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Introduction to State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot

State of Missouri v. JS and Wight for Riot
Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri, 7 September 1838
 
State of Missouri v. Ripley, G. A. Smith, Daley, Aldrich, Sentchfield, Tubs, P. Durfee, Bingham, Younger, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, and Brown for Riot
Daviess Co., Missouri, Justice of the Peace Court, 18 September 1838
 
State of Missouri v. JS, Wight, Daley, Younger, P. Durfee, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, Brown, Bingham, Tubs, Sentchfield, Aldrich, G. A. Smith, and Baldwin for Riot
Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 10 December 1839
 
State of Missouri v. JS, Wight, Daley, Younger, P. Durfee, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, Brown, Bingham, Tubs, Sentchfield, Aldrich, G. A. Smith, and Baldwin for Riot
Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, circa 5 August 1840
 
Historical Introduction
Around 10 April 1839, a , Missouri, grand jury indicted JS and fourteen other Latter-day Saint men, charging them with participating in a riot at the house of Justice of the Peace on 8 August 1838. The confrontation with Black occurred two days after a violent altercation on 6 August, when anti-Mormons attempted to stop Latter-day Saint men from voting in , the seat of Daviess County. Rumors quickly reached the Latter-day Saint settlement of , Missouri, that a mob had killed three Saints, leading JS and dozens of other Mormon men to march to , Missouri. There they learned that while no one had been killed in the fight, Black intended to form a vigilante force to expel the Saints from the county. On 8 August, JS and more than one hundred armed Latter-day Saints—including leaders of the Saints’ private militia, the Danites—confronted Black at his home. During a heated exchange, the men demanded that Black sign a statement promising that he would uphold the law and not harass the Mormons. Black ultimately wrote his own statement and signed it. The Saints left Black’s home believing that they had reached a peaceful solution to the crisis.
On 10 August 1838, ’s ally and fellow resident filed a complaint before Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit in , Missouri, alleging that five hundred armed Mormon men “whose movements and, conduct are of a highly insurrectionary and unlawful character” had collected in Daviess County, and that about one hundred and twenty of these men assembled at Black’s home on 8 August and threatened his life. The complaint identified JS and as the leaders of the group that surrounded Black’s home. Based on this complaint, King issued a warrant for the arrest of the two men. Following some delay in serving the warrant, on 7 September King presided at a preliminary hearing in Daviess County. After examining witnesses for the prosecution and defense, King held that there was probable cause to believe that JS and Wight had committed a misdemeanor and ordered them to appear at the next session of the Daviess County grand jury for indictment.
Meanwhile, on 28 August filed a second complaint identifying sixteen Latter-day Saint men as part of the group led by JS and . Acting on the complaint, William Dryden, a justice of the peace, issued a warrant for their arrest, but the arresting officer returned it unserved, claiming that the Mormons in had resisted being taken into custody. On 12 September, Black filed a parallel complaint before another Daviess County justice of the peace, Philip Covington, identifying twelve of the sixteen men named in the late August complaint and adding two names. The resulting warrant was also returned unserved, with the deputy claiming he was “resisted by Rifles presnted at my breast.” However, after Brigadier General and his state militia troops intervened in Daviess County and promised to uphold the law, thirteen Latter-day Saint men agreed to appear on 18 September at a preliminary hearing before Daviess County justices of the peace Elijah Foley and John Wright. The defendants voluntarily entered into a recognizance to appear before a grand jury to answer an unspecified charge at the next session of the circuit court.
By the time the Circuit Court convened in April 1839, the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors had engaged in months of violent conflict, the Saints had been expelled from the state on orders by Governor , and JS and other church leaders had been imprisoned on several charges related to the Missouri Mormon War. On 8 April 1839, a session of the Daviess County Circuit Court opened at the home of Elisha Creekmore, just south of . Judge of the recently formed eleventh judicial circuit presided, while James A. Clark acted as the prosecuting attorney. Sheriff William Morgan impaneled twenty county residents as a grand jury, whose duty was to review evidence for the riot charge as well as other charges against JS and dozens of other Mormon men for crimes allegedly committed during the 1838 conflict. From 8 to 10 April 1839, the grand jury interviewed witnesses, two of whom— and —testified specifically regarding the 8 August 1838 confrontation. Around 10 April, circuit attorney Clark prepared an indictment that named fifteen Latter-day Saints, including JS, for participating in the purported riot. The grand jury submitted the indictment to the circuit court on 11 April 1839. Of the fifteen defendants named in the riot indictment, only five—JS, , , , and , all of whom had been imprisoned at the end of the 1838 conflict—were present in the circuit court on 11 April; the remaining ten defendants had already departed Missouri, having been forced to comply with the governor’s expulsion order. Citing his previous service as the prosecuting attorney in the case, Judge Burch essentially recused himself by issuing an order that changed the venue of the riot case for JS and his fellow prisoners to in Missouri’s second judicial circuit. The prisoners, along with Sheriff William Morgan and four guards, left on 12 April 1839. While en route to Boone County on 16 April, the prisoners escaped with the guards’ complicity.
Notwithstanding the escape, in the ensuing months Circuit Court clerk made certified copies of the indictment and the other records in his docket for the riot case and forwarded them to the Circuit Court, thereby officially transferring jurisdiction. However, perhaps due to the escape of the prisoners, Wilson was evidently confused as to whether maintained jurisdiction in the case. On 30 May 1839, after he had already sent the certified copy of the indictment to Boone County, Wilson issued a capias ordering the Daviess County sheriff to arrest JS and the other defendants named in the indictment. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the case was continued on the Daviess County Circuit Court docket during the August 1839 term, but only for the defendants who were not named in the change of venue. When it became apparent that the defendants were not going to appear, the case was dismissed at the December 1839 term. In contrast, Roger N. Todd, clerk of the Boone County Circuit Court, interpreted the change of venue order to apply to all the defendants named in the indictment, regardless of whether they were specifically named in the change of venue order. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the riot case was continued on the court’s docket until the August 1840 term, when it was dismissed.
 
