30483

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 6 August 1833

that it be not defiled, my glory shall rest upon it, yea and my presence shall be there, for I will come into it and all the pure in heart that shall come into it shall see God; but if it be defiled I will not come into it, and my glory shall not be there, for I will not come into an unholy temple. And now behold if Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
do these things she shall prosper and spread herself and become very glorious very great and very terable, and the nations of the earth shall honor her, and shall say surely Zion is the City of our God, and surely Zion cannot fall neither be removed, out of her place, for God is there, and the hand of the Lord is there and he hath sworn by the power of his might, to be her salvation and her high tower: therefore verily thus saith the Lord let Zion rejoice (for this is Zion the pure in heart.) Therefore let Zion rejoice while all the wicked shall mourn, for behold and lo! vengence cometh speedily upon the ungodly as the whirlwind and who shall escape, it, the Lords scourge shall pass over, by night, and by day, and the report thereof shall vex all people, yet it shall not be staid untill the Lord come; for the indignation of the lord is kindled against their abominations, and all their wicked works, nevertheless Zion shall escape if she observe to do all things whatsoever I have commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
her, but if she observe not whatsoever I have commanded her, I will visit her according to all her works, with sore affliction, with pestilince, with plague with, sword, with vengence, with devouring fire, nevertheless let it be read this once in their ears that I the Lord have accepted of their offering and if she sin no more none of these things shall come upon her, but I will bless her with blessings and multiply a multiplicity of blessings upon her and upon her generations forever and ever saith the Lord your God Amen.
8

The second revelation dated 2 August begins at this point. (See Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94].)  


And again verily I say unto you my friends, a commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
I give unto you that ye shall commence a work of laying out and preparing a begining and foundation of the City of the stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
here in the land of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
; begining at my house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
, and behold it must be done according to the pattern which I have given unto you, and let the first lot on the south be consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
unto me for the building of an house for the presidency

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
, in obtaining revelations and for the work of the ministry of the presidency in all things pertaining to the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and kingdom; verily I say unto you it shall that it shall be built fifty five by sixty five in the width thereof and in the length thereof in the inner court, and there shall be a lower court and a higher court according to the pattern, which shall be given unto you hereafter; and it shall be dedicated unto the Lord from the foundation thereof according to the order of the priesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

View Glossary
according to the pattern which shall be given unto you hereafter and it shall be wholy dedicated unto the Lord, for the work of the presidency; and ye shall not suffer any unclean thing to come into it, and my glory shall be there, and my presence shall be there, but if there shall come into it any unclean thing my glory shall not be there and my presence shall not come into it.
And again verily I say unto you the second lot on the south shall be dedicated unto me for the work of the printing of the translation of my schriptures, and all things whatsoever I shall command you; and it shall be fifty five by sixty five in the width thereof, and in the length thereof in the inner court, and there shall be a lower and higher court, and this house shall be wholy dedicated unto the Lord from the foundation thereof for the work of the printing in all things whatsoever I shall command you, to be holy and undefiled according to the [p. [2]]
that it be not defiled, my glory shall rest upon it, yea and my pres ence shall be there, for I will come into it and all the pure in heart that  shall come into it shall see God; but if it be defiled I will not come into  it, and my glory shall not be there, for I will not come into an unholy  temple. And now behold if Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
do these things she shall pros per And now behold if Zion do these things and sp[r]ead herself and become very glorious very great and very tera ble, and the nations of the earth shall honor her, and shall say surely  Zion is the City of our God, and surely Zion cannot fall neither be  removed, out of her place, for God is there, and the hand of the Lord is  there and he hath sworn by the power of his might, to be her salvati on and her high tower: therefore verily thus saith the Lo[r]d let Zion rejoice (for this is Zion the pure in heart.) Therefore let Zion rejoice  while all the wicked shall mourn, for behold and lo! vengence cometh  speedily upon the ungodly as the whirlwind and who shall escape, it,  the Lords schourge scourge shall pass over, by night, and by day, and  the report thereof shall vex all people, yet it shall not be staid untill  the Lord come; for the indignation of the <lord>7

TEXT: “lord” inserted in small letters in unknown handwriting; possibly inserted when this revelation was copied into Revelation Book 1.  


is kindled against their abom inations, and all their wicked works, nevertheless Zion shall escape if  she observe to do all things whatsoever I have commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
her, but if  she observe not whatsoever I have commanded her, I will visit her acc ording to all her works, with sore affliction, with pestilince, with plague  with, sword, with vengence, with devouring fire, nevertheless let it be  read read this once in their ears that I the Lord have accepted of their offering  and if she sin no more none of these things shall come upon her, but  I will bless her with blessings and multiply a multiplicity of blessings  upon her and upon her generations forever and ever saith the Lord your  God Amen.
8

The second revelation dated 2 August begins at this point. (See Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94].)  


