30731

Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, circa 10 August–circa 4 September 1833

Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, circa 10 August–circa 4 September 1833

An explanation of the following pattern.
This house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

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for the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
is to be built first in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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;1

The original explanation for the plan of the House of the Lord sent in June read, “This house of the Lord for the Presidency.” This revised plan added the words “to be built first in Zion,” indicating that, of the twenty-four temples to be built in Jackson County, this one was to be constructed first. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and is to be 97 feet long, and 61 feet wide within the walls,2

In the June plan, the length of the building is eighty-seven feet. Both plans allocate ten feet at the east end for the vestibule, or entry foyer, where the stairway to the upper floors was to be located. This directive also clarified the original dimensions by noting the interior width, supplanting the ambiguous wording in the June plan that simply stated that the building was to be sixty-one feet wide. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and divided and arranged in the following manner, viz:4

The following explanations for “No. 1” through “No. 20” correspond to numbers marked on the interior floor plan on the second page of this document.  


No. 1 is to represent a pulpit for the President of the high priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
; and his counsellors; No. 2. Ditto for the bishop and his counsellors

Initially referred to a bishop’s ecclesiastical jurisdiction, but eventually described the ecclesiastical body comprising the bishop and his assistants, or counselors. John Corrill and Isaac Morley were called as assistants to Bishop Edward Partridge in 1831...

View Glossary
; No. 3. Do. for the high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, and No 4. Do. for the elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
. These seats are to occupy 9 by 14 feet,5

In the June plan, the seats were to occupy a space measuring eight by fourteen feet. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and are elevated as follows, viz the first, or No 4. one foot; the next, or No. 3. 2 feet, the next, or No. 2 3. feet the next, or No. 1. 4 feet. The three highest are to have each three Coves or stands for their respective speakers. The seats on each side are to be occupied by visiting brethren of the same grade of office, occupying 6 by 14 feet, and elevated as follows, viz: The first, or No. 4. are to be raised 8 inches, the second, or No. 3. 16 inches; the third, or No. 2. 24 inches; the fourth or No. 1. 32. inches. No.s 5, 6, 7, & 8, in the east end of the inner court6

The “inner court” refers to the main assembly hall. This same term was used in the early June revelation describing the temple to be built in Kirtland. (Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:15–17].)  


represent pulpits to be oocupied by the lesser priesthood

The lower, or lesser, of two divisions of the priesthood. Sometimes called the Levitical priesthood. It was named for Aaron, the brother of Moses, “because it was conferred upon Aaron and his seed” in antiquity. JS and other church leaders taught that the...

View Glossary
, as follows,7

The June plan numbered the east pulpits for the lesser priesthood 1, 2, 3, and 4—the same as the west pulpits for the higher priesthood. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


viz: No. 5. by the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
; No. 6. by the priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...

View Glossary
; No. 7 by the teachers

Generally, one who instructs, but also an ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The Book of Mormon explained that teachers were to be ordained “to preach repentance and remission of sins through Jesus Christ, by the endurance of faith on his name to the end...

View Glossary
, and No. 8 by the deacons

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The “Articles and Covenants” directed deacons to assist teachers in their duties. Deacons were also to “warn, expound, exhort, and teach and invite all to come unto Christ.” Although deacons did not have the authority...

View Glossary
. The side seats to be occupied by visiting officers of the same grade. The pulpits in the east are to be built after the same form, and elevated in the same manner as those in the west, all e off with pannel work in the best workmanlike manner.9

For more information on the design of the pulpits and the various priesthood “grades” the pulpits were to serve, see Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.  


No. 9 represents five seats containing 12 by 14 feet, in each corner of the house, to be occupied by singers, constructed so as to face the respective pulpits, and elevated as follows, viz: The seat nearest the pulpit is to rise 6 inches, the next 12 inches, and so on to the last, one rising 6 inches higher than the other.10

In terms of location, orientation, and elevation, the specifications for these choir pews in the revised plan are the same as in the June plan, except that their overall width is shorter by one foot. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


No. 10 represents two rows of pews, one on each side of the house containing 45 by 14 feet, and divided into fourteen rows of seats each.11

The shorter building length of the June plan allowed for only twelve rows. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


No. 11 represents two tiers of pews, containing 25 by 12½ feet each, and each tier divided into fourteen seats each. No. 12 represents four Aisles, occupying 9 by 14 feet. There may be two in each aisle, the length of it, that is, 14 feet, one facing west, and the other east. No. 13 represents four fire-places. The chimneys should be constructed in the walls. No. 14 represents two aisles four feet wide, running the whole length of the inner court from east to west. No. 15 represents four aisles two feet wide between the pulpits.13

The aisle width between the pulpits was not specified in the June plan.  


