31707

Minutes, 18 March 1833

thus, and again verely I say unto my brethren Sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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and Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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their sins are forgiven them also and they are accounted5

The three earliest complete manuscript versions of this revelation include the word “as” here. (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 168; Revelation Book 2, p. 52 [D&C 90:6].)  


equal in holding the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of this last Kingdom. and again6

Several intervening lines of the revelation were not included in these minutes. The words “and again” were inserted by Frederick G. Williams and are not found in any of the complete manuscript versions of the revelation. (See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:7–12].)  


I give unto you a commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
that you continue in this ministry and presidency

The highest presiding body of the church. An 11 November 1831 revelation stated that the president of the high priesthood was to preside over the church. JS was ordained as president of the high priesthood on 25 January 1832. In March 1832, JS appointed two...

View Glossary
and when you have finished the translating7

Instead of “translating,” the manuscript versions of the revelation found in the Newel K. Whitney Papers and Revelation Book 1 have “translation.” The version in Revelation Book 2 has “translations.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:13].)  


of the prophets you shall from thenceforth preside over the affairs of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and the school

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
8

The earliest complete manuscripts of this revelation include the word “and” here. (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:14].)  


from time to time as shall be manifest by the comforter9

The manuscript version in the Newel K. Whitney Papers similarly misspells “comforter.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:14].)  


receive revelation to unfold the mysteries of the Kingdom and set in order the church.10

Instead of “church,” the earliest complete manuscripts of this revelation have “churches.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:15].)  


Accordingly Bro Joseph proceded to and ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
them by the Laying on of the hands

A practice in which individuals place their hands upon a person to bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost, ordain to an office or calling, or confer other power, authority, or blessings, often as part of an ordinance. The Book of Mormon explained that ecclesiastical...

View Glossary
to be equal with him in holding the Keys of the Kingdom and also to the Presidency of the high Priest hood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
. After which several exertations were given to faithfulness and obedience to the commandments of God and much useful instruction given for the benefit of the saints with a promise that the pure in heart that were present should see a heavenly vision, and after remaining for a short time in secret prayer the promise was verified to many present having the eyes of their understandings11

See Ephesians 1:18.  


opened so as to behold many things after which the bread and wine was distributed

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
by Bro Joseph after which many of the brethren saw a heavenly vision of the saviour and concourses of angels12

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 6, 325 [1 Nephi 1:8; Alma 36:22]. Zebedee Coltrin later stated that the appearance of Jesus Christ occurred two to three weeks after the School of the Prophets opened. He also described the effect that the vision had on one participant: “After the Father had passed through, Joseph told us to again take our positions in prayer. We did so, and in a very short time he drew our attention and said to us that Bro. Reynolds Cahoon was about to leave us—and told us to look at him. He (Bro. Cahoon) was on his knees, and his arms were extended, his hands and wrists, head, face and neck down to his shoulders were as a piece of amber—clear and transparent, his blood having apparently left his veins. Upon the attention of the brethren being thus called to Bro. Cahoon, the change seemed to pass away and Joseph said that in a few minutes more Bro. Cahoon would have left us; but he came to himself again.” (School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 Oct. 1883.)  


and many other things of which each one has a reccord of what they saw &c13

Zebedee Coltrin offered a detailed account of this vision of God and Jesus Christ in the minutes of a later meeting in Salt Lake City: “When asked about the kind of clothing the Father had on, Bro. Coltrin said: I did not discover His clothing, for He was surrounded as with a flame of fire, which was so brilliant that I could not discover any thing else but His person. I saw His hands, His legs, his feet, his eyes, nose, mouth, head and body in the shape and form of a perfect man. He sat in a chair as a man would sit in a chair, but His appearance was so grand and overwhelming that it seemed I should melt down in His presence, and the sensation was so powerful that it thrilled through my whole system and I felt it in the marrow of my bones. The Prophet Joseph said: Brethren now you are prepared to be the Apostles of Jesus Christ, for you have seen both the Father and the Son, and know that They exist, and that They are two separate Personages.” (School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 Oct. 1883.)  


