Minutes, 28 November 1834

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Nov. 28th 1834
A convened this evening to transact business acording to the regulations of the .
Joseph Smith Junr.)Presiding
Counsellors present
. were appointed to speak. A letter from the church in , Essex Co. N. Y. was presented by brethren and and read by the . Said letters contained an account of money and other property, sent by the church in , in the care of said brethren to carry to to purchase land. Those brethren wished to know the mind and advice of their brethren here, whether they had better pursue their journey or not.
The two counsellors then spoke, followed by [,] , and the ; After which brother proceeded to give a decision. That after looking at all parts of the question, it was the decision, that our brethren be advised to tarry in this place during the winter. The voice of the council was taken which concurred with the decision. The two brethren then respectively arose and said they were perfectly satisfied with the decision of the council. The amount donated by the church in according to their letter, in cash is, $.473.29.
The amount in other property according to their said letter, is———375.11
[p. 77]
The then decided that Joseph Smith Jur. take such amount of said money as those brethren can part with for the present, by giving sufficient security, to be paid, with interest, by the 15th of April 1835. It was ascertained by the council sister Caroline Tippits [Tippets] held $.149.75 of the money mentioned in said letter, She was accordingly called into the council— and expressed a willingness to loan the same, A Note of $.280. was drawn in favor of , due April 15th. 1835 and signed by Joseph Smith Junr & and another in favor of Caroline Tippits of $.150. due April 15th. 1835 signed by Joseph Smith Jn. &. . The council then closed in prayer by J. Smith Junr
Clerk of Conference)
The next Counsellors will be arranged as follows.
The following letter was presented by and formed the subject of the preceding council.
Written to brother Joseph & high council in by to be sent greeting.
Brother Joseph will recollect the time I left last winter in order to come for to dispose of the property I had in possession, which I have been striving to do, from that time till about the first of Sept. last. [p. 78]
But I have felt very uneasy, while the has gone forth for the Eastern to flee unto the West. The first, or about the first of Sept. I with 2 of my brethren, took the revelation concerning the redemption of , and read it, and then we agreed to ask God to enable us to obey the same. as we live in the Eastern States our minds lit over these important lines, [“]therefore a commandment I give unto all the churches, that they shall continue to together unto the places which I have appointed, nevertheless, as I have said unto you in a former commandment, let not your gathering be in haste nor by flight, but let all things be prepared before you, & in order that all things be prepared before you, observe the commandment which I have given concerning these things which saith or teacheth to purchase all the lands, by money, which can be purchased for money, in the region round about the land which I have appointed to be the land of Zion. for the beginning of the gathering of my saints; all the land which can be purchased in , and the counties round about and leave the residue in mine hand.
[“]Now verily I say unto you, let all the churches gather together all their monies, let these things be done in their time, be not in haste, and observe to have all things prepared before you, and let honorable men be appointed even wise men and send them to purchase these lands, and every church in the Eastern countries, when they are built up, if they will hearken unto this council, they may by buy lands and gather together upon them, and in this way they may establish Zion.[”] And after further consideration and much prayer, we carried the case before the church in this place which met the approbation of the same. Accordingly we strove to become of one heart and one mind, appointed a day for fasting & prayer, and asked the Lord to enable [p. 79]
us to collect all our monies, and appointed a day for the church to come together for council. Accordingly we came together and after consecration [conversation] chose a moderator & clerk to keep the record of the church, counselled together concerning property ownd by the church, and commenced to make sale, and collect pay according to the voice of the church in order to collect all the monies owned by the church & send by the hands of wise men, which were appointed by the voice of the church; one and the other a according to the will of God.
, County of Essex N. Y.)
Oct. 20 1834.)
A of the , agreeable to the requirement of heaven, have strove to unite their hearts and views in order to be found spotless before the blazing throne of the great Jehovah, when he comes to make up his jewels, and for this end do send property by the hands of wise men appointed by the voice of the church, (agreeable to the revelation concerning the redemption of ) for the purpose of purchasing land in or counties, round about, for the of the church. Agreeable to this we give our names with the affix sums annexed.
One hundred dollars to be left in in boots & shoes
171.05 51.93
Henry Adams11.13 8.75
David Bragg 5.00 1.06The wise men are
Zebulon Adams 1.75
Caroline Tippits151.06107.00
Gustavus A. Perry00.00. 6.00
aggregate $.848.40 [p. 80]


  1. 1

    John Tippets later remembered that the council—which he mistakenly recalled as taking place on 9 December 1834—occurred “at candle lite.” (Tippets, Autobiography, 16–18.)  

    Tippets, John Harvey. Autobiography, ca. 1882. Photocopy. CHL. MS 5668.

  2. 2

    Revised Minutes, 18–19 Feb. 1834 [D&C 102:2].  

  3. 3

    The Kirtland high council could function as long as at least seven of the twelve counselors were present. (Revised Minutes, 18–19 Feb. 1834 [D&C 102:6].)  

  4. 4

    Only two counselors were to speak when the high council dealt with an issue that was not considered difficult. (Revised Minutes, 18–19 Feb. 1834 [D&C 102:13].)  

  5. 5

    Oliver Cowdery.  

