30475

Letter to Edward Partridge, 2 May 1833

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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Ohio May 2d 1833
Beloved Brother Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
,
I commence answering your letter & sincere request to me, by begging your pardon for not having addressed you, more particularly in letters which I have written to Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
, for I have always felt, as though a letter written to any one in authority in Zion, would be the property of all, & it mattered but little to whom it was directed.1

Partridge may have complained to JS that letters containing important administrative counsel had not been addressed to him. JS repeated his displeasure the following month to Missouri church leaders that “some of our letters of a public nature which we sent for the good of Zion have been kept back from the Bishop, this is conduct which we highly disapprobate.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833, underlining in original.)  


But I am satisfied that this is an error, for instruction that is given pointedly, and expressly to us, designating our names as individuals, seems to have double power and influence over our minds, I am thankful to the Lord for the testimony of his spirit, which he has given me, concerning your honesty, and sincerity before him,2

Several months earlier, JS expressed a similar reliance on revelation in determining a colleague’s character when he wrote to William W. Phelps, “In the love of God having the most implicit confidence in you as a man of God having obtained this confidence by a vision of heavn therefore I will procede to unfold to you some of the feelings of my heart.” Though on a number of occasions during the previous two years Edward Partridge had been corrected and chastened by revelation, his honesty and integrity were never questioned. Indeed, the February 1831 revelation calling him to be bishop likened him “unto Nathaniel of old in whome there is no guile.” (Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832; Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50:39]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:14–15]; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:17]; Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:11].)  


and the Lord loveth you, and also Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
, for he chasteneth whom he loveth, and scourgeth every son & daughter whom he receiveth,3

See Hebrews 12:6; Revelation 3:19; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 447–448 [Helaman 15:3].  


and he, will not suffer you to be confounded,4

One of the definitions for confounded in Webster’s 1828 dictionary is “put to shame and silence.” (“Confounded,” in American Dictionary; see also Psalm 22:5; 1 Peter 2:6; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 76 [2 Nephi 7:7].)  


and of this thing you may rest assured, notwithstanding, all the threatning of the enemy, and your perils among false brethren,5

See 2 Corinthians 11:26.  


For verily I say unto you, that this is my prayer, and I verily believe the prayer of all the saints in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, recorded in heaven, in these words, Heavenly Father in the name of Jesus Christ thy son, preserve brother Edward

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, the bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
of thy church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, and give him wisdom, knowledge & power, & the holy ghost, that he may impart to thy saints in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
. their inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
, & to every man his portion of meat in due season,6

See Luke 12:42.  


and now, this is our confidence & record on high, therefore fear not little flock, for it has been your fathers good will to give you the kingdom,8

See Luke 12:32  


. and now, I will proceed to tell you my views, concerning consecration

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
, property, and giving inheritances &c. The law of the Lord,9

See Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; and Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]. The earliest version of the “law of the Lord” included this directive: “Behold thou shalt consecrate all thy properties that which thou hast unto me with a covenant & a deed which cannot be Broken.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Revelation Book 1, p. 64 [D&C 42:30]; for later instructions regarding consecration, see Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51]; Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56]; Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 73:3–8]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–B [D&C 72:9–23]; Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:3–12]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11–24]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832; and Revelation, 23 Apr. 1834, in Revelation Book 1, pp. 192–198 [D&C 104]; see also Parkin, “Joseph Smith and the United Firm,” 5–66.)  


binds you to receive, whatsoever property is consecrated, by deed, The consecrated property, is considered the residue kept for the Lords store house

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
, and it is given for this consideration, for to purchase inheritaces for the poor,10

