Egyptian Alphabet, circa Early July–circa November 1835–A

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Egyptian alphabet first degree
<​B​> [1.1]ah the first being who exercises Supreme power
[1.2]pha-e the first man or one who has Kingly power or K[ing]
[1.3]pha a more universal reighn having g[r]eater dom[in]ion or power
<​ ​>[1.4a, b]<​phaloeup​> rolyal family royal blood or pharaoah or supreme power <​or​> King
[1.5]<​ho up hah​> crown of a princess or queen or Stands for queen
[1.6]<​Zi​> Virgen unmaried or the pri[n]ciple of vi[r]tue
<​ ​>[1.7]Kah tou man the name of a royal family in female line
[1.8]Zie oop hah An unmaried woman and a vi[r]gin pri[n]cess
[1.9]ho-ee-oop young unmarried man a pri[n]cess
[1.10]Zip Zi woman married or unmarried or daughter
[1.11]ho-ee oop hah Crown of a prince or King
[1.12]one-ahe or ohe the Earth
[1.13]tone tahe or th tohe tou-es beneath or under water
[1.14]Iota the eye or to see or sight sometimes me myself
[1.15]Iota tou-es Zip-Zip the land of Egypt first seen under <​water​>
[1.16]Sue Eh ni what other person is that or who
[1.17]ho-ee oop-pha-e hah phae pha-e goverment power or Kingdom
[1.18]Zub Zool oun the begining first before pointing to
[1.19]Zub Zool Eh in the begining of the E[a]rth <​or​> Creation
[1.20]Zool Eh Signifys to be in any as light in th[e] E[ar]th
[1.21]Zub the first Creation of any thing first insti[tu]tion
[1.22]zub zool from the first to any Stated peried after
[1.23]Zool from any or some fix<​ed​> peried of time <​back |​> to the begining <​of the creation​>
 
The second part first degree
[2.1]Ahneeos <​Ahmeos​> God without begining or end Go
[2.2]Aleph in the begining with God the Son or <​first born​>
[2.3]Albeth Angels or disimbodied spirits <​or​> Sainnts
[2.4]Alcabeth Angels in an unalterable immortal <​state​>
[2.5]Achibeth <​Achebeth​> minersters of God high preasts <​Kings​>
[2.6]Alchobeth <​Alchibeth​> ministers of God under or the less
[2.7]Alchubeth <​Alchobeth​> ministers not ordained of God Sinful
[2.8]Alchybeth <​Alchubeth​> ministers who are less sinful for want of <​power​>
[2.9]Baeth the name of all mankind man or men
<​​> [2.10]Baeth Ka Adam or the first man or first King
[2.11]Baeth Ke the next from Adam one ordained under <​him​>
[2.12]Baeth Ki the third patrearck
[2.13]Baeth Ko the fourth from Adam
Baeth Ku [verso of first leaf blank]
[p. [1]]
[verso of first leaf blank]
Egyptian alphabet first degree Second part
<​T​>
[2.14]Baethchu the fifth high preast from Adam
<​T​> [2.15]Beth mans first residence frui[t]ful garden A great valy a place of hapiness 1 times
[2.16]Bethcha an other place of residence or an <​a​> more fruitful Garden a larger place of hapiness greater hapiness 5 times
[2.17]Bethche the third place 5 times Bethcha
[2.18]Bethchi the fourth place 5 times Bethche
[2.19]Bethcho the fifth place 5 times Bethchi
[2.20]Bethchu the six place 5 Bethcho
[2.21]Bethchu ain trieth the whole Earth or the largest <​place​> the greatest injoyment on Earth Ga[r]den of the Earth.
[2.22]Ebethchuaintrieth Eternity
[2.23]Ebethcha the greatest place of hapiness where God resides the Celesstial Kingdom
[2.24]Kah-tu-ain-treth trieth-
[2.25]Kah-tu ain-
[2.26]Dah-tu-hah-dees
[2.27]Hah-dees
[2.28]De-en De-eh
[2.29]Zip-zi-iota-veh
[2.30]Lish-zi-ho-e-oop-iota.
[2.31]Gah-Mel.
[2.32]Ho-hah-oop
[2.33]Io-ho-hah-oop
[2.34]Io-ho-hah-oop-zip-zi
[2.35]Jah-ho-e-oop
[2.36]Jah-ho-hah Jah-Ni-hah
[2.37]Jah-oh-eh
[2.38]Flo-ees
[2.39]Flos-isis.
[2.40]Kli-flos-isis
[2.41]Veh-kli-flos-isis
[2.42]Kolob
[2.43]
[2.44]
[2.45]
[2.46]
[2.47]
[2.48]
[2.49]
[p. 2]
[verso of second leaf blank]
Egyptian alphabet first degree <​U​>
<​U​>
[2.50a, b]
[2.51a, b]
[2.52]
[2.53]
[2.54a, b]
[2.55]
[2.56]
[2.57]
[2.58]
[2.59a, b, c]
 
