6777276

Plat of Kirtland, Ohio, not before 2 August 1833

Cardinal Directions

1

The following are cardinal directions that appear, respectively, on the left, bottom, and right of the page, with the plat oriented north side up.  


West W
South
East

Streets Running South to North

2
26
2 rods wide6 rods wide
2

The following is a transcription of the text that appears on the eight streets running south to north, or from bottom to top, with the page oriented north side up. The numbers “4” and “6” respectively indicate how many rods wide the streets were meant to be. In addition to the number “6,” the number “2” was inscribed several times along the east side of the fourth column of blocks, on the fifth street running north to south, to indicate that additional space was to be included for the street that ran by the three buildings.  


4
44426444
24 rods wide
26
2

Streets Running West to East

3

The following is a transcription of the text that appears on the eight streets running west to east, or from left to right, with the plat oriented north side up. The number “4” indicates how many rods wide the streets were meant to be.  


4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

Row 1, Block 1

[Lots 835–854]

Row 1, Block 2

[Lots 575–594]

Row 1, Block 3

[Lots 235–254]

Row 1, Block 4

[Lots 255–274]

Row 1, Block 5

[Lots 275–294]

Row 1, Block 6

[Lots 295–314]

Row 1, Block 7

[Lots 555–574]

Row 2, Block 1

[Lots 815–834]

Row 2, Block 2

[Lots 595–614]

Row 2, Block 3

[Lots 155–174]

Row 2, Block 4

125 Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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115
126 116
127 117
128 118
129 S 119
130 120
131 121
132 122
133 123
134 124

Row 2, Block 5

[Lots 135–154]

Row 2, Block 6

[Lots 315–334]

Row 2, Block 7

[Lots 535–554]

Row 3, Block 1

795 J. Sm 805
796 M. Gray 806
797 807
798 808
799 809
800 810
801 811
802 812
803 813
804 814

Row 3, Block 2

[Lots 615–634]

Row 3, Block 3

175 R. Barny Royal Barney Jr.

15 Dec. 1808–9 June 1890. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ellisburg, Jefferson Co., New York. Son of Royal Barney Sr. and Rachel Marsh. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1825. Married Sarah Estabrooks, 6 Nov. 1829, in Lorain Co. Served as captain in Ohio...

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185
176 S. Brown 186
177 Sabra Granger

17 Feb. 1794–1849. Nurse. Born in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Eldad Granger and Sarah Holmes. Resided in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co., 1800. Baptized into LDS church, 26 June 1832. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1836. Member...

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187
178 Ann Porter 188
179 S 189
180 190
181 E. H Jon 191
182 192
183 193
184 194

Row 3, Block 4

95 105
96 J. C. Kinsby Joseph Kingsbury

2 May 1812–15 Oct. 1898. Mining superintendent, store clerk, teacher, farmer, ferry operator, tithing storehouse supervisor, Temple Square guide. Born at Enfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Solomon Kingsbury and Bathsheba Amanda Pease. Moved from Enfield...

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S. D 106
97 JC Kinsby

2 May 1812–15 Oct. 1898. Mining superintendent, store clerk, teacher, farmer, ferry operator, tithing storehouse supervisor, Temple Square guide. Born at Enfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Solomon Kingsbury and Bathsheba Amanda Pease. Moved from Enfield...

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Ira Ames

22 Sept. 1804–15 Jan. 1869. Farmer, tanner, shoemaker, courier, merchant, gristmill operator. Born in Bennington Co., Vermont. Son of Ithamer Ames and Hannah Clark. Moved to Schuyler, Herkimer Co., New York, before 1809; to Shoreham, Addison Co., Vermont;...

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107
98 Thomas Burdick

17 Nov. 1795/1797–6 Nov. 1877. Farmer, teacher, judge, postmaster, clerk, civil servant. Born at Canajoharie, Montgomery Co., New York. Son of Gideon Burdick and Catherine Robertson. Married Anna Higley, 1828, at Jamestown, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized...

