30479

Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 2 July 1833

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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is good at present no case of sickness known to us, Bro Horace Kingsbury

Ca. 1798–12 Mar. 1853. Jeweler, silversmith. Born in New Hampshire. Married first Dianthe Stiles, 20 July 1826. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1827. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder by John P. Greene, 9 Dec. 1832. Elected Painesville trustee...

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s wife is declining fast and cannot continue much longer but will soon be in the paradise of God,2

Dianthe Stiles Kingsbury died at Painesville, Ohio, on 19 August 1833. (Kingsbury, Pendulous Edition of Kingsbury Genealogy, 230.)  


we are engaged in writing a letter to Eugine

Located in west central part of state, about three miles from Illinois border and about seventy miles west of Indianapolis. Population in 1840 about 1,000. Population in 1850 about 1,700. Included Eugene village; population in 1840 about 400. Branch of LDS...

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3

Letter to Church Leaders in Eugene, IN, 2 July 1833. “Eugine” refers to the branch of the church in Eugene Township, Vermillion County, Indiana.  


respecting the two Smiths as we have received two from them one from John Smith the other from the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the Church.4 As to the gift of tongues, all we can say is that in this place we have received it5

JS and other men and women spoke in tongues at a conference of high priests on 22 January 1833. The conference reconvened the following morning, at which time attendees spoke, prayed, and sang in tongues. (Minutes, 22–23 Jan. 1833.)  


as the ancients did6

See, for example, Acts 2:4; 19:6.  


we wish you however to be careful lest in this you be deceived guard against evils which may arise from any accounts given of women or otherwise be careful in all things lest any root of bitterness spring up among you and thereby many be defiled. Satan will no doubt trouble you about the Gift of tongues unless you are careful you cannot watch him too closly nor pray too much may the Lord give you wisdom in all things, in a letter mailed last week you will doubtless before you receive this have obtained information about the new translation.7

JS’s translation of the Bible, which was completed this day. The 25 June 1833 letter states, “In regard to the printing of the New translation it cannot be done until we can attend to it ourselves, and this we will do as soon as the Lord permit.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  


Consign the Box of the book of Commandments to NK Whitney & Co

A partnership between Newel K. Whitney and Sidney Gilbert; later the branch of the United Firm responsible for overseeing the church’s mercantile endeavors in Kirtland, Ohio. In late 1826 or early 1827, Whitney and Gilbert established this partnership to ...

View Glossary
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
Geauga Co Ohio care of Killy and Walworth Cleaveland

Cuyahoga Co. seat of justice, 1833. Situated on south shore of Lake Erie, just east of mouth of Cuyahoga River. First settled, 1797. Incorporated as village, 1815; incorporated as city, 1836. Became center of business and trade at opening of Ohio and Erie...

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Cuyahoga County Ohio,8

Probably Thomas M. Kelley and Ashbel W. Walworth, who were engaged in the shipping industry in Cleveland. (Kelley, Genealogical History of the Kelley Family, 88; “Pioneer Father and Son: John Walworth and Ashbel W. Walworth,” 665.)  


I Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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write this in great haste in answer to yours to Bro Joseph as I am going off immediately in company with Bro Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, to proclaim the gospel we think of starting to morrow9

It is unknown if Rigdon and Williams went on a preaching tour as planned or where they may have traveled. Williams served as the clerk for a meeting in Kirtland held on 13 July, suggesting that any traveling he and Rigdon did at this time was relatively local. (Minutes, 13 July 1833.)  


having finished the translation of the bible a few hours since and needing some recreation we know of no way we can spend our time more to divine exceptence then endevoring to build up his Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
[p. 52]
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
is good at present no case of sickness  known to us, Bro [Horace] Kingsbury

Ca. 1798–12 Mar. 1853. Jeweler, silversmith. Born in New Hampshire. Married first Dianthe Stiles, 20 July 1826. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1827. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder by John P. Greene, 9 Dec. 1832. Elected Painesville trustee...

View Full Bio
s wife is declining  fast and cannot continue much longer but  will soon be in the paradise of God,2

Dianthe Stiles Kingsbury died at Painesville, Ohio, on 19 August 1833. (Kingsbury, Pendulous Edition of Kingsbury Genealogy, 230.)  


we  are engaged in writing a letter to Eugine

Located in west central part of state, about three miles from Illinois border and about seventy miles west of Indianapolis. Population in 1840 about 1,000. Population in 1850 about 1,700. Included Eugene village; population in 1840 about 400. Branch of LDS...

