30485

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 18 August 1833

and thus the testimony of the Kingdom must go unto all and there are many ways that God designs to bring about his ritious purposees and in the day of Judgement he designs to make us the Judges of the generation in which we live46

See Matthew 19:28; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 509 [3 Nephi 27:27]; and Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:37].  


O how unsearchable are the depths of his mysteries and his ways past finding out47

See Romans 11:33; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 130 [Jacob 4:8].  


Brotheren the testamony which you have given of your honesty and the truth of this work will be felt Eteaaly eternally by this generation for it will be proclaimed to Ends of the Earth that there are men now liveing who have offered up their lives as a testimony of their religion our Brotheren in the East will handle this testimony to good advantage it seems to inspire every heart to a lively sence of faith and to arm them with double fortitude and power and the harder the persicution the greater the gifts of God upon his chirch48

See Matthew 5:10–12; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 480 [3 Nephi 12:10–12].  


yea all things shall work together for good to them who are willing to lay down their lives for Christ sake49

See Romans 8:28.  


we are suffering great persicution on account of one man by the name of Docter Hurlburt Doctor Philastus Hurlbut

3 Feb. 1809–16 June 1883. Clergyman, farmer. Born at Chittenden Co., Vermont. “Doctor” was his given name. Preacher for Methodist Episcopal Church in Jamestown, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized into LDS church, 1832/1833, at Jamestown. Ordained an elder...

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who has been expeled from the chirch

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
for lude and adulterous conduct and to spite us he is lieing in a wonderful manner and the peapl people are running after him and giveing him mony to brake down mormanism which much endangers our lives at preasnt present but god will put a stop to his carear soon and all will be well my heart this moment is made glad for Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
we have just receivd your letter containing the bond with which our enemies bound themselves to distroy Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and also the blessing of god in poreing out his spirit upon you51 and we have had the word of the Lord that you shall be deliverd from your dainger and shall again flurish in spite of hell that is god has communicated to me by the gift of the holy ghost

A right or privilege bestowed through the confirmation ordinance. Individuals were confirmed members of the church and received the gift of the Holy Ghost through the laying on of hands. The Book of Mormon explained that remission of sins requires not only...

View Glossary
that this should be the case after much prayer and suplication and also that an other printing office must be built the Lord knows how56 and also it is the will of the Lord that the Store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
shud should be kept57

“Store” refers to the Gilbert & Whitney store in Independence. On 20 July 1833, Sidney Gilbert agreed to close the store to prevent the mob from destroying it. ([Edward Partridge], “A History, of the Persecution,” Times and Seasons, Dec. 1839, 1:18.)  


and that not one foot of land perchased should be given to the enimies of God or sold to them but if any is sold let it be sold to the chirch we cannot git the consent of the Lord that we shall give the ground to the enemies yet let those who are bound to leave the land make a show as if to do untill the Lord delivr. a word to the wise is sufficient therefore Judge what I say for know assuredly that every foot of ground that falls into the hands of the enimies with consent is not easy to be obtained again58

A week earlier, Cowdery advised church members in Jackson County to “look out another place to locate on” but not to move sooner than the agreement with their opponents required. He also counseled, “You may be under the necessity to sell some of our lands, but be wise, hold on to the sacred places.” Here, JS modified those instructions. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


O be wise59

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 140 [Jacob 6:12].  


and not let the knowledge I give unto you be known abroad for your sakes hold fast that which you have received trust in god considder Elijah when he prayed for rain go often to your holy plases and look for a cloud of light to apper to your help60

See 1 Kings 18:42–45.  


O God I ask thee in the name of Jesus of nazereth to Save all things concerning Zion and build up her wait waste places and restore all things O god send forth Judgement unto victory61

See Matthew 12:20.  