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S. Smith 108
99 E. Rudd S Joseph Smith 109
100 Granger N. Richards 110
101 Committee Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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111
102 Reynolds Cahoon

30 Apr. 1790–29 Apr. 1861. Farmer, tanner, builder. Born at Cambridge, Washington Co., New York. Son of William Cahoon Jr. and Mehitable Hodges. Married Thirza Stiles, 11 Dec. 1810. Moved to northeastern Ohio, 1811. Located at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co.,...

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112
103 113
104 Salmon Gee

16 Oct. 1792–13 Sept. 1845. Farmer. Born at Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut. Son of Zopher Gee and Esther Beckwith. Moved to Lebanon, Warren Co., Ohio, by 1814. Married Sarah (Sally) Watson Crane, 15 Nov. 1814, at Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS ...

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114

Row 3, Block 5

[Lots 75–94]

Row 3, Block 6

[Lots 335–354]

Row 3, Block 7

[Lots 515–534]

Row 4, Block 1

775 S F 785
776 786
777 787
778 788
779 789
780 790
781 791
782 792
783 793
784 794

Row 4, Block 2

635 R. McB 645
636 S McB 646
637 N. B 647
638 NB 648
639 HS 649
641 WFE 650
642 DA 651
643 DA 652
644 653
645 654

Row 4, Block 3

195 RB 205
196 H. R. 206
197 SHS Samuel Harrison Smith

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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Oliver Olney

11 Aug. 1796–ca. 1845. Wool manufacturer, farmer. Born at Eastford, Windham Co., Connecticut. Son of Ezekiel Olney and Lydia Brown. Married first Alice (Elsa) Johnson, daughter of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 14 Sept. 1820, at Hiram, Portage Co.,...

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207
198 SHS

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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Wm Perry

26 Jan. 1812–9 May 1893. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Madison, Madison Co., New York. Son of Asahel Perry and Polly Chadwick. Lived at Middlebury, Genesee Co., New York, beginning 1815. Baptized into LDS church, 1835. Ordained an elder, 7 Mar. 1835, in Kirtland...

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208
199 SHS

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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S 209
200 210
201 211
202 Elijah Cheney 212
203 J. H.C 213
204 214

Row 4, Block 4

[Drawing of three houses of the Lord]
1 Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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S Fisk 8
2 Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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9
3 Lyman Johnson

24 Oct. 1811–20 Dec. 1859. Merchant, lawyer, hotelier. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, Mar. 1818. Baptized into LDS church by Sidney Rigdon, Feb. 1831. Ordained an elder...

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10
4 R S 11
5 Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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12
6 Wm Cowdery Jr.

5 Sept. 1765–26 Feb. 1847. Farmer, physician. Born at East Haddam, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of William Cowdery and Hannah Emmons. Raised Congregationalist. Married first Rebecca Fuller. Moved to Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont, ca. 1787. Appointed surveyor...

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13
7 P. Voce 14

Row 4, Block 5

[Lots 55–74]

Row 4, Block 6

[Lots 355–374]

Row 4, Block 7

[Lots 495–514]

Row 5, Block 1

755 S. Gee

16 Oct. 1792–13 Sept. 1845. Farmer. Born at Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut. Son of Zopher Gee and Esther Beckwith. Moved to Lebanon, Warren Co., Ohio, by 1814. Married Sarah (Sally) Watson Crane, 15 Nov. 1814, at Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS ...

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765
756 MG 766
757 SG. 767
758 O Witherson 768
759 S Cyrus Smalling

8 Feb. 1789–18 Feb. 1866. Farmer. Born in Connecticut. Married Ruth. Moved to New York, by 1817. Baptized into LDS church, in Broome Co., New York. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1833. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834....

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769
760 ditto

8 Feb. 1789–18 Feb. 1866. Farmer. Born in Connecticut. Married Ruth. Moved to New York, by 1817. Baptized into LDS church, in Broome Co., New York. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1833. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834....

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770
761 771
762 772
763 773
764 774

Row 5, Block 2

655 665
656 666
657 667
658 668
659 669
660 P. P. P. Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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Wm Smith

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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670
661 O. P. Orson Pratt

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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671
662 JS Jr 672
663 JS Jr 673
664 JS Jr. 674

Row 5, Block 3

215 B. Y. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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225
216 RB 226
217 R. B. 227
218 R. Stevens 228
219 Jonathan Holmes

11 Mar. 1806–18 Aug. 1880. Shoemaker, farmer. Born in Georgetown, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sally Harriman. Baptized into LDS church by John F. Boynton, 1832. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, and lived with JS, 1834. Ordained...