The third part of the first degree
[3.1]
[3.2]
[3.3]
[3.4a, b]
[3.5a, b]
[3.6a, b, c]
[3.7a, b]
[3.8]
[3.9]
[3.10]
[3.11a, b]Ah broam=ah brahoam Ki Ahbraoam <​Ki-ah-bram, Ki-ah-bra-oam-Zub-sool-oan.​>
[3.12]
[3.13]
[3.14]
[3.15]Iota nitah veh ah que
[3.16]
[3.17a, b]
 
fourth part first degree
[4.1a, b]
[4.2a, b]
[4.3]
[4.4a, b, c, d, e]
[4.5a, b, c, d]
[4.6a, b, c]
[4.7a, b, c]
[p. 3]
[verso of third leaf blank]
<​V​>
Egyptian alphabet fourth part first degree
[4.8]
[4.9a, b]
[4.10]
[4.11]
[4.12]
[4.13]
[4.14]
[4.15a, b]
 
[5.1]fifth part of the first degree
[5.2]
[5.3]
[5.4]
[5.5a, b, c]
[5.6]
[5.7]
[5.8a, b]
[5.9] [5.10]
[5.11]
[5.12] [5.13]
[5.14]
[5.15a, b]
[5.16a, b]
[5.17]
[5.18]
[5.19a, b]
[5.20a, b]
[5.21]
[5.22]
[5.23]
[5.24]
[5.25a, b]
[5.26a, b]
[5.27]
[5.28]<​Ah braom—​> Ah-bra-oam. Signifies father of the faithful— The first right— The elder
[p. 4]
[5.28]In the first degree Ah-broam—signifies The father of the faithful, the first right, the elders second degree—same sound—A follower of sig rightiousness— Third degree—same sound—One who possesses great Knowledge— Fourth degree—same sound—A follower of righteousness, a possessor of greater of Knowledge. Fifth degree—Ah-bra-oam. The father of many nations, a prince of peace, one who keeps the commandments of God, a patriarch, a rightful heir, a high priest.
<​W​>
<​W​> [remainder of verso blank] [p. [5]]

Footnotes

  1. new scribe logo

    JS handwriting begins.  

  2. new scribe logo

    This letter is written in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  3. 1

    TEXT: A tear in the page obscures any potential text after “power”. Egyptian Alphabet–C ends in the same way, suggesting that the remainder of this line was left blank.  

  4. 2

    TEXT: The final letters of this word are missing because the edge of the leaf is damaged. Egyptian Alphabet–C has “king”.  

  5. 3

    TEXT: Likely intended as “Phahoeup”, which better matches Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C, which have “Pha-ho-e-oop” and “Pha=ho=e=oop”, respectively. JS likely conjoined the second “h” with the “o” when making this insertion.  

  6. 4

    TEXT: JS canceled character 1.5 and then wrote it on the next line.  

  7. 5

    TEXT: Possibly “ho eep hah”. Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “Ho-oop-hah”.  

  8. 6

    TEXT: Instead of “Stands for”, both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “signifies”.  

