Revelation, 12 July 1843 [D&C 132]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

No 1
July 12th 1843
Verily thus Saith the Lord, unto you my Servent Joseph, that inasmuch as you have enquired of my hand to know and understand wherein I the Lord justified my Servents Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; as also Moses, David and Solomon my Servents as touching the principle and doctrin of their having many wives, and concubines. Behold, and lo, I am the Lord thy God, and will answer thee as t[o]uching this matter Therefore prepare thy heart to receive and obay the instructions which I am about to give unto you, for all those, who have this law revealed unto them, must obey the Same, for behold, I reveal unto you a , and if ye abide not that covenant, then are ye damned; for no one can reject this covenant, and be permitted to enter into my glory; for all who will have a blessing at my hands, Shall abide the law which was appointed for that blessing and the conditions thereof, as was instituted from before the foundation of the world and as pertaining, to the new and everlasting covenant, it was instituted for the fulness of my glory; and he that receiveth a fulness thereof must and Shall abide the law or he Shall be damned Saith the Lord God. And verily I Say unto you, that the conditions of this law are these, all covnants, contracts, bonds, obligations, oaths, vows, performances, connexions, associations or expectations that are not made and entered into and Sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise of him who is anointed both as well for time and for all eternity and that too most holy by Revelation and commandment through the medium of mine anointed whom I have appointed on the earth to hold the this power (and I have appointed unto my Servant Joseph to hold this power in the last days and there is never but one on the earth at a time, on whom this power and the of this is confered) are of no effect efficacy, virtue or force in and after the resurrection from the dead for all contracts that are not made unto this end, have an end when men are dead. Behold, mine house is a house of [p. [1]] order Saith the Lord God, and not a house of confusion. Will I accept of an offering, Saith the Lord that is not made in my name or will I receive at your hands, that which I have not appointed, and will I appoint unto you, Saith the Lord, except it be by law, even as I and my Father ordained unto you, before the world was? I am the Lord thy God and I Give unto you this commandment that no man Shall Come unto the Father but by me, or by my word, which is my law Saith the Lord, and every thing that is in the world, whether in it be ordained of men by thrones, or principalities or powers or things of name whatsoever they may be that are not by me or by my word Saith the Lord, Shall be thrown down and Shall not remain after men are dead, neither in nor after the resurrection, Saith the Lord your God. For whatsoever things remaineth are by me; and whatsoever things are not by me, shall be shaken and destroyed. Therefore if a man marry him a wife, in the world, and he marry her not by me, nor by <​my​> word; and he covenant with her, So long as he is in the world, and She with him, their covenant and marriage is not of force when they are dead, and when they are out of the world therefore they are not bound by any law when they are out of the world therefore, when they are out of the world, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are appointed angels in heaven, which angels are ministering Servents to minister for those, who are worthy of a far more and an exceding and an eternal weight of Glory, for these angels did not abide my law, therefore they cannot be enlarged, but remain separately and Singly without exaltation in their Saved Condition to all eternity and from henceforth are not Gods, but are angels of God for ever and ever.
And again verily I Say unto you, if a man Marry a wife and make a covenant with her for time and for all Eternity, if that Covenant is not by me or by my word which is my law and is not Sealed by the Holy Spririt of promise, through him whom I have aniointed and appointed unto this power then it is not Valid, neither of force when they are out of the world [p. [2]] because they are not joined by me Saith the Lord, neither by my word when they are out of the world it cannot be received their there because the angels and the Gods are appointed there, by whom they Cannot pass, they Cannot therefore inherit my glory for my house is a house of order Saith the Lord God, And again verily I Say unto you, if a man marry a wife by my word which is my law, and by the and it is unto them by the Holy Spirit of promise by him who is anointed unto whom I have appointed this power and the of this and it Shall be Said unto them ye Shall Come forth in the first resurrection and if it be after the first resurrection in the next resurection and Shall inherit thrones Kingdoms principalites and powers dominions all heighth and depths then Shall it be written in the Lambs book of life that he Shall Commit no murder whereby to Shed blood innocent blood and if ye abide in my Covenant and Commit no murder whereby to Shed innocent blood it Shall be done unto them in all things whatsoever my Servent hath put upon them, in time and through all Eternity, and Shall be of full force when they are out of the world and they Shall pass by the angels and the Gods which are Set there to their exaltation and Glory in all things as hath been Sealed upon their heads which glory Shall be a fullness and a Continuation of the Seeds for ever and ever. Then Shall they be Gods, because they have no End. Therefore, Shall they be from