the previous line are run together in the original letter..)  


I want br. Wm

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
 to write a circular for an “Extra Star” & send the manuscript  immediately to me that I may go to some one of the printing offices  here & publish it. Set forth the circumstances why the star is  stopped &c. & I will assist all I can when your manuscript  arrives, write close on a large sheet, you will have to write  me the names of our former subscribers, their places of residence  &c. so that I can mail them each an “extra” This you can  do in a fine plain hand. Although it will be troublesome yet  it looks to be necessary. I expect you have written me  as many as two letters ere this. & when I receive the first I  shall write again, Don’t fail to write once a week for  you know my anxiety,23

Cowdery had earlier expressed eagerness to receive regular correspondence from his associates when he was part of a party proselytizing to Indians in Missouri in early 1831. (Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 8 Apr. 1831; Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 7 May 1831.)  


tell me who apostatizes when you  write,24

In a letter then en route, John Whitmer reported that “there are but very few that have denied the faith in consequence of this transaction.” (Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.)  


The br[ethre]n here are lifting up their voices in your  behalf continually. Don’t be discouraged but be patient.—  you may be under the necessity to sell some of our lands,  but be wise, hold on to the sacred places.25

A week later, JS revised this instruction to forbid the sale of Jackson County land to anyone outside the church: “it is the will of the Lord that . . . not one foot of land perchased should be given to the enimies of God or sold to them but if any is sold let it be sold to the chirch.” The following summer in an appeal to “the people and constituted authorities of this nation,” church leaders declared that to sell their land in Jackson County “would amount to a denial of our faith, as that land is the place where the Zion of God shall stand, according to our faith and belief in the revelations of God.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; “An Appeal,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Aug. 1834, 183.)  


26

TEXT: Two vertical lines, possibly meant to be a pilcrow, indicate a paragraph break here, though this and the previous line are run together in the actual letter.  


I am in great haste  to get this into the mail to day therefore must be short: I shall  write again as I said, I am truly your br. in the New covenant

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
O— C— [Oliver Cowdery]

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
PS Brethren if I were with you I should take an active part in your suff erings & although nature shrinks yet my spirit would not let me forsake  you unto death God helping me Oh be of good cheer27

See John 16:33.  


for our redemption  draweth near28

See Luke 21:28; and Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:26].  


Oh God save my Brethren in Zion Oh brethren give up  all to God forsake all for Christ sake29

For examples of similar sentiments, see Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.  


J— S— [p. [2]]
PreviousNext
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, Letter with postscript by JS, Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

More Info
, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, to William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
, John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
, Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

View Full Bio
, John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

View Full Bio
, and Sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

View Full Bio
, Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833; recipient’s copy, [ca. Sept. 1833]; handwriting of Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
; two pages; CHL. Includes docket.
Two leaves measuring 7⅞ × 6¼ inches (20 × 16 cm). Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
used the second leaf as a wrapper and inscribed a docket on the wrapper: “Copy of a letter from O. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
& J. Smith Jr.” The document was folded multiple times. Edward Partridge Lyman, a great-grandson of Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, donated this document to the Church Historian’s Office in 1972.

Facts