  6. 6

    According to John Tippets, he, Joseph, and Caroline stayed in Kirtland “thro[u]gh the winter spring and sumer” and “obtaind a greate deal of good in struction.” In September 1835, they departed for Missouri, accompanied by John’s brother William, who had been a member of the Camp of Israel and who married Caroline. (Tippets, Autobiography, 20–22; JS, Journal, 23 Sept. 1835.)  

    Tippets, John Harvey. Autobiography, ca. 1882. Photocopy. CHL. MS 5668.

  7. 7

    Eleanor Wise Tippets later stated that John’s father, who was not a member of the church, “upbraided his son for lending” the money to JS. (Tippets, Autobiography, 25.)  

    Tippets, John Harvey. Autobiography, ca. 1882. Photocopy. CHL. MS 5668.

  8. 8

    Cowdery and Williams composed F. G. Williams & Co., the firm that conducted the church’s printing operations in Kirtland, but it is not known if the funds were used for publishing. (Revelation, 23 Apr. 1834 [D&C 104:29]; F. G. Williams & Co., Account Book, 1.)  

    F. G. Williams & Co. Account Book, 1833–1835. CHL. In Patience Cowdery, Diary, 1849–1851. CHL. MS 3493.

  9. 9

    It is unclear how much property Alvah Tippets had. His father (John’s uncle) died in 1826, leaving Alvah, at the age of seventeen, as the head of his household in Lewis. (Taylor, Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads, 5–6; 1830 U.S. Census, Lewis, Essex Co., NY, 317.)  

    Taylor, Matthew J. The Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads: A Biography; Alvah Lewis Tippets, 1809–1847. Provo, UT: By the author, 2013.

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

  10. 10

    The December 1833 revelation referred to here was published as a broadsheet soon after its dictation and was distributed to the different branches of the church. (Verily, I Say unto You, concerning Your Brethren Who Have Been Afflicted [Kirtland, OH: ca. Jan. 1834], copy at CHL [D&C 101]; “A Scrap of Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 24 Jan. 1834, [1]; Howe, Mormonism Unvailed, 147–155; Letter to the Church in Clay Co., MO, 22 Jan. 1834.)  

    Verily, I say unto you, concerning your brethren who have been afflicted. [Kirtland, OH: ca. Jan. 1834]. Copy at CHL.

    Painesville Telegraph. Painesville, OH. 1822–1986.

    Howe, Eber D. Mormonism Unvailed: Or, A Faithful Account of That Singular Imposition and Delusion, from Its Rise to the Present Time. With Sketches of the Characters of Its Propagators, and a Full Detail of the Manner in Which the Famous Golden Bible Was Brought before the World. To Which Are Added, Inquiries into the Probability That the Historical Part of the Said Bible Was Written by One Solomon Spalding, More Than Twenty Years Ago, and by Him Intended to Have Been Published as a Romance. Painesville, OH: By the author, 1834.

  11. 11

    The quotation that follows and continues into the next paragraph is from Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:67–74].  

  12. 12

    See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:56]; Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:24]; and Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133:12–15].  

  13. 13

    See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:4–6]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:49–53]; and Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:24–31].  

  14. 14

    See Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:64–65].  

  15. 15

    A later JS history containing a copy of these minutes has “conversation” here instead of “consecration.” (JS History, vol. B-1, 561.)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  16. 16

    See Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:3]; Malachi 3:17; and Revelation, 8 Aug. 1831 [D&C 60:4].  

  17. 17

    This donation is not included in the aggregate amount of $848.40. John Tippets may have been referring to this money when he remembered his cousin Alvah making an additional “donation of one hundred” dollars. (Tippets, Autobiography, 20.)  

    Tippets, John Harvey. Autobiography, ca. 1882. Photocopy. CHL. MS 5668.

  18. 18

    The 1830 census shows David Bragg, who was between the ages of twenty and twenty-nine, as living in Lewis, New York. (1830 U.S. Census, Lewis, Essex Co., NY, 318.)  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

  19. 19

    As of the 1830 census, Zebulon Adams lived in Willsboro, Essex County, New York. In 1832, he accompanied Jared Carter as Carter preached in Essex County. (1830 U.S. Census, Willsboro, Essex Co., NY, 331; Jared Carter, Journal, 105.)  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

    Carter, Jared. Journal, 1831–1833. CHL. MS 1441.

  20. 20

    Caroline Tippets was twenty-two years old at this time. (Taylor, Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads, 4.)  

    Taylor, Matthew J. The Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads: A Biography; Alvah Lewis Tippets, 1809–1847. Provo, UT: By the author, 2013.

  21. 21

    TEXT: This notation is written sideways in the minute book.  

  22. 22

    Gustavus Perry, who lived in Lewis, was a cousin to the Tippets family. He worked as a farmer and a sawyer in a mill. (1830 U.S. Census, Lewis, Essex Co., NY, 316; Taylor, Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads, 4–5; Whitney, History of Utah, 4:439.)  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

    Taylor, Matthew J. The Heavens Are No Longer as Brass over Our Heads: A Biography; Alvah Lewis Tippets, 1809–1847. Provo, UT: By the author, 2013.

    Whitney, Orson F. History of Utah. 4 vols. Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon and Sons, 1904.