No. 16 represents two vestries for depositing the sacred furniture of the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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. No. 17 represents stairways and stairs. No. 18 represents four inch spaces marked between the pews, for the purpose of dropping a curtain or vail, which is to hang in the upper wall, or arch to be dropped down at pleasure, and divide the house in to four parts if necessary, the vails crossing at right angles as marked on plan. No. 19 represents a swing table 2½ feet wide to be raised or let down at pleasure. This table is to hold the bread and wine

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

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.14

The June plan called for this swing, or drop-leaf, table to be four feet wide, which would have allowed for only one foot between the front edge of the raised table and the beginning of the center pew section. In this revised plan, the longer building and narrower table dimensions allow for a three-and-a-half- foot space, thus facilitating distribution of the emblems of the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


No. 20 represents two seats, one to face each pulpit.15

The purpose of these two single seats, one on each end, facing the pulpits, is unknown.  


Note 1. Observe, that as there are pulpits in each end of the house, to avoid the necessity of the backs of the congregation being towards the speaker at any time, the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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must be finished with pews instead of slips. The seats in the pews must be so constructed that they can be slipped, or moved from one side of the pew to the other at pleasure, and then the congregation can without trouble change their position at any time, and always face the speaker.
Note 2. The pulpit in the west end of the house is to have vails, so that they may be shut out from the view of the congregation whenever necessary: That is, a vail will hang between the President of the high priest hood and his counsellors, and the bishop; between the bishop and his counsellors, and the high priests; between the high priests and elders; between the elders and the congregation, that is, four vails. N.B. The pulpits in the east are to be furnished with vails in the same manner.
Note 3. The stairs are to commence from the outer doors, that is, firstly a broad step, and another at the angle as you ascend. N.B. The two doors leading into the inner court are to be double pannel, two feet each, opening four feet, the whole wedth of the aisles.16

The June plan gave no dimensions for these inner doors.  


Note 4. The upper story is to be finished after the same form of the lower one, and each story must be at least fifteen feet between the floors.17

The June plan called for fourteen-foot stories. The extra foot given here seems insufficient for the second-floor girders and joists.  


Note 5. There must be hooks and rings to suspend the vails, or curtains with, so that they can be raised or let down at pleasure. N.B. Each room is to be finished with an eliptic arch.
Explanation of the Side View.
This view represents nine forty eight light windows above and below, of 7 by 9 glass. The east window below, opposite the vestry, is to be blind.18

This window might have been made “blind” to provide privacy for the two east-end vestry rooms.  


The sils and lintels are to be hewn stone. The lintels are to extend each way a few inches, as represented on the plan.19

Such extensions were neither depicted nor discussed in the June plan.  


Gothics tops are to set over each window upon the lintels as represented on the plan. Raise the windows a propper distance from the foundations, according to judgment.20

This instruction is not found in the June plan.  


The foundation is to be rough stone a sufficient highth, and then four rows of hewn stone as represented on the plan;21

With four layers of carefully detailed hewn stone, this drawing doubled the amount of stone that the June plan called for. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


the remainder of the walls of brick of the best kind. Raise the ground round the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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as high as the rough wall.22

The June plan had clearer instructions for this feature: “Let the under part or foundation of the house be of stone let it be raised sufficiently high to admit of banking up so high as to admit of a descent every way from the house.” In addition to serving as useful drainage for rain and snow melt, the ground sloping down and away from the house might have served aesthetic purposes in that it would have hid the roughstone portion of the foundation. (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


And when all the houses are built upon the squares,23

“Houses” refers to the twenty-four temples planned to be built in the two central city squares on the revised plat of the city of Zion. (See Revised Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early Aug. 1833.)  


the ground will rise at an equal distance from each.
Explanation of the End View. East.24

The horizontal line that runs through the middle of the east-end view of the building marks the location of the interior floor and is not an exterior feature. Triangular slope lines running from the top of the foundation to the ground are also visible, though Frederick G. Williams or someone else apparently tried to erase them from the plan.  


