30722

Minutes, 23 March 1833–A

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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23d of March 1833—
A councel

A gathering of church leaders assembled “for consultation, deliberation and advice”; also a body responsible for governance or administration. As early as 9 February 1831, a revelation instructed that “the Elders & Bishop shall Council together & they shall...

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of High Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
& Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
assembld in the school room at 9 oclock agreeabl— to previous arangments.——
After opening the councel by prayer by Brother Joseph it was agreed that bro Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

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and brothr Moses Dailey Daley

16 Apr. 1794–9 Dec. 1865. Farmer. Born at Walkill, Orange Co., New York. Son of John Daley and Amy Mapes. Married Almira Barber, 22 Jan. 1819, at Marcellus, Onondaga Co., New York. Moved to Huron Co., Ohio, by 1827. Baptized into LDS church, before 1833. ...

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should procede to make purchace of certain farms or to obtain, or to obtain their terms of sail,1

A separate set of minutes taken on 23 March 1833 explained that Daley was to go and “provide all the means in his power to bring about the purchaces in Kirtland.” Coe had previously been tasked in April 1832 to provide the money needed to pay the remaining debt of $400 owed on Frederick G. Williams’s farm before the balance came due. According to Philo Dibble, Coe’s wife, Sophia Harwood, who was not a member of the church at the time, prevented Coe from paying what was apparently their own money to redeem the note. As a result, Dibble, under the direction of JS, sold 560 acres of his land in Elyria, Ohio, for only forty percent of its value in order to make the payment. Whether Sophia was baptized at some point following that episode is unknown, but only a year later Coe was named the debtor in the transaction with French to the amount of $3,000, suggesting that her reported resistance to her husband’s financial involvement in purchasing property for the church had been mitigated. (Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–B; Dibble, Reminiscences, [4].)  


and and that Bro E Thair Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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be appointed to obtain the price of Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

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2

Peter French’s land comprised the northern fifty acres of lot 30 and approximately fifty-three acres of the southwestern portion of lot 17. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and the brethren agreed to continue in prayer and fasting3

A JS revelation dated three months earlier used similar language: “I give unto you a commandment, that ye shall continue in prayer, and fasting, from this time forth.” (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:76]; see also Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 515 [4 Nephi 1:12].)  


for the ultimate success of their mission after an absence of about three hours Bro Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

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& Bro Daily

16 Apr. 1794–9 Dec. 1865. Farmer. Born at Walkill, Orange Co., New York. Son of John Daley and Amy Mapes. Married Almira Barber, 22 Jan. 1819, at Marcellus, Onondaga Co., New York. Moved to Huron Co., Ohio, by 1827. Baptized into LDS church, before 1833. ...

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returned and made report as follows. That Eligeh Elijah Smith

1776–1855. Farmer. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Moved to Litchfield, Litchfield Co., Connecticut. Married first Rachel Webster, 1 Oct. 1811, in Otis, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, before Oct. 1817. Moved to...

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would sell his farm for four thousand dollars4

Elijah Smith owned over two hundred acres of land in Kirtland, approximately half of which was very near Newel K. Whitney’s store and the Mormon settlements on Frederick G. Williams’s farm. Elijah Smith’s farm was also directly adjacent to seventeen acres of land in lot 18 that Whitney had just purchased from Gideon Riggs on 18 March 1833. The church, however, never purchased Smith's farm. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 7, p. 151, 27 Oct. 1817, microfilm 20,232; vol. 12, p. 143, 18 Nov. 1826, microfilm 20,234; vol. 17, p. 32, 18 Mar. 1833, microfilm 20,237; vol. 18, pp. 124–125, 20 Apr. 1832, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and that Mr Morley would sell his farm for twenty one hundred dollars.5

“Mr Morley” is probably Thomas Morley, father of church member Isaac Morley, who owned 34½ acres, primarily in lot 19, which was adjacent to both Elijah Smith’s property and Newel K. Whitney’s recently purchased land in lot 18. Thomas Morley never sold his land to the church, and there is some evidence that his asking price of $2,100 was inflated. Four years later, Morley finally sold the property in question and an additional 35 acres in another township to Nathaniel Milliken for $2,750. Milliken, a member of the church who had been ordained a seventy by the time of the purchase, may have procured the farm with the intent to turn it over to the church. However, by January 1838 Milliken had left the church and the property remained in his possession. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 24, pp. 320–321, 2 June 1837, microfilm 20,240, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Hepzibah Richards, Kirtland, OH, to Willard Richards, Bedford, England, 18–19 Jan. 1838, Willard Richards, Papers, CHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and also bro Thair

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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returned and reported that Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

View Full Bio
would sell his farm for five thousand dollars and after the report of the brethren it was put to vote whether the property should be purchaced and deceded decided in the affirmative it was then agreed that bro Ezra Thair

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
and Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

View Full Bio
should superintend the purchacing of said farms and to have the prayer of the brethren and that they should be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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to that office accordingly Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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ordained them as general agents to be set apart. [p. 18]
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
23d of March 1833—
A councel

A gathering of church leaders assembled “for consultation, deliberation and advice”; also a body responsible for governance or administration. As early as 9 February 1831, a revelation instructed that “the Elders & Bishop shall Council together & they shall...

