30494

Letter to Edward Partridge, 5 December 1833

threaten our distruction and we know not how soon they may be permitted to follow the examples of the Missourians37

Four months earlier, in August, JS wrote, “We are no safer here in Kirtland then you are in Zion the cloud is gethering arou[nd] us with great fury and all pharohs host or in other words all hell and the com[bined] pow[e]rs of Earth are Marsheling their forces to overthrow us.” On 21 January 1834, Oliver Cowdery wrote, “Our enemies have threatened us, but thank the Lord we are yet on earth. They came out on the 8th about 12 oclock at night, a little west & fired cannon, we suppose to alarm us, but no one was frightened, but all prepared to defend ourselves if they made a sally upon our houses.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps and John Whitmer, Clay Co., MO, 21 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 22.)  


but our trust is in God and we are determined by his grace assisting us to maintain the cause and hold out faithful to the end that we may be crowned with crowns of celestial glory

Highest kingdom of glory in the afterlife; symbolically represented by the sun. According to a vision dated 16 February 1832, inheritors of the celestial kingdom “are they who received the testimony of Jesus, & believed on his name, & were baptized,” “receive...

View Glossary
and enter into that rest that is prepared for the children of God,38

See Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:24]; and Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59:2].  


we are now distributing the tipe and calculate to commence setting to day and issue a paper the Last of this week or beginning of next,39

On 11 September 1833, church leaders in Kirtland decided to buy a new press and type to continue printing The Evening and the Morning Star, and the following month Cowdery traveled to New York to make the purchases. On 6 December 1833, Cowdery and others began to typeset the first Kirtland issue of the Star. Nearly two weeks later, on 18 December 1833, “the Elders assembled togeth[er] in the printing office and then proceded to bow down before the Lord and dedicate the printing press and all that pertains therunto to God . . . and then proceded to take the first proof sheet of the star edited by Bro Oliv[er].” (Minutes, 11 Sept. 1833; Frederick G. Williams, Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” 10 Oct. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, p. 58; JS, Journal, 4–6 and 18 Dec. 1833.)  


we wrote to bro Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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some time since and also sent by bro Orson

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
for the names of the subscribers for the star which we have not yet received and until we receive them the most of the brethren will be deprived of them and when you receive this if you have not sent them I wish you to attend to it immediately as much inconvenience will attend a delay,40

Oliver Cowdery initially made this request in an August 1833 letter to church leaders in Independence the day after he arrived in Kirtland. In early October, Frederick G. Williams reminded William W. Phelps that “Oliver has writen to you for the names and residences of the subscribers for the Star and if you have not sent them we wish you to send them immediately that there may be no delay in the papers going to subscribers as soon as they can be printed.” Unbeknownst to JS, church leaders in Missouri mailed the list of the Star’s subscribers two days before he wrote the letter featured here. Oliver Cowdery later recorded in a January 1834 letter to Missouri, “We received the names of our former subscribers a few days since, which was mailed on the 3d of last month.” In the January 1834 issue of the Star, Cowdery noted, “We forwarded the last number to those whose names were on the Mail Book of W. W. Phelps & CO. at Missouri.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833; Frederick G. Williams, Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” 10 Oct. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, p. 58; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to John Whitmer, 1 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 14; Notice, The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1834, 128.)  


We expect shortly to publish a political paper weekly in favour the present administration, the influential men of that party have offered a liberal patronage to us and we hope to succeed for thereby we can shew the public the purity of our intention in supporting the government under which we live—41

The Church of Christ apparently intended to print a newspaper to curry favor with the Democratic Party. Whether the paper was to address local, state, or national politics is unknown. It is also not known which influential Democrats had offered church members patronage. In August 1833, JS told church leaders in Missouri that “we think it would be wise in yo[u] to try to git influence by offering to print a paper in favor of the goverment.” On 29 November 1833, Oliver Cowdery wrote a letter from Kirtland, saying, “We shall print the Democrat in this place, as circumstances render it impossible to print it elsewhere We shall draw a Prospectus soon.” Circumstances, however, prevented the church from publishing a political newspaper until 1835, when the Northern Times was first printed. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to Horace Kingsbury, Painesville, OH, 29 Nov. 1833, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 10; Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:51–53.)  


We Learn by Bro Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
that the brethren have surrendered their arms to the enemy and are fleeing across the river

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi River near St. Louis, Missouri River drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark...

