53991804

Revelation, 2 August 1833–A [D&C 97]

in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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I the Lord am well pleased that there should be a school

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
in Zion and also with my servant Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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for he abideth in me and inasmuch as he continue to abide in me4

See John 15:4, 7.  


he shall continue to preside over the school in the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and I will bless him with a multiplicity of blessings in expounding all scriptures

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

View Glossary
5

See Luke 24:27; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 286, 503 [Alma 22:13; 3 Nephi 23:14].  


and mysteries to the Edefication of the school and of the church in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
6

No official records exist concerning the organization of the school of the prophets in Missouri or of Parley P. Pratt’s call to be the teacher. A June 1833 letter from the church presidency, however, contains a possible reference to the school and to Pratt’s appointment: “We commend the plan highly of your choossing a teacher to instruct the High Priests that they may be able to silence gainsayers.” Pratt wrote in his autobiography that he was called to preside over a “school of Elders” in the summer of 1833. It is uncertain if these two references are about the same school. Nevertheless, a school was organized in Missouri, and Pratt further explained that approximately sixty men attended the school once a week “in the open air, under some tall trees, in a retired place in the wilderness, where we prayed, preached and prophesied, and exercised ourselves in the gifts of the Holy Spirit.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Pratt, Autobiography, 99–100.)  


and to the residue of the school I the Lord am willing to shew mercy7

See Exodus 33:19.  


nevertheless there are those that must needs be chastened and their work shall be made known,8

The statement that some in the school stood in need of “chastening” is similar to a statement made two months earlier about the School of the Prophets in Kirtland. (See Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:10].)  


the ax is laid at the root of the trees and evry tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down and cast into the fire9

See Matthew 3:10; Luke 3:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 237 [Alma 5:52].  


I the Lord hath spoken it, verily I say unto you all among them who know their hearts are honest and are broken and their spirits contrite and are willing to observe their covenants

A binding agreement between two parties, particularly between God and man. The term covenant was often associated with “commandments,” referring to revelation texts. The gospel as preached by JS—including the need for faith, repentance, baptism, and reception...

View Glossary
by sacrifice10

See Psalms 50:5; 51:17.  


yea every sacrifice which I the Lord shall command they11

Instead of “they,” the copy of this revelation found in the 6 August letter has “them.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 97:8].)  


are all accepted of me for I the Lord will cause them to bring forth as a very fruitful tree which is planted in a goodly land by a pure stream that yealdeth much precious fruit,12

Likening the righteous individual to a fruitful tree planted by a river is a common biblical metaphor. (See, for example, Psalm 1:3; and Jeremiah 17:8.)  


Verely I say unto you that it is my will that an house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

More Info
should be built unto me in the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
like unto the pattern which I have given you13

Church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, sent a package of letters on 25 June 1833, which included the “pattern” for the House of the Lord mentioned here and a plat for the city of Zion. The package arrived in Independence, Missouri, on 29 July 1833. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833; Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833; Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.)  


yea let it be built speedely14

When they sent the pattern on 25 June, church leaders in Kirtland informed the Missouri recipients that the House of the Lord was “to be built immediately in Zion.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  


by the tithing

A free-will offering of one-tenth of a person’s annual interest or income, given to the church for its use. The Book of Mormon and JS’s revision of the Bible explained that “even our father Abraham paid tithes of one tenth part of all he possessed.” Additionally...

View Glossary
of my people behold this is the tithing [p. 62]
in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
I the Lord am well pleased that there  should be a school

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
in Zion and also with  my servant Parley [P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
for he abideth in me  and inasmuch as he continue to abide  in me4

See John 15:4, 7.  


he shall continue to preside over  the school in the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
and I  will bless him with a multiplicity of  blessings in expounding all scriptures

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

View Glossary
5

See Luke 24:27; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 286, 503 [Alma 22:13; 3 Nephi 23:14].  


 and mysteries to the Edefication of the  school and of the church in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
6

No official records exist concerning the organization of the school of the prophets in Missouri or of Parley P. Pratt’s call to be the teacher. A June 1833 letter from the church presidency, however, contains a possible reference to the school and to Pratt’s appointment: “We commend the plan highly of your choossing a teacher to instruct the High Priests that they may be able to silence gainsayers.” Pratt wrote in his autobiography that he was called to preside over a “school of Elders” in the summer of 1833. It is uncertain if these two references are about the same school. Nevertheless, a school was organized in Missouri, and Pratt further explained that approximately sixty men attended the school once a week “in the open air, under some tall trees, in a retired place in the wilderness, where we prayed, preached and prophesied, and exercised ourselves in the gifts of the Holy Spirit.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Pratt, Autobiography, 99–100.)  


and to  the residue of the school I the Lord am  willing to shew mercy7

See Exodus 33:19.  


nevertheless there  are those that must needs be chastened  and their work shall be mad[e] known,8

The statement that some in the school stood in need of “chastening” is similar to a statement made two months earlier about the School of the Prophets in Kirtland. (See Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:10].)  


the  ax is laid at the root of the trees and  evry tree that bringeth not forth good  fruit shall be hewn down and cast into  the fire9

See Matthew 3:10; Luke 3:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 237 [Alma 5:52].  


I the Lord hath spoken it, verily  I say unto you all among them who  know their hearts are honest and are broken  and their spirits contrite and are willing  to observe their covenants

A binding agreement between two parties, particularly between God and man. The term covenant was often associated with “commandments,” referring to revelation texts. The gospel as preached by JS—including the need for faith, repentance, baptism, and reception...

