Book of Abraham Manuscript and Explanation to Accompany Facsimile 1, circa February 1842 [Abraham 1:1–2:18]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

A. Translation of Some ancient Records that have fallen into our hands, from the Catacombs of Egypt, purporting to be the writings of abraham, while he was in Egypt, called the Book of Abraham, written by his own hand upon papyrus,
<​P. 1​> THE. BOOK. of A,BR,A,HAM.
In the Land of the Chaldeans, at the Residence of my father, I, Abraham, saw that it was needful for me To obtain another place of Residence, and seeing <​finding​> there was greater happiness and peace & Rest for me, I sought for the blessings of the fathers & the Right whereunto I should be ordained to administer the same; having been myself a follower of Righteousness, desiring also to be one who possessed great Knowledge, and to be a greater follower of Righteousness and to possess a greater Knowlegde, [p. [1]] [p. [1a]] & to be a father of many nations, a prince of peace; and desiring to receive instructions, and to keep the commndmets of God, I became a rightful heir, a high priest, holding the right blonging to the fathers, I it was confered upon me from the fathers, it came down from the fathers, from the beginnig of Time, yea, even from the beginig, or before the foundations of the Earth, to the presnt time, even the right of the fistt born, on the the first man, who is Adam, or first father throgh the fathers unto me. <​P. 2​> I sought for mine appointment <​unto the Presthood​> according to the the appointment <​unto the Priesthood, acording unto the​> of God unto the fathers concerning the seed. My fathers having turnd from their Righteouness & from the Holy commndmnts which the Lord their God, had given unto them, unto the [p. [2]]
A Fac-Similee from the Book of Abraham— Explanation of the <​above​> cut.
<​Fig​> No Fig 1. The Angel of the Lord.
" 2. Abraham, fastened upon an altar.
" 3. The Idolatrous Priest of Elkenah attempting to offer up Abraham as a sacrifice
" 4. The Altar for sacrifice by the Idolatrous Prists standings before the Gods of Elkenah &, Libnah &, Mahmackrah, Korash & Pharaoh.
" 5. The Idolatrous God of Elkenah
" 6 The Idolatrous God of Libnah
" 7 The " " " Mahmackrah.
" 9 <​8​> The " " " Korash.
" 9. The " God of Pharaoh.
" 10. Abraham in Egypt.
" 11 Designed to represent the pillars of heaven as understood by the Egy[p]tians.
" 12 Raukeeyang. Signifying expance or <​the​> firmamant over our heads: but in this case, in relation to this subject, the Egyptians meant it to Signify <​Shaumau, or <​to​> be hight,​> heaven; or the heavens; answering to the Hebrew word, Shaumahyeem.—
[p. [2a]]
worshipping, of the Gods of the heathens, utterly refused to hearken to my vocice; for their hearts were set to do evil & were wholly turnd to the God of Elkenah & the God of Libnah. & the God <​of​> Mahmackrah, & the God of Ko[r]ash. & the God of Pharoah King of Egypt, therefore they turned their hearts to the sacrifice. of the heathens in offering up their children unto their dumb Idols & hearkend not unto my voice but endeavord to take away my life by the hand of the priest of Elkenah; the Prist of Elkenah was also the priesst of Pharaoh. <​P. 3​> now <​Now​> at this time it was the custom of the priest of Pharaoh <​the​> King of Egypt to offer up upon the altar which was built in the land. whic of Chaldea, for the offering unto these strange Gods, both men women & children. And it come to pass that the priest made an offering unto the God of Pharaoh [p. 3]
Part Book of Abraham
1841 [p. [3a]]
