Book of Abraham Manuscript, circa July–circa November 1835–A [Abraham 1:4–2:6]

Document Transcript

<​J​>
[1] sign of the fifth degree of the first <​Seccond​> part
[2] I sought for <​mine​> the appointment whereunto unto the priesthood according to the appointment of God unto the fathers concerning the seed
[3] my fathers having turned from their righteousness and from unto them unto the worshiping of the Gods of the hethens
[4] utterly refused to harken to my voice for their hearts were set to do evil and were wholly turned to the God of Elk<​=​>Kener and the God of Zibnah and the God of Mah-mackrah and the God of Pharoah King of Egypt therefore they turned their hearts to the sacrafice of the heathens in offering up their children unto these dumb Idols and harkened not unto my voice but indeovered [endeavored] to take away my life by the hand of the priest of Elk=Kener
[5] The priest of Elk=Keenah was also the priest of Pharoah, now at this time it was the custom of the priest of Pharaoh the King of Egypt to offer up upon the Alter which was built in the land of Chaldea for the offering unto ther these strange gods both men, women, and children— and it came to pass that the priest made an offering unto the god of Pharaoh and also unto the god of Shag=reel even after the manner of the Egyptians now the god of Shag-reel was the Sun— even a thank offering of a child did the priest of Pharaoh offer upon the Alter which stood by the hill called Potipher<​s​> hill at the head of the plains of Olishem
[6] Now this priest had offered off upon this alter three virgins at one time who were the daughters of Onitus Onitah—one of the regular royal discent directly from the loins of Ham these virgins were offered up because of their virtue they would not bow down to worship Gods of wood, or of stone therefore they were Killed upon this alter
[7] And it was done after the manner of the Egyptians and it came to pass that the priests laid violence upon me that they might slay me also, as they did those virgins upon this alter, and that you might have a knowledge of this alter <​I will refer you to the representation that is at the (commencement of this record​>
[8] It was made after, the form of a bedsted such as was had among the Chaldeans and it stood before the Gods of Elk-keenah Zibnah Mah-Mach-rah—and als[o] a God like unto that of pharaoh King of Egypt
[p. 1]
<​That you may have an understanding of their gods I have given you the fashion of them in the figures at the begining which manner of figures is called by the Chaldians, Caak-lee= Kah-lee=-nos.——​>
<​K​>
[9] And as they lifted up their hands upon me that they might offer me up to and <​an and​> take away my life behold I lifted up my voice unto the Lord my good God; and the lord harkened, and heard and he filled me with a vision of the almighty and the angel of his presence stood by my feet and immediately loosed my bands
[10] And his voice was unto me. Abram Abram Behold my name is Jehovah. and I have heard thee and have come down to deliver thee. and to take thee away from thy fathers house, and from all thy Kinsfolks, in to a strange land which thou knowest not of, and this because their hearts are turned they have turned their hearts away from me to worship the god of Elk Kee-nah and the god of Zibnah- and of Mah-Mach-rah— and the god of pharaoh King of Egypt. Therefore I have come down to visit them. and to distroy him, who hath lifted up his hand against thee Abraham <​Abram​> my son to distroy thy take away thy life, Behold I will lead thee by my hand and I will take thee, to put upon thee my name even the priesthood of thy father, and my power shall be over thee; as it was with Noah so shall it be with thee, that through thy ministry, my name shall be known, in the earth forever, for I am thy God
[11] Behold Potiphers hill was in the land of Ur of Chaldea and the Lord broke down the alter of Elk-Keenah and of the gods of the land, and utterly distroyed them gods of the land and smote the priests that he died and there was great morning in Chaldeea and also in the court of Pharaoh which Pharaoh signifies King by royal blood. Now this King of Egypt was a discendent from the loins of Ham and was a partaker of the blood of the Cananitess by birth: From this decent sprang all the Egyptians and thus the blood of the cannites was preserved in the land
[p. 2]
<​L​>
[12] The land of Egypt being first discovered by a woman, who was the daughter of Ham; and the daughter of Zep-tah. which in the Chaldea signifies Egypt, which sign[i]fies that which is forbidden. Whin this woman discovered the land it was under water, who after settled her sons in it: And thus from Ham sprang the that race which preserved the curse in the land.
[13] Now the <​first​> government of Egypt, was established by Pharaoh the eldest sun <​son​> of Egyptes the daughter of Ham; and it was after the manner of the government of Ham, which was Patriarchal. Pharaoh being a righteous man established his kingdom, and Judged his people wisely and Justly all his days, seeking earnestly to imitate that order established by the fathers in the first generation in the days of the first Patriarchal reign, even in the reign of Adam. And also Noah his father. For in his days Who <​who​> blessed him with the blessings of the earth, and of with the blessings of wisdom, but cursed him as pertaining to the priesthood.
[14] Now Pharaoh being of that leniage [lineage] by which he could not have the right of priesthood; notwithstanding the Pharaohs would fain claim it from Noah through Ham: Therefore, my father was led away by their—idolatry, <​;​> but I shall indeaver [endeavor] hereafter to dilliniate the chronology run[n]ing back from myself to the begining of <​the​> creation, for the reccords, have came <​come​> into my hands which I hold unto this present time
[15] Now after the priest of Elkkeenah was smitten that he died, there came a fulfilment of those things which were spoken unto me concerning the land of Chaldea, that there should be a famine in the land; and accordingly a famine prevailed throughout all the land of Chaldea: and And my father was sorely tormented because of the famine, and he repented of the evil which he had determined against me, to take away my life: But the reccords of the fathers even the patriarchs concerning the right of priesthood, the lord my god preserved in mine own hand<​s:​>
[p. [3]]
<​M​> Therefore a knowledge of the begining of creation an and also of the planets, and of the stars, as it was made known unto the fathers, have I kept even unto this day.——
[16] And I shall endeaver to write some of these things, upon this reccord, for the benefit of my posterity, that shall come after me
[17] Now the Lord God caused the famine to wax soar in the land of E Ur insomuch that Haran my brother died: but Terah my father yet lived in the land of Ur of the chaldees. And it came to pass; that I Abram took sarai to wife, and Nahor my brother took Milcah to wife
[18] Who was the daughter of Haron
[19] Now the Lord had said unto me Abram get the[e] out of thy country, and from thy Kindred and from thy fathers home, unto a land that I will shew thee: Therefore I left the land of Ur of the chaldees to go into the land of canaan; and I took Lot my brothers son, and his wife, and Sarai my wife; and also my father followed after me unto the land which we denominated Haran. And the famine abated, and my father tarried in Haran and dwelt there, as there were many flocks in Haran; And my father turned again unto his idolitry: Therefore he continued in Haran
Now the Lord had said unto Abram <​me​> get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindr[ed] and from thy fathers home unto a land that I will shew thee. Therefore I left the land of Ur of the chaldees to go into the land of canaan, and I took Lot my bro son and his wife and sarah my wife and also my father follo[we]d me unto the land which we denominated Haran and the famine abated, and my father tarried in Haran and dwelt there as they <​there​> were <​many​> flock in Haran. and my father turned again unto his idolitry Therefore he continued in Haran but <​I​> Abram and and Lot my brothers son prayed unto the Lord, and the Lord appeared
[p. 4]

