Book of Abraham Manuscript, circa July–circa November 1835–C [Abraham 1:1–2:18]
“Translation of the Book of Abraham written by his own hand upon papyrus and found in the CataCombs of Egypt,” [, Geauga Co., OH, ca. July–ca. Nov. 1835]; English in the handwriting of and ; hieratic and unknown characters in unidentified handwriting (likely Parrish and Phelps); ten pages; Book of Abraham Manuscripts, CHL. Includes archival markings.Five leaves, measuring 12¼ × 7⅝ inches (31 × 19 cm). Each leaf is ruled with thirty-four blue lines that are now faded. The leaves were part of a blank book of unknown size and page count. Each page bears a vertical line drawn in black ink along the left side of the page, creating a margin that ranges in width from ¾ to 1⅛ inches (2–3 cm). Characters from the Book of Breathing for Horos, from the Egyptian Alphabet documents or the Grammar and Alphabet volume, and possibly from other unknown sources were copied in the margins. It appears that paginated all ten pages. Sometime after Parrish finished inscribing the pages, the leaves were simultaneously cut from the volume, and portions of some of the characters copied into the left margin were cut off. The irregular cuts along the left side of the rectos of the leaves align with each other. At some point, the leaves were rolled up for storage, though there is also a single fold in the middle of the pages, perhaps made for storage.This version was likely contained in the collection of Egyptian papers that was transported to , Illinois, when the Saints moved there, but it was separated from the collection for an unknown reason and was retained by JS’s wife following JS’s death in 1844. In 1847, Emma Smith married Lewis C. Bidamon; following their deaths (in 1879 and 1891, respectively), the manuscript was inherited by Bidamon’s son, Charles E. Bidamon, who sold it to the Mormon collector Wilford C. Wood in 1937. Later that year, Wood donated the document to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Address to the Saints in Utah. . . . San Francisco: Turnbull and Smith, 1864.
Evans, Richard L. “Illinois Yields Church Documents.” Improvement Era 40, no. 9 (Sept. 1937): 543, 565, 573.
Deseret News. Salt Lake City. 1850–.
Wilford C. Wood Collection of Church Historical Materials. Microfilm. CHL. MS 8617.
Book of Abraham Manuscript–C is the most complete -era text of the Book of Abraham (containing what is now Abraham 1:1–2:18) and the only version created by two scribes. It was copied into a blank book, suggesting it was viewed as a more permanent text.The first twenty-one lines of the text were inscribed by and are found in no other -era manuscript; the remainder of the manuscript was inscribed by . The title of this manuscript—“Translation of the Book of Abraham written by his own hand upon papyrus and found in the CataCombs of Egypt”—differs from that of the other two versions. It is unclear if Phelps copied from an earlier version of the Book of Abraham or if the portion of this manuscript that is in Phelps’s handwriting is the first iteration of that text. The prefatory material inscribed by Phelps is closely related to the English explanations of characters found in the Grammar and Alphabet volume.After the twenty-one lines inscribed by , acted as scribe for the remainder of the text. It appears that Parrish copied from his earlier version of the Book of Abraham, checking it against Book of Abraham Manuscript–A. It also appears that another nonextant text may have been used as a source text. Though it is possible that this version was copied from a nonextant leaf of Book of Abraham Manuscript–A, ink change and scribal errors suggest that the remainder of the portion of the Book of Abraham text copied by Parrish in this version was dictated—perhaps read from a written text or dictated by JS.
|✦||Now I Abram, built an altar unto the Lord, in the land of Jurshon and made an offiring unto the Lord and prayed that the famine, might be turned away from my fathers house, that they might not perish; and then we passed from Jurshon through the land unto the place of Sichem, it was situated in the plains of Moreh, and we had already, come into the land <borders> of the <land of the> Canaanites, and I offered sacrifice there, in the plains of Moreh, and called on the Lord devoutly because ◊e ◊e <we> had already come into the land of this Idolitrous nation.|
|✦25||Now I Abram, built an altar unto the Lord, in the land of Jurshon and made an offiring unto the Lord and prayed that the famine, might be turned away from my fathers house, that they might not perish; and then we passed from Jurshon through the land unto the place of Sichem, it was situated in the plains of Moreh, and we had already, come into the borders of the land of the Canaanites, and I offered sacrifice there, in the plains of Moreh, and called on the Lord devoutly because we had already come into the land of this Idolitrous nation.|