Petition from Albert P. Rockwood and Others, 18 July 1842
and others, Petition, , Hancock Co., IL, to mayor (JS), aldermen, and counselors of the City of Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL, 18 July 1842; handwriting of ; presumable signatures of 129 individual petitioners; four pages; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.Two leaves, the first measuring 12 × 7½–7¾ inches (30 × 19–20 cm) and the second measuring 5¾–6¼ × 7⅝ inches (15–16 × 19 cm). The first leaf is ruled with thirty-seven lines (now faded); the second leaf contains nineteen lines. The petition was inscribed in blue ink. The left, top, and bottom edges of the recto of each leaf were unevenly cut, and the right edges of the recto of each leaf were unevenly torn. The leaves were folded together, with the first leaf folded twice horizontally and the second leaf folded once.This document was presumably kept among city records. In 1845, the city of Nauvoo was disincorporated. Many if not most of the city records were listed in an inventory that was produced by the Church Historian’s Office (now CHL) in 1846, when they were packed up with church records that were taken to the Salt Lake Valley. Subsequent inventories of church records in Salt Lake City indicate continuous institutional custody.
On 18 July 1842, prepared a petition, which he and 128 other , Illinois, residents signed, urging JS as Nauvoo’s mayor, as well as the city councilors and aldermen, to pass an ordinance to remove driftwood from the edge of the . Such driftwood posed potential hazards both to health and navigation. The Nauvoo charter granted the city’s inhabitants the power “to improve and protect” public property. The charter also authorized the city council to make laws for the cleanliness of Nauvoo and the health of its citizens, and it further empowered the council “to make regulations to secure the general health of the inhabitants, to declare what shall be a nuisance, and to prevent and remove the same.” In his inaugural address as Nauvoo’s mayor, given in February 1841, had advised that the “low lands” bordering the Mississippi “should be immediately drained, and the entire timber removed” for the sake of the public’s health.In the 18 July 1842 petition featured here, the petitioners noted navigational difficulties caused by the driftwood, but they focused their complaint on potential health issues: the wood created stagnant water, which the petitioners linked to effluvium, a substance they viewed as “injurieous to health.” and many of the other petitioners lived in the northwest part of , an area on the curving bank of the that was particularly susceptible to deposits of driftwood.Although the document carries a date of 18 July 1842, the date it was submitted to the city council is unknown, and extant municipal records do not indicate whether the city council considered, discussed, or acted on the petition.
Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.
Dunglison, Robley. Medical Lexicon: A New Dictionary of Medical Science, Containing a Concise Account of the Various Subjects and Terms; with the French and Other Synonymes, and Formulae for Various Officinal and Empirical Preparations, &c. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1842.
Barker, Thomas Collis. Inaugural Dissertation on Typhus Fever. [Giessen, Germany]: G. F. Heyeri, 1842.
Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.
|Wm. R Helm||Levi Allred|
|David P. Rainey||John H Powers|
|Alexander Lyon||Solon Powers|
|Levi L Skinner|
|John Sweat||H B M Jolley|
|Thomas L Munjar||Alfred Lee|
|George C. Wilson||Jackson Smith|
|Guy C. Wilson||Patrick Norrris [Norris]|
|Samuel Fowler||Nahum Benjamin|
|Johnson G Bentley||Seth Jackson|
|Josiah James||Wm Oaks|
|Benjn. Sweat||David Jenkins|
|Jacob Johnson||John Thorp|
|Jacob h Johnson||James Spencer|
|An[thony] head.||Richard Withnell|
|John H Lyons||Nathan Cheney|
|Francis Lee||Joseph Aldridge|
|Chester Southworth||John Baus[h]|
|Horace S Rawson||H[enry] L, Moore|
|W[hitford] G, Wilson|
|Joseph Dudley||Daniel Cathcart|
|Jacob G Bigler|
|Peter Hopkines [Hopkins]|
|Allen Taylor||Calob Lions [Caleb Lyons]|
|O D Hovey|
|Luther V Burklow|
|Welcome Chapman||Lewis Leigler|
|David W Wright||Newman G Bladget [Blodget]|
|Worthy Clark||Daniel Cahoon|
|John Aitkin||Andrew Smith|
|Lorenzo D Driggs||Samuel hodge|
|Lewis Hyde||John Drysdale|
|Charles L Lewis||John Keown|
|Henry Kearns||Wm. Higbee|
|David Jones||Wm Anderson|
|Younger M Causlin|
|Allen Weeakes [Weaks]—||Eleazar [Eleazer] King Jr|
|Enoch M. King|
|Alvin Winegar||William Jenkins|
|William Player||Elijah Newman|
|Joseph W. Pierce||H. M Alexander|
|E[than] M Kimball|
|A Stephens||J S Canfield|
|Georege [George] gates||Wm Scott|
|John Haslam||A[lvin] M. Harding|
|David Wilding||Daniel S Thomas|
|Lucius Merchants||Henry Oaks|
|Noah T Guymon|
The Public and General Statute Laws of the State of Illinois: Containing All the Laws . . . Passed by the Ninth General Assembly, at Their First Session, Commencing December 1, 1834, and Ending February 13, 1835; and at Their Second Session, Commencing December 7, 1835, and Ending January 18, 1836; and Those Passed by the Tenth General Assembly, at Their Session Commencing December 5, 1836, and Ending March 6, 1837; and at Their Special Session, Commencing July 10, and Ending July 22, 1837. . . . Compiled by Jonathan Young Scammon. Chicago: Stephen F. Gale, 1839.
Laws of the State of Illinois, Passed by the Ninth General Assembly, at Their First Session, Commencing December 1, 1834, and Ending February 13, 1835. Vandalia, IL: J. Y. Sawyer, 1835.
Aitken, W. A Journey up the Mississippi River, from Its Mouth to Nauvoo, the City of the Latter Day Saints. Ashton-under-Lyne, England: John Williamson, 1845.
Hall, James. The West: Its Commerce and Navigation. Cincinnati: H. W. Derby, 1848.