Revelation, 1 November 1831–A [D&C 68]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

given in Nov. 1. 1831
70 A Revelation to & &
The mind & will of the Lord as made known by the voice of the spirit made <​known to​> a held November first 1831 concerning certain who requested of the Lord to kno his will concerning them & also certain items as made known in addition to the & commandments which have been given to the firstly my servant was called by his ordinance to proclaim the everlasting Gospel by the spirit of the living God from people to people & from land to land from <​in the​> congregtions of the wicked in their Synagogues reas[o]ning with & expounding all scriptures <​un​>to them & behold & lo this is an ensample unto all those who were unto this whose mission is appointed unto them to go forth & this is the ensample unto them that they shall speak as they are moved upon by the Holy Ghost & whatsoever they shall speak when moved upon by the Holy Ghost shall be Scripture shall be the will of the Lord shall be the mind of the Lord shall be the voice of the Lord & shall be the power of God unto Salvation behold this is the promise of the Lord unto you o ye my servants wherefore be of good cheer & do not fear for I the Lord am with you & will stand by you & you <​ye​> shall bear record of me even Jesus christ that I am the Son of God that I was that I am & that I am to come this is the word of the Lord unto you my Servant & also to my servant & unto my servant & unto my servant & unto all the faithful Elders of my church go ye unto all the world preach the gospel to every creature acting in the authority which I have given you in the name of the Father & of the Son & of <​of the​> Holy Ghost & he that believeth & is baptised shall be saved & he that believeth not shall be damned & he that believeth shall be blessed with signs following even as it is written & unto you it shall be given to know the signs of the times & the signs of the coming of the Son of man & of as many as the Father shall bear record to you it shall be given to seal them up unto Eternal life Amen—
And now conc[e]rning the items in addition to the & commandments they are these there rema[i]neth hereafter in the due [p. 113] time of the Lord other to be set apart unto the to minister even according to the first wherefore it shall be an who is worthy & he shall be appointed by a of high priests And again no Bishop or judge which shall be set apart for this ministry shall be tried or condemned for any crime save it be before a confrence of high priests & inasmuch as he is found guilty before a confrenc of high priests by testimony that cannot be impeached he shall be condemned or forgiven according to the Laws of the church And again inasmuch as parents have children in that teach them not to understand the doctrine of repentance faith in Christ the Son of the living God & of & the when eight years old the sin be upon the head of the parents for this shall be a Law unto the inhabitants of Zion & their children shall be baptised for the remission of their sins when eight years old & receive the laying on of the hands & they also shall teach their children to pray & to walk uprightly before the Lord & the inhabitants of Zion shall also observe to the Sabath day to keep it holy & the inhabitants of Zion also shall remember their labors inasmuch as they are appointed to labor in all faithfulness for the idler shall be had in remembrance before the Lord now I the Lord am not well pleased with the inhabitants of Zion for there are idlers among them & their children also are growing up in wickedness they also seek not earnestly the riches of Eternity but their eyes are full of greediness these things ought not to be & must be done away from among them wherefore let my servant cary these sayings unto the land of & a I give unto them that he that obse[r]veth <​not​> his prayers before the Lord in the season thereof let them be had in remembrance before the of my people these sayings are true & faithful wherefore transgress them not neither take therefrom behold I am Alpha & Omega & I come quickly Amen
Given a in November first 1831 by Joseph the [p. 114]


  1. new scribe logo

    John Whitmer handwriting begins.  

  2. 1

    John Whitmer assigned this number to the revelation when recording it in Revelation Book 1.  

  3. new scribe logo

    John Whitmer handwriting ends; Oliver Cowdery begins.  

  4. 2

    This heading may not have appeared in the original manuscript; it may have been added by Oliver Cowdery when he copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1.  

  5. 3

    “Ordinance” likely refers to Hyde’s ordination to the high priesthood. “Ordinance”—which, according to Webster’s 1828 dictionary, could mean “appointment”—was changed to “ordination” in the 1921 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. Hyde later recalled that, at the same conference where this ordination occurred, he was “appointed on a mission to Elyria and Florence [Ohio] in connection with Bro. Hyrum Smith.” (Doctrine and Covenants 68:1, 1921 ed.; “Ordinance,” in American Dictionary [1828]; “History of Orson Hyde,” 8, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL.)  