Footnotes

  1. new scribe logo

    This letter was inserted in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  2. 1

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–C does not have this line of text, which is not part of the later Book of Abraham text. This line is apparently related to similar titles in the Egyptian Alphabet documents and the Grammar and Alphabet, though the characters here do not appear in those documents.  

  3. 2

    TEXT: Possibly “th the”, though the “” seems to be ink from the “g” in “according” in the line above.  

  4. 3

    TEXT: An ink blot makes the “u” of “turned” and “and” one line below appear to be partially erased.  

  5. 4

    TEXT: Possibly “Elk<​=​>Kiner” or “Elk<​=​>Nener”.  

  6. 5

    TEXT: The inscriptions following “Zibnah” are apparently stray marks but possibly punctuation (perhaps “.,”).  

  7. 6

    TEXT: After this god’s name, Book of Abraham Manuscript–C has “and the god of Koash”.  

  8. 7

    TEXT: Possibly “their” or “there”. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B and –C have “these”.  

  9. 8

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B and –C have “Elkkener”.  

  10. 9

    TEXT: Possibly “women” with a lengthy extension of “n” that looks like a comma.  

  11. 10

    TEXT: “<​s​>” possibly not inserted.  

  12. 11

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “plain” (without the cancellation of the “s”).  

  13. 12

    TEXT: Possibly “offerin offered” or “offered,”.  

  14. 13

    TEXT: This revision is not present in Book of Abraham Manuscript–B.  

  15. 14

    TEXT: This may indicate the correction of a dictation error.  

  16. 15

    TEXT: Possibly “the that”.  

