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Introduction to State of Illinois v. Eagle

State of Illinois v. Eagle
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, between 25 and circa 20 October 1841
 
Historical Introduction
In 1841, erected a building near the construction site in , Illinois, to transact business as both a grocery and a groggery. The business appeared to violate multiple city ordinances, including an ordinance on temperance, and extensive public disapproval of the business led to its closure. The vacant building attracted graffiti, so on 23 October 1841, JS presented a resolution on nuisance houses to the Nauvoo City Council. After extensive discussion, the council adopted the resolution, declared the building a nuisance, and ordered the Nauvoo Legion to destroy it the following Monday, 25 October. During the demolition , who had recently obtained an interest in the building and was opposed to its destruction, allegedly assaulted of the Nauvoo Legion.
After the altercation, filed a complaint with the mayor’s court and a warrant was issued for ’s arrest on charges of assault and battery. Eight people, including JS, were called as witnesses; during the trial, Eagle was fined for contempt of court and six unidentified offenses. A jury of six men found Eagle guilty and fined him a total sixty-five dollars plus eight dollars in court costs.
At a city council meeting held 30 October, city attorney asked that the council remit the fine imposed on . JS was initially in favor, but after some discussion about the powers of the city council and the fine, JS reversed his position, expressing his support of the fine and the jury verdict. Later in the meeting, a petition by was presented to the council requesting it pay damages of $125 for the building destroyed at its order. Discussions continued at the council meeting held 1 November, but ultimately council members, including JS, voted not to pay the damages. ’s arguments evidently had some impact, however. Though the context is unclear, on 30 November Eagle received a receipt from the city for thirty dollars in damages. Eagle used this voucher to offset the fine he owed, which left him with a forty-three-dollar debt. The debt was handled in a separate civil action the same day. Although recorded the criminal and civil suits separately, the proceedings of the two cases were likely held concurrently.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
 
25 October 1841 John Scott, Complaint, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
25 Oct. 1841. Not extant.
 
25 October 1841 Warrant, for John Eagle, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
25 Oct. 1841. Not extant.
 
Between ca. 1 and ca. 30 November 1841 Execution, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
Between ca. 1 Nov. and ca. 30 1841. Not extant.
 
30 November 1841 John Eagle, Bill of Damages, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
30 Nov. 1841. Not extant.
 
30 November 1841 City of Nauvoo, Receipt, to John Eagle, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
30 Nov. 1841. Not extant.
Ca. 30 Nov. 1841; in Docket Entry, Nauvoo Mayor’s Court Docket Book, 12; handwriting of John C. Bennett; signature of John Eagle; witnessed by Jacob B. Backenstos.
 
Between 25 October and ca. 29 November 1841 Docket Entry, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
Between 25 Oct. and ca. 29 Nov. 1841; Nauvoo Mayor’s Court Docket Book, 12; handwriting of John C. Bennett; notation in handwriting of John C. Bennett; signature of John Eagle; witnessed by Jacob B. Backenstos.
State of Illinois v. Eagle
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, between 25 and circa 20 October 1841
 
Historical Introduction
In 1841, erected a building near the construction site in , Illinois, to transact business as both a grocery and a groggery. The business appeared to violate multiple city ordinances, including an ordinance on temperance, and extensive public disapproval of the business led to its closure. The vacant building attracted graffiti, so on 23 October 1841, JS presented a resolution on nuisance houses to the Nauvoo City Council. After extensive discussion, the council adopted the resolution, declared the building a nuisance, and ordered the Nauvoo Legion to destroy it the following Monday, 25 October. During the demolition , who had recently obtained an interest in the building and was opposed to its destruction, allegedly assaulted of the Nauvoo Legion.
After the altercation, filed a complaint with the mayor’s court and a warrant was issued for ’s arrest on charges of assault and battery. Eight people, including JS, were called as witnesses; during the trial, Eagle was fined for contempt of court and six unidentified offenses. A jury of six men found Eagle guilty and fined him a total sixty-five dollars plus eight dollars in court costs.
At a city council meeting held 30 October, city attorney asked that the council remit the fine imposed on . JS was initially in favor, but after some discussion about the powers of the city council and the fine, JS reversed his position, expressing his support of the fine and the jury verdict. Later in the meeting, a petition by was presented to the council requesting it pay damages of $125 for the building destroyed at its order. Discussions continued at the council meeting held 1 November, but ultimately council members, including JS, voted not to pay the damages. ’s arguments evidently had some impact, however. Though the context is unclear, on 30 November Eagle received a receipt from the city for thirty dollars in damages. Eagle used this voucher to offset the fine he owed, which left him with a forty-three-dollar debt. The debt was handled in a separate civil action the same day. Although recorded the criminal and civil suits separately, the proceedings of the two cases were likely held concurrently.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
 
25 October 1841 John Scott, Complaint, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
25 Oct. 1841. Not extant.
 
25 October 1841 Warrant, for John Eagle, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
25 Oct. 1841. Not extant.
 
Between ca. 1 and ca. 30 November 1841 Execution, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
Between ca. 1 Nov. and ca. 30 1841. Not extant.
 
30 November 1841 John Eagle, Bill of Damages, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
30 Nov. 1841. Not extant.
 
30 November 1841 City of Nauvoo, Receipt, to John Eagle, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
30 Nov. 1841. Not extant.
Ca. 30 Nov. 1841; in Docket Entry, Nauvoo Mayor’s Court Docket Book, 12; handwriting of John C. Bennett; signature of John Eagle; witnessed by Jacob B. Backenstos.
 
Between 25 October and ca. 29 November 1841 Docket Entry, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL
Between 25 Oct. and ca. 29 Nov. 1841; Nauvoo Mayor’s Court Docket Book, 12; handwriting of John C. Bennett; notation in handwriting of John C. Bennett; signature of John Eagle; witnessed by Jacob B. Backenstos.