O come down and cause the moutans mountains to flow down at thy presance62

See Isaiah 64:1, 3.  


and now I conclude by telling you that we wait the Comand of God to do whatever he please and if he shall say go up to Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and defend thy Brotheren by the sword64

After members of the Church of Christ were forced to evacuate Jackson County in November 1833, a 24 February 1834 revelation authorized an expedition, later known as Zion’s Camp, to help the refugees resettle on their Jackson County lands. JS led the group, departing Kirtland on 5 May 1834, but they were ultimately unsuccessful in achieving their major objective. (Revelation, 24 Feb. 1834 [D&C 103].)  


we fly and we count not our live dear to us I am your Brother in Christ
Joseph Smith Jr [p. [3]]
and thus the testimony of the Kingdom must go unto all and there are  many ways that God designs to bring about his ritious purposees and in the  day of Judgement he designs to make us the Judges of the whole world generation  in which we live46

See Matthew 19:28; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 509 [3 Nephi 27:27]; and Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:37].  


O how unsearchable are the depths of his mysteries and his ways  past finding out47

See Romans 11:33; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 130 [Jacob 4:8].  


Brotheren the testamony which you have given of your honesty  and the truth of this work will be felt Eteaaly [eternally] by this generation for it will  be proclaimed to Ends of the Earth that there are men now liveing who  have offered up their lives for this as a testimony of their religion our  Brotheren in the East will handle this testimony to good advantage it  seems to inspire every heart to a lively sence of faith and to arm  them <with> double fortitude and power and the harder the persicution  the greater the gifts of God upon his chirch48

See Matthew 5:10–12; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 480 [3 Nephi 12:10–12].  


yea all things shall work  together for good to them who are willing to lay down their lives  for Christ sake49

See Romans 8:28.  


we are suffering great persicution on account of one  man by the name of Docter Hurlburt [Doctor Philastus Hurlbut]

3 Feb. 1809–16 June 1883. Clergyman, farmer. Born at Chittenden Co., Vermont. “Doctor” was his given name. Preacher for Methodist Episcopal Church in Jamestown, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized into LDS church, 1832/1833, at Jamestown. Ordained an elder...

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who has been expeled from the  chirch

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
for lude and adulterous conduct and to spite us he is lieing in a  wonderful manner and the peapl [people] are running after him and giveing him  mony to b[r]ake 50

TEXT: “b[page torn]ake”.  


down mormanism which much endangers <our lives> at pre asnt [present] but god will put a stop to his carear soon and all will  be well my heart this moment <is made> glad for Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
we have just receivd  you[r] letter containing the bond with which our enemies bound themselves  and to distroy Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and also the blessing <of> god in poreing out upon his spirit  upon you51 and we have had the word of the Lord that you shall  [be]52

TEXT: Page torn. Supplied text is from the version of this letter found in Partridge, Genealogical Record, 22.  


deliverd from you[r] dainger and <shall> again flurish in spite of hell  [that i]s53

TEXT: “[Page torn]s”. Supplied text is from the version of this letter found in Partridge, Genealogical Record, 22.  


god has communicated to m[e]54

TEXT: “m[page torn]”. Supplied text is from the version of this letter found in Partridge, Genealogical Record, 22.  


by the gift of the holy ghost

A right or privilege bestowed through the confirmation ordinance. Individuals were confirmed members of the church and received the gift of the Holy Ghost through the laying on of hands. The Book of Mormon explained that remission of sins requires not only...

View Glossary
 that this should be <the case> after much p[rayer]55

TEXT: “p[page torn]”. Supplied text is from the version of this letter found in Partridge, Genealogical Record, 22.  


and suplication and also  that an other printing office must be built the Lord knows  how56 and also it is the will of the Lord that the Store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
shud [should]  be kept57

“Store” refers to the Gilbert & Whitney store in Independence. On 20 July 1833, Sidney Gilbert agreed to close the store to prevent the mob from destroying it. ([Edward Partridge], “A History, of the Persecution,” Times and Seasons, Dec. 1839, 1:18.)  


and that <not> one foot of <land> the perchased should <be> given to  the enimies of God or sold to them but if any is sold let it  be sold to the chirch we cannot git the consent of the  Lord that we shall give the ground to the enemies yet let  those who are bound to leave the land to make a show as  if to do untill the Lord delivr[.] a word to the wise is sufficient  therefore Jud[g]e what I say for know assuredly that every foot  of ground that falls into the hands of the enimies with consent  is not easy to be obtained again58

A week earlier, Cowdery advised church members in Jackson County to “look out another place to locate on” but not to move sooner than the agreement with their opponents required. He also counseled, “You may be under the necessity to sell some of our lands, but be wise, hold on to the sacred places.” Here, JS modified those instructions. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


O be wise59

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 140 [Jacob 6:12].  


and not let the  knowledge I give unto <you> be known abroad for your sak[e]s  hold fast that which you have received trust in god  considder Elijah when he prayed for rain go often to your  holy plases and <look> for a cloud of light to apper to your help60

See 1 Kings 18:42–45.  