This represents five windows, and two doors. Four of the windows of same as those in the side. The middle window is to contain 60 lights of glass besides the side lights, and the top.26

More detail is given here than was provided in the June plan. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


The doors are to be double pannel, each door to be 2½ feet wide, and to clear five feet when open.27

The drawn specifications of the interior view on the second page show that the doors were to be five feet wide. Thus, the statement “each door to be 2½ feet wide” refers to each of the doors’ two panels.  


There are to be side lights as represented, and also gothic tops. The middle window is to be so set that the light will reflect above and below, as represented on the plan, where the line is drawn from side to side.28

Given the dimensions of the middle window, including the side lights, here specified for the first time, the middle window would have been more than sixty percent larger than the other windows.  


The gable end is to be finished with a fan light as represented on the plan.29

Detail of the gable window in the shape of a fan appears on this document’s third page, on the drawing of the east-end view of the building.  


N.B. Take the pitch of the roof from the draft.30

“Draft” refers to the June plan, which called for the roof to have a “one fourth ptich.” (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


Note 1. The doors are to open opposite the 4 feet aisles.
Note 2. There is to be a window as large as necessary, directly over the east pulpit, to convey the light from the outer court through to the inner court.31

The “outer court” refers to the ten-foot vestibule on the east end where the stairways and vestry closets were to be located. The “inner court” refers to the main assembly hall. The window mentioned here was meant to allow the light entering through the large central window in the outer east wall to pass through the vestibule and into the inner court.  


Note 3. There will be no petition in the upper story, there will be a railing over the lower petition far enough east to give room for a sufficient aisle.32

More detail regarding the second-floor balcony on the east end is given here than in the June plan. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


The east seats in the pulpits east will need a back work sufficiently high to rest the back.33

This provision, necessitated by the window in the wall directly behind this upper row of pulpits, had been overlooked in the original plan.  


Explanation of the End View West.
This represents nine windows; eight of them the same form & size of the side windows, and the middle one like the middle window in the east end. N.B. There being an error in putting the upper windows too low, it was thought needless to finish the plan;34

The drawing for the east-end view of the House of the Lord was created with more color and detail than the drawing of the west-end view. This statement suggests that Missouri church officials were to add color and detail, similar to what appeared on the east-end sketch, to the west-end drawing.  


you will therefore put the four common windows above, the proper height. Also a fan light in the gable end.
It will be nesessary to have fourteen pillars for to support the building. Commence these pillars with rough stone as low in the surface as the rough foundation. These pillars are to be reared within the foundation walls. Wood will answer above the first & second floors; but they must stand directly over each other: That is, the pillars upon the first floor, must stand over, or upon those beneath, and so with those in the upper story.35

The June plan omits any guidance regarding the interior pillars or support columns.  


☞Remarks.— Those patterns previously sent you, per mail,36 by our brethren, were incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste. They37

“They” probably refers to the members of the presidency of the high priesthood, all of whom shared a vision of what the House of the Lord should look like, though Frederick G. Williams alone drew both the original plans and these revised plans. (See Historical Introduction to Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


have therefore drawn these, which are correct. The form of the city was also incorrect, being drawn in haste. We send you annother.38

The “form of the city” refers to the explanation of the plat of the city of Zion, which was sent to Missouri on 26 June 1833 and arrived there on 29 July 1833. The revised city plat and modified temple design were sent to Jackson County with Orson Hyde and John Gould. (Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.)  


I have found since my arrival,39 that our brethren here, have spared no pains nor labor to assist us in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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in all things, as fast as they had understanding communicated to them. They have withheld no revelations, nor precious knowledge of any kind; neither have they failed, in the recption of our letters containing questions, to answer them immediately. I have every reason to believe, that we have often lost valuable information.40

It is not clear what information, if any, was lost.  


In short, I may say, that our brethren here have always had the warmest feelings of friendship and esteem for us, and as deep an interest for the cause of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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as ourselves;41

The tenor of these comments reflects a long history of Missouri leaders’ periodic dissatisfaction with and suspicion of the Church of Christ leadership in Kirtland. (See, for example, Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832; Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


and even now, they pray for her deliverance unceasingly, and manifest a love for her inhabitants, stronger than death!42 And although it is manifest, that it is wisdom for me to tarry in this land for a season,43

After Oliver Cowdery arrived in Kirtland, JS wrote that Cowdery “will or aught rather to stay with me or in this land until I am permitted to Come with him.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


yet I can say in truth, that my affections, my heart, and my all are in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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— I love her trees— I love her springs— I love her rivers— I love her pearling streams— I love her beautiful and soul-charming landscapes, and rolling prairies— I love her dust— I love her inhabitants,44