everlasting to Everlasting because they Continue Then Shall they be above all because all things are Subject unto them. Then Shall they be Gods because they have all power and the angels are Subject unto them Verily verily, I Say unto you except ye abide my Law ye Cannot attain to this Glory for Strait is the Gate and narrow the way, that leadeth unto the exaltation and continuation of the lives and few there be that find it because ye receive me not in the world neither do ye know me. But if ye Receive me in the world, then Shalt ye know me, and Shall receive your exaltation, that where I am, ye Shall be also. This is Eternal lives to <​know​> the onley wise and true God, and Jesus Christ whom he hath Sent, I am he Receive ye therefore my [p. [3]] law. Broad is the gate, and wide the way that leadeth to the deaths, and many there are that go in thereat because they receive me not, neither do they abide my law— Verily verily I Say unto you, if <​a​> man marry a wife according to my word, and they are by the Holy Spirit of promise, according to my mine appointement, and he or She Shall Commit any Sin or transgression of the whatever, and all manner of blasphemies and if they commit no murder, wherein they Shed innocent blood, yet they Shall Come forth in the first resurrection and enter into their— exaltation, but they Shall be destroyed in in the flesh and Shall be delivered unto the buffetin[g]s of Satan unto the day of redemption, Saith the Lord God. The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which Shall not be forgiven in the world nor out of the world, is in that ye Commit murder, wherein ye Shed innocent blood, and assent unto my death, after ye have received my new and Everlasting covenant Saith the Lord God and he that abideth not this law can in no wise enter into my glory but Shall be damned Saith the Lord, I am the Lord thy God, and will give unto thee the Law of my Holy priesthood as was ordained by me and my Father before the world was, Abraham receiveth all things, whatsoever he received by Revelation and Commandment by my word Saith the Lord, and hath entered in to his exaltation and Setteth upon his throne, Abraham received promises concerning his Seed, and of the fruit of his loins, from whose loins ye are viz; my Servant Joseph which were to continue So long as they were in the world, and as touching Abraham and his Seed out of the world they Should continue both in the world and out of the wourld Should they Continue as innumerable as the Stars or if ye ware to count the Sand upon the Sea Shore ye Could not number them. This promis is yours also because ye are of Abraham, and the promise was made unto Abraham and by this law are the Continuation of the works of my Father where in he gloryfieth himself, Go ye therefore and do the works of Abraham, enter ye into my law and ye Shall be Saved, But if ye enter not into my law ye Cannot receive the promises of my Father which he made unto [p. [4]] No. 2
Abraham, God commanded Abraham, and Sarah gave Hagar to Abraham to wife. and why did She do it? Because this was the law, and from Hagar Sprang many people. This Therefore was fulfilling, among other things, the promises Was Abraham therefore under condemnation? Verily I Say unto you nay for I the Lorde Commanded it. Abraham was Commanded to offer his Son Isaac; nevertheless it was written thou Shalt not kill, Abraham however did not refuse, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness, Abraham received Concubines, and they bare him Children, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness because they ware Given unto him. and he abode in my law, as Isaac also, and Jacob did none other things, than that which they were commanded and because they did none other things than that which they were commanded they have enterd into there exaltation according to the promises, and Set Sit upon thrones; and are not angels but are Gods. David also receiveth received many wives and Concubines and as also Solomon and Moses my Servents; as also many others of my Servents from the begenning of creation untill this time and in nothing did they Sin Save in those things which they received not of me. David<​s​> wives and Concubines were given unto him of me by the hand of Nathan my Servent and others of the prophets who had the of this power; and in none of these things did he Sin against me Save in the case of Uriah and his wife and therefore he hath fallen from his exaltation and received his portion and he Shall not inherit them out of the world for I gave them unto another Saith the Lord, I am the Lord, thy God and I gave unto thee my Servent Joseph an appointment and restore all things ask what ye will and it Shall be given unto you according to my word and as ye have asked Concerning adultery, Verily verily I Say unto you if a man receiveth a wife in the and if She be with another man and I have not appointed unto her by the holy anointing, She hath Committed adultery and Shall be destroyed. If She be not in the new and Everlasting Covenant, and She be with another <​man​> She has Committed adultery; and if her husband be with another woman and he was under a vow, he hath broken his vow and [p. [5]] hath committed adultery and if She hath not committed adultery but <​is​> innocent and hath not broken her vow and She knoweth it and I reveal it unto you my Servant Joseph then Shall you have power by the power of my Holy to take her and give her unto him that hath not Committed adultery but hath been faithful for he Shall be made ruler over many for I have conferred upon you the and power of the priesthood wherein I restore all things and make known unto you all things in due time— And Verily verily I Say unto you, as whatsoever you on Earth Shalt Shall be Sealed in heaven, and whatsoever you bind on earth in my name and by my word Saith the Lord it Shall be eternally bound in the heavens; and whos<​o​>ever whosesoever Sins you remit on earth Shall be remitted eternally in the heavens and whosesoever Sins you retain on earth Shall be retained in heaven
