30495

Letter to Edward Partridge and Others, 10 December 1833

other place should be appointed like unto this35 therefore I ask thee in the name of Jesus Christ, to return thy people unto their homes, & there inheritances

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

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, to enjoy the fruit of their Labors; that all the waste places36

See Isaiah 51:3.  


may be built up; that all the enemies of thy people, who will not repent and turn unto thee be distroyed from off the face of that Land; and let an house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

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be built and established unto thy name, and let all the losses that thy people have sustained be rewarded unto them, even more than fourfold;37

See Luke 19:8; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:26].  


that the borders of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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be enlarged forever,38

See Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:14].  


and let her be established no more to be thrown down;39

See Jeremiah 31:40.  


and let all thy saints when they are scattered as sheep, and are persecuted, flee unto Zion,40

In March 1831, JS dictated a revelation that stated that Zion would be “a land of peace a City of refuge a place of safety for the saints of The most high God” and that even unbelievers, for survival in the turbulent days before Christ’s second coming, “must needs flee unto Zion for safety.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66, 68].)  


and be established in the midst of her, and let her be organized according to thy law41

See Revelation, 9 and 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42].  


and let this prayer even be recorded before thy face; give thy holy spirit unto my brethren: unto whom I write: send thy angels to guard them and to deliver them from all evil; and when they turn there faces towards Zion42

See Jeremiah 50:5.  


and bow down before thee and pray may their sins never come up before thy face neither have place in the book of thy remembrance43

See Malachi 3:16; and Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832 [D&C 85:9].  


and may they depart from all their eniquities. provide food for them as thou doest for the ravens,44

See Job 38:41.  


provide clothing to cover there nakedness, and houses that they may dwell therein give unto them friends in abundance, and let their names be recorded in the Lambs book of Life45

See Revelation 21:27.  


eternally before thy face Amen finely finally, brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all unto his coming and Kingdom, Amen
Joseph Smith J [p. 75]
other place should be appointed like unto this35  therefore I ask thee in the name of Jesus Christ,  to return thy people unto their homes, & there inher itances

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
, to enjoy the fruit of their Labors; that all  the waste places36

See Isaiah 51:3.  


may be built up; that all  the enemies of thy people, who will not return  repent and return unto thee be distroyed from  off the face of that Land; and let an house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary
be built  and established unto thy name, and let all  the losses that thy people have sustained be rewarded  unto them, even more than fourfold;37

See Luke 19:8; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:26].  


that the bor ders of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
be enlarged forever,38

See Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:14].  


and let her  be established no more to be thrown down;39

See Jeremiah 31:40.  


 and let all thy saints when they are scattered  as sheep, and are persecuted, and flee unto  Zion,40

In March 1831, JS dictated a revelation that stated that Zion would be “a land of peace a City of refuge a place of safety for the saints of The most high God” and that even unbelievers, for survival in the turbulent days before Christ’s second coming, “must needs flee unto Zion for safety.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66, 68].)  


and be established in the midst  of her, and let her be organized according  to thy law41

See Revelation, 9 and 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42].  


and let this prayer even before be  recorded before thy face; give thy holy spirit  unto my brethren: unto whom I write: send  thy angels to guard them and to deliver them  from all evil; and when they turn there faces  towards Zion42

See Jeremiah 50:5.  


and bow down before thee and pray  may their sins never com[e] up before thy face  neithe[r] have place in the book of thy remem brance43

See Malachi 3:16; and Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832 [D&C 85:9].  


and may they depart from all their  eniquities. provide bread <food> for them as thou doest  for the ravens,44

See Job 38:41.  


provide clothing to cover there  nakedness, and <houses that they may> cause that they dwell therein  give unto them friends in abundance, and  let their names be recorded in the Lambs  book of Life45

See Revelation 21:27.  


eternally before thy face Amen  finely [finally], brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus  Christ be with you all unto his coming and  Kingdom, Amen
Joseph Smith J [p. 75]
Previous
On 5 December 1833, JS responded to two letters: one written by William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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on 6–7 November and one penned by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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to the editors of the Missouri Republican on 9 November. In his 5 December letter, JS sought clarification on the conflicting reports written by the two men concerning events in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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and requested more information. In mid-November, just after being expelled from Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, Phelps, and John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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wrote letters to JS that provided more details about the violence against church members in Missouri.1 JS received these letters on 10 December 1833 and on the same day wrote a letter, featured here, that responded to the more in-depth information his colleagues had sent him.
In this response, JS extensively referred the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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church leaders to the scriptures

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

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and to his revelations. He agonized over the catastrophe in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, the reasons for which, he noted in this letter, “I am ignorant and the Lord will not show me.” Though “Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
would suffer sore affliction,” JS reminded church members that “after much tribulation cometh the blessing.” He invoked both the Old Testament and the New Testament to provide support and spiritual guidance to church members in Missouri as they began to settle new lands with few provisions. Regarding their property in Jackson County, JS also urged them to “retain [their] lands even unto the uttermost.” In addition, JS encouraged the Missouri church members to vigorously pursue protection and seek redress of grievances through appeals to the local courts, the governor of Missouri, the president of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, and, as always, the Lord. A revelation dictated six days after JS wrote this letter reaffirmed this guidance.2 This instruction to seek redress and protection through legal and political means reflected the approach that JS and the church would take regarding their losses in Missouri through the end of JS’s life. JS ended his letter with a long prayer in behalf of the careworn Saints in Missouri.
It is unknown how, or if, church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
received JS’s 10 December 1833 letter. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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copied the letter into JS’s letterbook, which is the only known extant version.

Facts