[page 4 missing] refer you to the representation at the commencement of this Record. It was made after the form of a bedsted, such as was had among the Chaldeans, and it stood before the Gods of Elkenah, Libnah, Mahmackrah, <​Korash​> and also a God like unto that of Pharaoh King of Egypt, That you may have an understanding of these Gods. I have given you the fashion of them in the figures, at the beginning, which manner of the figures is calld by the Chaldeans Rahleenos; <​P. 5​> And as they lifted up their hands upon me, that they might offer me up. & take away my life, behold I lifted up my voice unto the Lord my God; & the Lord hearkend & heard, & he filled me with the <​a​> vision of the Almighty & the angel of his presen[c]e stood by my feet <​me​>, & immediately unloosd my bands, & his voice was unto me Abram! Abram! behold, my name [p. 5] [p. [5a]] is Jehovah, & I have heard thee; & have come down to deliver thee & to take thee away from a thy fathers house & from all thy kinsfolks into a strange land, which thou knowest not of, & this bcause they have turnd their hearts away from me to worship the God of Elkenah, & the God of Libnah, and <​the God​> of Mahmackrah, & <​& the God of Korash​> the God of Pharaoh King of Egypt; therefore I have come down to visit them, & to destroy him who hath lifted up his hand againt thee, Abram, my son, to take away thy life: Behold I <​will​> lead thee by my hand, & I will take thee, to put upon thee my name, even the Preisthood of thy father: & my power shall be over thee; as it was <​with​> Noah so shall it be with thee; that through thy ministry my name shall be known in the earth forever, for I am thy God. [p. 6] [p. [6a]]
<​P.5​> Behold Potiphars Hill was in the Land of Ur, of Chaldea; and the Lord broke down the altar of Elkenah, & of the Gods of the Land, and utterly destroyed them. & smote the Priest that he died, & there was great mourning in Chaldea, and also in the court of Pharaoh; which, Pharaoh signifies King by Royal blood, Now this King of Egypt was a descendant. from the Loins of adam Ham, & was a partaker of the blood of the canaanites by birth, From this descent Sprang all the Egyptians, & thus the blood of the canaanites was prerevd <​preserved​> in the land. <​P.6​> The land of Egypt being fir[s]t discoverd by a woman, who was th[e] daughter of Ham, & the Daughter of Zep-tah Egeptah <​Egyptus​>, which, in the Chaldea, signifies Egypt, which signifies, that which is forbidden. When this woman discoverd the Land it was under water, [p. 7] [p. [7a]] who after<​wards​> settld her Sons in it. & thus, from Adam <​Ham​> sprang that race which preserved the curse in the land. Now the first governmet of Egypt was establishd by Pharaoh. the eldest son of Egeptash’s Egyptus, the daugther of Ham, & it was after the manar of the Governmet of Ham, which was Patriarchal. Pharaoh, being a Rightious man, establishd his kingdom & judged his people wisely & justly all his days, seeking earnestly to imitate that order establishd by the fathers in the fir[s]t generation<​s​>, in the days of the first Patriarchal Reign, even in the reign of adam, & also Noah his father, who blessed him with the blessings of the earth. & <​with​> the blessings of wisdom,— but cursed him as pertainig to the Priesthood. <​P.7​> Now Pharaoh being of that lineage, by which he could not have the right of Priesthood, notwithstadig the Pharaoh’s would fain claim it from Noah, [p. 8] [p. [8a]] through Ham, therefore my father was led away by their idolatry; but I shall endeavr hereafter to delineate the chronology, running back from myself to the beginning of <​the​> creation, for the Records have come into my hands which I hold unto this presnt time. <​P.8​> Now aft er the Priet of Elkenah was smitten, that he died, there came a fulfillment of those things which were <​were said​> spoken utno me concer[ni]ng the Land of Chaldea, that there should be a famine in the land. Accordingly a famine prevaild thorughot all the land of Chaldea, & my father was sorely tormenteed because of the famine, & he repentd of the eviel which he had determind against. me, to take away my life: but the records of the fathers, even the Patriarhs, concering the right of Pristhood, the Lord my God preserved in my mine own hands, therefore a knowledge [p. 9] [p. [9a]] of the beginng of the creation, & also of the Planets, & of the stars as they were made known unto the fathers, have I keept even unto this day, & I shall endeavor to write some of these things upon this Record, for the benefit of my posterity that shall