Calendar of Documents
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri
 
10 August 1838 William Peniston, Complaint, before Austin A. King, Ray Co., MO
10 Aug. 1838; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King; signature of William Peniston; attestation by William Bowman, Wilson McKinney, and John Netherton; certified by Austin A. King; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
Between 10 Aug. and ca. 7 Sept. 1838; CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King.
 
10 August 1838 Austin A. King, Warrant, Ray Co., MO
10 Aug. 1838; private possession; handwriting of Austin A. King; docket and notation in handwriting of Austin A. King; endorsement in handwriting of William Morgan; notations in handwriting of William Morgan and Robert Wilson.
 
6 September 1838 Austin A. King, Subpoena, Daviess Co., MO, to Adam Black and William Peniston
6 Sept. 1838; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notations in handwriting of William Morgan and Robert Wilson.
 
7 September 1838 Recognizance, Daviess Co., MO
7 Sept. 1838; BYU; handwriting of Austin A. King; signatures of JS, Lyman Wight, Edward Partridge, and James Durfee; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Daviess Co., Missouri, Justice of the Peace Court,
 
28 August 1838 Adam Black, Complaint, before William Dryden, Daviess Co., MO
28 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
Between 22 Nov. and 5 Dec. 1838; Mormon War Papers, MSA; handwriting of James L. Minor; docket and notation in handwriting of James L. Minor.
Ca. Apr. 1841; Document Containing the Correspondence, 15.
 
Ca. 29 August 1838 William Dryden, Warrant, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 29 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
 
12 September 1838 Adam Black, Complaint, before Philip Covington, Daviess Co., MO
12 Sept. 1838; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of Philip Covington; signature of Adam Black; docket in handwriting of Philip Covington; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
12 September 1838 Philip Covington, Warrant, Daviess Co., MO
12 Sept. 1838; Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Philip Covington; docket possibly in handwriting of James A. Clark; notation in handwriting of Philip Covington; notation in handwriting of Elisha T. Denison; certified by Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
18 September 1838 Recognizance, Daviess Co., MO
18 Sept. 1838; private possession; photocopy at Joseph Smith Papers; unidentified handwriting; signatures of Joseph W. Younger, Moses Daley, Perry Durfee, Ephraim Owen, James Whitaker, William Aldrich, Alanson Ripley, George A. Smith, Alanson Brown, Absalom Sentchfield, James Bingham, Amos Tubs, John Lemmon, Charles Bird, Jabez Durfee, and Sylvester B. Stoddard; witnessed by John Wright and Elijah Foley.
 
Ca. 18 September 1838 Transcript of Proceedings, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 18 Sept. 1838. Not extant.
18 Mar. 1841. Not extant.
Ca. late Mar. 1839; unknown; partial photocopy at Joseph Smith Papers; unidentified handwriting.
Ca. Apr. 1841; Document Containing the Correspondence, 159–163.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 10 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of James A. Clark; docket and notations in handwriting of James A. Clark; probable signature of Robert P. Peniston.
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 57, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 67–68, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 6–7, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Order of Commitment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co. MO
11 Apr. 1839. Not extant.
 