After property was initially consecrated, the bishop was to “appoint every man a Steward over his own property or that which he hath received in as much as shall be sufficient for him self and family & the residue shall be kept to administer to him that hath not that every man may receive according as he stands in need & the residue shall be kept in my store house to administer to the poor and needy.” Given the vague instructions that appear in previous revelations, it is unclear if JS considered the stewardship as private or church property before this letter. The 9 February 1831 revelation, for instance, stated that the bishop “shall appoint every man a Steward over his own property.” The same revelation declared, “It shall come to pass that he that sinneth & rep[e]nteth not shall be cast out & shall not receive again that which he hath consecrated unto me.” Regarding consecrated property, the 20 May 1831 revelation specifically told Partridge that the steward was to “hold it of the Church.” Such ambiguous phrases in the revelations—such as “his own property,” “not receive again,” and “hold it of the Church”—might also explain why Partridge initially considered the inheritances to be property of the church. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:32–34, 37]; Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:4].)  


this, any man has a right to do, agreeable to all laws of our country, to donate, give or consecrate all that he feels disposed to give, and it is your duty, to see that whatsoever is given, is given legally, therefore, it must be given for the consideration of the poor saints, and in this way no man can take any advantage of you in law,11

A week before JS wrote this letter, news of a court case in which an individual sued Partridge over consecrated property was published in the northeastern Ohio area. (“Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 26 Apr. 1833, [3]; see also “The Elders Stationed in Zion to the Churches Abroad,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1833, 110; and “Still Later from Mount Zion,” Cincinnati Journal, 22 Mar. 1833, 46.)  


Again, concerning inheritances, you are bound by the law of the Lord, to give a deed, secureing to him who receives inheritances, his inheritance, for an everlasting inheritance, or in other words, to be his individual property, his privat stewardship

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
, and if he is found a transgressor & should be cut off, out of the church, his inheritance is his still and he is dilivered over to the buffetings of satan

A fallen angel, or son of God, known by many names, including Lucifer, the devil, the father of lies, the prince of darkness, perdition, and the adversary. In the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s Bible revisions, Satan was described as a tempter of men...

View Glossary
, till the day of redemption,12

For other uses of the phrase “delivered over to the buffetings of satan until the day of redemption,” see Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:12]; and Minutes, 22–23 Jan. 1833.  


But the property which he consecrated to the poor, for their benefit, & inheritance, & stewardship, he cannot obtain again by the law of the Lord, Thus you see the propriety of this law, that rich men cannot have power to disinherit the poor by obtaining again that which they have consecrated, which is the residue, signified in the law, that you will find in the second paragraph of the extract from the law, in the second number,13

This refers to part of a 9 February 1831 revelation published as “Extract from the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ” in the second issue of The Evening and the Morning Star in July 1832. The consecration of property is actually discussed in the third paragraph. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in “Extract from the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1832, [1] [D&C 42:29–41].)  


And now brother Edward

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, be assured that we all feel thankful, that the brethren in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
are beginning to humble themselves, & trying to keep the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
of the Lord,14

In previous months, there had been significant misunderstandings between church leaders in Missouri and those in Ohio. (See Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833.)  


which is our prayer to God, you may all be able to do, and now, may the grace of God be with all, amen.
Joseph Smith Jun
The above is a true copy of a letter, directed & sent, & subscribed agreeable thereto [p. [1]]
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
Ohio May 2d 1833
Beloved Brother Edward [Partridge]

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
,
I commence answering your letter &  sincere request to me, by begging your pardon for not having  addressed you, more particularly in letters which I have written to  Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
, for I have always felt, as though a letter written to any one  in authority in Zion, would be the property of all, & it mattered but  little to whom it was directed.1

Partridge may have complained to JS that letters containing important administrative counsel had not been addressed to him. JS repeated his displeasure the following month to Missouri church leaders that “some of our letters of a public nature which we sent for the good of Zion have been kept back from the Bishop, this is conduct which we highly disapprobate.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833, underlining in original.)  


