Revelation, 15 May 1831

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

53 May 15th. 1831
givn to & concerning a farm &c
Hearken unto my words & behold I will make known unto you what ye shall do as it shall be pleasing unto me for verily I say unto you it must needs be that ye let the bargain stand that ye have made concerning these farms untill it be so fulfilled Behold ye are holden for the one even so likewise thine advisary is holden for the other wherefore it must needs be that ye pay no more money for the present time untill the contract be fulfilled & let my Servent & his family go into the House after thine advisary is gone & let my Servent board with him & let all the Brethren immediately assemble together & put up an house for my Servent & let my Servents ’s family remain & let the house be repaired & their wants be supplied & when my Servent returns from the west Behold he taketh his family to the west Let that which belongeth to my Servent be secured unto him by deed or bond & thus he willeth that the Brethren reap the good thereof let my Servent govern the things of the farm & provide for the families & let him have help in as much as he standeth in need let my servent humble himself & at the meeting he shall be ordained unto power from on high & he shall go from thence (if he be obedient unto my commandments) & proclaim my Gospel unto the western regions with my Servents that must go forth even unto the borders of the for Behold I have a great work for them to do & it shall be given unto you to know what ye shall do at the conferenc[e] meeting even so Amen——
What shall the Brethren do with their money——
Ye shall go forth & seek dilligently among the Brethren & obtain lands & save the money that it may be to purcchase lands in the west for an everlasting enheritance
even So Amen [p. 85]


  1. 1

    John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  

  2. 2

    TEXT: Or “those”.  

  3. 3

    According to the 1830 census, the Williams household totaled six people, presumably including Frederick, his wife, Rebecca, and four children. (1830 U.S. Census, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 272.)  

    Census (U.S.) / U.S. Bureau of the Census. Population Schedules. Microfilm. FHL.

  4. 4

    When copying this revelation into Revelation Book 2, Williams wrote “prepared” instead of “repaired,” apparently indicating that a house needed to be built, not just renovated. It is not known which text is in error. (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  

  5. 5

    Revelation Book 2 has “behold and lo he desireth to take his family in mine own due time unto the west.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  

  6. 6

    Neither Isaac Moore nor Frederick G. Williams secured the deeds to their respective properties until after the balance of Williams’s outstanding debt on the Kirtland farm was paid. Philo Dibble later described the circumstances in which the remaining debt was finally paid and the deed to Williams’s farm secured from Moore in early April 1832: “Brother F. G. Williams exchanged a farm he owned in Warrensville for Moore’s farm in Kirtland, on which the Smith family had moved, agreeing to pay $400.00 for the difference at a stated time. Just before the time expired for the payment of this money, Brother [Joseph] Coe, who was asked to raise it, said he could not for his wife held the money and she did not belong to the Church. I, being present, told Brother Joseph that I could raise the money. H[e] said if I would I should be blessed. This was on Saturday. I told him how I would have to raise this money. I owned 560 acres of land lying twenty miles south of Alleria [Elyria]. The Government, having sold more land there than they owned, had to buy to make up the deficiency. I told Joseph my land was worth $3.00 per acre, but that I would have to sell for $1.25. A Mr. [Leonard] Case was government agent for the purchase of that land. Joseph advised me to sell to Case who was cashier of the new bank at Cleveland [the Commercial Bank of Lake Erie]. Sunday morning I hitched up my carriage and drove to Cleveland, 28 miles away. The next morning I went and saw Case and told him my business. He said that he could offer only $1.25 an acre. I told him that under my circumstances I would have to let him have it. I then made him out a deed amounting to $700.00. I went to the bank and had to wait until the money was cut and signed, this being the first money that had been issued from the Cleveland bank. I then returned home and paid the $400.00 over to Joseph which saved the farm.” The Commercial Bank of Lake Erie opened for business on 2 April 1832; Dibble’s journey to Cleveland to sell his land and obtain the funds likely began on Sunday, 1 April. It is possible that Moore needed the outstanding balance in order to pay off his own debts on the land he had traded to Williams. Only three days after Dibble acquired the cash to pay Moore, Moore in turn paid Titus Street $360 to obtain the deed to nearly half the land he was about to deed over to Williams. Two weeks later, on 18 April, Moore paid another landowner, Turhand Kirtland, $200 for an additional parcel of roughly seventy acres that was also part of the eventual deed to Williams. After obtaining the deeds to the land from his own creditors, Moore finally signed the land over to Williams on 20 April 1832. (Dibble, Reminiscences, [4]; Orth, History of Cleveland Ohio, 640–641; Cuyahoga Co., OH, Deeds and Mortgages, 1815–1866, vol. N-13, pp. 89–90, 7 Apr. 1832, microfilm 1,994,223; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 15, pp. 425–426, 12 Oct. 1831, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 16, pp. 22–23, 31 May 1832, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  

    Dibble, Philo. Reminiscences, no date. Typescript. CHL. MS 15447.

    Orth, Samuel P. A History of Cleveland Ohio. 3 vols. Chicago and Cleveland: S. J. Clarke, 1910.

    U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

  7. 7

    Revelation Book 2 has “mine aged servant.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  

  8. 8

    Lucy Mack Smith later wrote that “on this farm my family were all established with this arrangement that we were to cultivate the farm and the produce was to be applied to the suport of our families and the use of persons who were came to the place and had no acquaintances there.” Her account gives no indication of the troubles apparently surrounding the appropriation and administration of the farm. (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 12, [6].)  

  9. 9

    See Minutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.  

  10. 10

    See Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:22]. Revelation Book 2 has “borders by the Lamanites.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  

  11. 11

    This question and the following paragraph appear not to be related to what preceded, although they may have been dictated at the same time as the preceding material. It is also possible that the question may not have been a part of the original dictation but rather added later by a scribe in an attempt to clarify the impetus for the lines that follow. Oliver Cowdery later (probably in 1833) crossed out the question and added a notation that this part of the revelation was “to the Palmyra Church.”