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229
220 John Coltrin 230
221 J. Coltrin 231
222 RB 232
223 RB 233
224 JSJ 234

Row 5, Block 4

25 U. S. United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
H Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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15
26 U. S.

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
D K Don Carlos Smith

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

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16
27 U. S.

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
Br. Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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17
28 JL NKW Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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18
29 Wm F NKW

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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19
30 V. K. 20
31 ZB V. K. 21
32 D. S. M. 22
33 N Wm B 23
34 J. Smith Jr 24

Row 5, Block 5

35 J. Smith Jr 45
36 J. Smith Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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46
37 John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

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47
38 D. Whiter David Whitmer

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

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48
39 P. P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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49
40 T Go 50
41 B. Y

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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51
42 52
43 53
44 54

Row 5, Block 6

[Lots 375–394]

Row 5, Block 7

[Lots 475–494]

Row 6, Block 1

[Lots 735–754]

Row 6, Block 2

[Lots 675–694]

Row 6, Block 3

[Lots 855–874]

Row 6, Block 4

895 John 905
896 JS 906
897 JS 907
898 JS 908
899 909
900 910
901 911
902 912
903 913
904 914

Row 6, Block 5

935 CS 945
936 CS 946
937 CS 947
938 948
939 949
940 950
941 951
942 952
943 953
944 954

Row 6, Block 6

[Lots 395–414]

Row 6, Block 7

[Lots 455–474]

Row 7, Block 1

[Lots 715–734]

Row 7, Block 2

[Lots 695–714]

Row 7, Block 3

[Lots 875–894]

Row 7, Block 4

[Lots 915–934]

Row 7, Block 5

[Lots 955–974]

Row 7, Block 6

[Lots 415–434]

Row 7, Block 7

[Lots 435–454] [p. [1]]

Cardinal Directions

1

The following are cardinal directions that appear, respectively, on the left, bottom, and right of the page, with the plat oriented north side up.  


West W
South
East

Streets Running South to North

2
26
2 rods wide6 rods wide
2

The following is a transcription of the text that appears on the eight streets running south to north, or from bottom to top, with the page oriented north side up. The numbers “4” and “6” respectively indicate how many rods wide the streets were meant to be. In addition to the number “6,” the number “2” was inscribed several times along the east side of the fourth column of blocks, on the fifth street running north to south, to indicate that additional space was to be included for the street that ran by the three buildings.  


4
44426444
24 rods wide
26
2

Streets Running West to East

3

The following is a transcription of the text that appears on the eight streets running west to east, or from left to right, with the plat oriented north side up. The number “4” indicates how many rods wide the streets were meant to be.  


4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

Row 1, Block 1

[Lots 835–854]

Row 1, Block 2

[Lots 575–594]

Row 1, Block 3

[Lots 235–254]

Row 1, Block 4

[Lots 255–274]

Row 1, Block 5

[Lots 275–294]

Row 1, Block 6

[Lots 295–314]

Row 1, Block 7

[Lots 555–574]

Row 2, Block 1

[Lots 815–834]

Row 2, Block 2

[Lots 595–614]

Row 2, Block 3

[Lots 155–174]

Row 2, Block 4

125 W[illard] Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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115
126 116
127 117
128 118
129 S 119
130 120
131 121
132 122
133 123
134 124

Row 2, Block 5

[Lots 135–154]

Row 2, Block 6

[Lots 315–334]

Row 2, Block 7

[Lots 535–554]

Row 3, Block 1

795 J. Sm 805
796 M. Gray [80]6
797 [80]7
798 [808]
799 [80]9
800 [81]0
801 [81]1
802 [8]12
[803]4

TEXT: Because of page damage, some numbers on this block are missing or only partially visible.  