View Glossary
of High Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
& Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
assembld  in the school room at 9 oclock agreeabl—  to previous arangments.——
After opening the councel by prayer by  Broth[er] Joseph it was agreed that bro  Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

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and brothr Moses Dailey [Daley]

16 Apr. 1794–9 Dec. 1865. Farmer. Born at Walkill, Orange Co., New York. Son of John Daley and Amy Mapes. Married Almira Barber, 22 Jan. 1819, at Marcellus, Onondaga Co., New York. Moved to Huron Co., Ohio, by 1827. Baptized into LDS church, before 1833. ...

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should  procede to make purchace of certain  farms or to obtain, or to obtain their  terms of sail,1

A separate set of minutes taken on 23 March 1833 explained that Daley was to go and “provide all the means in his power to bring about the purchaces in Kirtland.” Coe had previously been tasked in April 1832 to provide the money needed to pay the remaining debt of $400 owed on Frederick G. Williams’s farm before the balance came due. According to Philo Dibble, Coe’s wife, Sophia Harwood, who was not a member of the church at the time, prevented Coe from paying what was apparently their own money to redeem the note. As a result, Dibble, under the direction of JS, sold 560 acres of his land in Elyria, Ohio, for only forty percent of its value in order to make the payment. Whether Sophia was baptized at some point following that episode is unknown, but only a year later Coe was named the debtor in the transaction with French to the amount of $3,000, suggesting that her reported resistance to her husband’s financial involvement in purchasing property for the church had been mitigated. (Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–B; Dibble, Reminiscences, [4].)  


and and that Bro E Thair [Ezra Thayer]

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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 be appointed to obtain the price of Pete[r]  French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

View Full Bio
farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

More Info
2

Peter French’s land comprised the northern fifty acres of lot 30 and approximately fifty-three acres of the southwestern portion of lot 17. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and the brethren agreed  to continue in prayer and fasting3

A JS revelation dated three months earlier used similar language: “I give unto you a commandment, that ye shall continue in prayer, and fasting, from this time forth.” (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:76]; see also Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 515 [4 Nephi 1:12].)  


for  the ultimate success of their mission  after an absence of about three hours  Bro Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

View Full Bio
& Bro Daily

16 Apr. 1794–9 Dec. 1865. Farmer. Born at Walkill, Orange Co., New York. Son of John Daley and Amy Mapes. Married Almira Barber, 22 Jan. 1819, at Marcellus, Onondaga Co., New York. Moved to Huron Co., Ohio, by 1827. Baptized into LDS church, before 1833. ...

View Full Bio
returned and made  report as follows. That Eligeh [Elijah] Smith

1776–1855. Farmer. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Moved to Litchfield, Litchfield Co., Connecticut. Married first Rachel Webster, 1 Oct. 1811, in Otis, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, before Oct. 1817. Moved to...

View Full Bio
 would sell his farm for four thousand  dollars4

Elijah Smith owned over two hundred acres of land in Kirtland, approximately half of which was very near Newel K. Whitney’s store and the Mormon settlements on Frederick G. Williams’s farm. Elijah Smith’s farm was also directly adjacent to seventeen acres of land in lot 18 that Whitney had just purchased from Gideon Riggs on 18 March 1833. The church, however, never purchased Smith's farm. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 7, p. 151, 27 Oct. 1817, microfilm 20,232; vol. 12, p. 143, 18 Nov. 1826, microfilm 20,234; vol. 17, p. 32, 18 Mar. 1833, microfilm 20,237; vol. 18, pp. 124–125, 20 Apr. 1832, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and that Mr Morley would  sell his farm for twenty one hundred  dollars.5

“Mr Morley” is probably Thomas Morley, father of church member Isaac Morley, who owned 34½ acres, primarily in lot 19, which was adjacent to both Elijah Smith’s property and Newel K. Whitney’s recently purchased land in lot 18. Thomas Morley never sold his land to the church, and there is some evidence that his asking price of $2,100 was inflated. Four years later, Morley finally sold the property in question and an additional 35 acres in another township to Nathaniel Milliken for $2,750. Milliken, a member of the church who had been ordained a seventy by the time of the purchase, may have procured the farm with the intent to turn it over to the church. However, by January 1838 Milliken had left the church and the property remained in his possession. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 24, pp. 320–321, 2 June 1837, microfilm 20,240, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Hepzibah Richards, Kirtland, OH, to Willard Richards, Bedford, England, 18–19 Jan. 1838, Willard Richards, Papers, CHL; see also illustration of church landholdings in Kirtland.)  


