53991805

Revelation, 2 August 1833–B [D&C 94]

here in the land of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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begining at my house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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3

“My house” refers to the House of the Lord, or temple, then under construction in Kirtland. Its centrality to the city and its relationship to the other “houses” and property assignments mentioned in this revelation can be seen on the plat of Kirtland. (See Plat of Kirtland, OH, Not before 2 Aug. 1833.)  


and behold it must be done according to the pattern which I have given unto you4 and let the first lot on the south be consecrated unto me for the building of an house for the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

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for the work of the presidency in obtaining revelations and for the work of the ministry of the presidency in all things pertaining to the Church and Kingdom5

See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:12–16].  


verely I say unto you that it shall be built fifty five by sixty five in the width thereof and in the length thereof in the inner court6

These dimensions are the same as those given for the Kirtland temple in a revelation two months earlier. (See Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:15]; see also Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and there shall be a lower court and an higher court according to the pattern which shall be given unto you hereafter7

This building was never built, and there is no record that a detailed architectural pattern was ever created. (See Historical Introduction to Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


and it shall be dedecated unto the Lord from the foundation thereof according to the order of the Priesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

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according to the pattern which shall be given unto you hereafter8

Since this building was never constructed, there is no record of the “order of the Priesthood” that was to be followed in dedicating it.  


and it shall be wholly dedecated unto the Lord for the work of the presedency and ye shall not suffer any unclean thing to come into it and my glory shall be there and my presence shall be there but if ther shall come into it any unclean thing my glory shall not be there and my presence shall not come into it9

See Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97:15–17].  


and again verily I say unto you the seccond lot on the south shall be dedecated unto me for the building of an house unto me10

The copy of this revelation in the 6 August 1833 letter does not include the phrase “for the building of an house unto me.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 94:10].)  


for the work of the printing of the translation of my scripturs

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

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11

On 2 July 1833, Sidney Rigdon wrote that he and JS had “finished the translation of the bible a few hours since.” The previous week, as the translation neared completion, they informed church leaders in Missouri that “the printing of the New translation . . . cannot be done until we can attend to it ourselves, and this we will do as soon as the Lord permit.” A month later that permission was given in the revelation featured here. The presidency reported to the leaders in Missouri, “You will see by these revelations that we have to print the new translation here at kirtland for which we will prepare as soon as possible.” Because they viewed the directives of this 2 August revelation to be equally applicable to the church members in Jackson County, the presidency added, “You are to print an Edition of the schriptures there at the same time we do here so that two additions [editions] will be struck at the same time the one here and the other there.” However, subsequent events in both Jackson County and Kirtland interfered with this plan. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 2 July 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


and all things whatsoever I shall command you [p. 65]
here in the land of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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begining  at my house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
3

“My house” refers to the House of the Lord, or temple, then under construction in Kirtland. Its centrality to the city and its relationship to the other “houses” and property assignments mentioned in this revelation can be seen on the plat of Kirtland. (See Plat of Kirtland, OH, Not before 2 Aug. 1833.)  


and behold it must be done  according to the pattern which I have given  unto you4 and let the first lot on the south <be>  consecrated unto me for the building of an  house for the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
for the work of the  presidency in obtaining revelations and  for the work of the ministry of the presidency  in all things pertaining to the Church and  Kingdom5

See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:12–16].  


verely I say unto you that it  shall be built fifty five by sixty five in  the width thereof and in the length thereof  in the inner court6

These dimensions are the same as those given for the Kirtland temple in a revelation two months earlier. (See Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:15]; see also Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and there shall be a  lower court and an higher court according  to the pattern which shall be given unto you  hereafter7

This building was never built, and there is no record that a detailed architectural pattern was ever created. (See Historical Introduction to Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


and it shall be dedecated unto  the Lord from the foundation thereof  according to the order of the Priesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

View Glossary
 according to the pattern which shall be  given unto you hereafter8

Since this building was never constructed, there is no record of the “order of the Priesthood” that was to be followed in dedicating it.  


and it shall  be wholly dedecated unto the Lord for  the work of the presedency and ye shall not  suffer any unclean thing to come into it  and my glory shall be there and my pres ence shall be there but if ther shall  come into it any unclean thing my  glory shall not be there and my pres ence shall not come into it9

See Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97:15–17].  


and again  verily I say unto you the seccond lot on  the south shall be dedecated unto me for  the building of an house unto me10

The copy of this revelation in the 6 August 1833 letter does not include the phrase “for the building of an house unto me.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 94:10].)  


 for the work of the printing of the  translation of my scripturs

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

View Glossary
11

On 2 July 1833, Sidney Rigdon wrote that he and JS had “finished the translation of the bible a few hours since.” The previous week, as the translation neared completion, they informed church leaders in Missouri that “the printing of the New translation . . . cannot be done until we can attend to it ourselves, and this we will do as soon as the Lord permit.” A month later that permission was given in the revelation featured here. The presidency reported to the leaders in Missouri, “You will see by these revelations that we have to print the new translation here at kirtland for which we will prepare as soon as possible.” Because they viewed the directives of this 2 August revelation to be equally applicable to the church members in Jackson County, the presidency added, “You are to print an Edition of the schriptures there at the same time we do here so that two additions [editions] will be struck at the same time the one here and the other there.” However, subsequent events in both Jackson County and Kirtland interfered with this plan. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 2 July 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 6 Aug. 1833.)  


and all  things whatsoever I shall command you [p. 65]
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By summer 1833, agents for the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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had purchased several large parcels of land in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. In the months before this 2 August revelation was dictated, church leaders planned for and began construction on a House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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, or temple, on this newly acquired land, which was to serve as both a chapel and a schoolhouse.1

The primary piece of real estate the church acquired was the farm owned by Peter French. The French farm was originally purchased by land agent Joseph Coe on 10 April 1833. On 17 June 1833, it was deeded over to Kirtland bishop Newel K. Whitney. The House of the Lord was to be built on the southeast corner of the property, which would also be the center point of the plat map for the city of Kirtland. (Minutes, 23 Mar. 1833–A; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 17, pp. 38–39, 359–360, 10 Apr. 1833; pp. 360–361, 17 June 1833, microfilm 20,237, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; see also Minutes, 4 June 1833; Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:2]; and Plat of Kirtland, OH, not before 2 Aug. 1833.)  


