Minutes, 14 July 1835

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

July 14th, 1835
met agreeable to appointment.
J. Smith Junr,)
Charges preferred against and . [p. 93]
opened by singing, awake my soul in joyful lay &c.
Prayer by .
’s case charge for unchristian like conduct in breaking a certain sacred made Sept. 24th 1834
J. Smith Junr. addressed the council in points of duty such as observing covenants &c. President Smith testified to the truth of the above covenant. President testified that he himself framed the above covenant, and that at the time, said that he had a witness that it was the will of the Lord that he should the surplus of what would be for his and his family’s support. stated agreed to let President J. Smith Junr. & others have money on loan, for the printing of the Revelations, if he could control his property in one year, or as soon as he obtained it.
Decided that Elder broke the covenant which he made Sept. 4th 1834, therefore he is not a member of this , unless he make satisfaction to those whom he injured.
is complained of as having spoken evil of dignities: Whereas Michael the Archangel, durst not bring a railing accusation against the Devil. Who said that the had the wrong tree to bark up. Brother J. M. Corrill [James M. Carrel] states that he heard say the council had barked up the wrong tree. says that brother Spearer says the same thing that J. M. Corrill did. [p. 94]
states the same things that J. M. Corrill does.—
Decided that shall make public confession to the satisfaction of the injured and walk as a saint in all things
This curse shall be upon them. The hand of the Lord shall be upon them, until they repent in sack[c]loth and ashes. and shall touch their unless they repent.
Closed in prayer by [p. 95]


  1. 1

    The text of this English hymn was originally published in London in 1782. In the 1830s, it was printed in American hymnals and sung to the tune of “Loving Kindness.” (Meyer, Collection of Hymns, 412–413; Leavitt, Christian Lyre, 1:22–23; see also Hatchett, Companion to the “New Harp of Columbia,” 156–157.)  

    Meyer, John Henry. A Collection of Hymns, Principally Design’d for the Use of the Congregation Assembling at Cumberland-Chapel, in Cumberland-Street, Shoreditch, London. London: W. Gilbert, 1782.

    Leavitt, Joshua. The Christian Lyre. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York: Jonathan Leavitt, 1831.

    Hatchett, Marion J. A Companion to “The New Harp of Columbia.” Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2003.

  2. 2

    The covenant Bosley was charged with breaking was made on 4 September 1834, not 24 September. (JS, Journal, 4 Sept. 1834.)  

  3. 3

    Early revelations dictated by JS were replete with language concerning the solemnity of making covenants and the gravity of breaking them. An 1831 revelation, for example, declared it would have been better for an individual to have “been drownded in the depth of the sea” than to have broken sacred covenants. A September 1832 revelation also noted that individuals who received the priesthood and then broke that covenant by “altogether turn[ing] therefrom shall not have forgiveness in this world nor in the world to come.” Revelations also promised blessings of mercy, protection, and support upon those who honored covenants. (Revelation, 10 June 1831 [D&C 54:5–6]; Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:41]; see also Revelation, ca. Early 1830; and Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:24].)  

  4. 4

    The copy of the covenant framed by Cowdery is not extant.  

  5. 5

    Various offenses, including breaking covenants, could result in an individual being cut off from the church. For example, a March 1832 revelation discussing the organization of the church’s mercantile and publishing enterprises stated that those individuals involved would be put under an “everlasting covinent” that, if broken, would cause them to “loose [their] office & standing in the church.” (Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:11–12]; see also Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11].)  

  6. 6

    In other words, while the archangel Michael refrained from speaking ill of even the devil, Isaac Bishop dared to criticize the high council. The phrase “railing accusation” is taken from Jude 1:9, in which the author uses the apocryphal conversation between Michael and the devil to counsel the saints to not speak ill of their leaders.  

  7. 7

    TEXT: Possibly “Shearer”. There is no record of a Brother “Spearer” in church records for Kirtland in the mid-1830s. Likewise, searches for alternate spellings such as Spear, Spears, Spiers, and others did not yield any results for the time period and location. The “p” is written with a clear descending stroke, but given other errors in the document, it is possible that this letter could be a hastily written “h.” If that is the case, this could refer to a member of the Shearer family, namely, twin brothers Joel and Daniel Shearer. Both were active church members at the time. In 1834, they may have resided in Indiana. Daniel also appears in later documents related to Missouri and Nauvoo. While their presence in Kirtland is possible, no documentary evidence confirms they were there at this time. (Chase, “Events in the Life of Daniel Shearer,” 1–2; see also JS History, vol. C-1, 881, 899; Report, Times and Seasons, Feb. 1840, 1:61; and Temple Records Index Bureau, Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register, 285.)  

    Chase, Sherwin. “Events in the Life of Daniel Shearer,” July 1983. Information concerning Daniel Shearer, ca. 1983. CHL. MS 7673.

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    Temple Records Index Bureau of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register, 10 December 1845 to 8 February 1846. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1974.

  8. 8

    Signifying extreme humility. (See Daniel 9:3; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 180 [Mosiah 11:25].)  

  9. 9

    As written, this sentence appears to be missing a noun after the possessive “their.” The version of these minutes in a later JS History reads, “shall affect their temporal and spiritual interest unless they repent.” (JS History, vol. B-1, 597.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.