and also bro Thair

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
returned  and reported that Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

View Full Bio
would  sell his farm for five thousand dollars  and afte[r] the report of the brethren it  was put to vote whether it was  the property should be purchaced  and deceded [decided] in the affirmative  it was then agreed that bro Ezra Thair

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
and  Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

View Full Bio
should superintend the pur chacing of said farms and to have  the prayer of the brethren and that  they should be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
to that office  accordingly Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
ordained  them as general agents to be set apart. [p. 18]
Next
On 23 March 1833, a meeting of high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
and elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
convened in the schoolroom at Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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’s store

In Apr. 1826, Whitney purchased quarter-acre lot on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads and built two-story, 1500-square-foot, white store. Mercantile store also functioned as Kirtland Mills post office. Whitney met JS at store, 4 Feb. 1831....

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to chart a course for acquiring more land for the church in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. An earlier revelation declared the importance of maintaining possession of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s centrally located farm, “for I the Lord willeth to retain a strong hold in the Land of Kirtland for the space of five years.”1

Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21].  


JS’s later history further indicated that the purpose of purchasing land was to encourage and accommodate the growth of the church in Kirtland. The history stated that this “council was called for the purpose of appointing a committee to purchase land in Kirtland, upon which the Saints might build a stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

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of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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.”2

JS History, vol. A-1, 282.  


Urgency to accomplish their goal was demonstrated during the meeting as participants left to carry out assignments, while the remainder did not adjourn but awaited their return for several hours “in prayer and fasting.”
Though multiple farms are mentioned in the minutes, only the 103-acre farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

More Info
owned by Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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was acquired as a result of this meeting.3

Zebedee Coltrin’s journal states, “On the 23d day of March held a council of highh Priests to investgate the subject of Purch[as]ing the brick tavern and farm owned by Peter French it was agreed to buy it and several othe[r] farms.” (Coltrin, Diary and Notebook, 23 Mar. 1833.)  


All of the land that church leaders considered purchasing was located near property already controlled by the church. A large part of French’s land, for instance, abutted Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s 144-acre farm, which Williams had allowed JS and the church to use as early as spring 1831.4 Part of French’s land was also adjacent to Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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’s store

In Apr. 1826, Whitney purchased quarter-acre lot on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads and built two-story, 1500-square-foot, white store. Mercantile store also functioned as Kirtland Mills post office. Whitney met JS at store, 4 Feb. 1831....

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, where many meetings of JS and other church leaders, including this one, were held throughout 1833. Aside from its location, French’s land was desirable for other reasons. For one, it contained a two-story brick building, which was located on a major road in the area and used as an inn.5

Although the purchase of Peter French’s property included the brick home, the church apparently did not have immediate access to the building. The deed stipulated that the sale was “subject to a lease given to Thomas Knight of the brick house and privilege contained in said lease.” (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, p. 360, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


The most important feature of the property to church leaders, however, was the brickyard, which they deemed necessary for building structures that would accommodate Kirtland’s growing population.6

As JS’s history explained, the “French farm was purchased on account of the facilities for making brick, their being essential to the building up of the city.” (JS History, vol. A-1, 283.)  


Though the deed was not signed until 10 April 1833, a council meeting held on 2 April anticipated the acquisition of the French farm and assigned Frederick G. Williams “to be an agent to super[in]tend and employ some person or persons to carry on the brick yard on the french farm and also letting out the farm.”7
While the minutes indicate that Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

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and Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
were assigned to jointly superintend the purchase of the farms named, Coe alone signed the agreement with Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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for the sale of his property on 10 April 1833. French agreed to sell his land for $5,000. Coe made a down payment of $2,000 and then through promissory notes agreed to pay the remaining $3,000 in two separate payments of $1,500 each.8

Along with the justice of the peace, Josiah Jones, Ezra Thayer was a witness to the deed, which enumerated the promissory notes. (Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


One of the notes was due 10 April 1834, and the second was due on the same date in 1835, both with an unstated payment of interest in addition to the listed sum. Because of the high cost of the French farm and the anticipated purchase of two other farms, on 23 March 1833 JS also assigned over a dozen elders to serve missions to both proselytize and acquire funds to help pay for the properties. Of the two minute book entries that record the events of this meeting, the first one, featured here, reports the meeting’s general proceedings; the second denominates the various missionary companionships that were to be sent out as a result of the decision to purchase more property.9

Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–B. Zebedee Coltrin explained that the decision to purchase the farm “made it necessary to call the Elders out of school for the purpose of going again into the world and procuring means for Paying for the farms.” (Coltrin, Diary and Notebook, 23 Mar. 1833.)  


Facts