 O God I ask thee in the name of Jesus of nazereth to  Save all things concerning Zion and build up her wai t [waste] places and restore all things O god send forth Judge ment unto victory61

See Matthew 12:20.  


O come down and cause the mou tans [mountains] to flow down at thy presance62

See Isaiah 64:1, 3.  


and now I conclude  by telling you that we w[a]it63

TEXT: “w[page torn]it”.  


the Comand of God to  do whatever we he ple[a]se and if <he> shall say go up to Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
 and defend thy Brotheren by <the sword>64

After members of the Church of Christ were forced to evacuate Jackson County in November 1833, a 24 February 1834 revelation authorized an expedition, later known as Zion’s Camp, to help the refugees resettle on their Jackson County lands. JS led the group, departing Kirtland on 5 May 1834, but they were ultimately unsuccessful in achieving their major objective. (Revelation, 24 Feb. 1834 [D&C 103].)  


we fly and we count not  dear our live dear to us I am your Brother in Christ
Joseph Smith Jr [p. [3]]
PreviousNext
In early August, JS dictated two revelations concerning church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. The first of these, dated 2 August 1833, commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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that a temple

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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be built in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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.1 The second revelation, which JS dictated on 6 August, instructed the entire church that in the event that “men will smite you or your familles,” members were to “bear it patiently.”2

Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:23].  


When Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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arrived in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, on 9 August 1833, he gave JS a firsthand account of the hostilities against church members in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri.3 Nine days later, on 18 August, JS personally wrote this lengthy letter of comfort and encouragement to his beleaguered brethren in Missouri. After learning of the violence in Jackson County from Cowdery, JS wrote in the 18 August letter that “we have had the word of the Lord” and then provided information that was not included in his prior revelations: “You shall [be] deliverd from you[r] dainger and shall again flurish in spite of hell.” Perhaps thinking of a revelation dictated over two years earlier that commanded William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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to establish a press in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
,4

Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:11].  


JS also wrote in the letter that though the mob in Independence had razed the printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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, another “must be built.” JS added, “We shall get a press immediately in this place and print th[e] Star,” referring to the early Mormon newspaper, “until you can obtain deliverence and git up again.” Not only the printing office but also the legally purchased land and Sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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’s store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
in Jackson County remained vital: “It is the will of the Lord that the Store shud [should] be kept and that not one foot of land perchased should be given to the enimies of God.” JS again consoled the members of the church in Missouri by telling them that “the harder the persicution the greater the gifts of God upon his chirch.”
Following the July violence in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, word of the events spread quickly through local and regional newspapers. On 2 August 1833, the Western Monitor in Fayette, Missouri, published the 20 July minutes kept by the Jackson County citizens and their selected committee who on 20 July destroyed Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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’s printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

More Info
and tarred and feathered Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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and Charles Allen

26 Dec. 1806–after 1870. Farmer, auctioneer. Born in Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Charles Allen and Mary. Married first Eliza Tibbits, ca. 1832. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Independence, Jackson Co., Missouri. Tarred and feathered during mob ...

View Full Bio
.5

“Mormonism,” United States Telegraph (Washington DC), 21 Aug. 1833, [2]; JS History, vol. A-1, 330.  


A St. Louis

Located on west side of Mississippi River about fifteen miles south of confluence with Missouri River. Founded as fur-trading post by French settlers, 1764. Incorporated as town, 1809. First Mississippi steamboat docked by town, 1817. Incorporated as city...

