30482

Letter from John Whitmer, 29 July 1833

By his almighty power
Sustains all things from week to week
From day to day, from hour to hour
Praise ye the Lord ye saints in Zion
Praise his glorious name
Our God shall triumph over all his foes
Our enemies shall all be put to shame38

See Psalm 44:7.  


And God be praised for all his mighty power
Exalt the wastes of Zion sing for joy ye saints
Let praise your earthly powers employ
Arise, awake, put thy strength and sing39

See Isaiah 52:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 61 [2 Nephi 1:14, 23].  


The everlasting praises of your King
Till earth & heaven in Halelujahs ring.
40

The following two lines appear to be a later insertion by the clerk who copied this letter into JS Letterbook 2. “The towers of Zion soon shall rise” was the opening line of a six-stanza hymn that appears on page 38 of the church’s first hymnal, published in 1835. (Hymn 29, Collection of Sacred Hymns, 38–39.)  


The towers of Zion soon shall rise
If the Lord will yet speak to his children, it may be well to inquire every matter concerning the destruction of the printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

More Info
, and what is to be done in future, and also concerning the store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
, and what is to be done in future: I know from the experience I have had that it is a good thing to have our faith thoroughly tried.
Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
must and will be pure. Health prevails among the disciples.
N.B. Early on Monday morning41

29 July 1833.  


we received letters from Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
containing all the patterns &c postages $1,50 by wt, which in single letters would have been but $1,00— We also recd a letter dated Walnut farm” from Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
.42

Walnut Farm, Saline County, Missouri, is approximately one hundred miles east of Independence on the south side of the Missouri River, opposite Chariton. It is located where one of the principal east-west land routes crossed the Missouri River. (See Darby and Dwight, Gazetteer of the United States, 496, 579.)  


Our anxiety will be so great that I say Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
: write the first mail after you arrive at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, whether the tidings be favorable or not.43

Cowdery wrote to Phelps and others on 10 August 1833—the day following his arrival in Kirtland—advising them to “look out another place to locate on.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


Every one that is a saint or nearly so, in the Timber branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, a branch was led by a presiding...

View Glossary
44

“Timber branch” was another name for the Whitmer settlement in Kaw Township, Missouri. (See “Short Sketch of the Life of Levi Jackman,” [7]–[9]; and “From Missouri,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1834, 124; see also Berrett, Sacred Places, 4:101–102.)  


speaks in tongues, br David Whitmer

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

View Full Bio
says he can speak in all the tongues on earth, we shall probably begin to worship here in tongues tomorrow if the Lord wills,45

A month later, Edward Partridge wrote, “Many speak with new tongues, or in other languages; some speak in a number of different languages shortly after they receive the gift; others are confined to one or two—These are not idle assertions; I know that these things are so.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to “Friends and Neighbors,” Painesville, OH, 31 Aug. 1833, in LDS Messenger and Advocate, Jan. 1835, 1:60.)  


that is excepting we 6—46

“We 6” probably refers to church leaders Edward Partridge, Sidney Gilbert, John Corrill, Isaac Morley, John Whitmer, and William W. Phelps.  


It is a solemn day with us and I remain.
W W Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
Joseph Smith Jr
Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

More Info
Geauga Co, Ohio [p. 56]
37

TEXT: The first part of page 56 in JS Letterbook 2 is divided into two columns by a vertical line drawn in ink. The text beginning here and ending with “We also recd” appears in these two columns.  


By his almighty power
Sustains all things from week to week
From day to day, from hour to hour
Praise ye the Lord ye saints in Zion
Praise his glorious name
Our God shall triumph over all his foes
Our enemies shall all be put to shame38

See Psalm 44:7.  


And God be praised for all his mighty power
Exalt the wastes of Zion sing for joy ye saints
Let praise your earthly powers employ
Arise, awake, put thy strength and sing39

See Isaiah 52:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 61 [2 Nephi 1:14, 23].  


The everlasting praises of your King
Till earth & heaven in Halelujahs ring.
40

The following two lines appear to be a later insertion by the clerk who copied this letter into JS Letterbook 2. “The towers of Zion soon shall rise” was the opening line of a six-stanza hymn that appears on page 38 of the church’s first hymnal, published in 1835. (Hymn 29, Collection of Sacred Hymns, 38–39.)  


The towers of Zion soon shall rise
If the Lord will yet speak to  his children, it may be well to inquire  every matter concerning the destruction of  the printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

More Info
, and what is to be  done in future, and also concerning  the store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
, and what is to be done in  future: I know from the experience  I have had that it is a good thing to  have our faith thoroughly tried.
Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
must and will be pure.  Health prevails among the disciples.
N.B. Early on Monday morning41

29 July 1833.  


 we received letters from Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
 containing all the patterns &c postages $1,50  by wt, which in single letters would  have been but $1,00— We also recd  a [letter] dated Walnut farm” from Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
.42

Walnut Farm, Saline County, Missouri, is approximately one hundred miles east of Independence on the south side of the Missouri River, opposite Chariton. It is located where one of the principal east-west land routes crossed the Missouri River. (See Darby and Dwight, Gazetteer of the United States, 496, 579.)  


Our anxiety will be so great that I  say Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
: write the first mail after you arrive at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, whether the  tidings be favorable or not.43

Cowdery wrote to Phelps and others on 10 August 1833—the day following his arrival in Kirtland—advising them to “look out another place to locate on.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  


Every one that is a saint or nearly so, in the  Timber branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, a branch was led by a presiding...

View Glossary
44

“Timber branch” was another name for the Whitmer settlement in Kaw Township, Missouri. (See “Short Sketch of the Life of Levi Jackman,” [7]–[9]; and “From Missouri,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1834, 124; see also Berrett, Sacred Places, 4:101–102.)  


speaks in tongues, br David [Whitmer]

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

View Full Bio
says he can speak in all the  tongues on earth, we shall probably begin to worship here in tongues tomorrow  if the Lord wills,45

A month later, Edward Partridge wrote, “Many speak with new tongues, or in other languages; some speak in a number of different languages shortly after they receive the gift; others are confined to one or two—These are not idle assertions; I know that these things are so.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to “Friends and Neighbors,” Painesville, OH, 31 Aug. 1833, in LDS Messenger and Advocate, Jan. 1835, 1:60.)  


that is excepting we 6—46

“We 6” probably refers to church leaders Edward Partridge, Sidney Gilbert, John Corrill, Isaac Morley, John Whitmer, and William W. Phelps.  


It is a solemn day with us  and I remain.
W W Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
Joseph Smith Jr
Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

More Info
Geauga Co, Ohio [p. 56]
Previous
John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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, Letter with postscript by William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
, Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson Co., MO, to Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
and JS, Kirtland Mills

Located in Newel K. Whitney store in northwest Kirtland on northeast corner of Chardon and Chillicothe roads. Whitney appointed postmaster, 29 Dec. 1826. JS and others listed “Kirtland Mills, Geauga County, Ohio” as return address for letters mailed, 1833...

More Info
, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 29 July 1833. Retained copy, [ca. summer 1839], in JS Letterbook 2, pp. 52–56; handwriting of James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838/1839, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived...

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; JS Collection, CHL. For more complete source information, see the source note for JS Letterbook 2.

Facts