More Info
3

Letter to Church Leaders in Eugene, IN, 2 July 1833. “Eugine” refers to the branch of the church in Eugene Township, Vermillion County, Indiana.  


 respecting the two Smith[s] as we have received  two from them one from John Smith the  other from the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the Church.4 As to  the gift of tongues, all we can say is  that in this place we have received it5

JS and other men and women spoke in tongues at a conference of high priests on 22 January 1833. The conference reconvened the following morning, at which time attendees spoke, prayed, and sang in tongues. (Minutes, 22–23 Jan. 1833.)  


 as the ancients did6

See, for example, Acts 2:4; 19:6.  


we wish you however  to be careful lest in this you be deceived  guard against evils which may arise from  any accounts given of women or otherwise  be careful in all things lest any root of  bitterness spring up among you and thereby  many be defiled. Satan will no doubt trouble  you about the Gift of tongues unless you  are careful you cannot watch him too  closly nor pray to[o] much may the Lord give  you wisdom in all things, in a letter mailed  last week you will doubtless see before you  receive this <have> obtained information about the  new translation.7

JS’s translation of the Bible, which was completed this day. The 25 June 1833 letter states, “In regard to the printing of the New translation it cannot be done until we can attend to it ourselves, and this we will do as soon as the Lord permit.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 25 June 1833.)  


Consign the Box of the  book of the Commandments to NK Whitney  & Co

A partnership between Newel K. Whitney and Sidney Gilbert; later the branch of the United Firm responsible for overseeing the church’s mercantile endeavors in Kirtland, Ohio. In late 1826 or early 1827, Whitney and Gilbert established this partnership to ...

View Glossary
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
Geauga Co Ohio care of  Killy and Walworth Cleaveland

Cuyahoga Co. seat of justice, 1833. Situated on south shore of Lake Erie, just east of mouth of Cuyahoga River. First settled, 1797. Incorporated as village, 1815; incorporated as city, 1836. Became center of business and trade at opening of Ohio and Erie...

More Info
Cuyahoga  County Ohio,8

Probably Thomas M. Kelley and Ashbel W. Walworth, who were engaged in the shipping industry in Cleveland. (Kelley, Genealogical History of the Kelley Family, 88; “Pioneer Father and Son: John Walworth and Ashbel W. Walworth,” 665.)  


I Sidney [Rigdon]

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
write this in great  haste in answer to yours to Bro Joseph as  I am going off immediately in company  with Bro Frederick [G. Williams]

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, to proclaim the gospel  we think of starting to morrow9

It is unknown if Rigdon and Williams went on a preaching tour as planned or where they may have traveled. Williams served as the clerk for a meeting in Kirtland held on 13 July, suggesting that any traveling he and Rigdon did at this time was relatively local. (Minutes, 13 July 1833.)  


having finished  the translation of the bible a few hours since  and needing some recreation we know of no  way we can spend our time more to divine  exceptence then endevoring to build up <his> Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
[p. 52]
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This letter was written in response to three letters, each dated 7 June 1833, that church leaders in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Ohio, received from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, none of which have been located. The contents of this 2 July 1833 letter indicate that at least one of the letters from Missouri reported the safe arrival of Vienna Jaques

10 June 1787–7 Feb. 1884. Laundress, nurse. Born in Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Henry Jaques and Lucinda Hughes. Lived in Boston, 1827–1830. Baptized into LDS church by E. Harris, 12 July 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833....

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and William Hobert

Ca. 1813–Oct. 1833. Typographer. Directed to accompany recent LDS church convert Vienna Jaques from Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, to Jackson Co., Missouri, June 1833. Intended to work for The Evening and the Morning Star newspaper in Independence, Jackson Co...

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, who had been directed by a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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of high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

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in Kirtland to travel together to Missouri.1

Minutes, 30 Apr. 1833. An 8 March 1833 revelation directed Jaques to move to Missouri. Hobert moved to Jackson County, Missouri, in order to work as a typographer in the church’s printing office there. (Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:28]; “Obituary,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 117.)  


The letter also suggests that at least one of the 7 June letters had inquired about the gift of tongues. In addition to addressing these topics, the letter from JS featured here included instructions for sending copies of the Book of Commandments—then being printed on the church’s press

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Missouri—to Kirtland and updated the Missouri church members on various developments in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, including the health of Kirtland church members, Kirtland leaders’ impending missionary journeys, and the news that JS had completed his translation of the Bible on the same day this 2 July 1833 letter was written. At one point in the letter, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
makes a first-person reference to himself, and he was also the first signer of the letter, indicating that he likely served as the principal author. Nevertheless, most of the letter is written in the first-person plural.
It is unclear whether church members in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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ever received this letter. Depending on a variety of factors, letters sent between Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
and Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
could take anywhere from ten days to a month to deliver. If the letter was mailed as intended on 3 July, it could have arrived in Independence as early as 13 July. If it traveled more slowly, however, it may have been lost in the confusion attending the mob violence that took place on 20 and 23 July in Independence.

Facts