?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Latter-day Saints, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty at Far West, Caldwell Co.; charged and found guilty but released by order of circuit judge Austin A. King of Richmond, Sept. 1838.