30473

Letter to John S. Carter, 13 April 1833

to receive any revelation forom from any one man or woman without being legally constituted and ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
to that authority and given sufficient proof of it, I will inform you that it is contrary to the economy of God for any member of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
or any one to receive instruction for those in authority higher than themselves, therefore you will see the impropriety of giving heed to them, but if any have a vision or a visitation from an hevenaly heavenly messenger it must be for their own benefit and instruction,3

A September 1830 revelation implied what JS makes explicit here—that God would not give instructions to someone through another of lesser authority and with lesser responsibility. After JS denounced Oliver Cowdery for supporting Hiram Page’s claim of receiving revelations through a seer stone, this revelation instructed Cowdery, the church’s second elder, “Thou shalt not command him which is at thy head.” (Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:6]; for more information on the requirement for proof of authority, see Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11].)  


for the fundimental principals, government and doctrine of the church is invested in the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the kingdom4

See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:2–5].  


as it respects an apostate or one who has been cut off from the Church and wishes to come in again the law of our church expresly says that such shall repent, and be babtised

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

View Glossary
and be admited the same as at the first,5

This sentence possibly refers to an April 1830 revelation that expressed the necessity of rebaptism for converts who had been previously baptized into other faiths. This sentence might also refer to a February 1831 revelation that was known at the time as “the Law.” (Revelation, 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72].)  


the duty of a high priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
is to administer spriitual and holy things and to hold Communeion with God but not to exorcise exercise monarchal government or to appoint meetings for the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
without their concent and again it is the high priests duty to be better qualifide to teach principles and doctrines than the Elder for the office of Elders is an appendege to the high priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
6

See Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:29].  


and it centers & concentrates in one, and again the process of Labouring with a member we are to deal with them percisely as the scripturs direct if thy brother trespass against thee take him betwen him and thee alone and if he maketh the satisfaction thou hast saved thy brother and if not proceed to take another with thee & when there is no bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
they are to be tried by the voice of the Church7

See Matthew 18:15–17. A February 1831 revelation outlined procedures for church discipline, directing that a bishop was to be involved if possible. (Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93].)  


and if an Elder or an high priest be presant they are to take the lead in managing the business if not by such that have the highest authority,8

The church’s foundational “Articles and Covenants” delineated the hierarchy of priesthood offices and identified, based on level of authority, which priesthood office should “take the lead of all meetings” as well as which offices should preside in the absence of higher authorities. (Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:44–56].)  


with respect to preparing to go to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
first it would be pleasing to the lord that the Church or Churches going to Zion should be organised, and appoint a suitable person who is well acquainted with the Conditions of the Church & and be sent to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
to inform the Bishop

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
and procure licence

A document certifying an individual’s office in the church and authorizing him “to perform the duty of his calling.” The “Articles and Covenants” of the church implied that only elders could issue licenses; individuals ordained by a priest to an office in...

View Glossary
from him agreeable to revelation so doing you will prevent confusion and disorder and escape many difficulties that [p. 30]
to receive any revelation forom [from] any one man or woman without  being legally constituted and ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
to that authority and  given sufficien[t] proof of it, I will inform you that it is contrary  to the economy of God for any member of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
or any <one>  any one to receive instruction for those in authority hig[h]er than  themselves, therefore you will see the impropriety of giving  <heed> to them, but if any <have a vision> heavenly or a visitation from an  hevenaly [heavenly] messenger it must be for their own benefit and  instruction,3

A September 1830 revelation implied what JS makes explicit here—that God would not give instructions to someone through another of lesser authority and with lesser responsibility. After JS denounced Oliver Cowdery for supporting Hiram Page’s claim of receiving revelations through a seer stone, this revelation instructed Cowdery, the church’s second elder, “Thou shalt not command him which is at thy head.” (Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:6]; for more information on the requirement for proof of authority, see Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11].)  


for the fundimental principals, government and  doctrine of the church is invested in the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the kingdom4

See Revelation, 8 Mar. 1833 [D&C 90:2–5].  


 as it respects an apostate or one who has been cut off from the  Church and wishes to come in again the law of our church  expresly says that such shall repent, and be babtised

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

View Glossary
and be  admited the same as at the first,5

This sentence possibly refers to an April 1830 revelation that expressed the necessity of rebaptism for converts who had been previously baptized into other faiths. This sentence might also refer to a February 1831 revelation that was known at the time as “the Law.” (Revelation, 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72].)  


the duty of a high priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
 is to administer spriitual and holy things and to hold  Communeion <with> God but not to exorcise [exercise] monarchy monarchal government  or to appoint meetings for the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
without their concent  and again it is the high priests duty to be bet[t]er qualifide to  teach principles and doctrines than the Elder for the office of  Elders is an appendege to the high priesthood

The authority and power held by certain officers in the church. The Book of Mormon referred to the high priesthood as God’s “holy order, which was after the order of his Son,” and indicated that Melchizedek, a biblical figure, was a high priest “after this...

View Glossary
6

See Revelation, 22–23 Sept. 1832 [D&C 84:29].  


and it <centers &> concentrates  in one, and again the proper <process> way of Labouring with a member we  are to deal with them percisely as the scripturs direct if thy  brother trespass against the[e] take him betwen him and thee alone  and if he maketh the satisfaction thou hast saved thy brother and if  not proce[e]d to take another with the[e] & [illegible] when there is no  bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
they are to be tried by the voice of the Church7

See Matthew 18:15–17. A February 1831 revelation outlined procedures for church discipline, directing that a bishop was to be involved if possible. (Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93].)  


and if an  Elder or an high priest be presant they are to take the lead  in managing the business if not by such that have the highest  authority,8

The church’s foundational “Articles and Covenants” delineated the hierarchy of priesthood offices and identified, based on level of authority, which priesthood office should “take the lead of all meetings” as well as which offices should preside in the absence of higher authorities. (Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:44–56].)  


with respect to preparing to go to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
first it  would be pleasing to the lord that that the Church or  Churches going to Zion should be organised, and appointed  a suitable person who is well acquainted with the Conditions  of the Church & and be sent to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
to inform the  Bishop

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
and

JS handwriting ends; Frederick G. Williams begins.  


procure licence

A document certifying an individual’s office in the church and authorizing him “to perform the duty of his calling.” The “Articles and Covenants” of the church implied that only elders could issue licenses; individuals ordained by a priest to an office in...

View Glossary
from him agreeable to  the revelation so doing you will prevent confusion  and disorder and escape many difficulties that [p. 30]
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JS and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Letter, Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Geauga Co., OH, to John S. Carter

Ca. 1792–25/26 June 1834. Married Elizabeth (Betsey) Kinyon, 28 Feb. 1813, at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Lived in Benson, by 1820. Baptized into LDS church, ca. 1832. Served mission in Vermont with his brother Jared Carter, 1832. Helped brothers Simeon...

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, [Benson

Located in western Vermont, near south end of Lake Champlain. Settled 1783; organized ca. 1786. Population in 1830 about 1,500. Scene of many early religious revivals. Location of first branch of LDS church in Vermont, 1831. Branch consisted mostly of former...

More Info
, Rutland Co., VT], 13 Apr. 1833. Retained copy, [ca. 13 Apr. 1833], in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 29–32; handwriting of JS and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
; JS Collection, CHL. For more complete source information, see the source note for JS Letterbook 1.

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