  9. 7

    TEXT: It appears that JS inserted this sound and the preceding two at the same time.  

  10. 8

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C add “virtuous” to the list of attributes here.  

  11. 9

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C include just one character; it is unclear why this document contains what appear to be multiple variants of the same character. This may have been an attempt to clarify, correct, or add to the initial character.  

  12. 10

    TEXT: This sound is also present in the notebooks of copied characters. (See “Valuable Discovery,” ca. Early July 1835, 3, and Notebook of Copied Egyptian Characters, ca. Early July 1835, 1.)  

  13. 11

    TEXT: Possibly “Zii”. JS’s misplacement of the dot over the “e” makes this appear to be “Zei”. Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C both have “Zi”.  

  14. 12

    TEXT: Possibly “<​or daughter​>”.  

  15. 13

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “Oan, or ah-e” and “Oan, <​or​> ah=e”, respectively.  

  16. 14

    TEXT: Possibly “ton-es”. JS’s “u” and “n” are not always distinguishable. (See also Egyptian Alphabet, ca. early July–ca. Nov. 1835–B and –C.)  

  17. 15

    TEXT: This is a composite character made up of characters 1.10, 1.13, and 1.14. The composite nature is also evident in both the sound and the explanation.  

  18. 16

    TEXT: Possibly “ton-es”.  

  19. 17

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C add that the discovery was made by a woman.  

  20. 18

    TEXT: Likely “phaee pha-e”.  

  21. 19

    TEXT: Egyptian Egyptian Alphabet–B adds “Reign” and “domin[i]on” to this explanation; Egyptian Alphabet–C adds “Reign” and “right”.  

  22. 20

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “Zub-z◊◊l eh” and “Zub=eh”, respectively.  

  23. 21

    TEXT: The “E” and “th” of “Earth” are visible. Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “the earth”.  

  24. 22

    TEXT: This line was drawn to separate “back” from “of the creation”.  

  25. 23

    TEXT: “time back to the begining of the creation” is in a different shade of ink, possibly indicating a later insertion.  

  26. 24

    TEXT: Or “Ahnuos <​Ahmeos​>”.  

  27. 25

    TEXT: Possibly “Alcubeth”.  

  28. 26

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have additional material about men who are raised from the dead.  

  29. 27

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “Alch}ebeth.”. JS may have inadvertently dropped the “l”.  

  30. 28

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C clarify that “the less” means less than or under the high priests.  

  31. 29

    TEXT: The similar sounds and explanations for this line and the previous four lines resulted in revisions in all three versions of the Egyptian Alphabet. Versions B and C made similar revisions in capturing the different sounds. This similarity of the revisions hint that the scribes of the three versions attempted to standardize the pronunciation as they were creating the texts.  

  32. 30

    That is, Seth. (Instruction on Priesthood, between ca. 1 Mar. and ca. 4 May 1835 [D&C 107:42]; see also Genesis 5:3.)  

  33. 31

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have additional material about ordination “under Adam”. The third patriarch is Enos. (Instruction on Priesthood, between ca. 1 Mar. and ca. 4 May 1835 [D&C 107:44]; see also Genesis 5:6.)  

  34. 32

    That is, Cainan. (Instruction on Priesthood, between 1 Mar. and ca. 4 May 1835 [D&C 107:21]; see also Genesis 5:9.)  

  35. 33

    TEXT: That this entry was canceled and copied at the top of the next page may indicate that the scribes of the three documents wished to be consistent across the versions in what content was included on each page (“Baeth Ko” ends the first page in all three versions). Whether this means that JS was copying from other notes and only later referred to the other two documents or that he simply wrote all the “Baeth” sounds in one sitting is unknown. (See pp. 75 and 87 herein.)  

  36. new scribe logo

    This letter and the letter on the left side of the page are written in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  37. 34

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have “Baeth-Ku” and “Baeth ku”, respectively, which more closely match the canceled material on the previous page of this document. This change from “k” to “ch” appears to have been deliberate, since characters 2.16–2.23 have a “ch” sound rather than a “k” sound.  

