Notebook of Copied Egyptian Characters, circa Early July 1835

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

[front cover]
5
121
130
430
681
480
419
600
2170
1855
4025
3020
7045
 
66
37½
103½
75
178½
156
22½
H Dayton
[inside front cover blank; first leaf blank]
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A Translation of the next page <​in part​>
Katumin, Princess, daughter of On=i=tas <​King​> of Egypt, who reigned began to reign in the year of the world, 2962.
Katumin was born in the 30th year of the reign of her father, and died when <​s​>he was 28th years old, which was <​the year​> 3020 [p. 1]
[verso of p. 1 blank]
[4 lines of hieratic characters]
[drawing of a winged figure and a falcon-headed canopic jar]
(Over this stood the figure)
(of a woman.)
[drawing of a snake with legs and a female figure facing each other] [p. 2]
[verso of p. 2 blank]
[4 lines of hieratic characters]
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[1 line of hieratic characters]
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[1 line of hieratic characters]
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[1 line of hieratic characters] [p. 3]
[verso of p. 3 blank]
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[inside back cover blank]
[back cover]
 

Footnotes

  1. new scribe logo

    William W. Phelps handwriting begins.  

  2. 1

    TEXT: The math is wrong; this number should be “2180”. This number appears to be based on a chronology of the Old Testament, arriving roughly to what was thought in the nineteenth century to be the time period of Abraham (2170 bc). (See, for example, Yeates, Remarks on the Bible Chronology, 2; and Macdougal, Treatise on the Chronology, 80.)  

    Yeates, Thomas. Remarks on the Bible Chronology: Being an Essay towards Reconciling the Same with the Histories of the Eastern Nations. London: Richards Watts, 1830.

    Macdougal, Duncan. A Treatise on the Chronology, and the Prophetical Numbers, of the Bible, in a Letter Addressed to William Cuninghame, Esq., of Lainshaw, in the County of Ayr. With an Appendix. . . . London: W. Smith, 1840.

  3. 2

    TEXT: Possibly an “X” or a “T”.  

  4. 3

    TEXT: Or “Dayter”. It is unknown to what this name or word refers, or what the preceding seven lines of numbers may signify.  

  5. 4

    TEXT: Insertion in graphite—possibly inscribed at the same time as the mathematical computations on the front cover.  

  6. 5

    TEXT: Stricken and then partially wipe-erased.  

  7. 6

    TEXT: Possibly “30{\2}0”.  

  8. 7

    TEXT: This sequence of hieratic characters is continued from the first page of “Valuable Discovery,” ca. Early July 1835. These lines of hieratic characters are not present on any extant JS papyri and, according to one Egyptologist, come from chapter 46 of the Book of the Dead for Amenhotep. (Ritner, Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri, 210–211; see also Rhodes, Books of the Dead, 5; and Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri, 10–13.)  

    Ritner, Robert K. The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, P. JS 1–4 and the Hypocephalus of Sheshonq. Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011.

    Rhodes, Michael D. Books of the Dead Belonging to Tshemmin and Neferirnub: A Translation and Commentary. Studies in the Book of Abraham 4. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, Brigham Young University, 2010.

    Gee, John. A Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.

  9. 8

    TEXT: Both figures appear in the vignette that was later published as Facsimile 1. (Fragment of Book of Breathing for Horos–A, between 238 and ca. 153 bc; see also Ritner, Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri, 210.)  

    Ritner, Robert K. The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, P. JS 1–4 and the Hypocephalus of Sheshonq. Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011.

  10. 9

    TEXT: This image is present on the extant Fragment of Book of the Dead for Semminis–B, ca. 300–100 bc. (See Ritner, Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri, 210.)  

    Ritner, Robert K. The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, P. JS 1–4 and the Hypocephalus of Sheshonq. Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011.

  11. new scribe logo

    William W. Phelps handwriting ends; unidentified begins.  

  12. 10

    TEXT: These lines of hieratic characters do not appear in any extant papyri. According to one Egyptologist, they may come from chapters 77 and 78 of the Book of the Dead for Amenhotep. (Ritner, Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri, 212; see also Rhodes, Books of the Dead, 5; and Gee, Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri, 10–13.)  

    Ritner, Robert K. The Joseph Smith Egyptian Papyri: A Complete Edition, P. JS 1–4 and the Hypocephalus of Sheshonq. Salt Lake City: Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2011.

    Rhodes, Michael D. Books of the Dead Belonging to Tshemmin and Neferirnub: A Translation and Commentary. Studies in the Book of Abraham 4. Provo, UT: Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, Brigham Young University, 2010.

    Gee, John. A Guide to the Joseph Smith Papyri. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 2000.

  13. new scribe logo

    Unidentified handwriting ends; different scribe (likely Frederick G. Williams) begins. While some characteristics of Williams’s handwriting match these notations, the sample size is too small to draw definitive conclusions.  

  14. 11

    TEXT: These are the initials of Frederick G. Williams.