30489

Letter to Moses Nickerson, 19 November 1833

Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

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, Geauga County, Ohio, Nov. 19, 1833.
Brother Moses Nickerson

9 Mar. 1804–4 Mar. 1871. Tinsmith, merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later Brant Co.), Gore District (later in Ontario), Upper...

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, We arrived at this place

4 Nov. 1833

JS returned to Kirtland, Ohio, from journey to Mount Pleasant, Upper Canada.

on the 4th ultimo1

JS appears to have mistakenly written “ult.” instead of “instant.” “Ultimo” would indicate that he arrived in Kirtland sometime the previous month. He and Rigdon, however, arrived in Kirtland on 4 November 1833. (See JS, Journal, 1–4 Nov. 1833.)  


after a fateagueing journey,2

JS, Rigdon, Freeman Nickerson, and Freeman’s wife, Huldah Chapman Nickerson, left Mount Pleasant on 29 October 1833. JS and Rigdon arrived in Kirtland six days later, having traveled approximately 250 miles. (See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. and 1–4 Nov. 1833.)  


during which time we [p. 62]
Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

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, Geauga County, Ohio, Nov. 19, 1833.
Brother Moses [Nickerson]

9 Mar. 1804–4 Mar. 1871. Tinsmith, merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later Brant Co.), Gore District (later in Ontario), Upper...

View Full Bio
, We arrived at this place

4 Nov. 1833

JS returned to Kirtland, Ohio, from journey to Mount Pleasant, Upper Canada.

on the 4th ult[imo]1

JS appears to have mistakenly written “ult.” instead of “instant.” “Ultimo” would indicate that he arrived in Kirtland sometime the previous month. He and Rigdon, however, arrived in Kirtland on 4 November 1833. (See JS, Journal, 1–4 Nov. 1833.)  


 after a fateagueing journey,2

JS, Rigdon, Freeman Nickerson, and Freeman’s wife, Huldah Chapman Nickerson, left Mount Pleasant on 29 October 1833. JS and Rigdon arrived in Kirtland six days later, having traveled approximately 250 miles. (See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. and 1–4 Nov. 1833.)  


during which time we [p. 62]
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Between 4 October and 4 November 1833, JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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traveled to southwest New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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and Upper Canada

British colony of Canada divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada, 1791; reunited 1841. Upper Canada’s boundaries corresponded roughly to portion of present-day Ontario south of Hudson Bay watershed. Population in 1840 about 430,000. Immigrants mainly from...

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to preach to Freeman Nickerson

5 Feb. 1779–22 Jan. 1847. Seaman. Born at South Dennis, Barnstable Co., Massachusetts. Son of Eleazer Nickerson and Thankful Chase. Moved to Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1800. Married Huldah Chapman, 19 Jan. 1801, at Cavendish. Served as officer in Vermont...

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’s family and friends.1

See Historical Introduction to Revelation, 12 Oct. 1833 [D&C 100].  


Their destination in Upper Canada was Mount Pleasant

First settled, 1799. Population in 1846 about 130. JS preached at Mount Pleasant and baptized several people during mission to Upper Canada, Oct.–Nov. 1833.

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, the home of Nickerson’s two sons Eleazer Freeman Nickerson

2/12 Apr. 1806–16/14 Sept. 1862. Merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Dayton, Cattaraugus Co., New York, mid 1820s. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later...

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and Moses Nickerson

9 Mar. 1804–4 Mar. 1871. Tinsmith, merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later Brant Co.), Gore District (later in Ontario), Upper...

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, who had immigrated to Mount Pleasant and there opened a store together. After arriving in Mount Pleasant, JS and Rigdon found the Nickersons, who were in their late twenties at the time, and others in the area receptive to their message. According to Moses’s later autobiography, after listening to JS and Rigdon’s preaching for “some days,” he investigated “the doctrine advanced by them” and “became much interested; and, finally convinced of its truthfulness.”2

“Autobiography of Moses C. Nickerson,” True Latter Day Saints’ Herald, 15 July 1870, 425.  


JS and Rigdon eventually baptized

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

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fourteen people, including Eleazer Freeman and Moses.3

Retrospective Note regarding Baptisms, in JS, Journal, 1832–1834.  


Before they left Canada

In late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Canada referred to British colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada, 1791; reunited 10 Feb. 1841. Boundaries corresponded roughly to present-day Ontario (Upper...

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, JS and Rigdon ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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Eleazer Freeman an elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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and apparently designated him to preside over the small congregation in Mount Pleasant. Nevertheless, JS directed the letter featured here to Moses, apparently because Rigdon had promised to write to Moses but had been unable to do so. In this 19 November 1833 letter, JS informed Moses about matters in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio; expressed his love and concern for the new Canadian members of the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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; and attempted to bolster their faith.
Moses

9 Mar. 1804–4 Mar. 1871. Tinsmith, merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later Brant Co.), Gore District (later in Ontario), Upper...

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received the letter, and by late December he wrote a response to Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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rather than to JS. After acknowledging that he had received JS’s letter, Moses wrote that Rigdon and JS’s labors while in Canada

In late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Canada referred to British colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada, 1791; reunited 10 Feb. 1841. Boundaries corresponded roughly to present-day Ontario (Upper...

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had been “the beginning of a good work: there are 34 members attached to the church at Mount Pleasent

First settled, 1799. Population in 1846 about 130. JS preached at Mount Pleasant and baptized several people during mission to Upper Canada, Oct.–Nov. 1833.

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,” all of whom remained “much engaged” in the Church of Christ. Moses expressed gratitude “for what I have received: the scriptures have been opened to my view beyond account,” and he informed Rigdon that “your friends in Canada often speak of you and brother Joseph.” He asked Rigdon and JS to send more preachers to Mount Pleasant to relieve Eleazer Freeman

2/12 Apr. 1806–16/14 Sept. 1862. Merchant, farmer. Born at Cavendish, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Freeman Nickerson and Huldah Chapman. Moved to Dayton, Cattaraugus Co., New York, mid 1820s. Moved to Mount Pleasant, Brantford Township, Wentworth Co. (later...

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and noted that “the work requires competent workmen; for the harvest is truly great.”4

Moses Nickerson, Wendhom, Canada, to [Sidney Rigdon], 29 Dec. 1833, in The Evening and the Morning Star, Feb. 1834, 134. “Wendhom” is most likely Windham Township, Norfolk County, Ontario, about nine miles south-southwest of Mount Pleasant.  


Other missionaries were eventually sent to Mount Pleasant, and by summer 1834, missionary John P. Greene

3 Sept. 1793–10 Sept. 1844. Farmer, shoemaker, printer, publisher. Born at Herkimer, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of John Coddington Greene and Anna Chapman. Married first Rhoda Young, 11 Feb. 1813. Moved to Aurelius, Cayuga Co., New York, 1814; to Brownsville...

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reported that he had “baptized two persons at Mount Pleasant, which increased the church in that place to 43.”5

“Communications,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, Oct. 1834, 1:7–8.  


Later in 1834, Zerubbabel Snow

29 Mar. 1809–27 Sept. 1888. Clerk, teacher, merchant, lawyer. Born at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont. Son of Levi Snow and Lucina Streeter. Baptized into LDS church by Orson Pratt and Lyman E. Johnson, 1832. Ordained an elder by JS and Frederick G....

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preached to many “attentive congregations” in Mount Pleasant and informed church leaders in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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“that the church in that place are prospering in the way of the Lord.”6

“A Summary,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, Dec. 1834, 1:45.  


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