And again Verily I Say, whomsoever you bless I will bless and whomsoever you Curse I will Curse Saith the Lord, for I the Lord am thy God
And again Verily I Say unto you my Servant Joseph that whatsoever you give on earth and to whomsoever you give any one on earth by my word, and according to my law, it Shall be visited with blessings and not cursings and with my power Saith the Lord, and Shall be without Condemnation on earth and in heaven; for I am the Lord thy God, and will be with thee even unto the end of the world, and through all Eternity. For verily I seal upon you your exaltation and prepare a throne for you in the Kingdom of my Father, with Abraham Your Father. Behold I have seen your Sacrifices and will forgive all your Sins I have seen your Sacrifices in obedience to that which I have told you, Go therefore and I make a way for your escape, as I accepted the offering of Abraham of his Son Isaac. Verily I Say unto you a commandment I give unto mine handmaid your wife whom I have given unto you, that She Stay herself and partake not of that which I Commanded you to offer unto her, [p. [6]] For I did it Saith the Lord to prove you all as I did Abraham, and that I might require an offering at your hand by covenant and Sacrifice and let mine handmaid receive all those that have been given unto my Servent Joseph, and who are Virtuous and pure before me; And those who are not pure <​and have Said they ware pure​> Shall be destroyed saith the Lord God, For I am the Lord thy God and ye Shall obey my Voice; and I give unto my Servent Joseph that he Shall be made ruler over many things for he hath been faithfull over a few things, and from henceforth I will Strengthen him, and I command mine handmaid to abide and Cleave unto my Servent Joseph; and to none else, But if She will not abide this Commandment She Shall be destroyed Saith the Lord, for I am the Lord thy God, and will distroy her if She abide not in my law, but if She will not abide this Commandment, there then Shall my Servent Joseph do all things for her even as he hath Said, and I will bless him and multiply him and give unto him an hundred fold in this world of futhers, and fathers and mothers brothers and Sisters houses and lands wives and children, and crowns of eternal lifes in the eternal worlds. And again Verily I Say unto you let mine handmaid forgive my Servent Joseph his trespases and there than Shall She be forgiven her trespasses wherein she hath trespaseth trespased against me and I the Lord thy God will bless her and multiply her, and make her heart to rejoice. and again I Say let not my Servant Joseph put his property out of his hands, list an enemy come and distroy him for Satan Seeketh to distroy, For I am the Lord thy God, and he is my, Servent and behold and lo, I am with him as I was with Abraham thy Father, even unto his exaltation and Glory, Now as t[o]uching the law of the priesthood there are many things perta<​n​>ing thereunto. Verily if a man be Called of my Father as was aaron by mine own Voice and by the voice of him that Sent me, and I have endowed him with the of the power of the this if he do any thing in my name [p. [7]] and according to my law and by my word. he will not Commit Sin and I will justify him, Let no one therefore Set on my servant Joseph for I will justify him for he Shall do the sacrifices which I require at his hands, for his transgressions Saith the Lord your God & again, as pertaining to the Law of the priesthood if any man espouse a virgin, & desire to espouse another & the first give her osen & if he espous [espouse] the secon [second] & they are virgins & have vowed to no other man, then is he justified, he Cannot Commit adultery for they are given unto him for he Cannot Commit adultery with that, that belongeth unto him & to none else & if he have ten virgins given <​unto​> him by thee this this Law, he Cannot Commit adultery for they belong to him, & they are given unto him therefore, <​is he justified​> But if one or either of the ten Virgins, after She is espoused Shall be with another man She has Committed adultery & Shall be distroyed for they are given unto him to multiply & replenish the Earth according to my Commandment & to fulfill the promise which was given by my father before the foundation of the world & for thine exaltation in the eternal worlds, that they may have <​bear​> the Souls of men, for herein is the work of my father Continued that he may be Glorified— And again verily verily I Say unto you if any man have a wife who holds the of this power & he teaches unto hr her the Law of my priesthood as pertaining to these things, they then Shall She believe & administer unto him or She Shall be distroyed Saith the Lord your God, for I will distroy her for I will magnify my name upon all those these who receive & abide in my law Therefore if it Shall be lawful in me if She receive not this law for him to receive all things whatsoever. I the lord his God will give unto him because She did not believe & administer unto him according to my word, & She then becomes the transgresser & he is exempt from the law of Sarah who adminesterd unto Abraham according to the law, when I Commanded Abraham to take Hagar to wife & now as pertain[in]g to this law Verily verily I Say unto you I will reveal more unto you hereafter, therefore let this Suffice for the present Behold I am Alpha & Omiga Amen [p. [8]]