More Info
42

This information was not included in the extract of Phelps’s letter that Cowdery published in the Star. (See Letter from William W. Phelps, 6–7 Nov. 1833.)  


if that is the case it is not meet that they should recommence hostilities with them but if not you should maintain the ground as Long as there is a man Left. as the spot of ground upon which you were located is the place appointed of the Lord for your inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
and it was right in the sight of God that you [p. 69]
threaten our distruction and we know not  how soon they may be permitted to follow  the examples of the Missourians37

Four months earlier, in August, JS wrote, “We are no safer here in Kirtland then you are in Zion the cloud is gethering arou[nd] us with great fury and all pharohs host or in other words all hell and the com[bined] pow[e]rs of Earth are Marsheling their forces to overthrow us.” On 21 January 1834, Oliver Cowdery wrote, “Our enemies have threatened us, but thank the Lord we are yet on earth. They came out on the 8th about 12 oclock at night, a little west & fired cannon, we suppose to alarm us, but no one was frightened, but all prepared to defend ourselves if they made a sally upon our houses.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps and John Whitmer, Clay Co., MO, 21 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 22.)  


but our  trust is in God and we are determined by  his grace assisting us to maintain the cause  and hold out faithful to the end that we  may be crowned with crowns of celestial glory

Highest kingdom of glory in the afterlife; symbolically represented by the sun. According to a vision dated 16 February 1832, inheritors of the celestial kingdom “are they who received the testimony of Jesus, & believed on his name, & were baptized,” “receive...

View Glossary
 and enter into that rest that is prepared for  the children of God,38

See Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:24]; and Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59:2].  


we are now distributing  the tipe and calculate to commence setting to  day and issue a paper the Last of this week or  beginning of next,39

On 11 September 1833, church leaders in Kirtland decided to buy a new press and type to continue printing The Evening and the Morning Star, and the following month Cowdery traveled to New York to make the purchases. On 6 December 1833, Cowdery and others began to typeset the first Kirtland issue of the Star. Nearly two weeks later, on 18 December 1833, “the Elders assembled togeth[er] in the printing office and then proceded to bow down before the Lord and dedicate the printing press and all that pertains therunto to God . . . and then proceded to take the first proof sheet of the star edited by Bro Oliv[er].” (Minutes, 11 Sept. 1833; Frederick G. Williams, Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” 10 Oct. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, p. 58; JS, Journal, 4–6 and 18 Dec. 1833.)  


we wrote to bro Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
some  time since and also sent by bro Orson

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
for  the names of the subscribe[r]s for the star which  we have not yet received and until we receive  them the most of the brethren will be deprived  of them and when you receive this if you  have not sent them I wish you to attend to  it immediately as much inconvenience will  attend a delay,40

Oliver Cowdery initially made this request in an August 1833 letter to church leaders in Independence the day after he arrived in Kirtland. In early October, Frederick G. Williams reminded William W. Phelps that “Oliver has writen to you for the names and residences of the subscribers for the Star and if you have not sent them we wish you to send them immediately that there may be no delay in the papers going to subscribers as soon as they can be printed.” Unbeknownst to JS, church leaders in Missouri mailed the list of the Star’s subscribers two days before he wrote the letter featured here. Oliver Cowdery later recorded in a January 1834 letter to Missouri, “We received the names of our former subscribers a few days since, which was mailed on the 3d of last month.” In the January 1834 issue of the Star, Cowdery noted, “We forwarded the last number to those whose names were on the Mail Book of W. W. Phelps & CO. at Missouri.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833; Frederick G. Williams, Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” 10 Oct. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, p. 58; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to John Whitmer, 1 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 14; Notice, The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1834, 128.)  


We expect shortly to publish  a political paper weekly in favour the present  administration, the influential men of that  party have offered a liberal patronage to us  and we hope to succeed for thereby we can  shew the public the purity of our intention  in supporting the government under which we  live—41

The Church of Christ apparently intended to print a newspaper to curry favor with the Democratic Party. Whether the paper was to address local, state, or national politics is unknown. It is also not known which influential Democrats had offered church members patronage. In August 1833, JS told church leaders in Missouri that “we think it would be wise in yo[u] to try to git influence by offering to print a paper in favor of the goverment.” On 29 November 1833, Oliver Cowdery wrote a letter from Kirtland, saying, “We shall print the Democrat in this place, as circumstances render it impossible to print it elsewhere We shall draw a Prospectus soon.” Circumstances, however, prevented the church from publishing a political newspaper until 1835, when the Northern Times was first printed. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833; Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to Horace Kingsbury, Painesville, OH, 29 Nov. 1833, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 10; Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:51–53.)  


We Learn by Bro Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
that the  brethren have surrendered their arms to the  enemy and are fleeing across the river

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi River near St. Louis, Missouri River drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark...

More Info
42

This information was not included in the extract of Phelps’s letter that Cowdery published in the Star. (See Letter from William W. Phelps, 6–7 Nov. 1833.)  


if  that is the case it is not meet that they  should recommence hostilities with them  but if not you should maintain the ground  as Long as there is a man Left. as the spot of  ground upon which you were located is the  place appointed of the Lord for your inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
 and it was right in the sight of God that you [p. 69]
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JS, Letter, Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Geauga Co., OH, to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
, Clay Co., MO, 5 Dec. 1833. Retained copy, [ca. 5 Dec. 1833], in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 65–70; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
; JS Collection, CHL. For more complete source information, see the source note for JS Letterbook 1.

Facts