30678

Revelation, 8 March 1833 [D&C 90]

one with another let your families be small especially mine aged Servant Joseph

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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as pertaining to thou who do not belong to your families that those things that are provided for you to bring to pass my work are not taken from you and given to those that are not worthy and thereby you are hindred in accomplishing those things which I have commanded you30

This sentence likely refers to Joseph Smith Sr.’s arrangement to live and work on Frederick G. Williams’s farm. Lucy Mack Smith later wrote that “on this farm my family were all established with this arrangement, that we were to cultivate the farm and from the fruit of our labor we were to receive our support; but all over and above this was to be used for the comfort of strangers or brethren, who were travelling through the place.” (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1845, 206; see also Historical Introduction to Revelation, 15 May 1831.)  


and again verely I say unto you it is my will that my hand maid Viana Vienna Jaques

10 June 1787–7 Feb. 1884. Laundress, nurse. Born in Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Henry Jaques and Lucinda Hughes. Lived in Boston, 1827–1830. Baptized into LDS church by E. Harris, 12 July 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833....

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should receive money to bear her expences and go up unto the Land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
and the residue of her money I will consecrate

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
unto myself and reward her in mine own due time verely I say unto you that it is meet in mine eyes that she should go up unto the Land of Zion and receive an inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
31

See, for example, Numbers 34:14; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 565 [Ether 12:32].  


from the hand of the Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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that she may settle down in peace32

See Psalm 4:8; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 158, 332 [Mosiah 2:28; Alma 38:15].  


in as much as she is faithful and not be Idle in her days from thenceforth33

Jaques had recently “collected her means and gathered with the Saints, and by her liberality rendered such pecuniary assistance to the Church in its infancy.” The following month a conference of high priests decided that “Sister Vean Jaqush [Vienna Jaques] should not immediately procede on her Journy to Zion but to wait untill William Hobert gets ready and go in company with him.” On 2 July 1833, the presidents of the high priesthood wrote to church leaders in Zion, saying that “we rejoiced greatly to hear of the safe arival of Sister Viana and brother William and thank our heavenly father that their lives have been spared them till their arival.” JS wrote to Jaques in September 1833 thanking her for her financial contributions; he noted that he was indebted to her for her offering. (George Hamlin, “In Memoriam,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Mar. 1884, 12:152; Minutes, 30 Apr. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 2 July 1833; Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.)  


and behold verely I say unto you that ye shall write this commandment and say unto your brethren in Zion in Love greeting that I have called you also to preside over Zion in mine own due time therefore let them cease wearying me34

See Isaiah 7:13; and Malachi 2:17.  


concerning this matter35

A reference to the ongoing disputes between church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, and those in Jackson County, Missouri. (See Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


behold I say unto you that your brethren in Zion begin to repent36

JS soon learned that the letter calling the Missouri leaders to repentance, sent on 14 January 1833 from Kirtland, achieved its desired goal of effecting a reconciliation between church leaders in Independence and those in Kirtland. The Missouri elders sent a penitent and peace-proffering letter dated 26 February 1833, which was received by church officials in Kirtland with relief and delight. (Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833.)  


and the Angels rejoice over them nevertheless I am not well pleased with many things and I am not well pleased with my servant William E McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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neither with my servant sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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and the Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
also and others have many things to repent of37

