Letter to Church Officers in Clay County, Missouri, 31 August 1835

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Aug. 31, 1835.
The Presidency of and say that the Lord has manifested by revelation of his spirit that the , , and , or in other words all the officers in the land of Mo. belonging to the are more or less in transgression, because they have not enjoyed the Spirit of God sufficiently to be able to comprehend their duties respecting themselves, and the welfare of . Thereby having been left to act, in a manner that is detrimental to the interest, and also a hindrance, to the redemption of Zion.
Now if they will be wise, they will humble themselves in a peculiar manner that God may open the eyes of their understanding, It will be clearly manifest that the design and purposes of the Almighty; are with regard to them and the children of Zion: that they should let the which is appointed of God and for that purpose, <​make and​> regulate all the affairs of Zion: and that it is the will of God, that her children should stand still, and see the salvation of her redemption; and the officers of the church should go forth, inasmuch as they can leave their families in comfortable circumstances; and gather up the saints, even the strength of the Lords house. And those who cannot go forth consistently with the will of God their circumstances prev[e]nting them; remain in deep humility: and in as much, [as] th[e]y do any thing [p. 77] confine themselves to teaching the first principles of the Gospel: not endeavoring to institute regulations or laws for Zion, without having been appointed of God.
Now we say there is no need of in Zion, or appointing any more officers: but let all those that are ordained magnify themselves before the Lord: by going into the vineyard and cleansing their garments from the blood of this generation. It is one thing to be ordained to preach the gospel, and to push the people together to Zion, and it is another thing to be to lay the foundation and build up the City of Zion, and execute her laws. Therefore it is certain that many of the have come under great condemnation, in endeavoring to steady the ark of God, in a place where th[e]y have not been sent.
The and have been established to do the business of Zion, and her children are not bound, to accknowledge any of those who feel disposed to run to Zion and set themselves to be their rulers. Let not her children be duped in this way, but let them prove those who say they are , and are not.
The Elders have no right to regulate Zion, but they have a right to preach the gospel. They will all do well to repent and humble themselves, and all the , and also we, ourselves receive the admonition and so now endeavor and pray to this end. [p. 78] When the children of Zion are in stranger[s] in a strange land their harps must be hu[n]g upon the willows: and they cannot sing the songs of Zion: but should mourn and not dance. Therefore brethren, it remains for all such to be exercised with prayer, and continual suplication, until Zion is redeemed. We realize the situation that all the brethren and sisters must be in, being deprived of their spiritual privileges, which are enjoyed by those who sit in heavenly places in Christ Jesus; where there are no mobs to rise up and bind their consciences. Nevertheless, it is wisdom that the should make but little or no stir in that region, and cause as little excitement as posible and endure their afflictions patiently until the time appointed— and the of Mo. fulfils his promise in setting the church over upon their own lands. We would suggest an idea that it would be wisdom for all the members of the church on the return of the , to make known to him their names places of residince &c. that it may be known where they all are when the shall give directions for you to be set over on your lands
Again it is the will of the Lord, that the church should attend to their on the sabbath day, and let them remember the which says “talk not of Judgment” we are commanded not to give the childrens bread unto the dogs; neither cast our pearl[s] before [p. 79] swine, least they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you. Therefore— let us be wise in all things, and keep all the commandments of God, that our salvation may be sure: having our armour ready and prepared against the time appointed; and having on the whole armour of righteousness, we may be able to stand in that trying day. We say also that if there are any doors open for the to preach the first principles of the gospel: let them not keep silence: rail not against the sects, neither talk against their tenets. But preach Christ and him crucified. love to God, and love to man, observing always to make mention of our republican principles, thereby if posible, we may allay the prejudice of the people, be meek and lowly of heart, and the Lord God of our fathers shall be with you for evermore
Amen.
Sanctioned and signed by the Presidents
Joseph Smith Jr.
.
P.S. Br
We remember your familly, with all the fi[r]st families of the , who first embraced the truth, we remember your losses and sorrows our first ties are not broken, we [p. 80] participate with you in the evil as well as the good, in the sorrows as well as the Joys, our union we trust is stronger than death, and shall never be severed. Remember us unto all who believe in the fulness of the gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. We hereby authorize you , our beloved brother to read this epistle and communication communicate it unto all the brotherhood in all that region of Country, Dictated by me your unworthy brother, and fellow laborer in the testimony of the book of Mormon. Signed by my own hand in the token of the .
Joseph Smith Jr. [p. 81]