——
F G Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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Ck PT. pro tempore [p. 17]
thus, and again verely I say unto thy <my> brethren  Sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
and Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
their sins are forgiven  them also and they are accounted5

The three earliest complete manuscript versions of this revelation include the word “as” here. (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 168; Revelation Book 2, p. 52 [D&C 90:6].)  


equal in  holding the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of this <last> Kingdom. and again6

Several intervening lines of the revelation were not included in these minutes. The words “and again” were inserted by Frederick G. Williams and are not found in any of the complete manuscript versions of the revelation. (See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:7–12].)  


 I give unto you a commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
that you  continue in this ministry and presidency

The highest presiding body of the church. An 11 November 1831 revelation stated that the president of the high priesthood was to preside over the church. JS was ordained as president of the high priesthood on 25 January 1832. In March 1832, JS appointed two...

View Glossary
 and when you have finished the translating7

Instead of “translating,” the manuscript versions of the revelation found in the Newel K. Whitney Papers and Revelation Book 1 have “translation.” The version in Revelation Book 2 has “translations.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:13].)  


 of the prophets you shall from thenceforth  preside over the affairs of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and  the school

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
8

The earliest complete manuscripts of this revelation include the word “and” here. (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:14].)  


from time to time as shall be  manifest by the comfo[r]ter9

The manuscript version in the Newel K. Whitney Papers similarly misspells “comforter.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:14].)  


receive revelation  to unfold the mysteries of the Kingdom and  set in order the church.10

Instead of “church,” the earliest complete manuscripts of this revelation have “churches.” (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation Book 1, p. 169; Revelation Book 2, p. 53 [D&C 90:15].)  


Accordingly Bro  Joseph proceded to and ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
them  by the Laying on of the hands

A practice in which individuals place their hands upon a person to bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost, ordain to an office or calling, or confer other power, authority, or blessings, often as part of an ordinance. The Book of Mormon explained that ecclesiastical...

View Glossary
to be equal  with him in holding the Keys of the Kingdom  and also to the Presidency of the high Priest  hood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
. After which several exertations  were given to faithfulness and obedience  to the commandments of God and much  useful instruction given for the benefit  of the saints with a promise that the pure  in heart that were present should see a  heavenly vision, and after remaining for  a short time in secret prayer the promise  was verified to many present having the  eyes of their understanding<s>11

See Ephesians 1:18.  


opened so as  to behold many things afte[r] which the  bread and wine was distributed

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
by Bro  Joseph after which many of the brethren  saw a heavenly vision of the saviour  and concourses of angels12

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 6, 325 [1 Nephi 1:8; Alma 36:22]. Zebedee Coltrin later stated that the appearance of Jesus Christ occurred two to three weeks after the School of the Prophets opened. He also described the effect that the vision had on one participant: “After the Father had passed through, Joseph told us to again take our positions in prayer. We did so, and in a very short time he drew our attention and said to us that Bro. Reynolds Cahoon was about to leave us—and told us to look at him. He (Bro. Cahoon) was on his knees, and his arms were extended, his hands and wrists, head, face and neck down to his shoulders were as a piece of amber—clear and transparent, his blood having apparently left his veins. Upon the attention of the brethren being thus called to Bro. Cahoon, the change seemed to pass away and Joseph said that in a few minutes more Bro. Cahoon would have left us; but he came to himself again.” (School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 Oct. 1883.)  


and many othe[r]  thing[s] of which each one has a reccord  of what they saw &c13

Zebedee Coltrin offered a detailed account of this vision of God and Jesus Christ in the minutes of a later meeting in Salt Lake City: “When asked about the kind of clothing the Father had on, Bro. Coltrin said: I did not discover His clothing, for He was surrounded as with a flame of fire, which was so brilliant that I could not discover any thing else but His person. I saw His hands, His legs, his feet, his eyes, nose, mouth, head and body in the shape and form of a perfect man. He sat in a chair as a man would sit in a chair, but His appearance was so grand and overwhelming that it seemed I should melt down in His presence, and the sensation was so powerful that it thrilled through my whole system and I felt it in the marrow of my bones. The Prophet Joseph said: Brethren now you are prepared to be the Apostles of Jesus Christ, for you have seen both the Father and the Son, and know that They exist, and that They are two separate Personages.” (School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 Oct. 1883.)  