A conference met in Kirtland on 3 December 1832 and excommunicated McLellin for reasons that were not specified but were likely related to either his earlier failure to complete several missions or his unauthorized immigration to Missouri. At the time of this revelation, McLellin was serving a mission with Parley P. Pratt in Illinois and eastern Missouri. Sidney Gilbert may have been chastised here because of failure to satisfactorily carry out instructions given him in a July 1831 revelation to serve as an agent for the church, to “establish a store” to obtain money for the “good of the Saints” in Missouri, and to do his business “in righteousness.” Gilbert also penned a letter, no longer extant, on 10 December 1832 to JS, which a conference of high priests and elders in Kirtland decided contained “low, dark, & blind insinuations.” In a letter to Missouri leaders on behalf of the conference, Orson Hyde and Hyrum Smith encouraged Gilbert to “do his business in the spirit of the Lord” and to repent and do the work that the Lord commanded of him. In April, JS wrote, “We have learned of the Lord that it is his [Gilbert’s] duty to assist all the poor brethren that are pure in heart and that he has done rong in with holding credit from them as they must have assistence for the Lord established him in Zion for that express purpose.” The other individual reprimanded here is Edward Partridge, who was serving as bishop in Independence at this time. The specific reasons for the displeasure with Partridge remain unclear. Though Gilbert and Partridge had both been embroiled in intermittent tensions with JS and Ohio church leaders for more than a year and a half, they were also involved in the 26 February 1833 “special council of High Priests” in Missouri that “kneeled before the Lord & asked him to effect a perfect harmony” between them and their “brethren in Kirtland.” At the time of this revelation, however, JS had not yet learned of the spirit of reconciliation that had come out of that council. (JS, Journal, 3 Dec. 1832; Revelation, 25 Jan. 1832–A [D&C 75:6–8]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832; McLellin, Journal, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:6, 8]; Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833; Minute Book 2, 26 Feb. 1833.)  


but verely I say unto you that I the Lord will contend with Zion38

See Isaiah 49:25; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 56 [2 Nephi 6:17].  


and plead with her strong ones39

See Psalms 10:10; 35:1; and Jeremiah 8:16.  


and chasten her untill she overcome and are clean before me for she shall not be moved40

See Psalm 46:5; see also 2 Samuel 7:10; and 1 Chronicles 17:9.  


out of her place I the Lord have spoken it— Amen— [p. [3]]
one with another let your families be small espec ially my mine aged Servant Joseph

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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as pertaining  to thou who do not belong to your families that  those things that are provided for you to bring  to pass my work are not taken from you  and given to those that are not worthy  and thereby you are hindred in accomplish ing <those things which> I have commanded you30

This sentence likely refers to Joseph Smith Sr.’s arrangement to live and work on Frederick G. Williams’s farm. Lucy Mack Smith later wrote that “on this farm my family were all established with this arrangement, that we were to cultivate the farm and from the fruit of our labor we were to receive our support; but all over and above this was to be used for the comfort of strangers or brethren, who were travelling through the place.” (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1845, 206; see also Historical Introduction to Revelation, 15 May 1831.)  


and again  verely I say unto you it is my will that my  hand maiden Viana [Vienna Jaques]

10 June 1787–7 Feb. 1884. Laundress, nurse. Born in Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Henry Jaques and Lucinda Hughes. Lived in Boston, 1827–1830. Baptized into LDS church by E. Harris, 12 July 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833....

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should receive money  to bear her expences and go up unto the Land  of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
and the residue of her money I will  consecrate

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
unto myself and reward her in mine  own due time verely I say unto you <that> it is meet  in mine eyes that she should go up unto the  Land of Zion and receive an inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
31

See, for example, Numbers 34:14; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 565 [Ether 12:32].  


from  the hand of the Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
that she may settle down  in peace32

See Psalm 4:8; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 158, 332 [Mosiah 2:28; Alma 38:15].  


<in as much as she is faithful> and not be Idle in her days from  thenceforth33

Jaques had recently “collected her means and gathered with the Saints, and by her liberality rendered such pecuniary assistance to the Church in its infancy.” The following month a conference of high priests decided that “Sister Vean Jaqush [Vienna Jaques] should not immediately procede on her Journy to Zion but to wait untill William Hobert gets ready and go in company with him.” On 2 July 1833, the presidents of the high priesthood wrote to church leaders in Zion, saying that “we rejoiced greatly to hear of the safe arival of Sister Viana and brother William and thank our heavenly father that their lives have been spared them till their arival.” JS wrote to Jaques in September 1833 thanking her for her financial contributions; he noted that he was indebted to her for her offering. (George Hamlin, “In Memoriam,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Mar. 1884, 12:152; Minutes, 30 Apr. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 2 July 1833; Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.)  