Footnotes

  1. 1

    The Phelps copy does not provide a date for the letter. The Holbrook copy dates it as 1 September 1835. Both copies state that the meeting generating the letter was held on 31 August 1835. Since John Whitmer is one of the signatories of the letter, it seems likely that his 31 August date is correct. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  2. 2

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies of the letter preface this paragraph with: “Some documents relating to difficulties Existing among the Elders of Clay Co Mo [Missouri] respecting who should be President of the Elders was decided in council as follows A high council held 31 Aug of 1835.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  3. 3

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies of this letter have “The high council of the presidency of Kirtland and Zion.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  4. 4

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both include “Elders” between high priests and teachers and omit “priests.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  5. 5

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both insert “included” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  6. 6

    The Missouri high council was appointed in July 1834. (Minutes, 3 July 1834; Minutes and Discourse, ca. 7 July 1834.)  

  7. 7

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both have “his” instead of “the” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  8. 8

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both replace “of” with “in.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  9. 9

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies do not include “the saints” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  10. 10

    See Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:55–56]; and Revelation, 24 Feb. 1834 [D&C 103:22].  

  11. 11

    The Phelps copy has “the will of the Lord & their circumstances” instead of “the will of God their circumstances.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  12. 12

    The Phelps copy inserts “let them” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  13. 13

    The Phelps copy inserts “let them” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  14. 14

    In a letter published in the September 1835 issue of the Messenger and Advocate, JS explained that the first principles of the gospel were “repentance, and baptism for the remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands.” (JS to “the Elders of the Church of Latter Day Saints,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, Sept. 1835, 1:180.)  

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

  15. 15

    The Phelps copy has “ordinations” rather than “ordaining.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  16. 16

    The Phelps copy omits “any.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  17. 17

    The Holbrook copy omits “all.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  18. 18

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both insert “forth” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  19. 19

    This echoed what church leaders had stated in a June 1835 letter to John Burk: “Every elder that can, after he has provided for his family (if any he has) and paid his debts must go forth and clear his skirts from the blood of this generation.” (Letters to John Burk, Sally Waterman Phelps, and Almira Mack Scobey, 1–2 June 1835.)  

  20. 20

    See Deuteronomy 33:17; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:45].  

  21. 21

    The Holbrook copy has “apointed” instead of “annointed.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  22. 22

    The Phelps copy has “their” instead of “her.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  23. 23

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both have “places” instead of “a place.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  24. 24

    In a November 1832 letter to William W. Phelps, JS, speaking specifically about Missouri church leaders, stated that a “man who was called of God and appointed that puteth forth his hand to steady the ark of God shall fall by the shaft of death like as a tree that is smitten by the vived shaft of lightning.” (Letter to William W. Phelps, 27 Nov. 1832 [D&C 85:8].)  

  25. 25

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies read “the Bishop’s court and the high council.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  26. 26

    A June 1835 letter to John Burk stated that “the high council has been organized expressly to administer in all her [Zion’s] spiritual affairs; And the bishop and his council are set over her temporal matters.” Sometime later in 1835, William W. Phelps similarly explained that “the high Council and the Bishop’s Council, are the proper authority to give advice to the Saints.” (Letters to John Burk, Sally Waterman Phelps, and Almira Mack Scobey, 1–2 June 1835; William W. Phelps to Sally Waterman Phelps, no date, William W. Phelps, Papers, BYU.)  

    Phelps, William W. Papers, 1835–1865. BYU.

  27. 27

    The Phelps copy has “reign” instead of “run to Zion,” and the Holbrook copy has “run to liars.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  28. 28

    The Phelps copy inserts “up” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  29. 29

    See Revelation 2:2. The Phelps copy inserts “But find them liars” here, while the Holbrook copy inserts “and find them liars.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  30. 30

    The Phelps copy inserts “the affairs of” here. The Holbrook copy inserts “the officer of.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  31. 31

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both have “do” instead of “so now.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  32. 32

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies have “song” instead of “songs.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  33. 33

    See Psalm 137:1–4.  

  34. 34

    Church leaders had earlier told John Burk that they wanted the Missouri elders to “be very prayerful and very humble” and to “work diligently spiritually & temporally for the redemption of Zion.” (Letters to John Burk, Sally Waterman Phelps, and Almira Mack Scobey, 1–2 June 1835.)  