Missouri had been Oliver Cowdery’s home from 1831 to late July 1833. JS similarly wrote that Cowdery’s “heart bleeds as it were for Zion yea never did the hart pant for the cooling streem as doth the heart of thy Brothe[r] Oliver for thy salvation.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


and nothing but their salvation and to do the will of our Lord, would persuade me to take my life in my hand, and travel amid death and destruction alone a long and lonesome journey.45

Oliver Cowdery expressed similar sentiments in a letter he wrote to Missouri the day after his arrival in Kirtland. (See Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


And O, my everlasting father, grant in the name of Jesus, that I may meet you again on that holy mountain—46

See Isaiah 11:9; 56:7; 57:13.  


O that he would deliver her from her enemies— O that the day of her salvation was now come— And O that I with you may yet see her wastes exalted, her ruined places built up, her towers reach to heaven, her streets paved with gold,47

See Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 36:36, 38; Psalm 48:11–12; and Revelation 21:21.  


and finally she purified and sanctified, and bourn triumphant to the bosom of the Father48

See Old Testament Revision 1, p. 16 [Moses 7:24].  


through Christ Jesus our Lord, Amen.49

Around the same time the explanation featured here was drafted, JS likewise prayed, “O God I ask thee in the name of Jesus of nazereth to Save all things concerning Zion and build up her wait [waste] places and restore all things O god send forth Judgement unto victory O come down and cause the moutans [mountains] to flow down at thy presance.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


God bless you brethren in Christ, is the prayer of your unworthy brother,
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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[Drawing of side view of House of the Lord]
Side View. [p. [1]]

Oliver Cowdery handwriting begins.  


An explanation of the following pattern.
This house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary
for the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
is to be built first in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
;1

The original explanation for the plan of the House of the Lord sent in June read, “This house of the Lord for the Presidency.” This revised plan added the words “to be built first in Zion,” indicating that, of the twenty-four temples to be built in Jackson County, this one was to be constructed first. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and is  to be 97 feet long, and 61 feet wide within the walls,2

In the June plan, the length of the building is eighty-seven feet. Both plans allocate ten feet at the east end for the vestibule, or entry foyer, where the stairway to the upper floors was to be located. This directive also clarified the original dimensions by noting the interior width, supplanting the ambiguous wording in the June plan that simply stated that the building was to be sixty-one feet wide. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and divided  [a]nd3

TEXT: “[Page torn]nd”. Because of several page tears, some text is missing from this document. In such places, text has been editorially supplied. The supplied text here and in the rest of the transcription is based on syntax and common spellings.  


arranged in the following manner, viz:4

The following explanations for “No. 1” through “No. 20” correspond to numbers marked on the interior floor plan on the second page of this document.  


No. 1 is to represent a pul [pi]t for the President of the high priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
; No. 2. Do. for and his counsellors; No. 2. D[itt]o  [for] the bishop and his counsellors

Initially referred to a bishop’s ecclesiastical jurisdiction, but eventually described the ecclesiastical body comprising the bishop and his assistants, or counselors. John Corrill and Isaac Morley were called as assistants to Bishop Edward Partridge in 1831...

View Glossary
; No. 3. Do. for the high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, and No 4. Do. for  [the] elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
. These seats are to occupy 9 by 14 feet,5

In the June plan, the seats were to occupy a space measuring eight by fourteen feet. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


and are elevated as follows,  [v]iz the first, or No 4. one foot; the next, or No. 3. 2 feet, the next, or No. 2 3. feet  the next, or No. 1. 4 feet. The three highest are to have each three Coves or  stands for their respective speakers. The seats on each side are to be occu pied by visiting brethren of the same grade of office, occupying 6 by 14 feet, and  elevated as follows, viz: The first, or No. 4. are to be raised 8 inches, the second, or  [No.] 3. 16 inches; the third, or No. 2. 24 inches; the third <fourth> or No. 4 1. 32. inches. No.s 5, 6, 7, & 8, in  [t]he east end of the inner court6

The “inner court” refers to the main assembly hall. This same term was used in the early June revelation describing the temple to be built in Kirtland. (Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:15–17].)  


represent pulpits to be oocupied by the les ser priesthood

The lower, or lesser, of two divisions of the priesthood. Sometimes called the Levitical priesthood. It was named for Aaron, the brother of Moses, “because it was conferred upon Aaron and his seed” in antiquity. JS and other church leaders taught that the...