and behold verely I say unto you  that ye shall write this commandment and  say unto your brethren in Zion in Love greeting  that I have called you also to preside over Zion  in mine own due time therefore let them cease  wear[y]ing me34

See Isaiah 7:13; and Malachi 2:17.  


concerning this matter35

A reference to the ongoing disputes between church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, and those in Jackson County, Missouri. (See Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


behold  I say unto you that your brethren in Zion  begin to repent36

JS soon learned that the letter calling the Missouri leaders to repentance, sent on 14 January 1833 from Kirtland, achieved its desired goal of effecting a reconciliation between church leaders in Independence and those in Kirtland. The Missouri elders sent a penitent and peace-proffering letter dated 26 February 1833, which was received by church officials in Kirtland with relief and delight. (Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833.)  


and the Angels rejoice over  them nevertheless I am not well pleased  with many things and I am not well please[d]  with my servant William E McLel[l]in

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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neithe[r]  with my servant sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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and the  Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
also and others have many things to  repent of37

A conference met in Kirtland on 3 December 1832 and excommunicated McLellin for reasons that were not specified but were likely related to either his earlier failure to complete several missions or his unauthorized immigration to Missouri. At the time of this revelation, McLellin was serving a mission with Parley P. Pratt in Illinois and eastern Missouri. Sidney Gilbert may have been chastised here because of failure to satisfactorily carry out instructions given him in a July 1831 revelation to serve as an agent for the church, to “establish a store” to obtain money for the “good of the Saints” in Missouri, and to do his business “in righteousness.” Gilbert also penned a letter, no longer extant, on 10 December 1832 to JS, which a conference of high priests and elders in Kirtland decided contained “low, dark, & blind insinuations.” In a letter to Missouri leaders on behalf of the conference, Orson Hyde and Hyrum Smith encouraged Gilbert to “do his business in the spirit of the Lord” and to repent and do the work that the Lord commanded of him. In April, JS wrote, “We have learned of the Lord that it is his [Gilbert’s] duty to assist all the poor brethren that are pure in heart and that he has done rong in with holding credit from them as they must have assistence for the Lord established him in Zion for that express purpose.” The other individual reprimanded here is Edward Partridge, who was serving as bishop in Independence at this time. The specific reasons for the displeasure with Partridge remain unclear. Though Gilbert and Partridge had both been embroiled in intermittent tensions with JS and Ohio church leaders for more than a year and a half, they were also involved in the 26 February 1833 “special council of High Priests” in Missouri that “kneeled before the Lord & asked him to effect a perfect harmony” between them and their “brethren in Kirtland.” At the time of this revelation, however, JS had not yet learned of the spirit of reconciliation that had come out of that council. (JS, Journal, 3 Dec. 1832; Revelation, 25 Jan. 1832–A [D&C 75:6–8]; Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832; McLellin, Journal, 8 Mar. 1833; Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:6, 8]; Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 21 Apr. 1833; Minute Book 2, 26 Feb. 1833.)  


but verely I say unto you that I  the Lord will contend with Zion38

See Isaiah 49:25; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 56 [2 Nephi 6:17].  


and plead  with her strong ones39

See Psalms 10:10; 35:1; and Jeremiah 8:16.  


and chasten her untill she  overcome and are clean before me for she shall  not be moved40

See Psalm 46:5; see also 2 Samuel 7:10; and 1 Chronicles 17:9.  


out of her place I the Lord have  spoken it— Am[en]— [p. [3]]
PreviousNext
Marking a significant development in the church’s chief governing body, this revelation announced that the counselors in the presidency of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
were equal with JS “in holding the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of this Last Kingdom.” The presidency of the high priesthood had its beginnings sixteen months earlier, on 11 November 1831, when a revelation established the office of the president of the high priesthood. That revelation called the office of the high priesthood “the greatest of all” and said that “it must needs be that one be appointed of the high Priest hood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
to preside over the Priest hood & he shall be called President of the high Priest hood of the Church” and have the duty to “preside over the whole church.”1

Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107:64–65, 91].  