Footnotes

  1. 1

    The phrase new and everlasting covenant was initially used to describe the covenant made when a person was baptized into the church. Four days after JS dictated this revelation, he delivered a discourse drawing in part on the revelation. William Clayton’s notes on the discourse use the term “everlasting covenant” to describe an eternal relationship between a husband and wife. (Revelation, 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22:1]; “Highly Interesting from Jerusalem,” Times and Seasons, 1 June 1842, 3:805; Discourse, 16 July 1843.)  

  2. 2

    In March 1843, JS wrote a blessing to Sarah Ann Whitney, to whom he had been sealed, promising her “a diadem of glory in the Eternal worlds” if she were to “remain in the Everlasting covenant to the end.” (Blessing to Sarah Ann Whitney, 23 Mar. 1843; see also Revelation, 27 July 1842.)  

  3. 3

    In April 1843, JS instructed members of the church about “a law irrevocably decreed in heaven before the foundations of this world upon which all blessings are predicated; and when we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated.” (Instruction, 2 Apr. 1843 [D&C 130:20–21]; see also John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; and 1 Peter 1:20.)  

  4. 4

    In 1832, JS and Sidney Rigdon composed an account of their vision of three levels of heaven. The highest level, the “celestial” glory, was reserved for those who received “of his fulniss and of his glory.” (Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:56, 70].)  

  5. 5

    When introducing plural marriage to women, JS apparently explained both the positive eternal consequences of entering into that practice and the negative consequences of rejecting it. For instance, Lucy Walker later recalled that after JS introduced the principle to her in 1842, her “astonishment knew no bounds.” JS asked Walker if she believed him to be a prophet and then explained that the principle “would prove an everlasting blessing to my father’s house. and form a chain that could never be broken, worlds without End.” After a time, Walker was still hesitant, and JS told her she had until the next day to accept or reject his offer. He warned her, “If you reject this message the gate will be closed forever against you.” The next morning, Walker recounted, she “received a powerful and irristable testimony of the truth of the mariage Covenant called ‘Celestial or plural mariage.’” Apostle Heber C. Kimball told his daughter Helen Mar Kimball that plural marriage to JS would ensure her “eternal salvation & exaltation and that of your fathers’ household & all of your kindred.” Helen recalled that “this promise was so great that I willingly gave myself to purchase so glorious a reward.” (Lucy Walker Kimball, “Brief Biographical Sketch,” 10–12; Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Autobiography, [1]–[2].)  

    Kimball, Lucy Walker. “A Brief Biographical Sketch of the Life & Labors of Lucy Walker Kimball Smith,” no date. CHL.

    Whitney, Helen Mar Kimball. Autobiography, 30 March 1881. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Papers, 1881–1882. CHL. MS 744.

  6. 6

    As recorded in Ephesians 1:13, the apostle Paul taught that after hearing the gospel, believers would be “sealed with that holy Spirit of promise.” JS’s early revelations used this phrase to describe those who had obtained eternal reward. A January 1841 revelation explained that the Holy Spirit of Promise was connected to “the sealing blessings.” In mid-1843, JS began teaching that in order for covenants, particularly marriage covenants, to persist beyond death, they needed to be made “by the power and authority of the Holy priesthood” and to “be made in view of Eternity.” The 12 July 1843 revelation featured here indicated that the “Holy Spirit of promise” was the agent that sealed covenants for eternity. (Revelation, 19 Jan. 1841 [D&C 124:124]; Instruction, 16 May 1843; Discourse, 16 July 1843; see also Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:53]; and Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:3].)  

