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Introduction to State of Illinois v. Withers

State of Illinois v. Withers
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, 9 February 1844
 
Historical Introduction
On 9 February 1844, filed a complaint before JS claiming that had insulted him and attempted to shoot him. The complaint dealt with two charges—one for insulting language, which represented a violation of a city ordinance, and the other for assault with a deadly weapon, which was a crime against the state of . JS as mayor of had jurisdiction in the mayor’s court over the first charge, whereas justices of the peace (including JS) only had jurisdiction to determine if there was sufficient evidence to bind alleged assailants over to the next term of the circuit court for the second charge.
Besides the complaint, there are no extant records for this case. JS’s journal notes holding the mayor’s court in his dining room: “ vs .— suit for assau[l]t su[i]t withdraws.” The following day, the “suit abated parties sttld [settled],” indicating that Shumaker withdrew his complaint and that no further legal action was taken.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
 
9 February 1844 Jacob Shumaker, Complaint, before JS, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
9 Feb. 1844; Nauvoo, IL Records, CHL; handwriting of Willard Richards; signature of Jacob Shumaker; certified by Willard Richards; docket in handwriting of Thomas Bullock.
State of Illinois v. Withers
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, 9 February 1844
 
Historical Introduction
On 9 February 1844, filed a complaint before JS claiming that had insulted him and attempted to shoot him. The complaint dealt with two charges—one for insulting language, which represented a violation of a city ordinance, and the other for assault with a deadly weapon, which was a crime against the state of . JS as mayor of had jurisdiction in the mayor’s court over the first charge, whereas justices of the peace (including JS) only had jurisdiction to determine if there was sufficient evidence to bind alleged assailants over to the next term of the circuit court for the second charge.
Besides the complaint, there are no extant records for this case. JS’s journal notes holding the mayor’s court in his dining room: “ vs .— suit for assau[l]t su[i]t withdraws.” The following day, the “suit abated parties sttld [settled],” indicating that Shumaker withdrew his complaint and that no further legal action was taken.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
 
9 February 1844 Jacob Shumaker, Complaint, before JS, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
9 Feb. 1844; Nauvoo, IL Records, CHL; handwriting of Willard Richards; signature of Jacob Shumaker; certified by Willard Richards; docket in handwriting of Thomas Bullock.