At a church conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
in Amherst

Located in northeastern Ohio on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, ca. 1810. County organized, 1824. Formed from Black River Township, Dec. 1829. Population in 1830 about 600. Population in 1840 about 1,200. Parley P. Pratt settled in township, Dec...

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, Ohio, held on 25 January 1832, JS was ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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as president of the high priesthood by Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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.2

Three months later, on 26 April 1832, a conference of high priests in Jackson County, Missouri, also acknowledged him as president. (Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832.)  


The 11 November 1831 revelation also gave the president authority to appoint twelve counselors to form a disciplinary court, introducing the idea that a body of counselors was to support the president.3

Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107:78–80].  


Precedent for forming a leadership body of three people came earlier in 1831 when Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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was designated as the church’s first bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

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with “two of the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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” appointed to assist him in attending to the temporal and spiritual concerns of the church.4 On 8 March 1832, JS chose and ordained Jesse Gause

Ca. 1784–ca. Sept. 1836. Schoolteacher. Born at East Marlborough, Chester Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Gause (Goss) and Mary Beverly. Joined Society of Friends (Quakers), 1806. Moved to Fayette Co., Pennsylvania, 1808; to Chester Co., 1811; and to Wilmington...

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and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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to assist him as “councillers of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pristhood.”5 A revelation dictated around the same time affirmed that the president of the high priesthood had “authority to preside with the assistence of his councellers over all the Concerns of the church.”6 On 15 March 1832, JS dictated another revelation that elevated the counselors to positions of authority, second only to JS, in managing the affairs of the church. It formally called Gause “to be a high Priest in my church and councellor unto my servant Joseph,” explained the duties of the counselors, and affirmed that “the keys of the Kingdom” belong “always to the prisidency of the high Priesthood.”7

Revelation, 15 Mar. 1832 [D&C 81:1–2].  


Gause was excommunicated from the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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on 3 December 1832, and a month later, on 5 January 1833, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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was called to replace Gause in serving as “Councillor & scribe unto my servant Joseph.”8

JS, Journal, 3 Dec. 1832; Revelation, 5 Jan. 1833. Likely because of his excommunication, Gause’s name was struck through in the version of the 15 March 1832 revelation written in Revelation Book 2 and Williams’s name was inserted in its place. Williams’s name, not Gause’s, appears in the earliest published version of the 15 March 1832 revelation. (Revelation, 15 Mar. 1832; Revelation, 15 Mar. 1832, in Doctrine and Covenants 79:1, 1835 ed. [D&C 81:1]; see also Woodford, “Jesse Gause,” 362–364.)  


Williams probably assumed his new role immediately; he was identified as a counselor in the presidency of the high priesthood in the minutes of a conference held on 22 January 1833, though he was not ordained to this position until 18 March 1833.9

Minutes, 18 Mar. 1833. The minutes of the 22 January conference offer the earliest firm dating of Williams serving as a counselor to JS in the presidency of the high priesthood. Williams also identified himself as “assistant scribe and councellor” when he recorded three revelations in Revelation Book 2. Though these revelations were dictated on 6 December 1832, 27–28 December 1832, and 3 January 1833, respectively, they were probably not recorded by Williams until sometime later. (Minutes, 22–23 Jan. 1833; Revelation Book 2, pp. 32, 46, 48; see also License for Frederick G. Williams, 20 Mar. 1833.)  


The structure of the presidency remained unchanged until December 1834.10

On 5 December 1834, JS, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams ordained Oliver Cowdery “to the office of assistant President of the High and Holy Priesthood in the Church of Latter-Day Saints.” (JS History, 1834–1836, 17; see also JS, Journal, 5 Dec. 1834.)  