  7. 7

    Less than a month before this revelation was dictated, Hyrum Smith sealed Parley P. Pratt to his wife, Mary Ann Frost Pratt, without authorization from JS. Upon finding out about this sealing, JS criticized Hyrum and reaffirmed his sole authority to perform or to grant authority to others to perform such sealings. Following the dictation of this revelation and with JS’s approval, Hyrum Smith sealed Pratt to his deceased first wife, Thankful Halsey Pratt; his second wife, Mary Ann; and a third wife, Elizabeth Brotherton. Since 1832, JS had dictated revelations that identified himself as the person holding the “keys of the Kingdom.” (Givens and Grow, Parley P. Pratt, 204–205; Mary Ann Frost Pratt, Life Sketch of Olive Frost, ca. May 1887, in “Miscellaneous,” Historical Record, May 1887, 6:234–235; Revelation, 15 Mar. 1832 [D&C 81:2].)  

    Givens, Terryl L., and Matthew J. Grow. Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

    The Historical Record, a Monthly Periodical, Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chronological and Statistical Matters. Salt Lake City. 1882–1890.

  8. 8

    JS sometimes connected the resurrection of the dead with relationships in the eternities. In March 1843, for instance, JS sealed Joseph Kingsbury to his deceased wife, Caroline Whitney Kingsbury, and stated that the couple would “come forth in the first Reserection unto Eternal lives.” (Blessing to Joseph Kingsbury, 23 Mar. 1843.)  

  9. 9

    See 2 Samuel 23:5; and Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:119].  

  10. 10

    See John 14:6.  

  11. 11

    See Colossians 1:16.  

  12. 12

    See Matthew 22:30; Mark 12:25; and Luke 20:35–36.  

  13. 13

    See Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:66].  

  14. 14

    In 1832, JS and Sidney Rigdon described individuals who would inherit the highest degree of glory in the afterlife as “Gods even the sons of God.” (Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:58].)  

  15. 15

    On 16 July 1843, JS taught a gathering of church members that “those who keep no eternal Law in this life or make no eternal contract are single & alone in the eternal world (Luke 20–35) and are only made Angels to minister to those who shall be heirs of Salvation never becoming Sons of God having never kept the Law of God ie eternal Law.” This teaching generalized earlier teachings that differentiated between angels, ministering spirits, and translated bodies. (Discourse, 16 July 1843, underlining in original; see also Discourse, 3 Oct. 1841; and Instruction, 9 Feb. 1843 [D&C 129:1–9].)  

  16. 16

    TEXT: “◊” possibly an extra “e”.  

  17. 17

    See 2 Samuel 23:5; and Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:119].  

  18. 18

    See Revelation 21:27.  

  19. 19

    See Deuteronomy 19:10.  

  20. 20

    See Matthew 7:14.  

  21. 21

    See John 17:3.  

  22. 22

    See Matthew 7:13.  

  23. 23

    See Revelation 20:5–6.  

  24. 24

    TEXT: “—” possibly extension of the “r” in “their”.  

  25. 25

    See Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:12].  

  26. 26

    See Matthew 12:31; and Mark 3:28–29.  

  27. 27

    In April 1844, JS delivered a discourse clarifying this concept: “All sins shall be forgiven except the sin against the Holy Ghost. . . . When a man begins to be an enemy, he hunts me. They seek to kill me; they thirst for my blood; they never cease. He has the same spirit that they had who crucified the Lord of Life: the same spirit that sins against the Holy Ghost. You cannot bring them to repentance.” (“Conference Minutes,” Times and Seasons, 15 Aug. 1844, 5:616.)  

  28. 28

    On 27 August 1843, JS taught that “the everlasting covenant could not be broken, and by the sacrifice required of Abraham the fact that when God offers a blessing or knowledge to a man and he refuses to receive it he will be damned.” (Clayton, Journal, 27 Aug. 1843.)  

