Letter, 30 October 1833

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Extract of a lettter dated, “, October 30, 1833.
Dear brethren,—Through the mercy and aid of our heavenly Father we are yet alive; and we are very thankful for such a blessing. Since I last wrote we have been through a scene. We declared publicly a week a go last Sunday that we as a people should defend our lands and houses. On Monday the mob, or at least some of the leaders began to move; strict orders were given with us not to be the aggressors—but to warn them not to come upon us, &c. and as court was to set on Monday, it was noised abroad that the leaders of the mob would be called upon to bind themselves to keep the peace. It was a solemn looking time. The mob had lost no time in sending rumors, and counselling; above fifty of them met on Saturday and voted to a hand to move the “mormons:”—They counselled and rode all day of Sunday. The great Monday came, but fewer people were seldom seen at a Circuit Court—No mob, but great threats. A number of families arrived last week from , Indianna, and ; some of whom were attacked by the leaders of the mob, but I believe they received no injury. Yours &c.” [p. 119]


  1. 1

    It is not known who wrote this letter or when it was sent. For the last known letter written from Missouri to church leaders in Kirtland, Ohio, see Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833.  

  2. 2

    20 October 1833.  

  3. 3

    21 October 1833.  

  4. 4

    Who ordered the Mormons “not to be the aggressors” is unknown.  

  5. 5

    28 October 1833.  

  6. 6

    In his response to the church leaders’ petition for protection and legal redress, Governor Daniel Dunklin advised church members to seek the aid of the local judge if they felt their lives were threatened. “It would be his duty,” wrote Dunklin, “to have the offenders apprehended and bind them to keep the peace.” If such attempts failed to mitigate the situation, then the persecuted Mormons were to report back to Dunklin, and he promised that he would then “take such steps as will enforce a faithful execution of [the laws].” Edward Partridge later wrote that church leaders made several attempts to acquire a warrant for peace from at least three different justices between 1 and 6 November 1833. (“To His Excellency, Daniel Dunklin,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 115; Letter from Edward Partridge, between 14 and 19 Nov. 1833.)  

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.

  7. 7

    26 October 1833.  

  8. 8

    27 October 1833.  

  9. 9

    28 October 1833.