In late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Canada referred to British colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada.1 Divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada, 1791; reunited 10 Feb. 1841.2 Boundaries corresponded roughly to present-day Ontario (Upper Canada) and Quebec (Lower Canada), with exception of unclear western boundary.3 Population in 1831 for Lower Canada about 550,000.4 Population in 1831 for Upper Canada about 240,000.5 JS proselytized in Upper Canada, Oct. 1833 and July 1837.6 About 2,500 people in Canada joined LDS church, forming at least thirty-eight branches, by 1840s.7 However, most Canadian Saints emigrated to Mormon communities in U.S., by late 1840s.8