30 May 1839 Robert Wilson, Writ of Capias, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
30 May 1839; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; endorsement in handwriting of William Morgan; notation in handwriting of William Morgan.
 
14 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
14 Aug. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 128, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
10 December 1839 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
10 Dec. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 151, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
15 April 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
15 Apr. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 212, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court
 
17 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
17 Aug. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 262, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
Documents Related to State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot
 
8 August 1838 Adam Black, Affidavit, Daviess Co., MO
8 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
Ca. late Aug. 1838; Western Star (Liberty, MO), ca. late Aug. 1838. Not extant.
3 Sept. 1838; Missouri Republican (St. Louis), 3 Sept. 1838, [2].
 
Ca. 16 August 1838 Elias Higbee on behalf of JS, Petition, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO, to Elias Higbee, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of George W. Robinson.
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of Elias Higbee.
 
Ca. 16 August 1838 Elias Higbee, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Draft, Caldwell Co., MO
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of George W. Robinson; docket in handwriting of George W. Robinson.
 
5 September 1838 JS, Affidavit, before Elias Higbee, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO
5 Sept. 1838; inserted in Sidney Rigdon and others (including JS), “To the Publick,” [15a]–[15d]; handwriting of Elias Higbee and George W. Robinson; signature of JS; certified by Elias Higbee.
 
Ca. 11 September 1838 William Dryden, Petition, Daviess Co., MO, to Lilburn W. Boggs, Jefferson City, Callaway Co., MO
Ca. 11 Sept. 1838. Not extant.
Ca. 15 Sept. 1838; Mormon War Papers, MSA; unidentified handwriting.
State of Missouri v. JS and Wight for Riot
Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri, 7 September 1838
 
State of Missouri v. Ripley, G. A. Smith, Daley, Aldrich, Sentchfield, Tubs, P. Durfee, Bingham, Younger, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, and Brown for Riot
Daviess Co., Missouri, Justice of the Peace Court, 18 September 1838
 
State of Missouri v. JS, Wight, Daley, Younger, P. Durfee, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, Brown, Bingham, Tubs, Sentchfield, Aldrich, G. A. Smith, and Baldwin for Riot
Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, 10 December 1839
 
State of Missouri v. JS, Wight, Daley, Younger, P. Durfee, Owen, Lemmon, Whitaker, Brown, Bingham, Tubs, Sentchfield, Aldrich, G. A. Smith, and Baldwin for Riot
Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court, circa 5 August 1840
 