  29. 29

    See Genesis 13:16; and Acts 2:30. A month after JS dictated this revelation, he gave a discourse in which he taught that a man wishing “to be embraced in the covena[n]t of Abraham” should be “sealed unto the throne, & doctrine of Electi[o]n sealing the father & childrn together.” In another account of the same discourse, JS stated that “a measure of this sealing is to confirm upon their head in common with Elijah the doctrine of Election or the covenant with Abraham— which when a Father & Mother of a family have entered into their children who have not transgressed are secured by the seal wherewith the Parents have been sealed— And this is the Oath of God unto our Father Abraham and this doctrine shall stand forever.” (JS, Journal, 13 Aug. 1843; Coray and Coray, Notebook, verso, [13 Aug. 1843], [34]–[35].)  

  30. 30

    See Book of Mormon, 1840 ed., 66–67 [2 Nephi 3:11–15].  

  31. 31

    See Genesis 22:17; 26:3–4; and Book of Abraham Excerpt and Facsimile 2, 15 Mar. 1842 [Abraham 3:14].  

  32. 32

    See Galatians 3:29.  

  33. 33

    See John 8:39.  

  34. 34

    See Genesis 16:1–4.  

  35. 35

    See Genesis 25:12.  

  36. 36

    See Genesis 22:2.  

  37. 37

    See Exodus 20:13. An 1842 letter to Nancy Rigdon reportedly from JS explained that commandments from God were dependent upon the “circumstances in which the children of the kingdom are placed,” giving as an example that “God said thou shalt not kill,— at another time he said thou shalt utterly destroy.” (Appendix: Letter to Nancy Rigdon, ca. Mid-Apr. 1842, in JSP, D9:417, italics in original.)  

  38. 38

    See Genesis 22:12; and Galatians 3:6.  

  39. 39

    Genesis 25:6 refers generally to Abraham’s unnamed “concubines” who bore his children. Only Abraham’s wife Keturah was identified in the Bible by name as a concubine; she bore six sons. (See Genesis 25:1–2; and 1 Chronicles 1:32.)  

  40. 40

    No Bible passage mentions Isaac practicing polygamy.  

  41. 41

    Jacob had two wives, Leah and Rachel, as well as two concubines, Zilpah and Bilhah. (See Genesis 29:23, 28; 30:4, 9.)  

  42. 42

    See, for example, 2 Samuel 5:13, which states that “David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem.”  

  43. 43

    See 1 Kings 11:3.  

  44. 44

    Exodus 2:21 indicates that Moses married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro. Numbers 12:1 records that Moses married an unnamed “Ethiopian woman,” possibly referring to Zipporah or to an unidentified additional wife or concubine. (See also Clarke, Holy Bible [1834 ed.], 1:406.)  

    Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments: the Text Printed from the Most Correct Copies of the Present Authorised Translation, Including the Marginal Readings and Parallel Texts, with a Commentary and Critical Notes. . . . Vol. 1. Baltimore: John J. Harrod, 1834.

  45. 45

    TEXT: Possibly “portions”.  

  46. 46

    In the book of 2 Samuel, the prophet Nathan chastised David, saying that he “gave” David his “master’s [Saul’s] wives” and that having Uriah the Hittite killed and marrying Uriah’s wife, Bathsheba, were grave sins, for which the Lord would punish David by taking “thy wives before thine eyes,” and giving “them unto thy neighbour.” In 1841, JS taught that David was not yet resurrected “because he had been a murderer. . . . For such characters cannot be forgiven, until they have paid the last farthing.” (2 Samuel 12:8–11; Discourse, 16 May 1841.)  

  47. 47

    In JS’s journal, sealings were at times associated with ordinances of anointing husband and wife. (See JS, Journal, 28 Sept. and 22 Oct. 1843; and “Nauvoo Journals, May 1843–June 1844.”)  

  48. 48

    See Proverbs 6:32; and Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:24]. In November 1843, JS taught members of the Nauvoo high council that “if any man commit adultery He could not receive the celestial Kingdom of God even if he was saved in any Kingdom.” (Woodruff, Journal, 25 Nov. 1843; see also Clayton, Journal, 23 June 1843.)  

    Clayton, William. Journals, 1842–1845. CHL.

  49. 49

    See Matthew 25:21, 23.  

  50. 50

    See Matthew 16:19; 18:18. In a September 1842 epistle to the church, JS explained that “it may seem to some to be a very bold doctrine that we talk of; a power which records, or binds on earth, and binds in heaven. Nevertheless, in all ages of the world whenever the Lord has given a dispensatin of the priesthood to any man, by actual Revelation or any set of men this power has always been given.” (Letter to the Church, 7 Sept. 1842 [D&C 128:9].)  