  35. 35

    The Missouri high council decided in July 1834 that the Saints in Missouri should not hold public meetings, something that was reiterated by the council in November 1834. (Minute Book 2, 12 July and 5 Nov. 1834.)  

  36. 36

    The Holbrook copy has “as little excite” instead of “cause as little excitement.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  37. 37

    A June 1834 revelation told the Missouri Saints to “be very faithful and prayerful and humb[l]e” in Missouri “and reveal not the things which I [God] have revealed unto them, Talk not of Judgment boast not of faith nor of mighty works, but carefully gather together in one region as can be consistently with the feeling of the people.” (Revelation, 22 June 1834 [D&C 105:23–24].)  

  38. 38

    The Phelps copy has “fulfil this promise” instead of “fulfils his promise.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  39. 39

    The Phelps copy does not have “would” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  40. 40

    Edward Partridge reached Kirtland from Missouri on 29 April 1835. On 2 June 1835, he and Isaac Morley left Kirtland on a mission to the eastern United States. Partridge did not arrive back in Clay County, Missouri, until 6 May 1836. (Partridge, Diary, 29 Apr. 1835 and 6 May 1836; Edward Partridge, Report, 31 Oct. 1835, Missionary Reports, 1831–1900, CHL.)  

    Partridge, Edward. Diaries, 1818 and 1835–1836. Edward Partridge, Papers, 1818–1839. CHL. MS 892, box 1, fds. 1–2.

    Missionary Reports, 1831–1900. CHL. MS 6104.

  41. 41

    The Phelps copy has “meanes” instead of “names.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  42. 42

    The Holbrook copy has “sacrements” instead of “communion.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  43. 43

    See Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59:9]. Although the Missouri high council had decided that the Missouri Saints should not meet together, it stated that elders could “administer the sacrament” in Missouri “if they see a convenient opportunity.” (Minute Book 2, 12 July and 5 Nov. 1834.)  

  44. 44

    See Revelation, 22 June 1834 [D&C 105:23–24].  

  45. 45

    The Phelps copy has “your” instead of “our” throughout this paragraph. The Holbrook copy omits “our” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  46. 46

    See Matthew 7:6; and Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:6].  

  47. 47

    The Phelps copy has “prepare” instead of “prepared.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  48. 48

    See Ephesians 6:11–13; 2 Corinthians 6:7; and Revelation, ca. Aug. 1835 [D&C 27:15].  

  49. 49

    The Phelps and Holbrook copies both have “silent” instead of “silence.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  50. 50

    The Phelps copy does not have “their” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  51. 51

    See 1 Corinthians 1:23.  

  52. 52

    The Phelps copy has “love to god and to all men” instead of “love to God, and love to man.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  53. 53

    The Phelps copy omits “if posible” here. (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

  54. 54

    The Holbrook copy has “prejudices” instead of “prejudice.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  55. 55

    The Holbrook copy omits “for evermore.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  56. 56

    Both the Phelps and Holbrook copies have “council” instead of “Presidents.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brethren,” no date, Jameson Family Collection, CHL; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    Jameson Family Collection, 1825–1938. CHL. MS 14052.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  57. 57

    The Holbrook copy has “those who embraced the truth” instead of “who first embraced the truth.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  58. 58

    Hezekiah Peck, who was baptized in 1830 in Colesville, New York, was the brother of Polly Peck Knight. Knight died in August 1831 after migrating with the rest of the Colesville Saints to Missouri. (Hartley, Stand by My Servant Joseph, 77–78; Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL; JS History, vol. A-1, 139.)  

    Hartley, William G. Stand by My Servant Joseph: The Story of the Joseph Knight Family and the Restoration. Provo, UT: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2003.

    Partridge, Edward. Letters, 1831–1835. CHL. MS 23154.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  59. 59

    The Holbrook copy has “Bretheren” instead of “brotherhood.” (JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to “Dear Brother,” 1 Sept. 1835, in JS History, vol. C-1, miscellaneous papers.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  60. 60

    In June 1833, Peck was to be ordained a high priest and to serve as a counselor to John Corrill, who was designated as an additional bishop in Missouri. However, because of the violence that broke out in Missouri that summer, Corrill never served as a bishop. It is not clear whether Peck was still ordained a high priest or what his position was in Missouri. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  

  61. 61

    Everlasting covenant” generally referred to the “fulness of [the] Gospel,” or the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth. (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:2]; see also Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1:15, 22]; Revelation, 12 July 1843, in Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 132:4, 6, 19, 26–27, 41]; and JS History, vol. D-1, 1551.)  

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.