View Glossary
, as follows,7

The June plan numbered the east pulpits for the lesser priesthood 1, 2, 3, and 4—the same as the west pulpits for the higher priesthood. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


viz: No. 5. by the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
; No. 6. by the priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...

View Glossary
; No. 7 by  the teachers

Generally, one who instructs, but also an ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The Book of Mormon explained that teachers were to be ordained “to preach repentance and remission of sins through Jesus Christ, by the endurance of faith on his name to the end...

View Glossary
, and No. 8 by the deacons

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The “Articles and Covenants” directed deacons to assist teachers in their duties. Deacons were also to “warn, expound, exhort, and teach and invite all to come unto Christ.” Although deacons did not have the authority...

View Glossary
. The side seats to be occupied by visiting of [fi]cers of the same grade. The pulpits in the east are to be built after the  [sam]e form, and elevated in the same manner as those in the west, all  e8

TEXT: Possibly “done”.  


off with pannel work in the best workmanlike manner.9

For more information on the design of the pulpits and the various priesthood “grades” the pulpits were to serve, see Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.  


 No. 9 represents five seats containing 12 by 14 feet, in each corner of the  house, to be occupied by singers, constructed so as to face the respect ive pulpits, and elevated as follows, viz: The seat nearest the pulpit  is to raise rise 6 inches, the next 12 inches, and so on to the last, one rising  6 inches higher than the other.10

In terms of location, orientation, and elevation, the specifications for these choir pews in the revised plan are the same as in the June plan, except that their overall width is shorter by one foot. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


No. 10 represents two rows of pews, one  on each side of the house containing 45 by 14 feet, and divided into  [f]ourteen rows <of seats> each.11

The shorter building length of the June plan allowed for only twelve rows. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


No. 11 represents two tiers of pews, contain [in]g 25 by 12½ feet each, and each tier divided into fourteen seats each.  N[o.] 12 represents four Aisles, occupying 9 by 14 feet. There may be two  12

TEXT: Possibly “feet”.  


in each aisle, the length of it, that is, 14 feet, one facing west, and the  [other] east. No. 13 represents four fire-places. The chimneys should be con [structe]d in the walls. No. 14 represents two aisles four feet wide, run [ning the] whole length of the inner court from east to west. No. 15  [represent]s four aisles two feet wide between the pulpits.13

The aisle width between the pulpits was not specified in the June plan.  


No. 16 represents  [two ve]stries for depositing the sacred furniture of the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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.  [No. 17 re]presents stairways and stairs. No. 18 represents four inch  [spac]es marked between the pews, for the purpose of dropping  [a curt]ain or vail, which is to hang in the upper wall, or arch to be  [dropped d]own at pleasure, and divide the house in <to> four parts if  [nece]ssary, the vails crossing at right angles as marked on  plan. No. 19 represents a swing table 2½ feet wide to be raised  [or] let down at pleasure. This table is to hold the bread and wine

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

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.14

The June plan called for this swing, or drop-leaf, table to be four feet wide, which would have allowed for only one foot between the front edge of the raised table and the beginning of the center pew section. In this revised plan, the longer building and narrower table dimensions allow for a three-and-a-half- foot space, thus facilitating distribution of the emblems of the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


 [N]o. 20 represents two seats, one to face each pulpit.15

The purpose of these two single seats, one on each end, facing the pulpits, is unknown.  


Note 1. Observe, that as there are pulpits in each end of the house,  to avoid the necessity of the backs of the congregation being towards the  [s]peaker at any time, the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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must be finished with pews in [s]tead of slips. The seats in the pews must be so constructed that  [th]ey can be slipped, or moved from one side of the pew to the other  [a]t pleasure, and then the congregation can without trouble change  their position at any time, and always face the speaker.
Note 2. The pulpit in the west end of the house is to have vails, so that they may  [be] shut out from the view of the congregation whenever necessary: That is, a vail  will hang between the President of the high priest hood and his counsellors,  and the bishop; between the bishop and his counsellors, and the high  priests; between the high priests and elders; between the elders and the con gregation, that is, four vails. N.B. The pulpits in the east are to be  furnished with vails in the same manner.
Note 3. The stairs are to commence from the outer doors, that is, firstly  a broad step, and another at the angle as you ascend. N.B. The two  doors leading into the inner court are to be double pannel, two feet  each, opening four feet, the whole wedth of the aisles.16

The June plan gave no dimensions for these inner doors.  