Historical Introduction
Around 10 April 1839, a , Missouri, grand jury indicted JS and fourteen other Latter-day Saint men, charging them with participating in a riot at the house of Justice of the Peace on 8 August 1838. The confrontation with Black occurred two days after a violent altercation on 6 August, when anti-Mormons attempted to stop Latter-day Saint men from voting in , the seat of Daviess County. Rumors quickly reached the Latter-day Saint settlement of , Missouri, that a mob had killed three Saints, leading JS and dozens of other Mormon men to march to , Missouri. There they learned that while no one had been killed in the fight, Black intended to form a vigilante force to expel the Saints from the county. On 8 August, JS and more than one hundred armed Latter-day Saints—including leaders of the Saints’ private militia, the Danites—confronted Black at his home. During a heated exchange, the men demanded that Black sign a statement promising that he would uphold the law and not harass the Mormons. Black ultimately wrote his own statement and signed it. The Saints left Black’s home believing that they had reached a peaceful solution to the crisis.
On 10 August 1838, ’s ally and fellow resident filed a complaint before Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit in , Missouri, alleging that five hundred armed Mormon men “whose movements and, conduct are of a highly insurrectionary and unlawful character” had collected in Daviess County, and that about one hundred and twenty of these men assembled at Black’s home on 8 August and threatened his life. The complaint identified JS and as the leaders of the group that surrounded Black’s home. Based on this complaint, King issued a warrant for the arrest of the two men. Following some delay in serving the warrant, on 7 September King presided at a preliminary hearing in Daviess County. After examining witnesses for the prosecution and defense, King held that there was probable cause to believe that JS and Wight had committed a misdemeanor and ordered them to appear at the next session of the Daviess County grand jury for indictment.
Meanwhile, on 28 August filed a second complaint identifying sixteen Latter-day Saint men as part of the group led by JS and . Acting on the complaint, William Dryden, a justice of the peace, issued a warrant for their arrest, but the arresting officer returned it unserved, claiming that the Mormons in had resisted being taken into custody. On 12 September, Black filed a parallel complaint before another Daviess County justice of the peace, Philip Covington, identifying twelve of the sixteen men named in the late August complaint and adding two names. The resulting warrant was also returned unserved, with the deputy claiming he was “resisted by Rifles presnted at my breast.” However, after Brigadier General and his state militia troops intervened in Daviess County and promised to uphold the law, thirteen Latter-day Saint men agreed to appear on 18 September at a preliminary hearing before Daviess County justices of the peace Elijah Foley and John Wright. The defendants voluntarily entered into a recognizance to appear before a grand jury to answer an unspecified charge at the next session of the circuit court.
By the time the Circuit Court convened in April 1839, the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors had engaged in months of violent conflict, the Saints had been expelled from the state on orders by Governor , and JS and other church leaders had been imprisoned on several charges related to the Missouri Mormon War. On 8 April 1839, a session of the Daviess County Circuit Court opened at the home of Elisha Creekmore, just south of . Judge of the recently formed eleventh judicial circuit presided, while James A. Clark acted as the prosecuting attorney. Sheriff William Morgan impaneled twenty county residents as a grand jury, whose duty was to review evidence for the riot charge as well as other charges against JS and dozens of other Mormon men for crimes allegedly committed during the 1838 conflict. From 8 to 10 April 1839, the grand jury interviewed witnesses, two of whom— and —testified specifically regarding the 8 August 1838 confrontation. Around 10 April, circuit attorney Clark prepared an indictment that named fifteen Latter-day Saints, including JS, for participating in the purported riot. The grand jury submitted the indictment to the circuit court on 11 April 1839. Of the fifteen defendants named in the riot indictment, only five—JS, , , , and , all of whom had been imprisoned at the end of the 1838 conflict—were present in the circuit court on 11 April; the remaining ten defendants had already departed Missouri, having been forced to comply with the governor’s expulsion order. Citing his previous service as the prosecuting attorney in the case, Judge Burch essentially recused himself by issuing an order that changed the venue of the riot case for JS and his fellow prisoners to in Missouri’s second judicial circuit. The prisoners, along with Sheriff William Morgan and four guards, left on 12 April 1839. While en route to Boone County on 16 April, the prisoners escaped with the guards’ complicity.
Notwithstanding the escape, in the ensuing months Circuit Court clerk made certified copies of the indictment and the other records in his docket for the riot case and forwarded them to the Circuit Court, thereby officially transferring jurisdiction. However, perhaps due to the escape of the prisoners, Wilson was evidently confused as to whether maintained jurisdiction in the case. On 30 May 1839, after he had already sent the certified copy of the indictment to Boone County, Wilson issued a capias ordering the Daviess County sheriff to arrest JS and the other defendants named in the indictment. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the case was continued on the Daviess County Circuit Court docket during the August 1839 term, but only for the defendants who were not named in the change of venue. When it became apparent that the defendants were not going to appear, the case was dismissed at the December 1839 term. In contrast, Roger N. Todd, clerk of the Boone County Circuit Court, interpreted the change of venue order to apply to all the defendants named in the indictment, regardless of whether they were specifically named in the change of venue order. On motion of the prosecuting attorney, the riot case was continued on the court’s docket until the August 1840 term, when it was dismissed.
 
Calendar of Documents
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Fifth Judicial Circuit of Missouri
 
10 August 1838 William Peniston, Complaint, before Austin A. King, Ray Co., MO
10 Aug. 1838; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King; signature of William Peniston; attestation by William Bowman, Wilson McKinney, and John Netherton; certified by Austin A. King; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
Between 10 Aug. and ca. 7 Sept. 1838; CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King.
 
10 August 1838 Austin A. King, Warrant, Ray Co., MO
10 Aug. 1838; private possession; handwriting of Austin A. King; docket and notation in handwriting of Austin A. King; endorsement in handwriting of William Morgan; notations in handwriting of William Morgan and Robert Wilson.
 
6 September 1838 Austin A. King, Subpoena, Daviess Co., MO, to Adam Black and William Peniston
6 Sept. 1838; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Austin A. King; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notations in handwriting of William Morgan and Robert Wilson.
 
7 September 1838 Recognizance, Daviess Co., MO
7 Sept. 1838; BYU; handwriting of Austin A. King; signatures of JS, Lyman Wight, Edward Partridge, and James Durfee; docket in handwriting of Austin A. King; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Daviess Co., Missouri, Justice of the Peace Court,
 
28 August 1838 Adam Black, Complaint, before William Dryden, Daviess Co., MO
28 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
Between 22 Nov. and 5 Dec. 1838; Mormon War Papers, MSA; handwriting of James L. Minor; docket and notation in handwriting of James L. Minor.
Ca. Apr. 1841; Document Containing the Correspondence, 15.
 