  51. 51

    See John 20:23.  

  52. 52

    See Numbers 22:6; and Book of Mormon, 1840 ed., 423 [Helaman 10:7]. An early 1841 JS revelation appointed Hyrum Smith as the patriarch for the church and promised him that “he shall hold the keys of the patriarchal blessings upon the heads of all my people, that who ever he blesses shall be blessed, and who ever he curseth shall be cursed, that whatsoever he shall bind on the earth shall be bound in heaven, and, that whatsoever he shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Revelation, 19 Jan. 1841 [D&C 124:91–93].)  

  53. 53

    See Matthew 28:20.  

  54. 54

    TEXT: Possibly “sacrifices”.  

  55. 55

    See 1 Corinthians 10:13.  

  56. 56

    See Genesis 22:16–18.  

  57. 57

    See Matthew 25:21.  

  58. 58

    The concept that generations of families—rather than husbands and wives only—could be sealed together had been introduced in an earlier revelation. (See Revelation, 27 July 1842.)  

  59. 59

    See Matthew 6:14–15; and Book of Mormon, 1840 ed., 469 [3 Nephi 13:14–15].  

  60. 60

    After dictating this revelation, JS instructed William Clayton to deed several church-owned lots in Nauvoo to Emma and their children; three days later, JS had the deed certified. Whether JS considered church-owned property as part of property that was in “his hands” is unknown. (See Deed to Emma Smith and Others, 12 July 1843; see also Clayton, Journal, 12 and 15 July 1843.)  

    Clayton, William. Journals, 1842–1845. CHL.

  61. 61

    The “law of the priesthood” referred to the principle of eternal marriage. (See Discourse, 16 July 1843.)  

  62. 62

    See Hebrews 5:4.  

  63. 63

    See Book of Mormon, 1840 ed., 423 [Helaman 10:4–7].  

  64. 64

    TEXT: There is a significant shift in the handwriting style at this point, likely reflecting Kingsbury rushing to finish the copy. Kingsbury recollected later in his life that his work of copying the revelation was interrupted by Hyrum Smith, who “came in and wanted the revelation.” Newel K. Whitney “came in to see how I got along with it . . . and then he went out and told Hyrum Smith that he would hand him the revelation in a few minutes, for I was not quite through the copying of it.” (Joseph Kingsbury, Testimony, Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, 17 Mar. 1892, p. 178, question 19, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. Church of Christ of Independence, Missouri, et al. [C.C.W.D. Mo. 1894], typescript, United States Testimony, CHL.)  

    Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints v. Church of Christ of Independence, Missouri, et al. (C.C.W.D. Mo. 1894). Typescript. Testimonies and Depositions, 1892. Typescript. CHL.

  65. 65

    TEXT: Damage to the page from wear on the fold line has made some words on this page illegible to the naked eye. Through multispectral imaging, some of the letters can be read. Each of the three early copies reads “consent” at this point. (Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney copy, CHL; Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney partial copy, CHL; “Revelation Given to JS,” 12 July 1843, Willard Richards copy, Revelations Collection, CHL.)  

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney copy. CHL. MS 3497.

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney partial copy. CHL. MS 7876.

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

  66. 66

    Each of the three early copies reads “espouse.” (Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney copy, CHL; Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney partial copy, CHL; “Revelation Given to JS,” 12 July 1843, Willard Richards copy, Revelations Collection, CHL.)  

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney copy. CHL. MS 3497.

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney partial copy. CHL. MS 7876.

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

  67. 67

    TEXT: Each of the three early copies reads “second.” (Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney copy, CHL; Revelation, 12 July 1843, Horace Whitney partial copy, CHL; “Revelation Given to JS,” 12 July 1843, Willard Richards copy, Revelations Collection, CHL.)  

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney copy. CHL. MS 3497.

    Revelation, 12 July 1843. Horace K. Whitney partial copy. CHL. MS 7876.

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

  68. 68

    See Genesis 1:28; 9:1.  

  69. 69

    Genesis chapter 16 discusses Sarai, who instructed her husband Abram to have children by her servant Hagar.  

  70. 70

    See Revelation 1:8, 11; 21:6; 22:13.