Note 4. The upper story is to be finished after the same form of the lower one,  and each story must be at least fifteen feet between the floors.17

The June plan called for fourteen-foot stories. The extra foot given here seems insufficient for the second-floor girders and joists.  


Note 5. There must be hooks and rings to suspend the vails, or curtains with,  so that they can be raised or let down at pleasure. N.B. Each room is to be  finished with an eliptic arch.
Explanation of the Side View.
This view represents nine forty eight light windows above and below, of  7 by 9 glass. The east window below, opposite the vestry, is to be blind.18

This window might have been made “blind” to provide privacy for the two east-end vestry rooms.  


 [T]he sils and lintels are to be hewn stone. The lintels are to extend each  [w]ay a few inches, as represented on the plan.19

Such extensions were neither depicted nor discussed in the June plan.  


Gothics tops are to set over each  window upon the lintels as represented on the plan. Raise the windows a  propper distance from the foundations, according to judgment.20

This instruction is not found in the June plan.  


The foundation is to be rough stone a sufficient highth, and then  four rows of hewn stone as represented on the plan;21

With four layers of carefully detailed hewn stone, this drawing doubled the amount of stone that the June plan called for. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


the remainder of  the walls of brick of the best kind. Raise the ground round the house

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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 as high as the rough wall.22

The June plan had clearer instructions for this feature: “Let the under part or foundation of the house be of stone let it be raised sufficiently high to admit of banking up so high as to admit of a descent every way from the house.” In addition to serving as useful drainage for rain and snow melt, the ground sloping down and away from the house might have served aesthetic purposes in that it would have hid the roughstone portion of the foundation. (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


And when all the houses are built upon  the squares,23

“Houses” refers to the twenty-four temples planned to be built in the two central city squares on the revised plat of the city of Zion. (See Revised Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early Aug. 1833.)  


the ground will raise rise at an equal distance from  each.
Explanation of the End View. East.24

The horizontal line that runs through the middle of the east-end view of the building marks the location of the interior floor and is not an exterior feature. Triangular slope lines running from the top of the foundation to the ground are also visible, though Frederick G. Williams or someone else apparently tried to erase them from the plan.  


This represents five windows, and two doors. Four of the windows of  25

TEXT: Possibly “them”.  


same as those in the side. The middle window is to contain 60  [lig]hts of glass besides the side lights, and the top.26

More detail is given here than was provided in the June plan. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


The doors are  [to] be double pannel, each door to be 2½ feet wide, and to clear  five feet when open.27

The drawn specifications of the interior view on the second page show that the doors were to be five feet wide. Thus, the statement “each door to be 2½ feet wide” refers to each of the doors’ two panels.  


There are to be side lights as represented,  and also gothic tops. The middle window is to be so set that  the light will reflect above and below, as represented on the plan,  where the line is drawn from side to side.28

Given the dimensions of the middle window, including the side lights, here specified for the first time, the middle window would have been more than sixty percent larger than the other windows.  


The gable end is to be  finished with a fan light as represented on the plan.29

Detail of the gable window in the shape of a fan appears on this document’s third page, on the drawing of the east-end view of the building.  


N.B. Take the  pitch of the roof from the draft.30

“Draft” refers to the June plan, which called for the roof to have a “one fourth ptich.” (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


Note 1. The east doors are to open opposite the 4 feet aisles.
Note 2. There is to be a window as large as necessary, directly over  the east pulp[i]t, to convey the light from the outer court through to  the inner court.31

The “outer court” refers to the ten-foot vestibule on the east end where the stairways and vestry closets were to be located. The “inner court” refers to the main assembly hall. The window mentioned here was meant to allow the light entering through the large central window in the outer east wall to pass through the vestibule and into the inner court.  


Note 3. There will be no petition in the upper story, there will be a rail [i]ng over the lower petition far enough east to give room for a suffi cient aisle.32

More detail regarding the second-floor balcony on the east end is given here than in the June plan. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


The east seats in the pulpits east will need a back work suffi ciently high to rest the back.33

This provision, necessitated by the window in the wall directly behind this upper row of pulpits, had been overlooked in the original plan.  