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newspaper, the Missouri Republican, published a similar piece seven days later, applauding the Jackson County residents’ initiative.6

“‘Regulating’ the Mormonites,” Missouri Republican (St. Louis), 9 Aug. 1833, [3].  


The article in the Republican spread rapidly throughout the nation; it was republished in Washington DC

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

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as early as 21 August.7

“Mormonites in Missouri,” Daily National Intelligencer (Washington DC), 21 Aug. 1833, [2].  


Within eight days of Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s arrival in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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on 9 August, at least two local Geauga County

Located in northeastern Ohio, south of Lake Erie. Rivers in area include Grand, Chagrin, and Cuyahoga. Settled mostly by New Englanders, beginning 1798. Formed from Trumbull Co., 1 Mar. 1806. Chardon established as county seat, 1808. Population in 1830 about...

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newspapers, the Painesville Telegraph and the Chardon Spectator, published reports of the events in Missouri.8

Report, Painesville (OH) Telegraph, 16 Aug. 1833, [3]; “Mormonites,” Chardon (OH) Spectator and Geauga Gazette, 17 Aug. 1833, [3]; see also Historical Introduction to Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.  


JS wrote in the following letter that “since the inteligence of the Calamity of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
has reached the ears of the wicked,” he and the rest of the church members in Kirtland were under the necessity of watching their homes by night “to keep off the Mob[b]ers.”
JS further explained, “We are no safer here in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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then you are in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
.” He referred, for instance, to threats from the activities of Doctor Philastus Hurlbut

3 Feb. 1809–16 June 1883. Clergyman, farmer. Born at Chittenden Co., Vermont. “Doctor” was his given name. Preacher for Methodist Episcopal Church in Jamestown, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized into LDS church, 1832/1833, at Jamestown. Ordained an elder...

View Full Bio
.9 During the months following his June 1833 excommunication, Hurlbut delivered anti-Mormon lectures near Kirtland, as well as in Erie County

Created from Allegheny Co., as only portion of state bordering Lake Erie, 12 Mar. 1800. County seat, Erie. Combined with four other counties for governmental purposes as Crawford Co., 9 Apr. 1801. First independent Erie Co. officers elected, 1803. Population...

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, Pennsylvania, where he had previously proselytized for the church.10

Winchester, Plain Facts, 5–9; “W. R. Hine’s Statement,” Naked Truths about Mormonism (Oakland, CA), Jan. 1888, 2.  


Soon thereafter Hurlbut began soliciting funds to finance a trip east to gather information concerning a manuscript that he said JS had plagiarized to write the Book of Mormon, 1830.11

Winchester, Plain Facts, 8–11; see also Howe, Mormonism Unvailed, chap. 19.  


JS wrote in the letter featured here that because of Hurlbut, “we are suffering great persicution . . . to spite us he is lieing in a wonderful manner and the peapl [people] are running after him and giveing him mony to b[r]ake down mormanism.”
Shortly after writing this 18 August missive, JS sent Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and John Gould

21 Dec. 1784–25 June 1855. Pastor, farmer. Born in New Hampshire. Married first Oliva Swanson of Massachusetts. Resided at Portsmouth, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire, 1808. Lived in Vermont. Moved to northern Pennsylvania, 1817. Served as minister in Freewill...

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to Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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with the letter and other important documents, including the revised plat of the city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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.12 The two men left no later than 4 September and arrived in Independence during the latter part of that month.13

See Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833; Knight, History, 439; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to John Whitmer, Missouri, 1 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 14–17; and “History of Orson Hyde,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1856–1858, 1861, CHL.  


In the letter featured here, JS directed church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
to “make a show as if to” prepare to leave and “wait patiently until the Lord come[s] and resto[res] unto us all things.” He also offered hope in this letter by noting that church leaders in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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would “w[a]it the Comand of God to do whatever he ple[a]se and if he shall say go up to Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and defend thy Brotheren by the sword we fly.” In late October 1833, church leaders in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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“declared publicly . . . that we as a people should defend our lands and houses.” On 21 October, “the mob, or at least some of the leaders began to move.”14 Violence soon began again, and by mid-November most church members had fled north from Jackson County into Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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.

Facts