“A History, of the Persecution, of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter Day Saints in Missouri,” December 1839–October 1840

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
Page 177
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Installment 11, October 1840

Editorial Note
Times and Seasons, Oct. 1840, 1:177. The eleventh and concluding installment of the “History, of the Persecution” series reprinted a 5 November 1838 speech delivered in by , a major general in the militia during the Mormon conflict. Clark left no account of his speech, and it is unknown whether a text was originally created as the speech was given or whether it was written down later. Multiple copies of this address circulated in manuscript and print form beginning in early 1839. The first known text was recorded in a letter written by , and the first published text appeared in the 16 March 1839 issue of the Quincy Whig. The speech was subsequently published in ’s Appeal to the American People and ’s Facts Relative to the Expulsion. The similar wording of all versions indicates that they originate from a single document. It is evident from textual similarities that the source for the version found in the “History, of the Persecution” was Rigdon’s Appeal. Slight textual differences among the different versions hint that the Quincy Whig served as the source for Greene’s version, which in turn was used for Rigdon’s Appeal.

A HISTORY, OF THE PERSECUTION, OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER DAY SAINTS IN .
 
The following address, was delivered at , by , to the Mormons, after they had surrendered their arms, and themselves prisoners of war:
Gentlemen—You whose names are not attached to this list of names will now have the privilege of going to your fields to obtain corn for your families, wood, &c. Those that are now taken, will go from thence to prison; be tried, and receive the due demerit of their crimes—but you are now at liberty, all but such as charges may be hereafter preferred against. It now devolves upon you to fulfil the treaty that you have entered into, the leading items of which I now lay before you. The first of these you have already complied with, which is, that you deliver up your leading men to be tried according to law. Second, that you deliver up your arms—this has been attended to. The third is, that you sign over your properties to defray the expenses of the war—this you have also done. Another thing yet remains for you to comply with, that is, that you leave the forthwith, and whatever your feelings concerning this affair—whatever your innocence, it is nothing to me. , who is equal in authority with me, has made this treaty with you. I am determined to see it executed. The orders of the to me, were, that you should be exterminated, and not allowed to continue in the , and had your leader not been given up and the treaty complied with before this, you and your families would have been destroyed, and your houses in ashes.
There is a discretionary power vested in my hands which I shall try to exercise for a season. I did not say that you shall go now, but you must not think of staying here another season or of putting in crops; for the moment you do, the citizens will be upon you. I am determined to see the ’s Message fulfilled, but shall not come upon you immediately—do not think that I shall act as I have done any more—but if I have to come again, because the treaty which you have made here shall be broken, you need not expect any mercy, but extermination—for I am determined the ’s order shall be executed. As for your leaders, do not once think—do not imagine for a moment—do not let it enter your mind, that they will be delivered, or that you will see their faces again, for their fate is fixed, their die is cast—their doom is sealed.
I am sorry, gentlemen, to see so great a number of apparently intelligent men found in the situation that you are;— and, oh! that I could invoke the spirit of the unknown God to rest upon you, and deliver you from that awful chain of superstition, and liberate you from those fetters of fanaticism with which you are bound. I would advise you to scatter abroad and never again organize with Bishops, Presidents, &c., lest you excite the jealousies of the people, and subject yourselves to the same calamities that have now come upon you. You have always been the aggressors—you have brought upon yourselvs these difficulties by being disaffected, and not being subject to rule—and my advice is that you become as other citizens, lest by a recurrence of these events you bring upon yourselves irretrievable ruin.[”]
-[concluded.]- [p. 177]
Installment 11, October 1840

Editorial Note
Times and Seasons, Oct. 1840, 1:177. The eleventh and concluding installment of the “History, of the Persecution” series reprinted a 5 November 1838 speech delivered in by , a major general in the militia during the Mormon conflict. Clark left no account of his speech, and it is unknown whether a text was originally created as the speech was given or whether it was written down later. Multiple copies of this address circulated in manuscript and print form beginning in early 1839. The first known text was recorded in a letter written by , and the first published text appeared in the 16 March 1839 issue of the Quincy Whig. The speech was subsequently published in ’s Appeal to the American People and ’s Facts Relative to the Expulsion. The similar wording of all versions indicates that they originate from a single document. It is evident from textual similarities that the source for the version found in the “History, of the Persecution” was Rigdon’s Appeal. Slight textual differences among the different versions hint that the Quincy Whig served as the source for Greene’s version, which in turn was used for Rigdon’s Appeal.

A HISTORY, OF THE PERSECUTION, OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER DAY SAINTS IN .
 
The following address, was delivered at , by , to the Mormons, after they had surrendered their arms, and themselves prisoners of war:
Gentlemen—You whose names are not attached to this list of names will now have the privilege of going to your fields to obtain corn for your families, wood, &c. Those that are now taken, will go from thence to prison; be tried, and receive the due demerit of their crimes—but you are now at liberty, all but such as charges may be hereafter preferred against. It now devolves upon you to fulfil the treaty that you have entered into, the leading items of which I now lay before you. The first of these you have already complied with, which is, that you deliver up your leading men to be tried according to law. Second, that you deliver up your arms—this has been attended to. The third is, that you sign over your properties to defray the expenses of the war—this you have also done. Another thing yet remains for you to comply with, that is, that you leave the forthwith, and whatever your feelings concerning this affair—whatever your innocence, it is nothing to me. , who is equal in authority with me, has made this treaty with you. I am determined to see it executed. The orders of the to me, were, that you should be exterminated, and not allowed to continue in the , and had your leader not been given up and the treaty complied with before this, you and your families would have been destroyed, and your houses in ashes.
There is a discretionary power vested in my hands which I shall try to exercise for a season. I did not say that you shall go now, but you must not think of staying here another season or of putting in crops; for the moment you do, the citizens will be upon you. I am determined to see the ’s Message fulfilled, but shall not come upon you immediately—do not think that I shall act as I have done any more—but if I have to come again, because the treaty which you have made here shall be broken, you need not expect any mercy, but extermination—for I am determined the ’s order shall be executed. As for your leaders, do not once think—do not imagine for a moment—do not let it enter your mind, that they will be delivered, or that you will see their faces again, for their fate is fixed, their die is cast—their doom is sealed.
I am sorry, gentlemen, to see so great a number of apparently intelligent men found in the situation that you are;— and, oh! that I could invoke the spirit of the unknown God to rest upon you, and deliver you from that awful chain of superstition, and liberate you from those fetters of fanaticism with which you are bound. I would advise you to scatter abroad and never again organize with Bishops, Presidents, &c., lest you excite the jealousies of the people, and subject yourselves to the same calamities that have now come upon you. You have always been the aggressors—you have brought upon yourselvs these difficulties by being disaffected, and not being subject to rule—and my advice is that you become as other citizens, lest by a recurrence of these events you bring upon yourselves irretrievable ruin.”
-[concluded.]- [p. 177]
Page 177