Explanation of the End View West.
This represents nine windows; eight of them the same form & size  of the side windows, and the middle one like the middle window  in the east end. N.B. There being an error in putting the upper win dows too low, it was thought needless to finish the plan;34

The drawing for the east-end view of the House of the Lord was created with more color and detail than the drawing of the west-end view. This statement suggests that Missouri church officials were to add color and detail, similar to what appeared on the east-end sketch, to the west-end drawing.  


you will  therefore put the four common windows above, the proper height.  Also a fan light in the gable end.
It will be nesessary to have fourteen pillars for to support  the building. Commence these pillars with rough stone as low in the  surface as the rough foundation. These pillars are to be reared with in the foundation walls. Wood will answer above the first &  second floors; but they must stand directly over each other:  That is, the pillars upon the first floor, must stand over, or upon  those beneath, and so with these those in the upper story.35

The June plan omits any guidance regarding the interior pillars or support columns.  


☞Remarks.— Those patterns previously sent you, per mail,36 by our brethren,  were incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste. They37

“They” probably refers to the members of the presidency of the high priesthood, all of whom shared a vision of what the House of the Lord should look like, though Frederick G. Williams alone drew both the original plans and these revised plans. (See Historical Introduction to Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)  


have  therefore drawn these, which are correct. The form of the city was  also incorrect, being drawn in haste. also We send you annother.38

The “form of the city” refers to the explanation of the plat of the city of Zion, which was sent to Missouri on 26 June 1833 and arrived there on 29 July 1833. The revised city plat and modified temple design were sent to Jackson County with Orson Hyde and John Gould. (Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.)  


 I have found since my arrival,39 that our brethren here, have spared no  pains nor labor to assist us in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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in all things, as fast as they had  understanding communicated to them. They have withheld no revela tions, nor precious knowledge of any kind; neither have they failed,  [i]n the recption of our letters containing questions, to answer them  immediately. I have every reason to believe, that we have often lost  valuable information.40

It is not clear what information, if any, was lost.  


In short, I may say, that our brethren here have  always had the warmest feelings of friendship and esteem for us, and  as deep an interest for the cause of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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as ourselves;41

The tenor of these comments reflects a long history of Missouri leaders’ periodic dissatisfaction with and suspicion of the Church of Christ leadership in Kirtland. (See, for example, Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832; Letter to William W. Phelps, 11 Jan. 1833; and Letter to Edward Partridge et al., 14 Jan. 1833.)  


and even now,  they pray for her deliverance unceasingly, and manifest a love for  her inhabitants, stronger than death!42 And although it is manifest, that it is wisdom for me to tarry in this land for a season,43

After Oliver Cowdery arrived in Kirtland, JS wrote that Cowdery “will or aught rather to stay with me or in this land until I am permitted to Come with him.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


yet I can say in truth, that my affections,  my heart, and my all are in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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— I love her trees— I love her springs— I love her rivers— I love her pearling streams— I love her beautiful and soul- charming landscapes, and rolling prairies— I love her dust— I love her inhabitants,44

Missouri had been Oliver Cowdery’s home from 1831 to late July 1833. JS similarly wrote that Cowdery’s “heart bleeds as it were for Zion yea never did the hart pant for the cooling streem as doth the heart of thy Brothe[r] Oliver for thy salvation.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


and nothing but their salvation and to do the will of our Lord, would  persuade me to take my life in my hand, and travel amid death and destruction alone a long and lonesome journey.45

Oliver Cowdery expressed similar sentiments in a letter he wrote to Missouri the day after his arrival in Kirtland. (See Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


And O, my everlasting father, gra[n]t in th[e]  name of Jesus, that I may meet you again on that holy mountain—46

See Isaiah 11:9; 56:7; 57:13.  


O that he would deliver her from her enemies— O that the day of her salvation was now come— And O  that I with you may yet see her wastes exalted, her ruined places built up, her towers reach to heaven, her streets paved with gold,47

See Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 36:36, 38; Psalm 48:11–12; and Revelation 21:21.  


and finally she purified and sanc tified, and bourn triumphant to the bosom of the Father48

See Old Testament Revision 1, p. 16 [Moses 7:24].  


through Christ Jesus our Lord, Amen.49

Around the same time the explanation featured here was drafted, JS likewise prayed, “O God I ask thee in the name of Jesus of nazereth to Save all things concerning Zion and build up her wait [waste] places and restore all things O god send forth Judgement unto victory O come down and cause the moutans [mountains] to flow down at thy presance.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)  


God bless you brethren in Christ, is the prayer of your unworthy brother,
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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[Drawing of side view of House of the Lord]
Side View. [p. [1]]
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In late June 1833, JS and the other members of the presidency of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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sent a package containing the first iteration of the plat of the city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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and the architectural plan for the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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, or temple, to church leaders in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri.1

The package was sent from Kirtland, Ohio, on 26 June 1833 and consisted of the following documents: Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833; Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833; and Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833. John Whitmer acknowledged receiving these building patterns in his 29 July 1833 letter. (Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.)  


