Revelation, , Portage Co., OH, 1 Nov. 1831; substantial revisions, , Geauga Co., OH, ca. June 1835. Featured version published in Evening and Morning Star, Oct. 1832 [June 1835], pp. 73–74.
Evening and Morning Star, reprint (, Geauga Co., OH), edited by . The copy used for this transcription is currently part of a bound volume held at CHL; includes marginalia and archival notations.
The last issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, dated October 1834, announced that the full run of the original paper, two volumes (twenty-four issues), would be reprinted in an octavo format more suitable for binding. The reprint issues comprise four octavo leaves (sixteen pages). Each page measures 9⅜ × 5¾ inches (24 × 15 cm) and is set in two columns. The reprint edition title was shortened to Evening and Morning Star, and numerous significant editorial revisions were introduced into the text. Each reprinted issue ended with listed as printer and the date of the reprint issue. Citations to the reprint include both the original 1832–1834 dates and the 1835–1836 reprint dates.
“Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.
The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.
In June 1835, as part of a larger project commenced in November 1834, reprinted the October 1832 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, the church newspaper published from June 1832 to September 1834. The issue included the text of a 1 November 1831 revelation that and had recorded in Revelation Book 1 soon after its dictation by JS. In its reprinted form, featured here, the revelation has several significant additions and changes not present in either the 1831 Revelation Book 1 version or the October 1832 publication.
The original November 1831 revelation addressed some of the responsibilities of and in the church and provided additional instructions for church members in . The version in the reprinted Evening and Morning Star contained substantial additions, including new passages about who could serve as a and how bishops were to be appointed. Extant records are silent on how or when the additions were made, but JS was undoubtedly involved in the process. In November 1831, a resolved that JS should review his revelations and provide corrections to them as instructed “by the holy Spirit.” That same process was likely used with this revelation. As new offices developed in the church, and as JS’s understanding of these offices increased, he likely reviewed the revelation and made the additions. Some of the additions—such as the information about literal descendants of Aaron holding a right to the office of bishop—originated (and in places are nearly verbatim) with the Instruction on Priesthood that JS presented to the sometime in spring 1835. Other additions first appeared in the Evening and Morning Star reprint of the revelation featured here. With the Instruction on Priesthood and the additional information included in this revelation, church members had a significant body of instructions about the roles and responsibilities of church officers, as well as important information about the priesthood governing the church.
In addition to the doctrinal additions, some typographical changes were made to the revelation. These resulted from the process of reprinting The Evening and the Morning Star. In September 1834, announced that would be reprinting the Star, partly to present it in a smaller, more convenient size and partly to correct typographical and other errors in the original publication. Cowdery was especially interested in correcting the “many errors, typographical, and others,” in the published revelations. These mistakes, “occasioned by transcribing manuscript[s],” were to be corrected by comparing the printed material to the original manuscripts. When the first issue of the Star was reprinted in January 1835, Cowdery noted that he and others were “not a little surprised to find the previous print so different from the original.” However, Cowdery wrote, he and others “whose known integrity and ability is uncensurable” were able to make the necessary corrections. Since JS, , and had been appointed, along with Cowdery, as a committee “to arrange the items of the doctrine of Jesus Christ for the government of the church of Latter-Day Saints,” they may have assisted Cowdery in this effort. and , who began working in the in May 1835, may have helped as well.
This revelation was included in the church’s Doctrine and Covenants, which was available by September 1835. The version in that publication is almost exactly the same as the reprinted version here. Differences between the featured version and the versions in Revelation Book 1 and the 1832 publication are noted herein.
JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.
Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–A, in Doctrine and Covenants 22, 1835 ed. [D&C 68]; William W. Phelps, Kirtland Mills, OH, to Sally Waterman Phelps, Liberty, MO, 16–18 Sept. 1835, private possession, copy at CHL.
Phelps, William W. Letter, Kirtland Mills, OH, to Sally Waterman Phelps, Liberty, MO, 16–18 Sept. 1835. Private possession. Copy at CHL. MS 4587.
with the inhabitants of , for there are idlers among them; and their children are also growing up in wickedness: They also seek not earnestly the riches of eternity, but their eyes are full of greediness. These things ought not to be, and must be done away from among them: wherefore let my servant , carry these sayings unto the land of . And a commandment I give unto them, that he that observeth not his prayers before the Lord in the season thereof, let him be had in remembrance before the judge of my people. These sayings are true and faithful: wherefore transgress them not, neither take therefrom. Behold I am Alpha and Omega, and I come quickly: Amen. [p. 74]