——
<F G Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
Ck PT. [pro tempore]> [p. 17]
Previous
At an 18 March 1833 meeting of the School of the Prophets

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, JS ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
as presidents of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
. An 8 March revelation declared to JS that Rigdon and Williams were “accounted as equal with thee in holding the keys of this Last Kingdom” but did not expressly command

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
JS to ordain Rigdon and Williams as presidents of the high priesthood.1

Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:6].  


At this meeting, Rigdon requested that he and Williams be ordained and JS then performed the ordinations.
Two other events at this meeting are especially noteworthy. First, although this meeting was held on a Monday, bread and wine were distributed as the sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
of the Lord’s Supper. This practice was generally reserved for Sunday worship services but apparently occurred fairly regularly at meetings of the School of the Prophets. At the end of a previous conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
of high priests, held on 23 January 1833, for example, “they partook of the Lords supper which was blessed by the president in the name of the Lord[.] all eat and drank and were filled.”2 A year later, in April 1834, the sacrament was again administered at a conference of elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
and high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, also held on a Monday.3

Minute Book 1, 21 Apr. 1834.  


According to Zebedee Coltrin

7 Sept. 1804–21 July 1887. Born at Ovid, Seneca Co., New York. Son of John Coltrin and Sarah Graham. Member of Methodist church. Married first Julia Ann Jennings, Oct. 1828. Baptized into LDS church by Solomon Hancock, 9 Jan. 1831, at Strongsville, Cuyahoga...

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, a high priest who participated in the foundational meetings of the School of the Prophets, the sacrament was regularly administered at school meetings and JS determined both the manner and the frequency of its administration.4

Coltrin’s later account suggests that this 18 March conference was one such meeting of the School of the Prophets. Coltrin explained that “the Sacrament was also administered at times when Joseph appointed, after the ancient order; that is, warm bread to break easy was provided, and broken into pieces as large as my fist, and each person had a glass of wine and sat and ate the bread and drank the wine; and Joseph said that was the way that Jesus and his deciples partook of the bread and wine; and this was the order of the church anciently, and until the church went into darkness. Every time we were called togather to attend to any business, we came togather in the morning about sunrise, fasting and partook of the Sacrament each time.” On another occasion Coltrin again reminisced about the meetings of the School of the Prophets and spoke specifically of the administration of the sacrament: “The brethren always went fasting; they went in the morning, remained until about four oclock in the afternoon, when each had a glass of wine and a piece of bread, after the ancient pattern.” (School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 and 11 Oct. 1883.)  


An event much more profound than the administration of the sacrament is also recorded in the minutes; they relay an account of “a heavenly vision of the saviour and concourses of angels” that was witnessed by the participants in the meeting. This event is likely the same one Zebedee Coltrin

7 Sept. 1804–21 July 1887. Born at Ovid, Seneca Co., New York. Son of John Coltrin and Sarah Graham. Member of Methodist church. Married first Julia Ann Jennings, Oct. 1828. Baptized into LDS church by Solomon Hancock, 9 Jan. 1831, at Strongsville, Cuyahoga...

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described fifty years later to the school of the prophets in Salt Lake City:
At one of these meetings after the organization of the school, on the 23d of January, 1833, when we were all togather, Joseph having givan instructions, and while engaged in silent prayer, kneeling, with our hands uplifted each one praying in silence, no one whispered above his breath, a personage walked through the room from east to west, and Joseph asked if we saw him. I saw him and suppose the others did, and Joseph answered that is Jesus, the Son of God, our elder brother. Afterwards Joseph told us to resume our former position in prayer; which we did. Another person came through; He was surrounded as with a flame of fire. He (Bro. C[oltrin]

7 Sept. 1804–21 July 1887. Born at Ovid, Seneca Co., New York. Son of John Coltrin and Sarah Graham. Member of Methodist church. Married first Julia Ann Jennings, Oct. 1828. Baptized into LDS church by Solomon Hancock, 9 Jan. 1831, at Strongsville, Cuyahoga...

View Full Bio
) experianced a sensation that it might destroy the tabernacle as it was of consuming fire of great brightness. The Prophet Joseph said this was the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. I saw Him.5

School of the Prophets Salt Lake City Minutes, 3 Oct. 1883.  


While other entries in the minute book outline other shared spiritual experiences, such as speaking in tongues, only this entry relates a collective vision of Jesus Christ.

Facts