On the revised plan, featured here, scribe Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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noted that the original city plat and plan for the House of the Lord (referred to herein as the “June plan”) were “incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste” and that the presidency of the high priesthood had therefore created revised drawings of the plat and plan, “which are correct.” How the presidency determined that the June plan was incorrect is not known. It is possible that work on the House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, which commenced in early June, informed some of these revisions.2 More likely, the presidency reviewed the June plan and determined that clarifications and corrections were necessary. Though they may have begun drafting this revised plan soon after they sent the originals, the document was not finalized until after 9 August 1833, when Cowdery arrived in Kirtland from Missouri.3

Cowdery concluded the written explanations of the revised plan with personal remarks to his associates in Missouri, meant to buoy them in the traumatic and chaotic aftermath of the recent violence they had suffered in Jackson County. The immediacy and poignancy of Cowdery’s comments on the revised plan echo a letter he wrote to Missouri on 10 August 1833, the day after he arrived in Kirtland. (See Historical Introductions to Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833; and to Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


These revised drawings for the first House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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meant to be built in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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occupy both sides of two sheets of paper. On the front of one sheet is a drawing of the “Side View” of the House of the Lord, along with Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s explanations for the new patterns. On the verso of the sheet is the interior floor plan with dimensions for elements such as the pews, doors, and vestibules. The other sheet contains a detailed “Eend View East” of the exterior on one side and a simple pencil outline of the unfinished “West End View” on the other.
Though Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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drew each of these views in both the June plan and this revised pattern, two of the three exterior views are more elaborately detailed in the revised plan than they are in the original pencil-line drawings of the June plan. The revised plans, however, altered few of the building’s internal arrangements. The details of the pulpits and pews, for instance, remained virtually the same.4

For a discussion of these features, see Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.  


This plan added ten feet to the building’s length (ninety-seven feet instead of eighty-seven), though it added no height. It also provided a few new dimensions that were not specified in the June plan, including the width of the aisles between the pulpits and the size of the inner doors. The revision further called for nine windows along the sides of the building instead of five and specified the number of glass panes, or “lights,” that should be in each window. Aside from these and other minor corrections (identified in footnotes in the following transcript), the revised plan closely resembles the first iteration composed in June.5

For a detailed architectural comparison of the two plans, see Robison, First Mormon Temple, chap. 2.  


At the time this revised plan was drafted, church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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had just experienced a wave of violence that forced them to agree to leave Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, the center place of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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.6 In mid-August, about the time that this revised plan was finalized, JS still believed that “the day will come that Zion will be keept for our sakes therefore be of good cheer and the cloud shall pass over and the sun shall shine as clear and as fair as heaven itself and the Event shall be Glorious.”7 The presidency thus once again directed church leaders in Missouri to commence building the House of the Lord

Plans for Far West included temple on central block. Latter-day Saints in Caldwell Co. made preparations for construction and commenced excavating for foundation, 3 July 1837. However, while visiting Latter-day Saints in Far West, 6 Nov. 1837, JS gave instructions...

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in Jackson County despite the threats they faced. The revised city plat and modified temple design were sent to Missouri by special messengers Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and John Gould

21 Dec. 1784–25 June 1855. Pastor, farmer. Born in New Hampshire. Married first Oliva Swanson of Massachusetts. Resided at Portsmouth, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire, 1808. Lived in Vermont. Moved to northern Pennsylvania, 1817. Served as minister in Freewill...

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, who arrived in Jackson County in late September 1833.8

Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to John Whitmer, Missouri, 1 Jan. 1834, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 14–17; see also Letter to Vienna Jaques, 4 Sept. 1833.  


However, because church members were expelled from the county in early November 1833, the plans to build the temple in Jackson County were never realized.9
The following transcription presents Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s explanation for the plan first and Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s drawings of the interior and exterior second. For the plan of the interior, the transcript divides the drawing into nine rectangular sections. These nine sections were not numbered originally but are numbered here for the reader’s convenience. The images of the interior plan are all oriented so that the north end of the building is at the top, as in the original document.

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