26 Sept. 1825–6 Jan. 1905. Physician, farmer, politician. Born in Howard Co., Missouri. Son of John Hardeman and Nancy Knox. Attended Kemper College, beginning 1842, in St. Louis. Earned medical degrees from University of Missouri, 1848, in St. Louis, and from University of Pennsylvania, 1849, in Philadelphia. Traveled on Santa Fe Trail, beginning fall 1849. Traveled to California via Isthmus of Panama, 1850–1851. Returned to Missouri, 1852. Practiced medicine, 1852–1861, in Arrow Rock, Saline Co., Missouri. Married Permelia A. Townsend, 1 June 1853, in Cooper Co., Missouri. Served as surgeon for Union Army during Civil War. Moved to Boles Township, Franklin Co., Missouri, by 1870, where he practiced medicine and farmed. Elected to represent Franklin Co. in Missouri House of Representatives, 1876. Died at Gray Summit, Franklin Co. Buried at Labadie, Franklin Co.