View Glossary
by sacrifice10

See Psalms 50:5; 51:17.  


yea  every sacrifice which I the Lord shall  command they11

Instead of “they,” the copy of this revelation found in the 6 August letter has “them.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 97:8].)  


are all accepted of me  for I the Lord will cause them to bring  forth as a very fruitful tree which  is planted in a goodly land by a pure  stream that yealdeth much precious  fruit,12

Likening the righteous individual to a fruitful tree planted by a river is a common biblical metaphor. (See, for example, Psalm 1:3; and Jeremiah 17:8.)  


Verely I say unto you that it is  my will that an house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

More Info
should be built  unto me in the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
like unto  the pattern which I have given you13

Church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, sent a package of letters on 25 June 1833, which included the “pattern” for the House of the Lord mentioned here and a plat for the city of Zion. The package arrived in Independence, Missouri, on 29 July 1833. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833; Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833; Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.)  


yea  let it be built speedely14

When they sent the pattern on 25 June, church leaders in Kirtland informed the Missouri recipients that the House of the Lord was “to be built immediately in Zion.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  


by the tithing

A free-will offering of one-tenth of a person’s annual interest or income, given to the church for its use. The Book of Mormon and JS’s revision of the Bible explained that “even our father Abraham paid tithes of one tenth part of all he possessed.” Additionally...

View Glossary
 of my people behold this is the tithing [p. 62]
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In accordance with counsel given in a revelation sent to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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earlier in 1833, members of the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri, organized a “school of the prophets

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
” in summer 1833 to further their ministerial education.1

See Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:1–126]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Pratt, Autobiography, 100–101.  


By early July 1833, they desired to know God’s will concerning the school and sent two letters—one from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, written 9 July 1833, and one from “the breatheren composing the school,” written likely in early July—to JS. In these letters, Cowdery and others requested JS to inquire “of the Lord . . . concerning the school in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
,” though their exact questions about the school are unknown.2 Before receiving these letters, JS dictated a revelation that gave further instructions on constructing a House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, which was to be the meeting place for the Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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School of the Prophets.3 On 25 June, the presidency of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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along with Martin Harris

18 May 1783–10 July 1875. Farmer. Born at Easton, Albany Co., New York. Son of Nathan Harris and Rhoda Lapham. Moved with parents to area of Swift’s landing (later in Palmyra), Ontario Co., New York, 1793. Married first his first cousin Lucy Harris, 27 Mar...

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sent a letter to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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that included plans drawn by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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for a religious and educational house, or temple

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

More Info
, to be “built immediately” in Zion, with accompanying explanations.4 Those items, however, had not yet arrived in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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by early July, when the leaders in Missouri sent their queries to JS in Kirtland.
In response to the two letters from Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, the presidency of the high priesthood wrote a letter to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
leaders on 6 August that included three revelations. The presidency referred to the first revelation—the text featured here—as “the communication which we received from the Lord concerning the school in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
.”5

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833. The two other revelations copied into the 6 August letter were Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94]; and Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98].  


Following up on the plans for the Missouri House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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sent on 25 June, the revelation directed church members to build “speedely” the House of the Lord, an edifice in which to hold the school as well as their public worship.6

This instruction parallels the direction found in the revelation JS dictated on 1 June 1833. (See Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:16–17].)  


The revelation also called for Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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, who had been engaged in missionary work in and around Jackson County while conducting the Missouri school of the prophets, to “continue to preside over the school.”7

Pratt had instructed a class of about sixty men once a week beginning earlier in the summer of 1833. (Pratt, Autobiography, 100.)  


Finally, the revelation provided a brief glimpse of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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’s promised future glory “if she observe to do all things whatsoever I have commanded her,” a sentiment similar to the one found in a March 1833 revelation that promised that Jesus Christ would chasten Zion “untill she overcome and are clean before me for she shall not be moved out of her place.”8

Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:36–37].  


The 2 August revelation featured here further warned that if the members of the church did not observe divine commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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, they would suffer “sore afflictions with pestilence with plague with sword with vengence with devouring fire,” but if Zion sinned “no more none of these things shall come upon her.”
Unbeknownst to JS, at the time he dictated this revelation, church members in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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were already suffering “sore afflictions.” Other county residents demanded that Mormons leave their homes, destroyed the church’s printing establishment

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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, and tarred and feathered Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

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Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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and Charles Allen

26 Dec. 1806–after 1870. Farmer, auctioneer. Born in Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Charles Allen and Mary. Married first Eliza Tibbits, ca. 1832. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Independence, Jackson Co., Missouri. Tarred and feathered during mob ...

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.9

See Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833; [Edward Partridge], “A History, of the Persecution,” Times and Seasons, Dec. 1839, 1:18; and Vienna Jaques, Statement, 22 Feb. 1859, CHL.  


The 2 August revelation instructed church members to chastise the wicked among them and to repent completely to avoid further violence and suffering.10

Earlier revelations and letters from Kirtland warned Missouri church members of wickedness and frequently called them to repentance. (See Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:54–61]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


According to Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
’s later autobiography, “This revelation was not complied with by the leaders and church in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, as a whole; notwithstanding many were humble and faithful. Therefore, the threatened judgment was poured out to the uttermost, as the history of the five following years will show.”11

Pratt, Autobiography, 102.  


Several copies of this revelation were made: one was included in the body of the aforementioned letter sent to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 6 August 1833, which also included copies of two other revelations.12 Another was inscribed in Revelation Book 2, which is the version transcribed here. Insufficient evidence exists to determine which is the earliest extant copy. Because the 6 August letter is published in its entirety later in this volume, the version featured here is from the manuscript revelation book. Significant differences between these two early texts are noted.

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