JS, Lease, , Hancock Co., IL, to , , Hancock Co., IL, 4 Jan. 1842; handwriting of ; one page; JS Collection, CHL. Included seal (not extant); includes dockets.
Single leaf of ledger paper measuring 15⅜ × 6⅜ inches (39 × 16 cm). Embossed in the upper left corner of the recto is a rectangle enclosing a decorative star and “D & J. Ames Springfield”, the insignia of a Springfield, Massachusetts, paper mill firm established by brothers David and John Ames in 1828. The lease was inscribed on one side of the paper. In the lower right corner of the recto, there is residue from two red adhesive wafers used to adhere a paper seal (not extant) to the page. The document was trifolded and then folded in half, forming six panels.
The document’s verso was docketed by , who served as JS’s scribe from December 1841 until JS’s death in June 1844 and served as church historian from December 1842 until his own death in March 1854. The document contains another docket, possibly inscribed by , who served as JS’s scribe from 1843 to 1844 and as clerk to the church historian and recorder from 1845 to 1865. By 1973 the document had been included in the JS Collection at the Church Historical Department (now CHL). The document’s early dockets and inclusion in the JS Collection by 1973 suggest continuous institutional custody.
Whiting, “Paper Making in New England,” 309; Gravell et al., American Watermarks, 235.
Whiting, William. “Paper-Making in New England.” In The New England States: Their Constitutional, Judicial, Educational, Commercial, Professional and Industrial History, edited by William T. Davis, vol. 1, pp. 303–333. Boston: D. H. Hurd, 1897.
Gravell, Thomas L., George Miller, and Elizabeth Walsh. American Watermarks: 1690–1835. 2nd ed. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2002.
See the full bibliographic entry for JS Collection, 1827–1844, in the CHL catalog.
On 4 January 1842 JS leased to a newly constructed built for JS by member . The brick building was in the southwest part of the , Illinois, peninsula, on the southeast corner of Water and Granger streets. It consisted of two floors and a cellar. The primary retail area was on the first floor; dry goods and storage were on the second floor. Both floors also contained office space.
According to the terms of the agreement, would lease the and the “appurtenances thereunto belonging” except one room on the second floor that was reserved as an office for JS. Richards was to pay JS $500, due at the conclusion of the one-year lease. At that time, Richards would have the option to lease the property for an additional four years, at $500 per year plus 15 percent interest annually.
In a 13 December 1841 entry in JS’s journal, noted his appointment to serve as “scribe for the private office of the President. Just opened in the upper story of the New .” The following day Richards noted that JS began unpacking and arranging the goods to be displayed in the large room on the second floor, while joiners and masons continued their work on the first floor. By the time the lease was executed on 4 January 1842, Richards apparently had a first-floor office, in which he carried out the responsibilities of another newly appointed position—that of recorder for the , a role that involved receiving donations for the temple’s construction. The day after the lease was created, the store opened for business, with JS clerking.
The manuscript contains numerous emendations and lacks signatures, suggesting that it is a first draft. It is possible that a later draft of the lease was written and signed. Alternatively, it is possible that another version was never made and that the transfer of the business was not concluded as outlined in this indenture.
This Indenture, made the fourth day of December January in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred & forty one two, between Joseph Smith of Hancock County. and State of Illinois, of the one part, to , of the City of , County and State aforesaid on of the other part. Witnesseth, that the said Joseph Smith, for the consideration herein after mentioned, hath demised, granted & leased, and doth hereby demise, grant and lease, unto the Said his executors administrators & assigns, the New house, built by on block 155, off [of] the city of , situated on the corner of Granger & Water Streets, and the cellar underneath said house together with all the priviliges & appurtenances thereunto belonging, excepting the private office of the sd. Joseph Smith in on the seckond floor of said building which the said Smith reserves for his own personal use & benefit, together with the free ingress and egress to the same at all seasonable hours; To have & to hold the said premises with the appurtenances, for and during the term of one year, from fourth day of January A. D. 1842,
And the said for himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, doth covenant and agree to pay, unto the said Joseph Smith, his heirs and assigns, the rent of five hundred dollars at the close of the year. & to surrender and quit the premises at the expiration of said term in as good condition as reasonable use thereof will permit, damages by the elements excepted.
The Taxes are to be paid by the said Smith party of the first part, and the Said Smith doth further agree. for himself, his heirs and assigns, that the said shall licence to occupy the house & appurtenances thereunto belonging, for the term of four years, next following the year above specified for & in consideration of the additional sum, of fifteen per cent, per annum, compound ratio, to the sum specified for the first year. provided the said shall require the Same. I[n] witness hereof we have hereunto set our hands & seals at aforesaid this 4th day January A. D. 1842
The phrase “appurtenances thereunto belonging” and its derivations are standard language in land and other real property transactions designed to cover anything that would traditionally be associated with the property.