And again verily I say unto <you> my friends, a commandm ent

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
I give unto you that ye shall commence a work of laying out and  preparing a begining and foundation of the City of the stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
 here in the land of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
; begining at my house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
, and behold it must  be done according to the pattern which I have given you unto you, and  let the first lot on the south be consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
unto me for the  building of an house for the presidency

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
, in obtaining revelations and  for the work of the ministry of the presidency in all things pertain ing to the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and kingdom; verily I say unto you it shall that it  shall be built fifty five by sixty five in the width thereof and in the bread th thereof length thereof in the inner court, and there shall be a lower  and higher court and a higher court according to the pattern, which shall  be given unto you hereafter; and it shall be dedicated unto the Lord for  from the foundation thereof according to the order of the p[r]iesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

View Glossary
acc ording to the pattern which shall be given you unto you hereafter  and it shall be wholy dedicated unto the Lord, for the work of the pre sidency; and ye shall not suffer any unclean thing to come into it,  and my glory shall be there, and my presence shall be there, but if there  shall come into it any unclean thing my glory shall not be there  and my presence shall not be there come into it. And a
And again verily I say unto you the second lot on the south shall  be dedicated unto me for the work of the printing of the translation  of my schriptures, and all things whatsoever I shall command you;  and it shall be fifty five by sixty five in the width thereof, and in the leng th thereof in the inner court, and there shall be a lower and higher  court, and this house shall be wholy dedicated unto the Lord from the  foundation thereof for the work of the printing in all things whatso ever I shall command you, to be holy and undefiled according to the [p. [2]]
PreviousNext
Just before the outbreak of violent confrontations between members of the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and other Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
residents in late July 1833,1 Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
church leaders sent two letters to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Ohio—one from the school of the prophets

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
in Jackson County and one from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
. The content of those letters, including what they asked of JS and Kirtland leaders, is largely unknown, but they prompted the presidency of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
to write this lengthy epistle, which contains the texts of three revelations along with other brief comments and instructions. JS dictated two of the revelations on 2 August and the third on 6 August 1833. The three revelations were copied into and constitute most of this original letter. Because other contemporaneous versions of each of these three revelations are transcribed earlier in this volume as individual documents with accompanying historical annotation, only the lines in this letter that are not part of a revelation are annotated.2

Significant textual variations between the text presented in this 6 August 1833 letter and the revelations copied in Revelation Book 2 are noted in the annotation for Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97]; Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98].  


In their letter, members of the school of the prophets in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
apparently requested that the presidency seek divine revelation regarding their school. The presidency complied and then included in this letter a copy of the resulting revelation, which states, “I the Lord am well pleased that there should be a school in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
.”3

See also Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97:3]. The revelation also indicated that Parley P. Pratt should continue to preside over the school and that the Missouri congregation should construct an edifice for ministerial instruction and “for the salvation of Zion.”  


Likely one or both of the other two revelations inscribed herein responded to issues raised in Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
’s letter. Cowdery was involved with the church’s printing operation in Missouri as an assistant to editor William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
at this time, and in his letter he may have asked the presidency about their plans for the printing establishment

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

More Info
. One of the revelations copied in this letter called for the construction of two additional church buildings in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
: an administrative “house” for the presidency and a “house” for printing. Cowdery may also have reported on the growing opposition that church members in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
faced and asked for advice on how to respond to the conflict. The final revelation copied herein provided guidance on how to respond to aggression from enemies and reminded church members to “proclaim peace” and obey the “law of the Land,” though it also described conditions in which violence was justifiable.
The presidency of the high priesthood offered little commentary on these revelations. They did, however, emphasize the obligation of church members in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
to carry out the same construction program in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
that the Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
members were required to undertake, including erecting an administrative building for church leadership and a print shop. The presidency also announced their intention to simultaneously issue an edition of the scriptures

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

View Glossary
, which would have included JS’s recently completed revision of the Bible, in both Ohio and Missouri.4 The presidency of the high priesthood sent this letter to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
on 7 August. At this time, the presidency was not aware that violence had already broken out in Jackson County or that church leaders in Missouri, including Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, had already acceded to demands to vacate the county by the beginning of 1834.5

Cowdery arrived in Kirtland two days after this letter was sent. Church leaders and their families were instructed to vacate the county with half of the church population by 1 January 1834, and other church members were to leave by 1 April 1834. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833; Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833; see also Memorandum of Agreement, 23 July 1833, CHL.)  


The implementation of construction and printing plans was postponed indefinitely because of the difficulties leaders and members of the Church of Christ encountered in summer 1833. By the time Partridge received this letter, around the beginning of September, only the third revelation therein was immediately applicable to the Saints in Missouri.

Facts