30495

Letter to Edward Partridge and Others, 10 December 1833

with their blood.4

See Ezekiel 20:40; and Isaiah 57:13; see also Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:2].  


I cannot learn from any communication by the spirit to me that Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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has forfeited her claim to a celestial crown notwithstanding the Lord has caused her to be thus afflicted; except it may be some individuals who have walked in disobedience and forsaken the new covenants

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
; all such will be made manifest by their works in due time. I have always expected that Zion would suffer sore affliction from what I could learn from the commandments which have been given.5

Four months earlier, on 2 August 1833, JS dictated a revelation that warned if Zion “observe not to do whatsoeve[r] I have commanded her I will visit her according to all her works with sore afflictions.” (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97:26].)  


but I would remind you of a certain clause in one which says that after much tribulation cometh the blessing.6

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:4].  


by this and also others, and also one received of late, I know that Zion, in the own due time of the Lord will be redeemed,7

See Revelation, 12 Oct. 1833 [D&C 100:13].  


but how many will be the days of her purification, tribulation and affliction, the Lord has kept hid from my eyes; and when I enquire concerning this subject the voice of the Lord is, Be still, and know that I am God!8

See Psalm 46:10. Six days after he wrote this letter, JS dictated a revelation reiterating this sentiment. (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:16].)  


all those who suffer for my name shall reign with me,9

See 2 Timothy 2:12.  


and he that layeth down his life for my sake shall find it again.10

See Luke 9:24; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:13].  


Now there are two things of which I am ignorant and the Lord will not show me— perhaps for a wise purpose in himself. I mean in some respects, and they are these, Why God hath suffered so great calamity to come upon Zion; or what the great moving cause of this great affliction is.11

JS dictated a revelation about a week later that read, “There were jar[r]ings and contentions envyings and strifes and lustful and covetous desires among them . . . they were slow to hearken unto the voice of the Lord their God Therefore the Lord their God is slow to hearken unto their prayers to answer them in the day of their trouble In the day of their peace they esteemed lightly my council.” (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:6–8].)  


and again by what means he will return her back to her inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
with songs of everlasting Joy upon her head.12

See Isaiah 35:10; 51:11; Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:71]; and Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:11].  


These two things brethren, are in part kept back that they are not plainly shewn unto me. but there are some things that are plainly manifest, that has incured the displeasure of the Almighty. when I contemplate upon all things that have been [p. 71]
with their blood.4

See Ezekiel 20:40; and Isaiah 57:13; see also Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:2].  


I cannot learn from any com munication by the spirit to me that Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
has  forfeited her claim to a celestial crown not withstanding the Lord has caused her to be  thus afflicted; except it may it may be some  individuals who have walked in disobedience  and forsaken the new covenants

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
; all such will  be made manifest by their works in due time.  I have always expected that Zion would suffer sore  affliction from what I could learn from the com mandments which have been given.5

Four months earlier, on 2 August 1833, JS dictated a revelation that warned if Zion “observe not to do whatsoeve[r] I have commanded her I will visit her according to all her works with sore afflictions.” (Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97:26].)  


but I would  remind you of a certain clause in one which says  that after much tribulation cometh the blessing.6

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:4].  


 by this and also others, and also one received of  late, I know that Zion, in the own due time of the  Lord will be redeemed,7

See Revelation, 12 Oct. 1833 [D&C 100:13].  


but how many will be  the days of her purification, tribulation and  affliction, the Lord has kept hid from my eyes;  and when I enquire concerning this subject the  voice of the Lord is, Be still, and know that I am  God!8

See Psalm 46:10. Six days after he wrote this letter, JS dictated a revelation reiterating this sentiment. (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:16].)  


all those who suffer for my name shall  reign with me,9

See 2 Timothy 2:12.  


and he that layeth down his  life for my sake shall find it again.10

See Luke 9:24; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:13].  


Now  there are two things of which I am ignorant and  the Lord will not show me— perhaps for a wise  purpose in himself. I mean in some respects,  and they are these, Why God hath suffered so  great calamity to come upon Zion; or what  the great moving cause of this great affliction  is.11

JS dictated a revelation about a week later that read, “There were jar[r]ings and contentions envyings and strifes and lustful and covetous desires among them . . . they were slow to hearken unto the voice of the Lord their God Therefore the Lord their God is slow to hearken unto their prayers to answer them in the day of their trouble In the day of their peace they esteemed lightly my council.” (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:6–8].)  


These two things and again by what means  he will return her back to her inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
 with songs of everlasting Joy upon her head.12

See Isaiah 35:10; 51:11; Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:71]; and Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:11].  


 These two things brethren, are in part kept back  that they are not plainly <shewn unto me. but there are some things that are plainly> manifest, that has  incured <th[e]> displeasure of displeasure the Almighty.  when I contemplate upon all things that have been [p. 71]
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On 5 December 1833, JS responded to two letters: one written by William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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on 6–7 November and one penned by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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to the editors of the Missouri Republican on 9 November. In his 5 December letter, JS sought clarification on the conflicting reports written by the two men concerning events in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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and requested more information. In mid-November, just after being expelled from Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, Phelps, and John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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wrote letters to JS that provided more details about the violence against church members in Missouri.1 JS received these letters on 10 December 1833 and on the same day wrote a letter, featured here, that responded to the more in-depth information his colleagues had sent him.
In this response, JS extensively referred the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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church leaders to the scriptures

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

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and to his revelations. He agonized over the catastrophe in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, the reasons for which, he noted in this letter, “I am ignorant and the Lord will not show me.” Though “Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
would suffer sore affliction,” JS reminded church members that “after much tribulation cometh the blessing.” He invoked both the Old Testament and the New Testament to provide support and spiritual guidance to church members in Missouri as they began to settle new lands with few provisions. Regarding their property in Jackson County, JS also urged them to “retain [their] lands even unto the uttermost.” In addition, JS encouraged the Missouri church members to vigorously pursue protection and seek redress of grievances through appeals to the local courts, the governor of Missouri, the president of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, and, as always, the Lord. A revelation dictated six days after JS wrote this letter reaffirmed this guidance.2 This instruction to seek redress and protection through legal and political means reflected the approach that JS and the church would take regarding their losses in Missouri through the end of JS’s life. JS ended his letter with a long prayer in behalf of the careworn Saints in Missouri.
It is unknown how, or if, church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
received JS’s 10 December 1833 letter. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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copied the letter into JS’s letterbook, which is the only known extant version.

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