Before the revelation featured here was dictated, JS was assisted by his counselors as he had been previously by Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, who had been called in 1830 to support JS as “second elder.”11

See Revelation, 6 Apr. 1830 [D&C 21]; Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:3]; and JS History, vol. A-1, 18.  


The minutes of a conference of high priests that assembled on 22 January 1833 likewise indicated a hierarchy in the presidency, with JS as “President,” Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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as “cheif scribe and high counceler,” and Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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as “assistant scribe and counceler.”12 The following revelation, however, directed that JS’s counselors, Rigdon and Williams, be made “equal” with the president in holding the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the kingdom. It likewise authorized the three men to labor together to “set in order all the affairs of this Church and kingdom.” Though JS retained presiding authority, the governing body of the church now had three presidents. Following this revelation, the members of the presidency of the high priesthood signed some letters and official documents with their names in the order of JS, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams and with the associated title of “Presidents of the High Priesthood.”13 By 1835 this presidency was also known as the “first presidency” of the church.14

Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–A, in “Revelations,” Evening and Morning Star, Oct. 1832 (June 1835), 73 [D&C 68:15].  


In addition to giving instructions regarding the presidency of the high priesthood, this revelation expressed displeasure with some church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. JS’s interactions with Missouri leaders in spring 1832, his series of letters with William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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and Sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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from June 1832 to January 1833, and a revelation dated 22 and 23 September 1832 emphasized that Missouri church leaders needed to repent of ongoing disputes and perceived backbiting against JS.15

Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832; Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832; Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:76]. Because of Missouri leaders’ “dark” insinuations and accusations that JS was seeking after “Monarchal” or “Kingly power,” Sidney Rigdon and other church leaders in Kirtland accused leaders in Missouri of rebellion. (Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


These interactions and documents likewise reveal a continuing discord between the leaders of the church in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and those in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Missouri. Some Missouri leaders believed that if JS would move to Independence, his presence would help alleviate many of the misunderstandings and hard feelings that had existed for months between church officials in the two locations. On 14 January 1833, Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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penned a letter on behalf of a conference of high priests and elders held in Kirtland to inform the Missouri Saints in a united voice “that Br J. will not settle in Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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until she repent and purify herself & abide by the new covenant, and remember the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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which have been given her, to do them as well as say them.”16

JS received separate letters from Sidney Gilbert and William W. Phelps in December 1832 that prompted him to respond in a letter to Phelps on 11 January 1833. JS wrote, “Our hearts are greatly greaved at the spirit which is breathed both in your letter & that of Bro G—s [Sidney Gilbert] the wery spirit which is wasting the strength of Zion like a pestalence,” and exhorted them to repent. Two days after JS wrote to Phelps, a conference of high priests and elders assembled in Kirtland to address the upheaval in Missouri. Fulfilling a commandment given in September 1832 to exhort Missouri members to repent for their rebellion against JS, the conference assigned Orson Hyde and Hyrum Smith to compose a letter to church leaders in Missouri to curtail the perceived spirit of rebellion. (Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; Minutes, 13–14 Jan. 1833; Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:76]; see also Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


The revelation featured here reiterated displeasure with specific Missouri leaders for unrepentant behavior. It also clarified that JS would be called to preside over the church in Independence in the Lord’s “own due time.”
This revelation also directed members of the presidency of the high priesthood to set their houses in order, gave instructions concerning the residences of Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and emphasized the need to continue the ongoing translation of the Old Testament. It also directed the relocation of Vienna Jaques

10 June 1787–7 Feb. 1884. Laundress, nurse. Born in Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Henry Jaques and Lucinda Hughes. Lived in Boston, 1827–1830. Baptized into LDS church by E. Harris, 12 July 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833....

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—a church member who had recently consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

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a significant amount of money to the church—from Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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to Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri.17

Shortly before this revelation was dictated, Jaques arrived in Kirtland, having traveled from Boston. (George Hamlin, “In Memoriam,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Mar. 1884, 12:152; see also Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.)  


How or when church members in Kirtland or Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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learned of this revelation is unknown, as no extant contemporary sources mention it.

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