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Minutes, 4 June 1833

A conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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of high Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

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met in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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on the 4th of June 1833— in the translating room and took into consideration how the french farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

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1

For more information on the acquisition of the Peter French farm, see Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–A; and Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 359–360, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  


should be disposed of the councel could not agree who should take the charge of it but all agreed to enquire of the lord accordinly we received a revelation2 which decided that brother Newel K Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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should take the charge thereof and also that brothr John Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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be admited as a member of the united firm

An organization that supervised the management of church enterprises and properties from 1832 to 1834. In March and April 1832, revelations directed that the church’s publishing and mercantile endeavors be organized. In accordance with this direction, the...

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3

The United Firm was formally organized in April 1832 at a conference held in Jackson County, Missouri, and was responsible for managing the business and publishing affairs of the church. The firm operated through two branches, one in Missouri and one in Ohio. For a more detailed discussion of the United Firm, see Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82]; Revelation, 15 Mar. 1833 [D&C 92]; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; and Minutes, 30 Apr. 1832.  


accordingly he was ordaind

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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unto the high Priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

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and admited.
Frederick G Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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Clk P.T. pro tempore [p. 13]
A conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
of high Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
met in Kirt land

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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on the 4th of June 1833— in the translating  room and took into consideration how the french  farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

More Info
1

For more information on the acquisition of the Peter French farm, see Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–A; and Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 359–360, 10 Apr. 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  


should be disposed of the councel could not  agree who should take the charge of it but all  agreed to enquire of the lord accordinly we  received a revelation2 which decided that  broth[e]r N[ewel] K Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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should take the charge  thereof and also that brothr John Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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 be admited as a member of the united  firm

An organization that supervised the management of church enterprises and properties from 1832 to 1834. In March and April 1832, revelations directed that the church’s publishing and mercantile endeavors be organized. In accordance with this direction, the...

View Glossary
3

The United Firm was formally organized in April 1832 at a conference held in Jackson County, Missouri, and was responsible for managing the business and publishing affairs of the church. The firm operated through two branches, one in Missouri and one in Ohio. For a more detailed discussion of the United Firm, see Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82]; Revelation, 15 Mar. 1833 [D&C 92]; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; and Minutes, 30 Apr. 1832.  


accordingly he was ordaind

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
unto the  high Priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
and admited.
<F[rederick] G Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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Clk P.T. [pro tempore]> [p. 13]
In early 1833, church leaders decided to purchase land in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, to help fulfill a revelation dictated by JS eighteen months earlier that said Kirtland should become “a strong hold” for the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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.1

Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21]; see also Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:1].  


To further comply with this directive, church members also planned to build the House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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, a multipurpose religious structure that could, among other functions, serve as a schoolhouse for educating church leaders and missionaries in both secular and spiritual matters.2 High priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

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and elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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met on 23 March 1833 to discuss acquiring lands in Kirtland in order to prepare for constructing the house and other buildings for church use. On 10 April 1833, Joseph Coe

12 Nov. 1784–17 Oct. 1854. Farmer, clerk. Born at Cayuga Co., New York. Son of Joel Coe and Huldah Horton. Lived at Scipio, Cayuga Co., by 1800. Married first Pallas Wales, 12 Jan. 1816. Married second Sophia Harwood, ca. 1824. Moved to Macedon, Wayne Co....

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, a church agent

A specific church office and, more generally, someone “entrusted with the business of another.” Agents in the church assisted other ecclesiastical officers, especially the bishop in his oversight of the church’s temporal affairs. A May 1831 revelation instructed...

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, purchased the 103-acre parcel of land belonging to Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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, a key property that included the lot on which the House of the Lord would eventually be built.3
In anticipation of the French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

View Full Bio
farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

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purchase, on 2 April a council of high priests assigned Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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“to be an agent to super[in]tend and employ some person or persons to carry on the brick yard on the french farm” and to parcel the farmland to church members.4

Minutes, 2 Apr. 1833. Just two and a half weeks before the 2 April council meeting, Williams had been admitted to the United Firm, which was responsible for overseeing church property. (Revelation, 15 Mar. 1833 [D&C 92].)  


At the time of the 4 June conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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described in the minutes below, a planning committee (which consisted of JS, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Williams—the presidents of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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) intended to build the aforementioned schoolhouse out of brick by using the existing brickyard near the Chagrin River on the French farm.5

The building committee, consisting of Hyrum Smith, Jared Carter, and Reynolds Cahoon, eventually decided to use sandstone, not brick, for the edifice. (Johnson, Reminiscences and Journal, 17–18; see also Robison, First Mormon Temple, 32–34.)  


Although church leaders initially determined that Williams would oversee the French property and its brickyard, the minutes indicate that the assembled high priests did not agree on the best way to oversee and distribute the land and that more discussion on the long-term disposition of the French property was needed. Subsequently, they resolved “to enquire of the lord” for guidance. On 4 June, JS dictated a revelation directing the council to replace Williams as superintendent of the farm with Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

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Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
. The task may have been delegated to Whitney, a member of the United Firm

An organization that supervised the management of church enterprises and properties from 1832 to 1834. In March and April 1832, revelations directed that the church’s publishing and mercantile endeavors be organized. In accordance with this direction, the...

View Glossary
, because his duties as bishop included overseeing the church’s financial obligations in Kirtland and issuing certificates for land inheritances to church members; Whitney’s property also sat adjacent to the French farmlands.6

Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:2, 8]; see also Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–34]; Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:3]; and Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:7].  


The 4 June revelation also instructed that John Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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, a prosperous church member in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, who had provided lodging for JS and his family in 1831 and 1832, be made a member of the United Firm and that he be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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“unto this blessing.”7

Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:9].  


The conference thus formally admitted Johnson to the United Firm, making him the second addition to the firm in two and a half months, and ordained him a high priest.8

Frederick G. Williams, admitted to the United Firm on 15 March 1833, was the first person added to the firm after its initial organization. All members of the United Firm were also high priests. Johnson’s immediate ordination as a high priest followed a precedent set more than a year earlier when Sidney Gilbert was ordained a high priest on 26 April 1832, the same day a revelation called him to be a member of the United Firm. Johnson had previously been ordained an elder by JS at a conference of elders in Kirtland on 17 February 1833. (Revelation, 15 Mar. 1833 [D&C 92]; Note, 15 Mar. 1833; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11]; Minutes, 17 Feb. 1833.)  


Soon after, Johnson moved from Hiram to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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.9

In a letter to the leaders in Missouri dated 25 June 1833, JS noted that Johnson “has just come to Kirtland to live.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  


Johnson later superintended the inn located on the land purchased from French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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, and in 1836 he obtained the deed to the entire French property.10

Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 22, pp. 497–498, 23 Sept. 1836, microfilm 20,239, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  


Later in June, JS and other church leaders in Kirtland sent a letter informing the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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leadership of Johnson’s new role.11

Facts