Ca. 29 August 1838 William Dryden, Warrant, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 29 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
 
12 September 1838 Adam Black, Complaint, before Philip Covington, Daviess Co., MO
12 Sept. 1838; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of Philip Covington; signature of Adam Black; docket in handwriting of Philip Covington; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
12 September 1838 Philip Covington, Warrant, Daviess Co., MO
12 Sept. 1838; Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Philip Covington; docket possibly in handwriting of James A. Clark; notation in handwriting of Philip Covington; notation in handwriting of Elisha T. Denison; certified by Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
18 September 1838 Recognizance, Daviess Co., MO
18 Sept. 1838; private possession; photocopy at Joseph Smith Papers; unidentified handwriting; signatures of Joseph W. Younger, Moses Daley, Perry Durfee, Ephraim Owen, James Whitaker, William Aldrich, Alanson Ripley, George A. Smith, Alanson Brown, Absalom Sentchfield, James Bingham, Amos Tubs, John Lemmon, Charles Bird, Jabez Durfee, and Sylvester B. Stoddard; witnessed by John Wright and Elijah Foley.
 
Ca. 18 September 1838 Transcript of Proceedings, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 18 Sept. 1838. Not extant.
18 Mar. 1841. Not extant.
Ca. late Mar. 1839; unknown; partial photocopy at Joseph Smith Papers; unidentified handwriting.
Ca. Apr. 1841; Document Containing the Correspondence, 159–163.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Daviess Co., Missouri, Circuit Court
 
Ca. 10 April 1839 Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
Ca. 10 Apr. 1839; Historical Department, Nineteenth-Century Legal Documents Collection, CHL; handwriting of James A. Clark; docket and notations in handwriting of James A. Clark; probable signature of Robert P. Peniston.
20 Apr. 1839; original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notation in handwriting of Robert Wilson; notation in handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Indictment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 57, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 2, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Docket Entry, Removal Orders, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
11 Apr. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 67–68, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
26 June 1839; in “Copy of Record,” 6–7, 11, original destroyed; photocopy at State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection–Columbia; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
11 April 1839 Order of Commitment, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co. MO
11 Apr. 1839. Not extant.
 
30 May 1839 Robert Wilson, Writ of Capias, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
30 May 1839; private possession; photocopy in Max H. Parkin, Collected Missouri Court Documents, CHL; handwriting of Robert Wilson; docket and notations in handwriting of Robert Wilson; endorsement in handwriting of William Morgan; notation in handwriting of William Morgan.
 
14 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
14 Aug. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 128, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
10 December 1839 Docket Entry, Nolle Prosequi, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
10 Dec. 1839; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 151, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
15 April 1840 Docket Entry, Costs, Honey Creek Township, Daviess Co., MO
15 Apr. 1840; Daviess County Circuit Court Record, vol. A, 1837–1843, p. 212, Daviess County Courthouse, Gallatin, MO; handwriting of Robert Wilson.
 
State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot, Boone Co., Missouri, Circuit Court
 
17 August 1839 Docket Entry, Continuance, Columbia, Boone Co., MO
17 Aug. 1839; Boone County Circuit Court Record, vol. C, p. 262, Boone County Courthouse, Columbia, MO; photocopy at BYU; handwriting of Roger N. Todd.
 
Documents Related to State of Missouri v. JS et al. for Riot
 
8 August 1838 Adam Black, Affidavit, Daviess Co., MO
8 Aug. 1838. Not extant.
Ca. late Aug. 1838; Western Star (Liberty, MO), ca. late Aug. 1838. Not extant.
3 Sept. 1838; Missouri Republican (St. Louis), 3 Sept. 1838, [2].
 
Ca. 16 August 1838 Elias Higbee on behalf of JS, Petition, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO, to Elias Higbee, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of George W. Robinson.
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of Elias Higbee.
 
Ca. 16 August 1838 Elias Higbee, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Draft, Caldwell Co., MO
Ca. 16 Aug. 1838; George W. Robinson, Papers, CHL; handwriting of George W. Robinson; docket in handwriting of George W. Robinson.
 
5 September 1838 JS, Affidavit, before Elias Higbee, Far West, Caldwell Co., MO
5 Sept. 1838; inserted in Sidney Rigdon and others (including JS), “To the Publick,” [15a]–[15d]; handwriting of Elias Higbee and George W. Robinson; signature of JS; certified by Elias Higbee.
 
Ca. 11 September 1838 William Dryden, Petition, Daviess Co., MO, to Lilburn W. Boggs, Jefferson City, Callaway Co., MO
Ca. 11 Sept. 1838. Not extant.
Ca. 15 Sept. 1838; Mormon War Papers, MSA; unidentified handwriting.