But I am satisfied that this is an  error, for instruction that is given pointedly, and expressly to us,  designating our names as individuals, seems to have double power  and influence over our minds, I am thankful to the Lord for  the testimony of his spirit, which he has given me, concerning your honesty,  and sincerity before him,2

Several months earlier, JS expressed a similar reliance on revelation in determining a colleague’s character when he wrote to William W. Phelps, “In the love of God having the most implicit confidence in you as a man of God having obtained this confidence by a vision of heavn therefore I will procede to unfold to you some of the feelings of my heart.” Though on a number of occasions during the previous two years Edward Partridge had been corrected and chastened by revelation, his honesty and integrity were never questioned. Indeed, the February 1831 revelation calling him to be bishop likened him “unto Nathaniel of old in whome there is no guile.” (Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832; Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50:39]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:14–15]; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:17]; Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:11].)  


and the Lord loveth you, and also Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
, for  he chasteneth whom he loveth, and scourgeth every son & daughter whom he  receiveth,3

See Hebrews 12:6; Revelation 3:19; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 447–448 [Helaman 15:3].  


and he, will not suffer you to be confounded,4

One of the definitions for confounded in Webster’s 1828 dictionary is “put to shame and silence.” (“Confounded,” in American Dictionary; see also Psalm 22:5; 1 Peter 2:6; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 76 [2 Nephi 7:7].)  


and of this thing you  may rest assured, notwithstanding, all the threatning of the enemy, and your  perils among false brethren,5

See 2 Corinthians 11:26.  


For verily I say unto you, that this is my  prayer, and I verily believe the prayer of all the saints in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, recorded  in heaven, in these words, Heavenly Father in the name of Jesus Christ thy son, pre serve brother Edward

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, the bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
of thy church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, and give him wisdom, knowledge  & power, & the holy ghost, that he may impart to thy saints in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
. their  inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
, & to every man his portion of meat in due season,6

See Luke 12:42.  


and  now, this is our confidence & record on high, therefore fear not little flock, for it  has been your fathers good will to giv[e]7

TEXT: With the exception of the supplied character in “b[r]other” at the end of this paragraph, all bracketed insertions in this document supply characters missing because of holes in the paper.  


you the king[dom],8

See Luke 12:32  


. and now, I will  proceed to tell you my views, concerning consecration

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
, property, and giving  inheritances &c. The law of the Lord,9

See Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; and Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]. The earliest version of the “law of the Lord” included this directive: “Behold thou shalt consecrate all thy properties that which thou hast unto me with a covenant & a deed which cannot be Broken.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Revelation Book 1, p. 64 [D&C 42:30]; for later instructions regarding consecration, see Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51]; Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56]; Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 73:3–8]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–B [D&C 72:9–23]; Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:3–12]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11–24]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832; and Revelation, 23 Apr. 1834, in Revelation Book 1, pp. 192–198 [D&C 104]; see also Parkin, “Joseph Smith and the United Firm,” 5–66.)  


binds you to receive, whatsoever property  is consecrated, by deed, The consecrated property, is considered the residue  kept for the Lords store house

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
, and it is given for this consideration, for  to purchase inheritaces for the poor,10

After property was initially consecrated, the bishop was to “appoint every man a Steward over his own property or that which he hath received in as much as shall be sufficient for him self and family & the residue shall be kept to administer to him that hath not that every man may receive according as he stands in need & the residue shall be kept in my store house to administer to the poor and needy.” Given the vague instructions that appear in previous revelations, it is unclear if JS considered the stewardship as private or church property before this letter. The 9 February 1831 revelation, for instance, stated that the bishop “shall appoint every man a Steward over his own property.” The same revelation declared, “It shall come to pass that he that sinneth & rep[e]nteth not shall be cast out & shall not receive again that which he hath consecrated unto me.” Regarding consecrated property, the 20 May 1831 revelation specifically told Partridge that the steward was to “hold it of the Church.” Such ambiguous phrases in the revelations—such as “his own property,” “not receive again,” and “hold it of the Church”—might also explain why Partridge initially considered the inheritances to be property of the church. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:32–34, 37]; Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:4].)  