[8]13
8[04] [8]14

Row 3, Block 2

[Lots 615–634]

Row 3, Block 3

175 R. Barny [Royal Barney Jr.]

15 Dec. 1808–9 June 1890. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ellisburg, Jefferson Co., New York. Son of Royal Barney Sr. and Rachel Marsh. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1825. Married Sarah Estabrooks, 6 Nov. 1829, in Lorain Co. Served as captain in Ohio...

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185
176 S. Brown 186
177 S[abra] Granger

17 Feb. 1794–1849. Nurse. Born in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Eldad Granger and Sarah Holmes. Resided in Westmoreland, Cheshire Co., 1800. Baptized into LDS church, 26 June 1832. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1836. Member...

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187
178 Ann Porter 188
179 S 189
180 190
181 E. H Jon 191
182 192
183 193
184 194

Row 3, Block 4

95 105
96 J. C. Kinsby [Joseph Kingsbury]

2 May 1812–15 Oct. 1898. Mining superintendent, store clerk, teacher, farmer, ferry operator, tithing storehouse supervisor, Temple Square guide. Born at Enfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Solomon Kingsbury and Bathsheba Amanda Pease. Moved from Enfield...

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S. D◊◊◊◊◊ 106
97 JC Kinsby

2 May 1812–15 Oct. 1898. Mining superintendent, store clerk, teacher, farmer, ferry operator, tithing storehouse supervisor, Temple Square guide. Born at Enfield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Solomon Kingsbury and Bathsheba Amanda Pease. Moved from Enfield...

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Ira Ames

22 Sept. 1804–15 Jan. 1869. Farmer, tanner, shoemaker, courier, merchant, gristmill operator. Born in Bennington Co., Vermont. Son of Ithamer Ames and Hannah Clark. Moved to Schuyler, Herkimer Co., New York, before 1809; to Shoreham, Addison Co., Vermont;...

View Full Bio
107
98 Tho[mas] Burdick

17 Nov. 1795/1797–6 Nov. 1877. Farmer, teacher, judge, postmaster, clerk, civil servant. Born at Canajoharie, Montgomery Co., New York. Son of Gideon Burdick and Catherine Robertson. Married Anna Higley, 1828, at Jamestown, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized...

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S. Smith 108
99 E. Rudd S J[oseph] Smith 109
100 Granger N. Richards 110
101 Committee J[ared] Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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111
102 R[eynolds] Cahoon

30 Apr. 1790–29 Apr. 1861. Farmer, tanner, builder. Born at Cambridge, Washington Co., New York. Son of William Cahoon Jr. and Mehitable Hodges. Married Thirza Stiles, 11 Dec. 1810. Moved to northeastern Ohio, 1811. Located at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co.,...

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112
103 113
104 S[almon] Gee

16 Oct. 1792–13 Sept. 1845. Farmer. Born at Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut. Son of Zopher Gee and Esther Beckwith. Moved to Lebanon, Warren Co., Ohio, by 1814. Married Sarah (Sally) Watson Crane, 15 Nov. 1814, at Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS ...

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114

Row 3, Block 5

[Lots 75–94]

Row 3, Block 6

[Lots 335–354]

Row 3, Block 7

[Lots 515–534]

Row 4, Block 1

775 S F 785
776 786
777 787
778 788
779 789
780 790
781 791
782 792
783 793
784 794

Row 4, Block 2

635 R. McB 645
636 S McB 646
637 N. B 647
638 NB 648
639 HS 649
641 WFE 650
642 DA 651
643 DA 652
644 653
645 654

Row 4, Block 3

195 RB 205
196 H. R. 206
197 SHS [Samuel Harrison Smith]

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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O[liver] Olney

11 Aug. 1796–ca. 1845. Wool manufacturer, farmer. Born at Eastford, Windham Co., Connecticut. Son of Ezekiel Olney and Lydia Brown. Married first Alice (Elsa) Johnson, daughter of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 14 Sept. 1820, at Hiram, Portage Co.,...

View Full Bio
207
198 SHS

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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Wm Perry

26 Jan. 1812–9 May 1893. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Madison, Madison Co., New York. Son of Asahel Perry and Polly Chadwick. Lived at Middlebury, Genesee Co., New York, beginning 1815. Baptized into LDS church, 1835. Ordained an elder, 7 Mar. 1835, in Kirtland...