  38. 35

    TEXT: The explanation of this entry and the following two are significantly expanded in Egyptian Alphabet–B.  

  39. 36

    TEXT: This character appears to have been written initially as character 2.21, but part was canceled, and character 2.19 was inscribed instead. The character to the left of the initial character was inscribed and then canceled, possibly in an attempt to write character 2.19 more clearly. Similar corrections were made in Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C.  

  40. 37

    TEXT: An illegible character overwritten by “B” is possibly a portion of a character, perhaps “b”.  

  41. 38

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C expand this explanation.  

  42. 39

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B has “greater”.  

  43. 40

    TEXT: The entry in Egyptian Alphabet–C is worded differently.  

  44. new scribe logo

    JS handwriting ends; Oliver Cowdery begins. JS likely inscribed all the characters in this document before Cowdery inscribed transliterations and definitions.  

  45. 41

    TEXT: Possibly “treeth trieth”.  

  46. 42

    TEXT: Period possibly a stray mark.  

  47. 43

    TEXT: Smeared ink makes some of this transliteration appear to be wipe-erased.  

  48. 44

    TEXT: Possibly “Jah-ho-hah Jah-hi-hah”.  

  49. 45

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B has “(the earth &c)” following this transliteration.  

  50. 46

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B has “(Moon)” following this transliteration. This transliteration and the following one are in a different ink than the previous entries, which indicates they were inscribed later.  

  51. 47

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B has “(Sun)” following this transliteration.  

  52. 48

    TEXT: This illegible character seems to be the beginning of “K” or “V”.  

  53. 49

    TEXT: The first character is 2.42.  

  54. new scribe logo

    Oliver Cowdery handwriting ends; JS begins.  

  55. 50

    TEXT: Perhaps an aborted attempt to write character 2.44.  

  56. new scribe logo

    Both these inserted letters are written in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  57. new scribe logo

    JS handwriting ends; William W. Phelps begins.  

  58. 51

    TEXT: Probably “Ahbraham Ahbraoam”. Phelps’s “Ah broam=ah brahoam” and JS’s “Ki Ahbraoam” were separately canceled by short horizontal lines and then crossed out with one long line.  

  59. new scribe logo

    Insertion in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery.  

  60. new scribe logo

    JS handwriting ends; William W. Phelps begins.  

  61. 52

    TEXT: Phelps failed to cross the two t’s. That they are t’s and not l’s is evident from the shape of the letterforms. Egyptian Alphabet–C has “ni tah”. The Grammar and Alphabet volume has several iterations of this transliteration, all of which begin with “Iota” and have “nitah”.  

  62. 53

    TEXT: These canceled characters are 4.1a and 4.1b.  

  63. new scribe logo

    William W. Phelps handwriting ends; JS begins.  

  64. new scribe logo

    This inserted letter is written in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.  

  65. 54

    TEXT: Egyptian Alphabet–B has character 4.15c following this character.  

  66. 55

    TEXT: This character spans this line and the one following.  

  67. 56

    TEXT: These canceled characters appear to be attempts to form characters 5.20a and 5.20b.  

  68. 57

    TEXT: Both Egyptian Alphabet–B and –C have transliterations and explanations here.  

  69. new scribe logo

    JS handwriting ends; Oliver Cowdery begins.  

  70. 58

    TEXT: Character possibly inscribed by Oliver Cowdery.  

  71. 59

    TEXT: It is possible this “sig” is a copying error from “signifies” above. The presence of other potential copying errors (e.g., “of Knowledge”, below) may indicate that Cowdery copied this entry from a nonextant source.  

  72. 60

    TEXT: This explanation is significantly expanded from the previous version in this document and the version in Egyptian Alphabet–C. The explanation employs a system of degrees similar to the one found in the Grammar and Alphabet volume, and the explanation also correlates with the explanations found in that volume.  

  73. new scribe logo

    This letter and the letter written after the explanation are written in blue ink in unidentified handwriting.