come after me. <​P. 9​> Now the Lord God caused the fami[n]e to wax sore in the live land of Ur, insomuch that Haran my brother died, but Terah, my father, yet liveed in the land of Ur, of the Chaldees. And I it came to pass that I, Abram, took Sarai to wife, <​and Nahor my Brother took Milcah to wife​> who was <​were​> the daughter of Haran. Now the Lord had said unto me, Abram, get thee out of thy county, & from thy Kindrd, & from thy fathers house, unto a land that I will shew thee; Therefore I left the land of Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of canaan; & I took Lot my fathers <​Brothers​> son, & his wife, & Sarai my wife, & also my father followd after me. unto the Land which we denominated Haran. And the famine [p. 10] [p. [10a]] abated, & my father tarried in Haran & dwelt there as there were many flocks in Haran, <​&​> my father turnd again u[n]to his Idolatry. therefore he continud in Haran: <​P. 10​> But I, Abraham Abram, & Lot my Brothers Son, prayed unto the Lord, & the Lord appeard unto me, & said uto me, arise, & take Lot with thee, for I have purposd to take thee away out of Haran, & to make of thee a minister to bear my name in a strange land, which I will give uto thy seed after thee for an everlastig possession, when they harken to my voice, for I am the Lord thy God, I dwell in heaven, the earth is my footstool, I streatch my hand over the Sea & it obeys my voice, I cause the wind & the fire to be my chariot, I say to the mountains depart hance <​hence,​> & behold they are taken away by a whirlwind, in an instant suddenly.— My name is Jehovah, [p. 11] [p. [11a]] & I know the end from the beginng, therefore my ha[n]d shall be over thee, & I will make of thee a great nation, & I will bless thee above measure & make thy name great among all nations, & thou shalt be a blessing unto thy seed after thee that In their hands they shall bear this ministry & Preesthood unto all nations, & I will bless them through thy name, for as ma[n]y as recivee this gospel. shall be calld after thy mame, & shall be accounted thy seed, & shall rise up and bless thee, as unto their father, <​&​> I I will bless them that bless thee <​& curse them that curse thee​> & in thee thee; (that is in thy Priesthood) & in thy seed, (that is thy Pristhood), for I give unto thee a promiise that this right shall continu in thee & in thy seed after thee (I that is to say the literal seed. or the seed of thy body) shall all the families of the earth be blessed evn with the blessings of the [p. 12] [p. [12a]] gospel, which are the blessings of salvation even of life eternal. <​P 11​> Now after the Lord had withdrawn from speakig with <​to​> me, & withdrawn his face frm me, I said in mine heart they [thy] servant has sought thee earnestly, now I have fou[n]d thee,
Thou didst send thine angel to deliver me fom the Gods of Elkenah, & I will do well to hearken unto thy voice, therefore let thy servant rise up and depart in peace. So I, Abram, departed as the Lord had said unto me, & Lot with me, <​&​> I Abrm was 6 <​&​> 2 years old when I departed out of Haran. And I took Sarai, whom I took to wife when I was in Ur, I in Chaldea. & Lot my brothers Son, & all our substanc that we had gatherd, & the souls that we had won in Haran, & came forth in the way to the land of canaan, & dwelt in tents [p. 13] [p. [13a]] as we came on our way: therefore Eternity was our covering, & our rock & our salvatin as we joirneyed fom Haran by the way of Jershon, to come to the land of Canaan. <​P. 12​> Now I, Abram, built an altar unto the Lord in the land of Jershon, & made an offering unto the Lord, & prayed that the famine might be turned away from my father’s home house, that they might not perish; & then we passed from Jershon though the Land unto the place of Sechem. It was situated in the plains of Moreh, & we had already come into the bordees of the land of the Canaanites, & I offered sacrifice there in the plains of Moreh, & calld on the Lord devoetly because we had already come into the Land of this Idolatrous nation [p. 14] [p. [14a]]