View Full Bio
208
199 SHS

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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S 209
200 210
201 211
202 E[lijah] Cheney 212
203 J. ◊◊◊ H.C 213
204 214

Row 4, Block 4

[Drawing of three houses of the Lord]
1 O[liver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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S Fisk 8
2 Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

View Full Bio
9
3 L[yman] Johnson

24 Oct. 1811–20 Dec. 1859. Merchant, lawyer, hotelier. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, Mar. 1818. Baptized into LDS church by Sidney Rigdon, Feb. 1831. Ordained an elder...

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10
4 R◊◊◊◊◊ S 11
5 H[yrum] Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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12
6 Wm Cowdery [Jr.]

5 Sept. 1765–26 Feb. 1847. Farmer, physician. Born at East Haddam, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of William Cowdery and Hannah Emmons. Raised Congregationalist. Married first Rebecca Fuller. Moved to Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont, ca. 1787. Appointed surveyor...

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13
7 P. Voce 14

Row 4, Block 5

[Lots 55–74]

Row 4, Block 6

[Lots 355–374]

Row 4, Block 7

[Lots 495–514]

Row 5, Block 1

755 S. Gee

16 Oct. 1792–13 Sept. 1845. Farmer. Born at Lyme, New London Co., Connecticut. Son of Zopher Gee and Esther Beckwith. Moved to Lebanon, Warren Co., Ohio, by 1814. Married Sarah (Sally) Watson Crane, 15 Nov. 1814, at Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS ...

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765
756 MG 766
757 SG. 767
758 O Witherson 768
759 S [Cyrus] Smalling

8 Feb. 1789–18 Feb. 1866. Farmer. Born in Connecticut. Married Ruth. Moved to New York, by 1817. Baptized into LDS church, in Broome Co., New York. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1833. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834....

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769
760 d[itt]o

8 Feb. 1789–18 Feb. 1866. Farmer. Born in Connecticut. Married Ruth. Moved to New York, by 1817. Baptized into LDS church, in Broome Co., New York. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ca. 1833. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834....

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770
761 771
762 772
763 773
764 774

Row 5, Block 2

655 665
656 666
657 667
658 ◊◊ 668
659 ◊◊ 669
660 P. P. P. [Parley P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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Wm Smith

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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670
661 O. P. [Orson Pratt]

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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671
662 JS Jr 672
663 JS Jr 673
664 JS Jr. 674

Row 5, Block 3

215 B. Y. [Brigham Young]

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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225
216 RB 226
217 R. B. 227
218 R. Stevens 228
219 J[onathan] Holmes

11 Mar. 1806–18 Aug. 1880. Shoemaker, farmer. Born in Georgetown, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sally Harriman. Baptized into LDS church by John F. Boynton, 1832. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, and lived with JS, 1834. Ordained...

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229
220 J[ohn] Coltrin 230
221 J. Coltrin 231
222 RB 232
223 RB 233
224 JSJ 234

Row 5, Block 4

25 U. S. [United States]

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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H Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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15
26 U. S.

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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D K [Don Carlos] Smith

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

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16
27 U. S.

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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Br. Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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17
28 JL NKW [Newel K. Whitney]

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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18
29 Wm F NKW

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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19
30 ◊◊ V. K. 20
31 ZB V. K. 21
32 D. S. M. 22
33 N Wm B 23
34 J. Smith Jr 24

Row 5, Block 5

35 J. Smith Jr 45
36 J. Smith [Joseph Smith Sr.]

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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46
37 John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

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47
38 D. Whiter [David Whitmer]

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

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48
39 P. P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
49
40 T Go◊◊◊ 50
41 B. Y

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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51
42 52
43 53
44 54

Row 5, Block 6

[Lots 375–394]

Row 5, Block 7

[Lots 475–494]

Row 6, Block 1

[Lots 735–754]

Row 6, Block 2

[Lots 675–694]

Row 6, Block 3

[Lots 855–874]