  17. 16

    TEXT: Staining on the paper makes “laid” look like “aid”.  

  18. 17

    TEXT: While the ink looks uniform, both the content and cramped nature of the final lines indicate that this text was inserted after character 8 and at least the first line of that paragraph were written. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has this text inline; this version is unique in having the text inserted.  

  19. 18

    TEXT: Comma possibly a stray mark.  

  20. 19

    TEXT: Fold in the paper obscures “ah”. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “Elkkener”.  

  21. 20

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “these”.  

  22. 21

    TEXT: Possibly “Caak-lee=-nos Kah-be=-nos”.  

  23. 22

    TEXT: The content and spacing of this paragraph, along with similar revisions to the line at the bottom of the previous page, suggest that this paragraph was inserted. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has this text inline; this version is unique in having the text inserted.  

  24. new scribe logo

    This letter was inserted in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  25. 23

    TEXT: This revision is not present in Book of Abraham Manuscript–B.  

  26. 24

    TEXT: “an” written and then wipe-erased. Williams then shifted left and wrote “and” with “d” over “a”.  

  27. 25

    TEXT: The spacing of the words suggests “and” might have been inserted. Alternatively, this may have been the point at which Williams realized he needed to squeeze the rest of this paragraph into his remaining space.  

  28. 26

    TEXT: Possibly “Behold,” or “Behold.”.  

  29. 27

    TEXT: Or “there”.  

  30. 28

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “turn”.  

  31. 29

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “Abram”.  

  32. 30

    TEXT: This revision is not present in Book of Abraham Manuscript–B.  

  33. 31

    TEXT: Possibly “. ,”.  

  34. 32

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “Elkkenah Elkkener” and Book of Abraham Manuscript–C has “Elkkener”.  

  35. 33

    TEXT: “s” possibly inserted.  

  36. 34

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B does not have these four stricken words but instead has “these them”.  

  37. 35

    TEXT: “s” crossed out in graphite. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “priest” (without the cancellation of the “s”).  

  38. 36

    TEXT: Or “Chaldean”; possibly “Chaldea”.  

  39. 37

    TEXT: This character may have been an aborted first attempt at drawing character 2.  

  40. new scribe logo

    This letter was inserted in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  41. 38

    TEXT: This character and the two that follow were written in a different ink flow than the rest of the characters, and they do not match any characters from the extant portions of the papyri. They are composites of characters from the Egyptian Alphabet documents or Grammar and Alphabet volume, including characters 1.15 and 1.19.  

  42. 39

    TEXT: Possibly “, ;”.  

  43. 40

    TEXT: Knife-erased hieratic character at beginning of this line.  

  44. 41

    TEXT: Possibly “, ;”.  

  45. 42

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B does not have “the”; Book of Abraham Manuscript–C has “<​the​>”.  

  46. 43

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “wise<​ly​>”.  

  47. 44

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B and –C have “generations”.  

  48. 45

    TEXT: “<​w​>” possibly in a different hand.  

  49. 46

    TEXT: Possibly “blessing<​s​>”.  

  50. 47

    TEXT: Possibly “<​:​>”.  

  51. 48

    TEXT: Possibly “, <​:​>}”.  

  52. 49

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B also has “the”, but it is written inline.  

  53. 50

    TEXT: Possibly “has have”.  

  54. 51

    TEXT: Both Book of Abraham Manuscript–B and –C have “Elkkener”. A stray mark between “Elk” and “keenah” could be an underscore that was later canceled or an extension of the first “K”.  

  55. 52

    TEXT: Williams may have touched up the “a” without changing it to an “A”.  

  56. 53

    TEXT: The “s” was inserted after the “:”. Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “hands,”.  

  57. new scribe logo

    This letter was inserted in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  58. 54

    TEXT: “” possibly beginning of “g”.  

  59. 55

    TEXT: Book of Abraham Manuscript–B has “Haran”. That manuscript also ends at this point; Book of Abraham Manuscript–A copies the next paragraph twice, perhaps indicating that Williams was copying from another version at this point.  

  60. 56

    TEXT: The repeated paragraph below has “unto Abram <​me​>”.  

  61. 57

    TEXT: Or “house”.  

  62. 58

    TEXT: Or “house”.  

  63. 59

    TEXT: The paragraph above has “followed after me”.  

  64. 60

    TEXT: Because there is only one line blank on this page, it seems possible that Williams continued this narrative on another, nonextant leaf. Book of Abraham Manuscript–C continues the narrative.