this, any man has a right to do,  agreeable to all laws of our country, to donate, give or consecrate all that  he feels disposed to give, and it is your duty, to see that whatsoever is  given, is given legally, therefore, it must be given for the consideration  of the poor saints, and in this way no man can take any advantage  of you in law,11

A week before JS wrote this letter, news of a court case in which an individual sued Partridge over consecrated property was published in the northeastern Ohio area. (“Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 26 Apr. 1833, [3]; see also “The Elders Stationed in Zion to the Churches Abroad,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1833, 110; and “Still Later from Mount Zion,” Cincinnati Journal, 22 Mar. 1833, 46.)  


Again, concerning inheritances, you are bound by  the law of the Lord, to give a deed, secureing to him who receives inherit ances, his inheritance, for an everlasting inheritance, or in other words, to be his  individual prope[r]ty, his privat ste[wa]rdship

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
, and if he is found a transgressor  & should be cut off, out of the church, his inheritance is his still and he is dilivere[d]  over to the buffetings of satan

A fallen angel, or son of God, known by many names, including Lucifer, the devil, the father of lies, the prince of darkness, perdition, and the adversary. In the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s Bible revisions, Satan was described as a tempter of men...

View Glossary
, till the day of redemption,12

For other uses of the phrase “delivered over to the buffetings of satan until the day of redemption,” see Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:12]; and Minutes, 22–23 Jan. 1833.  


But the property which  he consecrated to the poor, for their benefit, & inheritance, & stewardship, he cannot  obtain again by the law of the Lord, Thus you see the propriety of this law, that  rich men cannot have power to disinherit the poor by obtaining again that  which they have consecrated, which is the residue, signified in the law, that  you will find in the second paragraph of the extract from the law, in the second  number,13

This refers to part of a 9 February 1831 revelation published as “Extract from the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ” in the second issue of The Evening and the Morning Star in July 1832. The consecration of property is actually discussed in the third paragraph. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in “Extract from the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1832, [1] [D&C 42:29–41].)  


And now b[r]other Edward

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, be assured that we all feel thankful, that  the brethren in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
are beginning to humble themselves, & trying to keep the comman dments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
of the Lord,14

In previous months, there had been significant misunderstandings between church leaders in Missouri and those in Ohio. (See Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833.)  


which is our prayer to God, you may all be able to do, and  now, may the grace of God be with all, amen.
Joseph Smith Jun
The above is a true copy of a letter, directed &  sent, & subscribed agreeable thereto [p. [1]]
Next
JS, Letter, Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Geauga Co., OH, to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, [Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, Jackson Co., MO], 2 May 1833. Recipient’s copy, [ca. June 1833]; handwriting of Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
; one page; JS Collection, CHL. Includes docket and archival marking.
One leaf, measuring 12⅛ × 7½ inches (31 × 19 cm). Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
copied this letter on the back of a printed stewardship

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
deed for leasing lands in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, Missouri.1

For the history of these forms, see Arrington et al., Building the City of God, 23–30, 365–373.  


The document was folded in fourths for filing, and Partridge added a filing notation: “Copy of a letter received from | Joseph Smith Jun. June 1833”. Four pinholes align when the leaf is folded along its original filing folds, indicating the document was pinned after being folded. The document was later folded twice more, possibly to fit in a pocket. The original folds are partially broken, with a slight loss of inscription from the resulting separations and holes. The letter has undergone conservation.
This letter is a contemporaneous copy made by Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
. It was in the Partridge family’s possession until at least the mid-1880s, sometime after which it came into the possession of the Church Historian’s Office.2

See Whitney, “Aaronic Priesthood,” 5–7; and Partridge, Genealogical Record, 1, 28–29; see also the full bibliographic entry for the Edward Partridge Papers in the CHL catalog.  


Facts