30483

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 6 August 1833

and I the Lord will fight their battles and their childrens battles and their childrens children untill they have avenged themselves on all their enemies to the third and fourth generation, behold this is an ensample unto all people saith the Lord your God for justifycation before me. And again verily I say unto you if after thine enemy has come upon you the first time he repents and come unto thee praying thy forgiveness thou shalt forgive him and shall hold it no more as a testimony against thine enemy and so on unto the second, and the third time and as oft as thine enemy repent of the trespass wherewith he has trespassed against thee thou shalt forgive him unto seventy times seven and if he trespass against thee and repent not the first time nevertheless thou shalt forgive him and if he trespass against thee the second time and repent not nevertheless thou shalt forgive him and if he trespass against thee the third time and repent not thou shalt also forgive him, but if he trespass against him the fourth time thou shalt not forgive him but shall bring these testimonies before the Lord and they shall not be blotted out till he repent and reward thee four fould in all things wherewith he has trespassed against you and if he do this thou shalt forgive him with all thine heart and if he do not this I the Lord will avenge thee of thine enemy an hundred fold and upon his children and upon his childrens children of all them that hate me unto the third and fourth generation but if the children shall repent or the childrens children and turn unto the Lord their God with all their heart and with all their might mind and strength and restore four fold fer all their trespasses wherewith they have trespassed or wherewith their fathers have trespassed or their fathers fathers then thine indignation shall be turned away and vengence shall no more come upon them saith the Lord your God and their trespasses shall never be brought any more as a testimony before the Lord against them Amen.
Having here given you two revelations18

Either this statement refers to the first two revelations featured in this letter, or it is an error. Several days later when Oliver Cowdery wrote to church leaders in Missouri, he specifically referred to three revelations, “two of them dated the second of Aug. & the other the sixth.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


we accompany them with the following explanations 1) the revelation respecting the two houses to be built in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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in addition to the one we are now building

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
one for the presidency

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
and the other for the printing is also binding on you that is you at Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
have to build two houses as well as the one of which we have sent the pattern and mentioned in the first revelation above written you and also in addition to this one to build two others one for the presidency and one for the printing they are to be of the same size in the inner court of the one of which you have received the pattern they will therefore be larger than the ones we are to build in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
19

Although the width of the buildings planned for Jackson County was to be nearly the same as the width of those in Kirtland, the former buildings were to be approximately twenty feet longer. (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


2 you are to print an Edition of the schriptures there at the same time we do here so that two additions editions will be struck at the same time the one here and the other there, the two last mentioned houses are to be built as soon after the other as means can be obtaind so to do20

A later insertion here reads, “These two houses are not to be built till I give you a commandment concerni[n]g them.” Frederick G. Williams inserted this same phrase at the end of the second 2 August 1833 revelation in Revelation Book 2 sometime after it was copied therein. (Revelation Book 2, p. 66.)  


The pattern of the last mentioned houses is yet to be given see revelation from above22

This comment references directions in the second 2 August revelation to build the house of the presidency “according to the pattern, which shall be given unto you hereafter” and the printing house “as it shall be given unto you.” These two houses were never built in either Kirtland or Missouri. (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94:5, 12]; Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833; Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, ca. 10 Aug.–ca. 4 Sept. 1833.)  


Aron Lyons Aaron Lyon

Ca. 1781–30 Sept. 1839. Born in Holland, Hampton Co., Massachusetts. Married Roxana (Rocksey) Palmer, 15 July 1804, at Orwell, Rutland Co., Vermont. Presumably baptized into LDS church. Acquired land at Caldwell Co., Missouri, including town lot at Far West...

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and Leonard Rich

1800–1868. Farmer. Born in New York. Married first Keziah. Lived at Warsaw, Genesee Co., New York, 1830. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Served as a president of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835–1837. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

View Full Bio
wishes you to forward the rest of their papers23

“The rest of their papers” refers to the remaining issues of The Evening and the Morning Star in their current subscriptions.  


to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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as they are going to move here immediately both at present of Warsaw

Area settled, 1803. Township formed, 19 Mar. 1808. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1840 about 2,800. Included Warsaw village; county seat, after 1841; population in 1840 about 400. Reynolds Cahoon and David W. Patten assigned to travel to area...

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N.Y.24

Warsaw, Wyoming County, New York, is about 185 miles northeast of Kirtland and about fifty miles southwest of Palmyra, New York. According to Joseph Holbrook’s history, Aaron Lyon and Leonard Rich were in Warsaw in winter 1832–1833. Rich was in Kirtland by mid-February 1834, when he was brought before a council of high priests and elders in Kirtland on charges of “transgressing the word of wisdom” and for “selling the revelations at an extortionary price while he was gone East.” It is unclear when Lyon arrived in Kirtland. (Holbrook, Reminiscences, 27; Minutes, 12 Feb. 1834.)  


Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
F. G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
Joseph Smith Jr
 
Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

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O )
25
Augst 7 )
Edward Patrige Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson County
Missouri—— [p. [4]]
and I the Lord will fight their battles and their childrens battles and their childrens children  untill they have avenged themselves on all their enemies to the third and fourth generation,  behold this is an ensample unto all people saith the Lord your God for justifycation before  me. And again I say unto you verily I say unto you if after thine enemy has come  upon you the first time he repents and come unto thee praying thy forgiveness thou shalt  forgive him and shall hold it no more as a testimony against thine enemy and so on  unto the second, and the third time and as oft as thine enemy repent of the trespass wh[e] rewith he has trespassed against thee thou shalt forgive him unto seventy times  seven and if he trespass against thee and repent not the first time nevertheless thou shalt for give him and if he trespass against thee the second time and repent not nevertheless thou shalt  forgive him and if he trespass against thee the third time and repent not thou shalt also  forgive him, but if he trespass against him the fourth time thou shalt not forgive him  but shall bring these testimonies before the Lord and they shall not be blotted out till he  repent and reward thee four fould in all things wherewith he has trespassed against  you and if he do this thou shalt forgive him with all thine heart and if he do not  this I the Lord will avenge thee of thine enemy an hundred fold and upon his children  and upon his childrens children of all them that hate me unto the third and fourth gene ration but if the children shall repent or the childrens children and turn unto the  Lord their God with all their heart and with all their might mind and strength and restore  four fold fer all their trespasses wherewith they have t[r]espassed or wherewith their fathers  have trespassed or their fathers fathers then thine indignation shall be turned away and veng ence shall no more come upon them saith the Lord your God and their trespasses shall  never be brought any more as a testimony before the Lord against them Amen.
Having here given you two revelations18