The presidency of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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was assigned to “obtain a draft or construction” for the interior of the building. Three weeks after the presidency received their assignment to create a design for the Kirtland temple, they sent to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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church leaders the architectural plans for another House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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, similar in style and purpose, to be built in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson County, Missouri. They also sent a plat for an expansive “City of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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” to be built in Independence.2 Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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wrote, “The plot for the City and the size form and dime[n]sions of the house were given us of the Lord.”3 On 2 August, the revelation featured here called for a similar “laying out” of Kirtland as the “city of the stake of Zion” and specified the construction of two additional buildings—a “house” for the presidency and one for a printing operation—to be built in the city’s center.
Four days after JS dictated this revelation, the presidency copied it, along with two other recent revelations, into a letter they sent to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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.4 The revelation, the presidency stated, “is also binding on you that is you at Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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have to build two houses as well as the one of which we have sent the pattern.” In other words, they instructed that, following the construction of the House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, the Missouri church members should build an administrative house for church business and one for their printing establishment “as soon . . . as means can be obtaind so to do.”5 These plans, however, were disrupted by events that had already begun to unfold in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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. In late July 1833, unbeknownst to the presidency in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, opponents to the church had razed the church’s Independence printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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, threatened local leaders, and forced them to sign an agreement that they and their fellow religionists would leave Jackson County.6

A memorandum of agreement specified that certain men, mostly church leaders, were to remove their families by 1 January 1834. Leaders were to “use all their influence” to persuade about half of the church members in Jackson County to leave by that date and the remainder to leave by 1 April 1834. (Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833; see also Memorandum of Agreement, 29 July 1833, CHL.)  


Amid escalating tension, violent encounters drove the Mormons from the county in November 1833.
Meanwhile, in the fall of 1833, members of the church in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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were having their own difficulties fulfilling the commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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to build a House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
. Construction in Kirtland temporarily halted because of a lack of building materials and the new priority to provide relief to church members in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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.7

See Ames, Autobiography, [10]; Johnson, Reminiscences and Journal, 17–18; and Johnson, "A Life Review,” 11.  


Completing the Kirtland House of the Lord consumed most of the church’s available resources for the next few years. After printing operations moved to Kirtland, they were first housed at the John Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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inn

Two-story building built by Peter French, 1827. First brick building in Kirtland. Common room had capacity for fifty people. Purchased by LDS church, 1833. John Johnson Sr. was granted license to keep tavern or inn there, 5 Apr. 1834. Also served as office...

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and later at the schoolhouse

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

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. The two structures meant for the presidency and for printing were never built in either Kirtland or Jackson County.
In early published compilations of JS’s revelations, this 2 August revelation has been incorrectly dated to 6 May 1833. In the 6 August 1833 letter from the presidency of the high priesthood to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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church leaders, this revelation, though not specifically dated 2 August 1833, immediately follows, without any commentary or introduction, another revelation dated 2 August 1833. The letter indicated that the revelations were two separate texts by referring to them as “revelations,” in the plural.8 Several days later, when Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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wrote his own letter to church leaders in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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, he was explicit: “Our brethren here have sent you three revelations concerning Zion two of them dated the second of Aug.”9 When this revelation was recorded in Revelation Book 2, it was given its own heading and again placed immediately after the other revelation that bears the date 2 August 1833. When it was later copied into Revelation Book 1, it was recorded as in the 6 August letter, without a separate introduction or date.10 Revelation Book 1 was used when creating the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, the first canonized volume in which this revelation appeared. The printers included an introduction to the revelation, which read, “Revelation given same date,” which probably referred to the same date as the revelation that preceded it in the manuscript revelation book—that is, 2 August 1833. However, when preparing the 1835 volume for printing, the compositor apparently mistakenly inserted the 6 May 1833 revelation between the first 2 August revelation and the one featured here.11

See Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A, in Doctrine and Covenants 81, 1835 ed. [D&C 97]; Revelation, 6 May 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 82, 1835 ed. [D&C 93]; and Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B, in Doctrine and Covenants 83, 1835 ed. [D&C 94]; see also Revelation, 6 May 1833 [D&C 93]; and Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–A [D&C 97].  


Thus, in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, the phrase “given the same date” in the revelation’s heading seems to refer to 6 May rather than 2 August 1833. The 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants maintained the same heading as the 1835 edition. For the 1876 edition, a new heading was written and explicitly dates this revelation to 6 May 1833. This error was perpetuated in all subsequent editions of the Doctrine and Covenants until the 2013 edition published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Several early copies of this revelation were made, one of which was included in the body of the aforementioned letter sent to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 6 August 1833 and one of which appears in Revelation Book 2.12 Insufficient evidence exists to determine which is the earliest extant copy. Because the 6 August letter, including the three revelations inscribed in it, is published in its entirety later in this volume, the version here is from the manuscript revelation book. Significant differences between the two versions are noted.

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