    The Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; Containing Revelations Given to Joseph Smith, the Prophet; with Some Additions by His Successors in the Presidency of the Church. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1921.

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

    Historian’s Office. Histories of the Twelve, 1856–1858, 1861. CHL. CR 100 93.

  6. 4

    Although “synagogue” refers specifically to a Jewish house of worship, it is also used in the Book of Mormon to denote a general place of worship. (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 492 [3 Nephi 18:32].)  

  7. 5

    See Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:7].  

  8. 6

    Former church member Ezra Booth claimed that it was JS’s responsibility to determine whether revelations received by other individuals were “from the Lord or the devil.” A September 1830 revelation declared that JS was the only one “appointed to Receive commandments & Revelations” for the church. (Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. II,” Ohio Star [Ravenna], 20 Oct. 1831, [3]; Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:2]; see also Revelation, Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:2–4].)  

    Ohio Star. Ravenna. 1830–1854.

  9. 7

    See Romans 1:16.  

  10. 8

    See Mark 16:15–18; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 537 [Mormon 9:22–24]; and Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:8–9].  

  11. 9

    A March 1831 revelation delineated some of these signs. (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:39–44].)  

  12. 10

    The minutes of the conference held in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, a week earlier record that “Br. Joseph Smith jr. said that the order of the High priesthood is that they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life.” (Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.)  

  13. 11

    That is, in addition to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” dated February 1831, and other commandments. (See Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93].)  

  14. 12

    Edward Partridge was appointed bishop in February 1831. (See Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:9].)  

  15. 13

    Extant records predating this revelation generally use the term “high priesthood” instead of “high priests.”a After this revelation, the term “high priests” is increasingly used in records.b Although a conference of elders appointed “assistants” to Edward Partridge in June 1831, there is no extant record of a conference appointing Partridge bishop.c A license created for Partridge, however, states that Partridge had been appointed bishop “with and by the consent of the whole church.”d  

    (aSee, for example, Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831; and Minutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.bSee, for example, Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107 (partial)]; and Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1].cMinutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.dLicense for Edward Partridge, ca. 4 Aug.1831–ca. 5 Jan. 1832.)
  16. 14

    An August 1831 revelation explained that one of the functions of a bishop was to “be a Judge in Israel” and “to Judge his people by the testimony of the Just.” (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:17–18].)  

  17. 15

    The February 1831 revelation of the “Laws of the Church of Christ” stated, “If he [Partridge] transgress another shall be appointed in his Stead.” This same revelation provided instructions on how to deal with church members who committed adultery or offended other members of the church. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:10]; Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:80–83, 88–93].)  

  18. 16

    According to an 1829 revelation, children were not to be baptized until they had reached the “years of accountability.” Sometime between 1 February 1831 and 7 March 1831, JS revised Genesis 17:11 so that it explained “that children are not accountable before me till eight years old.” (Revelation, June 1829–B [D&C 18:42]; Old Testament Revision 1, p. 41, [Joseph Smith Translation, Genesis 17:11]; see also Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 64.)  

    Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

  19. 17

    See Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59:12–13].  

  20. 18

    The “Laws of the Church of Christ” specifically prohibited idleness, stating “he that is Idle shall not eat the bread nor wear the garment of the labourer.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].)  

  21. 19

    See Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:39].  

  22. 20

    See Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56:17].  

  23. 21

    Sidney Gilbert, who had returned to Kirtland, Ohio, in August 1831 to “procure the necessaries” for his store in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri, was similarly told to communicate “that which he hath seen & heard . . . unto my Deciples” in Missouri “that they perish not & for this cause have I spoken these things.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:19].)  

    Partridge, Edward. Letters, 1831–1835. CHL. MS 23154.

  24. 22

    See Revelation 22:6; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 119 [2 Nephi 31:15]; and Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:11].  

  25. 23

    These titles for Jesus Christ were used in the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and earlier JS revelations. (See, for example, Revelation 1:8, 11; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 473–474 [3 Nephi 9:18]; and Revelation, ca. Summer 1829 [D&C 19:1].)