Row 6, Block 4

895 John 905
896 JS 906
897 JS 907
898 JS 908
899 909
900 910
901 911
902 912
903 913
904 914

Row 6, Block 5

935 CS 945
936 CS 946
937 CS 947
938 948
939 949
940 950
941 951
942 952
943 953
944 954

Row 6, Block 6

[Lots 395–414]

Row 6, Block 7

[Lots 455–474]

Row 7, Block 1

[Lots 715–734]

Row 7, Block 2

[Lots 695–714]

Row 7, Block 3

[Lots 875–894]

Row 7, Block 4

[Lots 915–934]

Row 7, Block 5

[Lots 955–974]

Row 7, Block 6

[Lots 415–434]

Row 7, Block 7

[Lots 435–454] [p. [1]]
Next
From the time JS arrived in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, in February 1831, to mid-1833, no one had created a master plan for organizing and developing Kirtland. In the early months of 1833, church leaders began acquiring large land tracts, including the Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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property, which was obtained in April 1833 and connected Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s and Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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‘s large landholdings.1 Those three properties became the focal point of new city-planning efforts. In consultation with JS and probably Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, Frederick G. Williams drew the map featured here, probably in the days following 2 August, the day when JS dictated a revelation concerning the development of Kirtland.2 The plat bears no date, and other than the revelations mentioned below, surviving evidence provides few clues as to the plat’s creation date or when subsequent additions and changes to the individual lots were made.
A 4 June 1833 revelation commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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to take charge of the Peter French

Ca. 1774–after 1850. Farmer, tavern keeper, hotelier. Born in New York. Moved to Willoughby, Western Reserve (later Lake Co.), Ohio, 1799. Married Sally. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1811, as one of its earliest settlers. Named as one of town proprietors...

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farm

Consisted of 103 acres formerly owned by Peter French. Purchased for LDS church for $5,000, 1833. Area used to build houses, including JS’s; community buildings, such as new schoolhouse; and House of the Lord. Kirtland residents called area “French farm” ...

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and to divide it into lots for “those who seek inheritances as it shall be determined in council among you.”3

Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:3].  


Later in June, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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drafted a plat for the “City of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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” (to be built in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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) with an accompanying explanation of the plat and sent it on 26 June 1833 to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri.4 A 2 August 1833 revelation then directed the presidents of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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to plan for town development in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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. That revelation stated, “Ye shall commence a work of laying out and preparing a begining and foundation of the city of the stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

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of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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here in the land of Kirtland begining at my house and behold it must be done according to the pattern which I have given unto you.”5

Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94:1–2].  


The pattern mentioned in that revelation probably referred to the earlier explanation of the plat of the city of Zion.
This revelation also specified that three “houses,” all of a similar size, were to be built in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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’s central block: “my house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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,” or temple, which was already under construction6

See Historical Introduction to Minutes, 6 June 1833.  


and was to be the northernmost building; a “house for the presidency,” to be located immediately south of the temple; and a “house unto me for the work of the printing of the translation of my scripturs

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

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,” which was to be the southernmost building.7

Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94:1, 3, 10].  


These three “houses” are represented on the plat by drawings of three simple gabled buildings in the center block. That the houses specified in the 2 August revelation appear on the plat suggests that the plat was drawn sometime after the revelation was dictated.8

The drawings of the three buildings appear to have been included when the plat was initially drafted. Light gray watercolor around the three buildings was added later.  


A comparison of the Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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plat and the plat of the city of Zion reveals several similarities and slight differences. Perhaps the most significant difference involves the three buildings in the Kirtland central block; the original “pattern” on the plat of the city of Zion called for twenty-four buildings (temples and storehouses) in its three central blocks. The general arrangement of the two cities, including the dimensions of the blocks and lots, is similar. The Kirtland plat detailed a seven-by-seven block grid with twenty half-acre lots in each of the forty-nine blocks, with the exception of the center block, which had fourteen individual lots and reserved the remaining three acres for the three aforementioned buildings, making 974 individual lots in total. In contrast, the original city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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plat had 976 individual lots, and though it too was arranged in a seven-by-seven block grid, it had a central row of blocks that were larger, each containing thirty-two lots.9 In Kirtland, the roads (identified by faint orange watercolor on the plat) were to be reduced in width from eight rods (132 feet), as proposed for the city of Zion, to four rods (66 feet), with one exception being a road measuring six rods (99 feet) wide, running north to south on the east side of the temple lot. Along this road, the plat calls for an additional two rods, either to add to the width of that central road or to indicate how far back from the road the structures were to be set.10

While the Kirtland plat neither shows nor explains if or where any commercial, agricultural, or financial buildings would exist, the city of Zion plat provides some explanation on those matters. (See Plat of the City of Zion, ca. Early June–25 June 1833.)  


The Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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plat map was an evolving document. While the map was originally drawn with blocks, lots, streets, and the three central buildings, names assigned to or associated with individual lots were added and altered. Some of these additions and emendations are in the hand of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, probably reflecting his responsibility as described by the 4 June 1833 revelation to divide the lots among church members for inheritances.11

Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:2–3].  


Some of the names in the lots are written in graphite and others in ink. The text on the plat demonstrates that lot assignments were made and occasionally changed through at least the mid-1830s.
When lots were assigned to individuals is largely unclear. For instance, lot 107 bears the name of Ira Ames

22 Sept. 1804–15 Jan. 1869. Farmer, tanner, shoemaker, courier, merchant, gristmill operator. Born in Bennington Co., Vermont. Son of Ithamer Ames and Hannah Clark. Moved to Schuyler, Herkimer Co., New York, before 1809; to Shoreham, Addison Co., Vermont;...

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, who arrived in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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from the Benson

Located in western Vermont, near south end of Lake Champlain. Settled 1783; organized ca. 1786. Population in 1830 about 1,500. Scene of many early religious revivals. Location of first branch of LDS church in Vermont, 1831. Branch consisted mostly of former...

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, Vermont, area in October 1833. His later autobiography and journal indicate that he first rented a house and then built one “the next season.”12

Ames, Autobiography, [10].  


Thus Ames could have obtained lot 107 as early as October 1833, but perhaps he acquired it when he began building his house the next year. When others were assigned lots, however, is clearer. In accordance with instructions found in the 2 August 1833 revelation, for example, Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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and Reynolds Cahoon

30 Apr. 1790–29 Apr. 1861. Farmer, tanner, builder. Born at Cambridge, Washington Co., New York. Son of William Cahoon Jr. and Mehitable Hodges. Married Thirza Stiles, 11 Dec. 1810. Moved to northeastern Ohio, 1811. Located at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co.,...

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were given lots 111 and 112, the first and second available lots in the city block north of the central block, and Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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was assigned lot 15, the first lot in the city block immediately south of the central block.13

Revelation, 2 Aug. 1833–B [D&C 94:13–14]. Hyrum Smith was to receive the “third lot,” south of the temple.  


At the time Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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drew this plat, few roads existed in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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and church leaders were busily engaged in purchasing the land surrounding the temple lot

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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.14 Kirtland Township was not incorporated and therefore there was no city planning commission or other entity overseeing the town’s development. Church leaders may have seen this situation as an opportunity to develop the town unimpeded by purchasing more of the surrounding land. While this plat appears to neglect geographical features and the township’s existing structures, it does leave open the first two lots on the north of the temple block—land that was then occupied by a Methodist Episcopal church building—perhaps as an acknowledgment that the structure would remain in the city. The effort to reconfigure Kirtland evolved slowly, and the township remained a work in progress through 1837, after which JS departed Kirtland for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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.15

See Plat of Kirtland, OH, ca. 1837, CHL; see also “Portion of Kirtland Township, Ohio, 12 January 1838.”  


The plat is presented here by first transcribing the cardinal directions and inscriptions found within the streets. The text that appears in each block is then transcribed, one block at a time, starting in the upper left side of the plat at the northwesternmost block and moving down each column, with columns running from left to right. For blocks that have only lot numbers and no other text, the span of lot numbers is given in square brackets instead of transcribing each lot number individually. Some of the personal names and initials written onto the lots on the plat are not identifiable. Names that are identifiable or possibly identifiable based on records of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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residency in the mid-1830s are noted. Images of the full plat are oriented north-end up.

Facts