Either this statement refers to the first two revelations featured in this letter, or it is an error. Several days later when Oliver Cowdery wrote to church leaders in Missouri, he specifically referred to three revelations, “two of them dated the second of Aug. & the other the sixth.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


we accompany them with the following expla nations 1) the revelation respecting the two houses to be built in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
in addition  to the one we are now building

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
one for the presidency

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
and the other for the printing are <is> also  binding on you that is you at Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
have to build three <two> houses as well as the one of which  we have sent the pattern and mentioned in the first revelation above written you an[d] also in addi tion to this one <to> build two others one for the presidency and one for the printing they are to be  of the same size in the inner court of the one of which you have received the pattern they  will therefore be larger than the ones we are to build in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
19

Although the width of the buildings planned for Jackson County was to be nearly the same as the width of those in Kirtland, the former buildings were to be approximately twenty feet longer. (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


2 you are to print an Editi on of the schriptures there at the same time we do here so that two additions [editions] will be  struck at the same time the one here and the other there, the two last mentioned  houses are to be built as soon after the other as means can be obtaind so to do20

A later insertion here reads, “These two houses are not to be built till I give you a commandment concerni[n]g them.” Frederick G. Williams inserted this same phrase at the end of the second 2 August 1833 revelation in Revelation Book 2 sometime after it was copied therein. (Revelation Book 2, p. 66.)  


The pattern of the last mentioned houses is yet to be given see revelation from21

TEXT: Possibly “from”.  


 above22

This comment references directions in the second 2 August revelation to build the house of the presidency “according to the pattern, which shall be given unto you hereafter” and the printing house “as it shall be given unto you.” These two houses were never built in either Kirtland or Missouri. (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94:5, 12]; Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833; Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, ca. 10 Aug.–ca. 4 Sept. 1833.)  


Aron Lyons [Aaron Lyon]

Ca. 1781–30 Sept. 1839. Born in Holland, Hampton Co., Massachusetts. Married Roxana (Rocksey) Palmer, 15 July 1804, at Orwell, Rutland Co., Vermont. Presumably baptized into LDS church. Acquired land at Caldwell Co., Missouri, including town lot at Far West...

View Full Bio
and Leonard Rich

1800–1868. Farmer. Born in New York. Married first Keziah. Lived at Warsaw, Genesee Co., New York, 1830. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Served as a president of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835–1837. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

View Full Bio
wishes you to forward the rest of their papers23

“The rest of their papers” refers to the remaining issues of The Evening and the Morning Star in their current subscriptions.  


 to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
as they are going to move here immediately both at present of Warsaw

Area settled, 1803. Township formed, 19 Mar. 1808. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1840 about 2,800. Included Warsaw village; county seat, after 1841; population in 1840 about 400. Reynolds Cahoon and David W. Patten assigned to travel to area...

More Info
N.Y.24

Warsaw, Wyoming County, New York, is about 185 miles northeast of Kirtland and about fifty miles southwest of Palmyra, New York. According to Joseph Holbrook’s history, Aaron Lyon and Leonard Rich were in Warsaw in winter 1832–1833. Rich was in Kirtland by mid-February 1834, when he was brought before a council of high priests and elders in Kirtland on charges of “transgressing the word of wisdom” and for “selling the revelations at an extortionary price while he was gone East.” It is unclear when Lyon arrived in Kirtland. (Holbrook, Reminiscences, 27; Minutes, 12 Feb. 1834.)  


Signatures of Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, and JS.  


Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
F. G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
Joseph Smith Jr
 
Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

More Info
O )
25

Postmark in unidentified handwriting.  


Augst 7 )
Edward Patrige [Partridge]

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, Jackson County
Missouri—— [p. [4]]
Previous
Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, and JS, Letter, Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Geauga Co., OH, to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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and others, Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833; sent copy; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
; signatures of Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
, Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, and JS; four pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes address, postal markings, and docket.
Bifolium measuring 11⅛ × 9 inches (28 × 23 cm). The document was trifolded twice in letter style, addressed, and sealed with a red adhesive wafer. The letter was later refolded for filing. A docket in the handwriting of Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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reads: “Letter from S. R. | F. G. W. & J. S— | Aug. 1833”. At some point, probably in the twentieth century, “sec 97”, “sec 94”, and “sec 98” were written with a felt-tip pen in purple ink; the first number precedes the first revelation in the letter, the second precedes the second revelation, and the third precedes the third revelation. The numbers correspond to the section numbers of these revelations in Latter-day Saint editions of the Doctrine and Covenants published in 1876 and thereafter. The document has mold staining and has undergone conservation.
This letter, along with other papers belonging to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, was in the Partridge family’s possession until at least the mid-1880s, sometime after which it came into the possession of the Church Historian’s Office.1

See Whitney, “Aaronic Priesthood,” 5–6; Partridge, Genealogical Record, 1; and the full bibliographic entry for the Edward Partridge Papers in the CHL catalog.  


Facts